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History > 20th century > Cold War > USA > Vietnam war (1962-1975) > Agent Orange

 

 

 

 Phan Thanh Hung Duc, 20,

a patient at the Tu Du Hospital

in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, last October.

 

Credit Richard Hughes

 

The Forgotten Victims of Agent Orange

Viet Thanh Nguyen and Richard Hughes

SEPT. 15, 2017        NYT        VIETNAM '67

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/15/opinion/agent-orange-vietnam-effects.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(...) in 1967,

the United States

sprayed 5.1 million

gallons of herbicides

with the toxic

chemical dioxin

across Vietnam,

a single-year record

for the decade-long

campaign

to defoliate

the countryside.

 

It was done

without regard

to dioxinís effect

on human beings

or its virulent and long

afterlife.

 

Agent Orange

was simply one

of several

herbicides used,

but it has become

the most infamous.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/15/
opinion/agent-orange-vietnam-effects.html

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/30/
689919270/benefits-for-navy-victims-of-agent-orange-just-50-years-later

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/15/
opinion/agent-orange-vietnam-effects.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2015/07/16/
421747453/can-the-agent-orange-act-help-veterans-exposed-to-mustard-gas

 

https://www.npr.org/2015/02/19/
386984176/air-force-reservists-say-effects-from-agent-orange-exposure-still-linger

 

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2013/apr/11/
agent-orange-vietnam-pregnant-women

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/aug/09/
us-vietnam-agent-orange-clean-up

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/apr/12/
vietnam-weaponstechnology

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/mar/29/
usa.adrianlevy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agent Orange        Operation Ranchhand begins        early 1962

 

 

 

 

The Dark Shadow of Agent Orange | Retro Report | The New York Times        12 May 2014

 

The use of Agent Orange during the Vietnam War

continues to cast a dark shadow

over both American veterans and the Vietnamese.

 

Read the story here: http://nyti.ms/1lpjkBg

Watch more videos at: http://nytimes.com/video

 

YouTube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uzvTB0mOS0w&list=PL4CGYNsoW2iAOqPtxm4RHo205w_R1IWuH

 

Related

http://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000002872288/agent-orange.html?playlistId=100000002148738

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operation Ranchhand begins early 1962

 

The goal of Ranchhand

is to clear vegetation

alongside highways,

making it more difficult

for the Vietcong

to conceal themselves

for ambushes.

 

As the war continues,

the scope of Ranchhand

increases.

 

Vast tracts of forest

are sprayed with

"Agent Orange,"

an herbicide containing

the deadly chemical

Dioxin.

 

Guerrilla trails

and base areas

are exposed,

and crops

that might feed

Vietcong units

are destroyed.

http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/timeline/

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/timeline/

 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=uzvTB0mOS0w&list=PL4CGYNsoW2iAOqPtxm4RHo205w_R1IWuH

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-19192698

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1988/03/23/us/new-doubts-raised-on-agent-orange.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kennedy's foreign policy

 

in November 1961

(Kennedy) sanctioned

the use of defoliants

in a covert operation

code-named Ranch Hand,

every mission flown

signed off

by the president himself

and managed in Saigon

by the secret Committee 202

- the call sign

for defoliating forests

being "20"

and for spraying fields

"2".

 

(...)

 

When US troops

became

directly embroiled

in Vietnam in 1964,

the Pentagon

signed contracts

worth $57m (£36m)

with eight US

chemical companies

to produce defoliants,

including Agent Orange,

named after

the coloured band

painted around the barrels

in which it was shipped.

 

The US would target

the Ho Chi Minh trail

- Viet Cong supply lines

made invisible

by the jungle canopy

along the border

with Laos -

as well as

the heavily wooded

Demilitarised Zone (DMZ)

that separated

the North from the South,

and also the Mekong Delta,

a maze of overgrown

swamps and inlets

that was a haven

for communist insurgents.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/mar/29/usa.adrianlevy

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/mar/29/usa.adrianlevy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anglonautes > History

 

USA > 20th century > Vietnam War    1962-1975

 

 

 

 

Anglonautes > Arts > Photography

 

war photography

 

 

 

 

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Related

 

New York Times > General Vang Pao        1929-2011

a charismatic Laotian general

who commanded a secret army of his mountain people

in a long, losing campaign against Communist insurgents,

then achieved almost kinglike status

as their leader-in-exile in the United States

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/08/world/asia/08vangpao.html