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History > 20th century > WW2 > USA, Japan > Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki    August 6 / 9, 1945

 

 

 

A mother tends her injured child

after the atomic bomb blast at Hiroshima.

 

Photograph: Keystone/Getty Images

 

Hiroshima’s fate, 70 years ago this week, must not be forgotten

O

Sunday 2 August 2015        08.00 BST

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/02/
hiroshima-bombing-70-years-on-eric-schlosser

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Japan's atomic bomb survivors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/31/
world/asia/taniguchi-nagasaki-atomic-bomb.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/05/28/
479747302/after-hiroshima-bombing-survivors-sorted-through-the-horror

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/28/world/asia/
survivors-recount-horrors-of-hiroshima-and-nagasaki.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/05/27/
479464410/a-survivors-tale-how-hiroshima-shaped-a-japanese-american-family

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/26/world/asia/korea-hiroshima-nagasaki-
survivors.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/25/world/asia/
what-about-us-nagasaki-asks-as-obamas-hiroshima-trip-nears.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/06/world/asia/
witnesses-to-hiroshima-atomic-bomb-pass-their-stories-to-a-new-generation.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/31/
japan-atomic-bomb-survivors-nuclear-weapons-hiroshima-70th-anniversary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The devastated city of Hiroshima

some three years after the US dropped an atomic bomb on the city.

 

Photograph: AFP/Getty Images

 

Hiroshima’s fate, 70 years ago this week, must not be forgotten

O

Sunday 2 August 2015        08.00 BST

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/02/
hiroshima-bombing-70-years-on-eric-schlosser

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 The ruins of Hiroshima, after the atomic bombing in 1945.

 

Credit Associated Press

 

Obama’s Visit: Renewing the Debate Over Hiroshima

NYT

MAY 11, 2016

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/12/opinion/obamas-visit-renewing-the-debate-over-hiroshima.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall,

which stood very close to the bomb’s hypocentre.

 

The skeletal structure of the dome

is now known officially as the A-bomb Dome.

 

Photograph: EPA

 

'Rain of ruin': the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima

G

Thursday 6 August 2015        07.30 BST

http://www.theguardian.com/world/from-the-archive-blog/2015/aug/06/
hiroshima-atomic-bomb-guardian-1945-archive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima and the nuclear age - a visual guide

G

Wednesday 5 August 2015        20.30 BST

http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2015/aug/05/
hiroshima-nuclear-guide-anniversary-atomic-bomb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After the atom bomb: Nagasaki in ruins.

 

Photograph: Rex

 

Remembering Nagasaki: the man who walked through hell

O

Sunday 26 July 2015        08.00 BST

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/26/nagasaki-
man-who-walked-through-hell-jan-bras

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A survivor still hospitalized in Hiroshima,

showing arm and face covered with keloids

caused by the atomic bomb dropped on the city.

 

Location: Hiroshima, Japan

Date taken: August 1947

 

Photographer: Carl Mydans

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/56623cc503563918.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Survivors still hospitalized in Hiroshima,

showing their bodies covered with keloids

caused by the atomic bomb dropped on the city.

 

Location: Hiroshima, Japan

Date taken: August 1947

 

Photographer: Carl Mydans

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/43168a6b36007ec3.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A survivor still hospitalized in Hiroshima,

showing arms and torso covered with keloids

caused by the atomic bomb dropped on the city.

 

Location: Hiroshima, Japan

Date taken: August 1947

 

Photographer: Carl Mydans

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/5a266d06f14d105d.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima in ruins following the atomic bomb blast.

 

Location: Hiroshima, Japan

Date taken: September 1945

 

Photographer: Bernard Hoffman

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ruins of Hiroshima after the atomic bomb blast.

 

Location: Hiroshima, Japan

Date taken: September 1945

 

Photographer: George Silk

Life Images
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

An aerial overview of Hiroshima in autumn of 1945.

 

The hypocenter and Atom Bomb Dome are visible at top center.

 

U.S. National Archives

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture

Hiroshima, 64 years ago        August 5, 2009

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/08/hiroshima_64_years_ago.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Miyako Jodai, 76,

a survivor of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki in 1945,

in her home on Monday.

 

“I feel like Nagasaki has been abandoned and thrown away,” she said.

 

Adam Dean for The New York Times

 

What About Us, Nagasaki Asks, as Obama’s Hiroshima Trip Nears

NYT

May 24, 2016

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/25/world/asia/
what-about-us-nagasaki-asks-as-obamas-hiroshima-trip-nears.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the background,

a Roman Catholic cathedral on a hill in Nagasaki.

Ca. 1945.

 

77-AEC-52-4459.

Pictures of World War II > Japan

US National Archives

http://www.archives.gov/research/ww2/photos/images/ww2-165.jpg

http://www.archives.gov/research/ww2/photos/#japan2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima        The ground zero they didn't want us to see

The Guardian Weekend        pp. 24-25        16 July 2005

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2005/jul/16/weekend7.weekend2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima        The ground zero they didn't want us to see

The Guardian Weekend        pp. 22-23        16 July 2005

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2005/jul/16/weekend7.weekend2 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima        The ground zero they didn't want us to see

The Guardian Weekend        pp. 26-27        16 July 2005

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2005/jul/16/weekend7.weekend2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 6 August 1945

 

three strike planes (...)

 flew over Hiroshima that day:

the Enola Gay,

which carried the bomb,

and two observation planes,

the Great Artiste

and the Necessary Evil.

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/06/
636008863/last-surviving-crew-member-has-no-regrets-about-bombing-hiroshima

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/06/
636008863/last-surviving-crew-member-has-no-regrets-about-bombing-hiroshima

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paul Warfield Tibbets Jr.        1915-2007

 

 

 

Col. Paul W. Tibbets, Jr.,

pilot of the ENOLA GAY,

the plane that dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima,

waves from his cockpit before the takeoff,

6 August 1945.

 

208-LU-13H-5.

Pictures of World War II > Japan

US National Archives

http://www.archives.gov/research/ww2/photos/images/ww2-162.jpg

http://www.archives.gov/research/ww2/photos/#japan2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paul Tibbets in 2003

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Paul_Tibbets_2003.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Tibbets

 

Primary source

031210-F-3050V-112

Retired US Air Force (USAF) Brigadier General (BGEN) Paul W. Tibbets

talks about his experience flying the B-29 Superfortress, the Enola Gay,

that delivered the first atomic bomb during World War II.

 

BGEN Tibbets spoke to a gathering

prior to autographing copies of his book "The Return of the Enola Gay,"

at a book-signing event in the Pentagon Concourse.

 

Photographer's Name: MSGT JIM VARHEGYI, USAF

Location: PENTAGON

Date Shot: 12/10/2003

Date Posted: unknown

VIRIN: 031210-F-3050V-112

DefenseLINK

http://www.defenseimagery.mil/imagery.html#
a=search&s=tibbets&guid=b8c8dff7b0a4a31469521c88b2b53c8d9338fd08

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pilot

of the US bomber Enola Gay,

which in 1945 dropped

the first nuclear bomb

to be detonated in wartime

 

(...)

 

Paul Tibbets

was in command

of the B-29 aircraft,

which dropped

the five-ton

"Little Boy" bomb

over Hiroshima

as the US tried to end

the second world war

without a ground invasion

of Japan

 

Up to 100,000 people

are estimated to have died

in the explosion.

 

(...)

 

He always maintained

that his conscience

was clear over Hiroshima.

 

"I'm not proud

that I killed 80,000 people,

but I'm proud

that I was able

to start with nothing,

plan it and have it work

as perfectly as it did,"

he said in a 1975 interview.

 

"You've got

to take stock

and assess the situation

at that time.

 

We were at war ...

 

you use anything

at your disposal.

 

I sleep clearly every night."

 

Three days after Hiroshima

was obliterated on August 6,

the US dropped

a second bomb on Nagaski,

killing an estimated

40,000 people.
 

 

On August 15,

the Japanese emperor

broadcast

his country's surrender,

saying the war situation had

"developed, not necessarily

to Japan's advantage".

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/nov/01/japan.usa

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2007/nov/02/
guardianobituaries.military

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/nov/01/japan.usa

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/01/
obituaries/01cnd-tibbets.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Theodore Van Kirk        1921-2014

 

navigator

and last surviving

crew member

of the Enola Gay,

the B-29 Superfortress

that dropped

the atomic bomb

on Hiroshima

 

(...)

 

In the predawn hours

of Aug. 6, 1945,

the Enola Gay,

piloted by

Col. Paul W. Tibbets Jr.

and carrying a crew of 12,

took off from Tinian

in the Mariana Islands

with a uranium bomb built

under extraordinary secrecy

in the vast Manhattan Project.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/30/us/30vankirk.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/30/us/
30vankirk.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1995/08/06/world/hiroshima-
enola-gay-s-crew-recalls-the-flight-into-a-new-era.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima

 

Morris Richard Jeppson

Army Air Forces electronics specialist        1922-2010

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/08/us/
08jeppson.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Boston Globe        Big Picture

 

Hiroshima, 64 years ago        August 5, 2009

 

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/08/hiroshima
_64_years_ago.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Hiroshima        By John Hersey

 

The New Yorker        August 31, 1946 Issue

 

http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1946/08/31/hiroshima

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 6 / 9, 1945

 

Atomic bombings

of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

 

 

At 8.15am, (...)

the US B-29

bomber Enola Gay

dropped Little Boy,

a 16-kiloton atomic bomb,

on Hiroshima

on 6 August 1945

(...) 140,000 people (...) died,

more than half of them

in an instant.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/06/hiroshima-
atomic-bomb-a-simple-toll-of-a-bell-signals-the-moment-80000-died

 

 

 

Of 320,000 people

in Hiroshima that morning,

80,000 died immediately

or were badly wounded

by the A-bomb,

nicknamed "Little Boy".

 

The site

of the explosion

reached

a temperature of 5,400°F.

 

Three days after Hiroshima,

Nagasaki was A-bombed,

with up to 40,000 killed.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2007/nov/02/guardianobituaries.military

 

 

 

total death toll

in Hiroshima

(...) 297,684

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/06/hiroshima-
atomic-bomb-a-simple-toll-of-a-bell-signals-the-moment-80000-died

 

 

 

Estimates of people killed

in the immediate aftermath

of the two bombings

and the months that followed

range as high as 246,000

http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2015/aug/05
/hiroshima-nuclear-guide-anniversary-atomic-bomb

 

 

http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/abomb/mpmenu.htm

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2019/aug/06/
hiroshima-bombing-74th-anniversary-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/31/world/asia/taniguchi-nagasaki-
atomic-bomb.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/06/
541885092/japan-calls-for-denuclearized-world-on-72nd-anniversary-of-hiroshima

 

https://www.nytimes.com/video/world/asia/
100000005317552/hiroshima-atomic-nuclear-bomb.html - August 2017

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/05/27/
479691439/president-obama-arrives-in-hiroshima-the-first-sitting-commander-in-chief-to-vis

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/11/world/asia/hiroshima-
atomic-bomb.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/12/
opinion/obamas-visit-renewing-the-debate-over-hiroshima.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/11/world/asia/hiroshima-
atomic-bomb.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/04/
11/473781156/secretary-of-state-john-kerry-visits-hiroshima-memorial

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/08/09/
430879790/remembering-the-horror-of-nagasaki-70-years-later

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/06/
hiroshima-atomic-bomb-a-simple-toll-of-a-bell-signals-the-moment-80000-died

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/aug/06/
after-the-atomic-bomb-hiroshima-and-nagasaki-then-and-now-in-pictures

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/06/
hiroshima-remembers-atomic-bomb-abolish-the-evil-of-nuclear-weapons

http://www.theguardian.com/news/defence-and-security-blog/2015/jul/23/
70-years-after-hiroshima-nuclear-weapons-threaten-us-all

http://www.theguardian.com/world/from-the-archive-blog/2015/aug/06/
hiroshima-atomic-bomb-guardian-1945-archive

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/08/06/
429989339/
70-years-after-atomic-bombs-japan-still-struggles-with-war-past

http://www.npr.org/2015/08/06/
429433621/why-did-the-u-s-choose-hiroshima

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/06/world/asia/
did-us-have-to-drop-atomic-bombs-on-hiroshima-and-nagasaki.html

http://www.nytimes.com/video/world/asia/
100000003837531/hiroshima-marks-70-years-since-bombing.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/02/hiroshima-
bombing-70-years-on-eric-schlosser

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/26/nagasaki-
man-who-walked-through-hell-jan-bras

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/27/
science/donald-hornig-a-bomb-scientist-and-brown-president-dies-at-92.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/20/books/20garner.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/07/world/asia/07yamaguchi.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/10/hiroshima-
nuclear-second-world-war

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/
how-i-survived-hiroshima-ndash-and-then-nagasaki-1654294.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/08/hiroshima
_64_years_ago.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/mar/25/hiroshima-nagasaki-
survivor-japan

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/nov/01/japan.usa 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4748027.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwtwo/nuclear_02.shtml

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/9/newsid_3580000/3580143.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/6/newsid_3602000/3602189.stm

 

http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/1946/08/31/hiroshima

 

http://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1945/08/08/issue.html

http://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1945/08/07/88273622.html?pageNumber=4

https://www.theguardian.com/world/1945/aug/07/secondworldwar.usa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima        August 6 1945

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/series/hiroshima60yearson

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/aug/06/japan.secondworldwar1 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2002/aug/06/nuclear.japan 

https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2005/jul/16/weekend7.weekend2 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2005/aug/02/foreignpolicy.politicalcolumnists 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/aug/02/secondworldwar.guardianletters 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/jul/30/japan.secondworldwar   

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/jul/24/secondworldwar.japan2 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/jul/24/secondworldwar.japan1

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/jul/24/secondworldwar.japan 

http://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2005/jul/23/guardianletters4 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/1963/aug/01/mainsection.fromthearchive 

 

http://timesmachine.nytimes.com/timesmachine/1945/08/08/issue.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/century/1940-1949/Story/0,,127716,00.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima and the nuclear age - a visual guide

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2015/aug/05/
hiroshima-nuclear-guide-anniversary-atomic-bomb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Enola Gay

 

Enola Gay,

the B-29 Superfortress

that dropped

the atomic bomb

on Hiroshima

in the last days

of World War II

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/30/us/30vankirk.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/30/us/30vankirk.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/may/20/hiroshima-
enola-gay-last-crew-member

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/08/us/08jeppson.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/nov/01/japan.usa

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2002/aug/06/nuclear.japan

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/3315729.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/4718579.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hiroshima        Little Boy

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/20/world/asia/
uss-indianapolis-paul-allen.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/30/us/
30vankirk.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/nov/01/japan.usa  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Atomic Bomb and the End of World War II

 

A Collection of Primary Sources

National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 162

Edited by William Burr - 202/994-7000

Posted - August 5, 2005

Updated - April 27, 2007

http://nsarchive.gwu.edu/NSAEBB/NSAEBB162/index.htm 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Last Kamikaze        G        11 August 2015

 

 

 

 

The Last Kamikaze | Guardian Features        The Guardian        11 August 2015

 

The last kamikaze: 'I felt the blood was draining from my face'

 

‘It sounds strange,

but we were congratulating each other

for being selected’

for the special suicide attack unit.

 

‘When I knew we had lost the war ...

the thought going through my mind

was I had missed my chance to die ...

and be remembered in infinite glory.’

 

Two Japanese veterans

share memories of the second world war

and the aftermath of the atomic bomb attack on Hiroshima.

 

YouTube
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F3qoNE4XwhM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > 20th century

 

USA > Pearl Harbor - 7 December 1941

 

 

War in the Pacific, Asia, India

 

 

1939-1945 > World War II

 

 

 

 

 

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