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History > 20th century > UK > WW2 > Approach of war / Appeasement    1938-1939

 

 

 

Neville Chamberlain

1938

 

Life Images

 

More Life photos

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/3eea9f6a26109163.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain

(front row, second right)

walks past a Nazi honour guard

on the way to a meeting with Adolf Hitler

on September 28, 1938
 

Picture:

Hugo Jaeger

[ Jaeger was one of Hitler's photographers ]

Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images

 

Unseen photographs reveal the private life of Adolf Hitler

The Daily Telegraph

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/picturegalleries/worldnews/5452458/
Unseen-photographs-reveal-the-private-life-of-Adolf-Hitler.html?image=1

added 6 June 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 30, 1938

 

The Anglo-German agreement

is signed

by Hitler and Chamberlain

at Munich

 

 

 

On 30 September 1938,

Neville Chamberlain

announced

"peace for our time"

on the steps

of 10 Downing Street,

straight after returning

from Munich,

where he

and government leaders

from France,

Italy and Germany

had signed an agreement

over the division

of Czechoslovakia

in the hope of averting war.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/sep/05/
chamberlain-munich-appeasement-second-world-war

 

 

 

At Munich,

Britain and France

acquiesced

in the dismemberment

of Czechoslovakia

and the transfer

of its Sudeten region

to Germany

in face of Hitler's

increasingly bellicose

threats of military action.

 

Chamberlain's hopes

that this humiliating sacrifice

would satisfy Hitler's

last major territorial demand

and thus avert

another catastrophic war

were dashed

within four months.

http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-24300094

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/from-the-archive-blog/2011/may/25/
guardian-190-chamberlain-returns-from-munich

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/05/
chamberlain-munich-appeasement-second-world-war

https://www.theguardian.com/century/year/0,6050,128337,00.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/1939/mar/17/secondworldwar.fromthearchive 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/1938/oct/01/secondworldwar.fromthearchive 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/30/newsid_3115000/3115476.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/timelines/britain/cen_munich.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/sceptred_isle/page/201.shtml?question=201

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/30/newsid_3115000/3115476.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/scotland/learning/bitesize/higher/history/roadwar/munich_rev2.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/apps/ifl/scotland/learning/learningzone/showrecord?Id=3871

http://www.bbc.co.uk/apps/ifl/scotland/learning/learningzone/showrecord?Id=3870

http://www.bbc.co.uk/apps/ifl/scotland/learning/learningzone/showrecord?Id=3869

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/7910.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/7907.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/7903.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/7904.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viscount Halifax    1881-1959

 

 

 

Portrait of Viscount Lord Halifax,

British Secy. of State for Foreign Affairs.

 

Location: United Kingdom

Date taken: 1939

 

Photographer: Margaret Bourke-White

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=7312b106579bfe71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Foreign Secretary

speaks after two months of war

 

recorded

circa November 1939

 

 

Seen by many as one

of the architects of appeasement

prior to the declaration of hostilities,

Viscount Halifax here

speaks to the nation

on the purposes of the war

and the likelihood of victory

for the Allies.

 

During his lengthy,

considered speech,

he notes that the British

'right to grumble'

is a mark of freedom

compared

with the situation

in Nazi Germany,

where complaining can lead

to a concentration camp.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/7933.shtml

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/7933.shtml

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/apr/14/
appeasing-hitler-chamberlain-churchill-road-to-war-tim-bouverie-review

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Countdown to World War Two        Monday 28 August 1939

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/countdown
_390828_mon_01.shtml

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On 15 March 1939,

German troops marched

into Czechoslovakia.

 

They took over

Bohemia,

and established

a protectorate

over Slovakia.

 

Hitler's invasion

of Czechoslovakia

was the end

of appeasement

for several reasons:

 

- it proved that Hitler

had been lying

at Munich

 

- it showed that Hitler

was not just interested

in a 'Greater Germany'

(the Czechs

were not Germans)

 

- on 17th March,

Chamberlain

gave a speech

saying

that he could not

trust Hitler

not to invade

other countries

 

- on 31st March,

Chamberlain

guaranteed

to defend Poland

if Germany invaded

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/ztydcwx/revision/5

 

 

https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/ztydcwx/revision/5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sudeten crisis        1938

 

 

 

Adolf Hitler

shakes hands with Neville Chamberlain

in Bad Godesberg,

on 22 September 1938

during the Sudeten crisis.

 

Photograph: Keystone/Getty Images

 

Appeasing Hitler by Tim Bouverie review

– how Britain fell for a delusion

A gripping account of the nation’s greatest mistake

is timely and relevant

G

Sun 14 Apr 2019        06.59 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/apr/14/
appeasing-hitler-chamberlain-churchill-road-to-war-tim-bouverie-review

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neville Chamberlain

holds a press conference at Heston Airport on 17 September

after a meeting with Hitler.

 

Photograph: Daily Herald Archive/SSPL via Getty Images

 

Appeasing Hitler by Tim Bouverie review

– how Britain fell for a delusion

A gripping account of the nation’s greatest mistake

is timely and relevant

G

Sun 14 Apr 2019        06.59 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/apr/14/
appeasing-hitler-chamberlain-churchill-road-to-war-tim-bouverie-review

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

November 1937

 

Viscount Halifax,

the British foreign secretary,

has an audience

with Adolf Hitler

at the Berghof,

the Nazi dictator’s lair

in the Bavarian Alps.

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/apr/14/
appeasing-hitler-chamberlain-churchill-road-to-war-tim-bouverie-review

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2019/apr/14/
appeasing-hitler-chamberlain-churchill-road-to-war-tim-bouverie-review

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

October 1937

 

The Duke

and Duchess of Windsor

visit Nazi Germany

 

They meet Hitler,

dine with his deputy,

Rudolf Hess,

and even visit

a concentration camp

 

 


 

The Duke

[ formerly King Edward VIII of the British Empire, Emperor of India -

Edward Albert Christian George Andrew Patrick David;

later The Duke of Windsor; 1894-1972 ]

and Duchess of Windsor

[ Wallis, Duchess of Windsor (born Bessie Wallis Warfield,

later Spencer, then Simpson; 1896-1986 ]

meet Adolf Hitler

in 1937

Caption from Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nazi_Windsors.jpg

 

Photo from The Daily Mail


IAN KERSHAW

Last updated at 1:18 AM on 07th June 2008

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1024798/
The-day-lost-Second-World-War--fictional-account-happened.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/2701965.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/661966.stm

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2003/jan/16/
past.monarchy

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2003/jan/25/
freedomofinformation.monarchy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spyclists:

how Hitler Youth's

cycling tours

caused panic

in prewar Britain

 

Nazis' bid

to forge ties

with Lord Baden-Powell

and boy scouts

rang government

alarm bells

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/mar/08/hitler-youth-prewar-cyclists-boy-scouts

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/mar/08/
hitler-youth-prewar-cyclists-boy-scouts

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 18, 1935

 

Anglo-German Naval Agreement

 

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anglo-German_Naval_Agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

Munich agreement,

Annexation of Austria, Czechoslovakia invasion / partition    1938-1939

 

 

UK, British Empire > 20th century > WW2

Victory in Europe Day / VE Day - 8 May 1945

 

 

UK, British Empire > 20th century > WW2 > Timeline (1939-1945)

 

 

UK, British empire > 20th century > WW2

Women at war

 

 

UK, British Empire > 20th century > WW2

Evacuation Operation Pied Piper (September 1939),

The Blitz (1940-1941)

 

 

UK, British Empire > 20th century > WW2

Kindertransport    1938-1940

 

 

British fascism / fascism in the UK (1930s-1940s)

 

 

 

 

20th century > 1939-1945 > World War II

 

World War II > 20th century > 1939-1945 >

Germany, Europe > Antisemitism, Adolf Hitler, Nazi era, Holocaust

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

genocide, war,

weapons, espionage, torture

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Science

 

scientists > UK > Alan Mathison Turing    1912-1954

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

British Pathé

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/series/british-path

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2010/oct/02/british-pathe-archive

 

 

 

 

Germany: National Socialism and World War II

https://eudocs.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Germany:_National_Socialism_and_World_War_II

https://eudocs.lib.byu.edu/index.php/History_of_Germany:_Primary_Documents 

 

 

 

 

A lost heritage:

Nazi pictures reveal full devastation wreaked by allied bombers

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/jul/10/secondworldwar.germany

https://www.uni-marburg.de/de/fotomarburg 

 

 

 

 

 

Second World War posters

 

Seventy years after the radio announcement

that informed the nation that Britain was at war,

Imperial War Museum London is mounting Outbreak 1939,

a new special exhibition, which will explore

the build-up to and preparations for war, from August 20.

 

Terry Charman,

senior Imperial War Museum Historian,

describes some of the iconic posters from 1939.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/britainatwar/5983711/
Second-World-War-posters.html

 

 

 

 

enemy propaganda

 

National Archives publish

wartime propaganda in online gallery        13 June 2012

 

Hundreds of images of war art including posters

and a portrait of the future queen are released online

http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:
War_art_in_The_National_Archives_%28United_Kingdom%29

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2012/jun/13/
national-archives-wartime-propaganda-gallery

 

 

 

 

Ministry of Food Posters

 

A new exhibition

at London's Imperial War Museum (Feb 12 to Jan 3 2011)

pays tribute to a nation's creativity and resourcefulness

in the face of wartime – and peacetime – food rationing.

 

Here is some of the eye-catching British Government propaganda

used on the 'Kitchen Front' during that time.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/picturegalleries/7165696/
Vintage-Ministry-of-Food-posters.html

 

 

 

 

The following posters

were all used during the Second World War

to encourage austerity and stoicism

on Britain's home front.

 

They form part of an exhibition

at the Museum of Brands in London

entitled Make Do and Mend

(www.museumofbrands.com ;

020 79080880; 2 Colville Mews, Lonsdale Road, Notting Hill, London W11 2AR).

The exhibition runs until November 29, 2010.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/festivalsandevents/6615752/
Waste-Not-Want-Not-wartime-posters.html
 

 

 

 

Britain at War: Readers' Memories

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/
britainatwar/britainatwarreadersmemories/

 

 

 

 

The Guardian > Second World War

 

Second world war > Holocaust
http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/09/second-world-war

Second world war > Stalingrad
http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/08/second-world-war

Second World War > Liberation
http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/10/second-world-war

Second World War > Aftermath
http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/11/second-world-war

 

 

 

 

BBC Archive

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/index.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/7970.shtml