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History > 20th century > WW2 > USA > Japanese-Americans internment camps

 

 

 

 

A Return to the Internment Camp | The New York Times        18 May 2015

 

Bob Fuchigami was 12 years old

when he was sent to the Amache internment camp

in Colorado.

 

Produced by: Mike Shum and Colin Archdeacon

Read the story here: http://nyti.ms/1L1Ng1l

Watch more videos at: http://nytimes.com/video

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C8WlfChTtp4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Japanese-Americans were registered in San Francisco

before being sent to internment centers in 1942.

 

Dorothea Lange

 

Rarely Seen Photos of Japanese Internment

By Maurice Berger        NYT        Feb. 8, 2017

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/
rarely-seen-photos-japanese-internment-dorothea-lange/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kimiko Kitagaki guarding her family’s baggage in Oakland

before leaving by bus for the Tanforan assembly center.

 

Her father had been in the cleaning and dyeing business.

 

Dorothea Lange

 

Rarely Seen Photos of Japanese Internment

By Maurice Berger        NYT        Feb. 8, 2017

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/
rarely-seen-photos-japanese-internment-dorothea-lange/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field laborers

in front of a Wartime Civil Control Administration station in Byron,

where they had come for instructions and assistance

regarding their relocation.

 

Dorothea Lange

 

Rarely Seen Photos of Japanese Internment

By Maurice Berger        NYT        Feb. 8, 2017

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/
rarely-seen-photos-japanese-internment-dorothea-lange/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Centerville, California, 1942.

 

This evacuee stands by her baggage

as she waits for an evacuation bus.

 

Dorothea Lange:

Politics of Seeing at Barbican Centre

G

Tue 19 Jun 2018        08.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/media/gallery/2018/jun/19/
dorothea-lange-politics-of-seeing-at-barbican-centre

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Japanese and Japanese-Americans

being evacuated from Los Angeles in 1942.

 

Russell Lee/Library of Congress

 

1942 All Over Again?

By THE EDITORIAL BOARD        NYT        NOV. 17, 2016

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/18/opinion/1942-all-over-again.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Posted notice informing people of Japanese ancestry

of imminent relocation rules

re fears of treason and spying during early years of WWII.

 

Location: CA, US

Date taken: April 11, 1942

 

Photographer: Dorothea Lange

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=2d4caa4524ab2f3f

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A young evacuee of Japanese ancestry

waits with the family baggage

before leaving by bus

for an assembly center

in the spring of 1942.

 

Clem Albers, California, April 1942. 210-G-2A-6.

http://www.archives.gov/research/ww2/photos/#home

 

Picturing the Century:

One Hundred Years of Photography from the National Archives

Eight Portfolios from Part II

http://www.archives.gov/research/ww2/photos/images/ww2-28.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

First-graders, some of Japanese ancestry,

at the Weill public school, San Francisco, Calif.,

pledging allegience to the United States flag.

 

The evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed

in War relocation authority centers for the duration of the war

 

SUMMARY:

Relocation of Japanese-Americans. Calif.

SUBJECTS:

World War, 1939-1945--Japanese Americans--California--San Francisco.

April 1942

 

Source

U.S. War Relocation Authority. Via US Library of Congress

Farm Security Administration and Office of War Information Collection

(Library of Congress)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:JapaneseAmericansChildrenPledgingAllegiance1942.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anti-Japanese_sentiment

 

Primary source > Library of Congress

TITLE: San Francisco, Calif., April 1942.

First-graders, some of Japanese ancestry,

at the Weill public school pledging allegience

to the United States flag.

 

The evacuees of Japanese ancestry will be housed

in War relocation authority centers for the duration of the war.

 

Photo attributed to Dorothea Lange.

DIGITAL ID: (b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a43126 http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/cph.3a43126
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?pp/PPALL:@field(NUMBER+@1(cph+3a43126))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The beginning of construction at the Tule Lake camp,

just south of the Oregon border in a desert wilderness.

 

The camp, built for 16,000 people,

opened five weeks later.

 

Clem Albers/National Archives and Records Administration

 

A Lesson From the 1940s:

‘America Is Capable of Being Un-American’

By James Estrin        NYT        Feb. 23, 2017

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/23/
a-lesson-from-the-1940s-america-is-capable-of-being-un-american/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Overall view of the barracks

at Heart Mountain Relocation Camp

for Japanese Americans.

 

Location: WY, US

Date taken: 1942

 

Photographer: Myron Davis

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dust storm at Manzanar War Relocation Authority Centre, 1942.

 

Dorothea Lange

 

Dorothea Lange:

Politics of Seeing at Barbican Centre

G

Tue 19 Jun 2018        08.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/media/gallery/2018/jun/19/
dorothea-lange-politics-of-seeing-at-barbican-centre

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manzanar Relocation Center, Manzanar, California,

July 2, 1942.

 

Grandfather and grandson of Japanese ancestry

at the War Relocation Authority center.

 

Photo by Dorothea Lange (1895-1965)

 

1999 digital print.

Records of the War Relocation Authority.

(210-G-C695)

http://www.archives.gov/press/press-kits/1930-census-photos/photos-2.html

 

Picturing the Century:

One Hundred Years of Photography from the National Archives

Eight Portfolios from Part II

http://www.archives.gov/press/press-kits/1930-census-photos/photos-2.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Japanese American soldiers,

visiting their familes

while on leave from European combat duty,

stand honor guard beside coffin

of Japanese American WWI veteran Clarence Uno

who died while interned

at relocation center for Americans of Japanese descent.

 

Location: Heart Mountain, WY, US

Date taken: 1943

 

Photographer: Hansel Mieth

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aiko Louise Yoshinaga        USA        1924-2018

 

(...) a Japanese-American

whose tenacious

archival research

persuaded Congress

to approve reparations

for her fellow inmates

of World War II

internment camps

and an official

apology to them

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/24/
obituaries/aiko-herzig-yoshinaga-japanese-americans-internment-relocation-dies-at-93.html

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/24/
obituaries/aiko-herzig-yoshinaga-japanese-americans-internment-relocation-dies-at-93.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yuri Kochiyama (born Mary Yuriko Nakahara)        1921-2014

 

civil rights activist

who formed

an unlikely friendship

with Malcolm X

when he was

still promoting

black nationalism

and later cradled

his head in her hands

as he lay dying

from gunshot wounds

in 1965

 

(...)

 

Mrs. Kochiyama,

the child

of Japanese immigrants

who settled

in Southern California,

knew discrimination well

by the time

she was a young woman.

 

During World War II

she spent two years

in an internment camp

for Japanese-Americans

in Arkansas,

a searing experience

that also exposed her

to the racism

of the Jim Crow South.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/05/us/
yuri-kochiyama-civil-rights-activist-dies-at-93.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/05/us/
yuri-kochiyama-civil-rights-activist-dies-at-93.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

After Japan bombed

Pearl Harbor

on Dec. 7, 1941,

the United States

government

forced 120,000

Japanese-Americans

on the West Coast

out of their homes

and into internment camps

for the duration of the war.

 

(...)

 

President

Franklin D. Roosevelt

signed an executive order

in February 1942

that made

the relocation possible

by declaring certain

parts of the West

to be military zones

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/07/us/
bob-fletcher-dies-at-101-saved-farms-of-interned-japanese-americans.html

 

 

https://www.archives.gov/research/alic/reference/military/
japanese-internment.html
 

http://www.pbs.org/childofcamp/

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/anseladams/

https://calisphere.org/exhibitions/38/japanese-american-internment/ 

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/japanese-relocation/

http://www.archives.gov/research/arc/topics/japanese-americans/

http://www.pbs.org/childofcamp/

http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/primarysourcesets/internment/

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/01/
arts/television/the-terror-george-takei.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/07/17/
742558996/george-takei-recalls-time-in-an-american-internment-camp-in-they-called-us-enemy

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/26/
636107892/some-japanese-americans-wrongfully-imprisoned-during-wwii-oppose-census-question

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/24/
obituaries/aiko-herzig-yoshinaga-japanese-americans-internment-relocation-dies-at-93.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/13/
opinion/when-america-incarcerated-my-family.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=HdphFBNfQG4 - NYT - 22 June 2018

 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/07/06/
multimedia/returning-to-manzanar.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/06/20/
621972727/for-some-japanese-americans-border-separations-are-deja-vu

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/video/us/
100000005024375/japanese-internment-tule-lake-360-video.html - May 2017

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/04/29/
485574562/walking-in-their-footsteps-at-a-former-japanese-internment-camp

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/23/
a-lesson-from-the-1940s-america-is-capable-of-being-un-american/

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/02/21/
516277507/the-other-wwii-american-internment-atrocity

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/02/19/
515822019/farming-behind-barbed-wire-japanese-americans-remember-wwii-incarceration

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/02/19/
516115506/75-years-later-americans-still-bear-scars-of-internment-order

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/02/17/
515563775/couple-moves-on-from-silence-about-time-in-japanese-internment-camps

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/
rarely-seen-photos-japanese-internment-dorothea-lange

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/30/
512488821/its-fred-korematsu-day-celebrating-a-foe-of-u-s-internment-camps

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/18/
opinion/1942-all-over-again.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/02/17/
466453528/photos-three-very-different-views-of-japanese-internment

 

 

 

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/12/11/
japanese-americans-imprisoned-but-unbowed-during-world-war-two/

http://www.npr.org/2015/11/09/
455337926/george-takei-debuts-on-broadway-in-allegiance

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/07/us/
bob-fletcher-dies-at-101-saved-farms-of-interned-japanese-americans.html

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-03-30-
census-role_N.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gordon Kiyoshi Hirabayashi        1918-2011

 

Gordon Hirabayashi

was imprisoned

for defying

the federal government’s

internment

of Japanese-Americans

during World War II

but was vindicated

four decades later

when his conviction

was overturned

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/04/us/
gordon-hirabayashi-wwii-internment-opponent-dies-at-93.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/04/us/
gordon-hirabayashi-wwii-internment-opponent-dies-at-93.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

Japan > Hiroshima and Nagasaki - August 1945

 

 

USA > Pearl Harbor - 7 December 1941

 

 

WW2 > Pacific, Asia, India

 

 

1939-1945 > World War II

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Images

 

advertisements > WW2 > USA

 

photos > wars > WW2

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Arts > Photography

 

Dorothea Lange    USA    1895-1965

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

genocide, war,

weapons, espionage, torture

 

 

White House > President > Executive orders