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History > 20th century > Cold War / холодная война > USSR / СССР, Poland

Dissidents / диссиденты

 

 

 

Time Covers - The 70S

TIME cover 02-25-1974 Soviet dissident writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn.

 

Date taken: February 25, 1974

 

Photographer: Chris Bennett

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=4d18d90de350ac22

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland        Zbigniew Romaszewski        1940-2014

 

Physicist Who Resisted Poland’s Communists

 

In the anxious months

after Poland’s

Communist government

declared martial law

in December 1981,

leaders of Solidarity,

the workers’ movement

that the government

was seeking to silence,

were forced into hiding.

 

Even as they eluded arrest,

they did not want

to lose contact

with the movement’s

millions of supporters

across the country.

 

Zbigniew Romaszewski

could have observed these events

from a safe distance.

 

He was a physicist,

not a laborer.

 

But he had already spent years

putting himself at risk

fighting Communism

at the ground level.

 

He played an early role

in a seminal workers’ rights group

founded in the 1970s,

known as KOR

(the name was a Polish acronym

for the Workers’ Defense Committee),

which helped establish

the Solidarity movement.

 

In 1979,

he represented KOR

in meetings in Moscow

with the Soviet dissident

Andrei Sakharov,

a year before Sakharov

was forced into exile.

 

In 1979 and 1980,

he helped start the Polish branch

of the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights

and wrote a widely disseminated report

critical of the Communist government.

https://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/27/
world/zbigniew-romaszewski-physicist-who-resisted-polands-communists-dies-at-74.html 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/27/
world/zbigniew-romaszewski-physicist-who-resisted-polands-communists-dies-at-74.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov / Андре́й Дми́триевич Са́харов        1921-1989

 

 

Andrei Sakharov

was one of Russia's

top nuclear physicists.

 

(...)

 

In 1979,

when the Soviet Union intervened

in the civil war in Afghanistan,

Sakharov spoke out strongly

against this action.

 

In January, 1980,

he was arrested on the street,

informed that by a decree

of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet

he had been deprived

of the title of Hero of Socialist Labour

and all other awards and honours,

and was put on a special flight to exile

in Gorky (now called Nizhni Novgorod),

a city which at that time

was closed to foreigners.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A715600

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A715600

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0521.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jun/19/yelena-bonner-russian-activist-dies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 February 1974

 

Russian author charged with treason

 

 

The Soviet authorities

formally charge Russian writer

Alexander Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008)

with treason one day

after expelling him from the country.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/14/newsid_2541000/2541129.stm

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/february/14/newsid_2541000/2541129.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/2276650.stm

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/aleksandr-solzhenitsyn 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/04/books/04solzhenitsyn.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 March 1967

 

Stalin's daughter defects to the West

 

 

The daughter

of the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin

requests political asylum

at the United States Embassy in India.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/9/newsid_2801000/2801709.stm

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/9/newsid
_2801000/2801709.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

20th century > Cold war

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

Secret files from 70s

reveal Trident strike needed 'to kill 10m Russians'

Whitehall documents written in 1970s

and marked 'personal and top secret'

show logic of British Cold War deterrent

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2010/dec/26/secret-files-70s-trident-russians

 

 

Dagmar Searchinger        1916-2011

founder of Women Strike for Peace,

a cold war movement that helped organize

demonstrations around the world calling for nuclear disarmament

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/24/us/24wilson.html

 

 

Roy Richard Rubottom Jr.        1912-2010

a diplomat who influenced and helped hone

United States policy toward Latin America in the late 1950s,

a time of economic and political tumult

that culminated in Fidel Castro’s takeover in Cuba

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/20/world/americas/20rubottom.html 

 

 

The National Security Archive / The George Washington University

The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962

https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu//nsa/cuba_mis_cri/index.htm 

https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu//nsa/cuba_mis_cri/photos.htm 

 

 

Cold War

The global superpower stand-off

that brought the world to the brink of destruction.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/coldwar/