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History > 20th century > USA > 1929 Crash / 1930s-early 40s Great Depression

 

 

 

newspaper: The Daily Mail, continental edition

date: October 25, 1929

news event: The American stock market collapses.

http://www.bl.uk/learning/images/front%20page/large8018.html

http://www.bl.uk/learning/histcitizen/fpage/finance/prnfinance.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Secular stagnation was an idea first conceived

in the aftermath of the Great Depression.

 

Photograph: New York Times Co./Getty Images

 

Weak economic recovery

was down to flawed policies, not secular stagnation

 

Lesson to be learned from 2008 financial crisis

is that the challenge was – and is - political

G

Wed 29 Aug 2018 16.19 BST

Last modified on Thu 30 Aug 2018 07.57 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/business/2018/aug/29/
weak-economic-recovery-was-down-to-flawed-policies-not-secular-stagnation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Migrant agricultural workers, Nipomo, California, 1936

 

Photograph: Dorothea Lange

 

A Vision Shared:

the photographers who captured the Great Depression

G

Tue 24 Jul 2018        11.00 BST

Last modified on Tue 24 Jul 2018        11.01 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2018/jul/24/
a-vision-shared-book-review-great-depression-photographers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Migrant family, Texas. 1936.

Dorothea Lange/Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

In Search of the American Family

By Rena Silverman        NYT        Nov. 20, 2017

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/11/20/in-search-of-the-american-family

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Migratory farmers (pea pickers) changing their flat tire along route US 101.

 

Location: Santa Maria, CA, US

Date taken: February 1936

 

Photographer: Dorothea Lange

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=e539d3eba55d1e0d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dust bowl drought victims

(migratory farm workers)

at ramshackle building,

meant to be permanent home,

north of Shafter.

 

Location: CA, US

Date taken: February 1936

 

Photographer: Dorothea Lange

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=12c8291d312a21b8
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

America from the Great Depression to WW2

 

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Dust Bowl or the Dirty Thirties

 

A period

of severe dust storms

causing major ecological

and agricultural damage

to American and Canadian

prairie lands

from 1930 to 1936

(in some areas until 1940)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dust_Bowl

 

 

 

 

 

Buried machinery in barn lot in Dallas, South Dakota,

United States during the Dust Bowl,

an agricultural, ecological, and economic disaster

in the Great Plains region of North America in 1936

 

Date: 13 May 1936(1936-05-13)

 

Source: United States Department of Agriculture;

Image Number: 00di0971 (original link now dead)

Wikipedia

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ef/Dust_Bowl_-_Dallas%2C_South_Dakota_1936.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Portrait of Dust Bowl farmer John Barnett and his family.

 

Location: OK, US

Date taken: 1942

 

Photographer: Alfred Eisenstaedt

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=65a23429ac4addd7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/picture/2014/apr/14/
john-steinbeck-dorothea-lange-photography 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/dustbowl/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

 

32nd president of the United States        1933-1945

 

Great Depression        New Deal        1930's

 

 

Franklin Delano Roosevelt,

the 32nd president

of the United States,

held that title longer

than any man in history

and dealt, during his time,

with some

of the greatest problems

internal or external,

which had faced the nation.

 

The internal crisis

which existed at the time

of his first inauguration,

on March 4, 1933,

when the nation’s

economic system

was faltering

and its financial organism

paralyzed by fear,

was followed

in his third term

by the global war

during which he

and Winston Churchill

emerged as leaders

of the English-speaking world.

 

The years in between

were packed

with swift and drastic

social and economic changes

to make Mr. Roosevelt

the most controversial figure

in American history.

 

Beloved by millions,

hated, admired,

feared and scorned

by countless adversaries,

he did much to shape the future

of the nation he headed

and the world.

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/r/franklin_delano_roosevelt/index.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Title : Roosevelt or reaction?

Wage earners - your vote is your answer

Date : 1936

Subjects : Democratic Party

United States

1936

General Election

President

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Folder : 1936 - Presidential Elections - Democratic Party

UCLA Online Campaign Literature Archive

http://digital.library.ucla.edu/campaign/librarian?VIEWPDF=1936_006_016_a

http://digital.library.ucla.edu/campaign/librarian?ITEMID=1936_006_016&SIZE=Medium

http://digital.library.ucla.edu/campaign/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/new-deal-1930s 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/franklin-delano-roosevelt  

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/biography/presidents-fdroosevelt/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/fdr/player/

http://www.pbs.org/tpt/slavery-by-another-name/themes/fdr/

http://video.pbs.org/video/1049332797/

http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/timeline/depwwii/newdeal/newdeal.html

http://www.loc.gov/teachers/classroommaterials/
presentationsandactivities/presentations/timeline/depwwii/newdeal/ 

http://www.mhric.org/fdr/fdr.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wall Street Crash        1929

 

The Great Depression / The New Deal        1930s

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/the-great-depression 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/new-deal-1930s

https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/library/financial/index-1929-crash.html 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/crash/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3959005.stm

http://www.archives.gov/pacific-alaska/picturing-the-century/great-depression.html 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/dustbowl/peopleevents/pandeAMEX05.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/rails/timeline/

http://www.pbs.org/fmc/timeline/estockmktcrash.htm

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/crash/index.html

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/picturing_the_century/galleries/greatdep.html

http://www.archives.gov/southeast/public/depression-photos-exhibit.pdf

http://www.archives.gov/southwest/news/photo-exhibit/

http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/index.html?dod-date=1029

http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/index.html?dod-date=526

http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/index.html?dod-date=705

http://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/todays-doc/index.html?dod-date=616

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2018/jul/24/
a-vision-shared-book-review-great-depression-photographers

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2015/05/26/
409738018/hunger-and-humanity-how-dorothea-lange-taught-us-to-see

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/26/business/26myers.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1929 Crash and The Great Depression

 

Herbert Hoover        1874-1964

 

Thirty-first President of the United States        1929-1933


 

 

 

[Herbert Hoover, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing slightly right]

Underwood & Underwood, Washington.

CREATED/PUBLISHED [1928(?)]

 

REPRODUCTION NUMBER

LC-USZ62-24155 DLC (b&w film copy neg.)

LC-USZ61-296 DLC (b&w film copy neg.)

DIGITAL ID

(b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a25105

(b&w film copy neg.) cph 3a02089

Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

http://memory.loc.gov/service/pnp/cph/3a20000/3a25000/3a25100/3a25105v.jpg
http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/presp:@field(NUMBER+@band(cph+3a02089))

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"NEW YORK:

Swamped under an avalanche of selling orders
from every part of the country and from abroad
which had been accumulating over the week-end,
the stock market today continued to sink,
though at a less rapid rate than Saturday.
Before the tumble became a crash, however,
a rally in the final half-hour saved prices from closing on the lowest levels
and gave rise to hopes that the market had touched rock bottom.
The wild rush to sell put the ticker more than an hour
behind the actual transactions nearly all day,
and at the close it was still seventy-two minutes behind.
The late rally, however, brought prices back slightly,
and at the close most stocks showed two to five points
above their lowest levels in the course of the session."

 

International Herald Tribune, 1929

http://www.iht.com/articles/2004/10/21/opinion/OLD22.html

 

 

 

 

"NEW YORK:

In a day replete with bankers' meetings,
conferences of Stock Exchange officials,
meetings of brokers and publication of opinions from high and low
in the world of finance, business and all else,
stock prices broke to new low levels
in a volume of trading far in excess of anything hitherto seen.
In five hours' trading, 16,419,000 shares changed hands,
in comparison with 12,894,600
which made the previous record day last Thursday [Oct. 24].
Sales on the Curb market added another 7,096,300 shares to the day's total.
Today [Oct. 29] came the first failure of the present reaction.
It was insignificant compared with the failures during the panics of the past,
but it was seized upon by a hysterical public as an occasion for fresh worry.
The failure was that of the firm of John J. Bell and Company,
members of the Curb Exchange,
whose officials announced its suspension
through the inability to meet its engagements.
Its obligations, it was said, were small.
Today's transactions broke all records,
even those established in Thursday's collapse.
The first three and a half hours
saw 12,652,000 shares change hands,
or within 250,000 of the record for a full five-hour session,
established during Thursday's debacle."

 

International Herald Tribune        1929

http://www.iht.com/articles/2004/10/29/opinion/old30.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://memory.loc.gov/learn/start/inres/ushist/depressi.html

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/jul08.html

http://www.pbs.org/fmc/timeline/estockmktcrash.htm

http://econ161.berkeley.edu/TCEH/Slouch_Crash14.html

http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/hh31.html

http://www.hoover.archives.gov/exhibits/Hooverstory/gallery06/gallery06.html

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/eyewitness/html.php?section=11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Arts > Photography > 20th century

 

Dorothea Lange    USA    1895-1965