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History > 20th century > USA > Civil rights era > John Fitzgerald Kennedy / JFK    1917-1963

 

35th president of the United States    1961-1963
 

 

 

 

Prees (sic) John F. Kennedy and wife Jackie

greeting crowd at Love Field upon arrival for campaign tour

on day of his assassination.

 

Location: Dallas, TX, US

Date taken: November 22, 1963

 

Photographer: Art Rickerby

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/dc757604965caaf6.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pres. John F. Kennedy and First Lady Jacqueline

arriving for a tour of the city

on the morning of Kennedy's assassination.

 

Location: Dallas, TX, US

Date taken: November 22, 1963

 

Photographer: Art Rickerby

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/9823847d00bff22f.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commuters reading of John F. Kennedy's assassination.

 

Location: NY, US

Date taken: November 1963

 

Photographer: Carl Mydans

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Commuters reading of John F. Kennedy's assassination.

 

Location: NY, US

Date taken: November 1963

 

Photographer: Carl Mydans

Life Image

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/f?imgurl=c2b997ce529f47d6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cover of LIFE magazine dated 11-24-1967

w. pic of Texas Gov. John Connally

by John Dominis & inset of Pres. Kennedy & entourage

during motorcade prior to assassination (by Zingraff)

& legends "Last Seconds of the Motorcade"

& "Why Kennedy Went to Dallas."

 

Date taken: November 24, 1967

 

Photographer: John Dominis

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/d2685f2ddacb8e73.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mark Lane        1927-2016

 

defense lawyer,

social activist and author

who concluded

in a blockbuster book

in the mid-1960s

that Lee Harvey Oswald

could not have acted alone

in killing President

John F. Kennedy,

a thesis supported in part

by the House Select Committee

on Assassinations in 1979

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/13/us/
mark-lane-who-asserted-that-kennedy-was-killed-in-conspiracy-dies-at-89.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/13/us/
mark-lane-who-asserted-that-kennedy-was-killed-in-conspiracy-dies-at-89.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thomas Lemuel Johns        1925-2014

 

Secret Service agent

who guarded Vice President

Lyndon B. Johnson

when President John F. Kennedy

was assassinated in Dallas

and who became a high-ranking

Secret Service official

during Johnson’s administration

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/11/us/
lem-johns-who-guarded-vice-president-lyndon-b-johnson-in-dallas-dies-at-88.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/11/us/
lem-johns-who-guarded-vice-president-lyndon-b-johnson-in-dallas-dies-at-88.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacqueline Lee Kennedy Onassis, née Bouvier    1929-1994

 

 

 

Jacqueline Kennedy,

widow of assassinated President John F. Kennedy,

holds the U.S. flag that covered the coffin of her husband

at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Va.

after the president was buried on Nov. 25, 1963.

 

Eddie Adams/Associated Press

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture

50th anniversary of the JFK assassination        November 22, 2013

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2013/11/50th_anniversary_of_the_jfk_as.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

widow

of President John F. Kennedy

and of the Greek shipping magnate

Aristotle Onassis.

 

Although Mrs. Onassis

was one of the world's

most famous women

— an object of fascination

to generations of Americans

and the subject of countless

articles and books

that re-explored the myths

and realities of the Kennedy years,

the terrible images of the president's

1963 assassination in Dallas,

and her made-for-tabloids marriage

to the wealthy Mr. Onassis —

she was a quintessentially

private person,

poised and glamorous,

but shy and aloof.

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/o/jacqueline_kennedy_onassis/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/jacqueline-kennedy-onassis

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/jackie-onassis

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/03/
fashion/jackie-kennedy-texas-packing-list.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/world/europe/
letters-from-jacqueline-kennedy-to-the-man-she-didnt-marry.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/24/us/
jackie-kennedys-letters-taken-off-the-auction-block.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/sep/13/jackie-kennedy-pass-notes

http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/gallery/2011/apr/17/photography-henricartierbresson

 

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2003/jun/22/fiction.features

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1994/05/24/news/24iht-subjackie.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0728.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jacob Leon Rubenstein / Jack Leon Ruby    1911-1967

 

 

 

A big question in Dallas is why Jack Ruby shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald

as the man accused of assassinating President Kennedy

was being transferred from one jail to another, on Nov. 25, 1963.

 

Ruby, whose real name is Rubenstein,

is pictured as he was taken before a justice of the peace

to be arraigned on murder charges.

 

Associated Press

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture

50th anniversary of the JFK assassination        November 22, 2013

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2013/11/50th_anniversary_of_the_jfk_as.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nov. 22, 1963, midnight -

(Lee Harvey) Oswald

is paraded

in front of the press.

 

At the back of the room

is one man

who is not a policema

or a reporter,

a man who carries a gun

and has underworld

connections.

 

His name

is Jacob Rubenstein,

known as Jack Ruby.

 

In less than 36 hours,

he will murder

Lee Harvey Oswald.

 

Ruby is a police informer

who owned a striptease club

and made sure that policemen

who came to his club

were shown a good time.

 

He was know

to be an impulsive,

quick tempered man

who loved to fight.

 

He also knew people

who were in organized crime.

 

In 1963,

Sam and Joe Campisi

were leading figures

in the Dallas underworld.

 

Jack knew the Campisis

and had been seen with them

on many occasions.

 

The Campisis

were lieutenants

of Carlos Marcello,

the Mafia boss

who had reportedly talked

of killing the President.

 

(...)

 

Nov 24. 11:21 AM:

Oswald is shot by Ruby.

 

Posner:

“Ruby yells as he’s shooting,

“You killed my president, you rat!”

 

He’s then tackled

by the police around him

and in the few seconds

after the shooting

through the time

he’s taken into the jail,

he says a series of things.

 

“You guys,” meaning the police,

“couldn’t do it. I did it for you.

I had to show that a Jew has guts.

I’m happy that I got him.”

 

Oswald

never regains consciousness

after Jack Ruby shoots him.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/biographies/oswald/twenty-four-years/

 

 

Millions of Americans

watched on television on Nov. 24, 1963,

as Jack Ruby, a Dallas nightclub owner,

gunned down President John F. Kennedy's

assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald.

http://www.nytimes.com/1995/06/01/us/phil-burleson-61-jack-ruby-s-lawyer.html

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/feb/19/usa

http://www.nytimes.com/1995/06/01/us/phil-burleson-61-jack-ruby-s-lawyer.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1124.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/biographies/oswald/twenty-four-years/

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1995/06/01/us/phil-burleson-61-jack-ruby-s-lawyer.html

 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/oswald/timeline/enlarged-t_1963_nov24_11.21am.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/24/newsid_3198000/3198106.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 March 1964

 

Jack Ruby is sentenced to death

 

 

Jack Ruby

is sentenced to death

after being found

guilty of the murder

of Lee Harvey Oswald,

the alleged assassin

of President John F Kennedy.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/14/newsid_4221000/4221937.stm

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/march/14/
newsid_4221000/4221937.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lee Harvey Oswald        1939 - November 24, 1963

 

 

 

Lee Harvey Oswald,

accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy,

reacts as Dallas night club owner Jack Ruby shoots at him

from point blank range

in a corridor of Dallas police headquarters,

on Nov. 24, 1963.

 

Plainclothesman at left is Jim A. Leavelle.

 

Bob Jackson/Dallas Times-Herald/Associated Press

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture

50th anniversary of the JFK assassination        November 22, 2013

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2013/11/50th_anniversary_of_the_jfk_as.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lee Harvey Oswald,

accused assassin of President John F. Kennedy,

is placed on a stretcher after being shot in the stomach

in Dallas on Nov. 24.

 

Nightclub owner Jack Ruby shot and killed Oswald

as the prisoner was being transferred through the underground garage

of Dallas police headquarters.

 

David F. Smith/Associated Press

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture

50th anniversary of the JFK assassination        November 22, 2013

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2013/11/50th_anniversary_of_the_jfk_as.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lee Harvey Oswald

being loaded onto stretcher after being shot by Jack Ruby.

 

Location: Dallas, TX, US

Date taken: November 25, 1963

 

Photographer: Robert W. Kelley

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/50c077d16c3effa2.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

TIME cover 10-02-1964 Ill. of

Lee Harvey Oswald,

alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy.

 

Location: US

Date taken: October 02, 1964

 

Photographer: Boris Artzybasheff

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lee Harvey Oswald sits in police custody shortly

after being arrested for assassinating President John F Kennedy.

 

Photograph: AP

 

Files will shed light on a JFK shooting conspiracy

– but not the one you think

 

G        First published on Thursday 26 October 2017

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/oct/26/
john-f-kennedy-asssassination-documents-national-archives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

FRONTLINE
Who Was Lee Harvey Oswald?

Aired: 11/19/2013
01:53:41
Rating: NR

FRONTLINE marks

the 50th anniversary of the Kennedy assassination

with an investigative biography of the man

at the center of the political crime of the 20th century.

 

At the heart of the assassination

lies the puzzle of Lee Harvey Oswald:

Was he an emotionally disturbed lone gunman?

Was he part of a broader conspiracy?

Or was he an unwitting fall guy, the patsy,

as Oswald himself claimed?

http://video.pbs.org/video/2365124284/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/lee-harvey-oswald

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/22/jfk-assassination-timeline

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/24/newsid_3198000/3198106.stm

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/oswald/cron/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/oswald/peopleevents/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/biographies/oswald/twenty-four-years/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/biographies/oswald/oswald_myth_mystery_meaning/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/biographies/oswald/
8-things-you-may-not-know-about-lee-harvey-oswald/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kq1PbgeBoQ4

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eWmY7bz21Co

http://video.pbs.org/video/2365124245/

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/theobserver/2018/nov/24/
observer-archive-lee-harvey-oswald-30-november-1963

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/oct/26/
john-f-kennedy-asssassination-documents-national-archives

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/13/us/
mark-lane-who-asserted-that-kennedy-was-killed-in-conspiracy-dies-at-89.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/22/
jfk-assassination-timeline

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/nov/22/
john-kennedy-conspiracy-theories

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/10/
magazine/lee-harvey-oswald-was-my-friend.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/11/us/
a-dispute-over-lee-harvey-oswalds-tombstone.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/18/fidel-castro-oswald-jfk-book

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/21/
books/review/a-first-rate-madness-by-nassir-ghaemi-book-review.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/feedarticle/9960994

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/17/us/17inquire.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/feb/19/usa

http://www.nytimes.com/1995/06/01/us/phil-burleson-61-jack-ruby-s-lawyer.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1124.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0927.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1124.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0927.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

John Fitzgerald Kennedy / JFK        1917 -  November 22,1963

 

35th president of the United States

 

 

 

 

Kennedy Campaign

Dem. Pres. cand. John Kennedy

speaking fr. podium to crowd in street.

 

Location: New York, NY, US

Date taken: October 1960

 

Photographer: Paul Schutzer

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/john-fitzgerald-kennedy

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC7X0LKts7k4FT498Id_x5sg

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/17/world/asia/
eroni-kumana-who-saved-kennedy-and-his-shipwrecked-crew-dies-at-96.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/11/us/
politics/roger-hilsman-adviser-to-kennedy-on-vietnam-dies-at-94.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/john-f-kennedy

http://channel.nationalgeographic.com/channel/killing-kennedy/articles/jfks-secret-mafia-history/

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/2013/11/the-legacy-of-president-john-f-kennedy-50-years-later/

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/22/jfk-assassination-timeline

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2013/11/50th_anniversary_of_the_jfk_as.html

http://www.cagle.com/news/jfk-50/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kq1PbgeBoQ4

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/26/
559799857/final-jfk-assassination-files-due-to-be-released

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/oct/26/
john-f-kennedy-asssassination-documents-national-archives

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/gallery/2017/may/29/
john-f-kennedy-at-100-in-pictures

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/29/
opinion/john-f-kennedy-an-idealist-without-illusions.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/11/us/
jfk-letter-to-lover-to-be-auctioned.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/13/us/
mark-lane-who-asserted-that-kennedy-was-killed-in-conspiracy-dies-at-89.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/24/upshot/baseballs-role-in-jfks-life.html

 

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/nation/july-dec13/jfkphotos_11-16.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/22/jfk-assassination-dallas-arlington-ceremony

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/22/jfk-50th-anniversary-assassination-live

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/22/jfk-assassination-timeline

http://www.theguardian.com/tv-and-radio/2013/nov/23/jfk-news-of-a-shooting-tv-review

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/22/cia-kennedy-assassination-conspiracy-judge

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/22/kennedy-assassination-50-years-jfk

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/nov/22/john-kennedy-conspiracy-theories

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/22/opinion/kennedys-legacy-of-inspiration.html

https://www.npr.org/2013/11/16/
245550528/jfk-wrote-the-book-on-modern-presidential-campaigns

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/us/textbooks-reassess-kennedy-putting-camelot-under-siege.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/22/us/kennedy-has-been-shot-memories-from-nov-22-1963.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/22/opinion/nov-22-memories-of-that-awful-day.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/22/us/once-at-kennedys-side-now-at-one-anothers.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/22/us/in-kennedys-death-a-turning-point-for-a-nation-already-torn.html

http://apps.beta620.nytimes.com/john-f-kennedy-assassination-coverage/issue.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/21/us/obama-presents-top-honor-to-bill-clinton.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/21/arts/design/recalling-kennedys-death-or-life.html

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/11/21/jfk-through-the-pages-of-the-new-york-times/

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2013/11/12/us/20131114_DALLAS.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/21/opinion/morris-november-22-1963.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/21/jfk-dallas-reckon-past-hate

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/21/jfk-jackie-kennedy-camelot-myth

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/21/dallas-jfk-commemoration-conspiracy-theorists-left-out

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2013/nov/20/jfk-art-president-pictures

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/20/jkf-asassination-history-victims-northern-ireland

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2013/nov/20/john-f-kennedy-anniversary-photography-exhibition

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/19/john-f-kennedy-assassination-racial-equality-jfk

http://www.theguardian.com/film/filmblog/2013/nov/19/the-parallax-view-kennedy-assassination

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/17/opinion/sunday/dallass-role-in-kennedys-murder.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/15/jfk-death-conspiracy-theories-50-years

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/15/arts/television/we-interrupt-this-generation.html

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2013/nov/14/abraham-zapruder-film-kennedy-killing-parkland

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/11/10/us/politics/evolving-portraits-of-jfk.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/10/john-f-kennedy-jfk-50-years-photographs

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/nov/10/kennedy-jfk-letters-clarke-review

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/nov/01/john-f-kennedy-assassination-50-years-conspiracy-books-film

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2013/nov/01/10-best-books-inspired-by-jfk

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/27/books/review/the-elusive-president.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/27/books/review/jfk-a-sampler.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/27/books/review/the-interloper-by-peter-savodnik-and-more.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/oct/12/jfk-dallas-kennedy-assassination-oswald

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/10/nyregion/ralph-a-dungan-aide-in-kennedy-white-house-dies-at-90.html

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/photography-blog/2013/sep/27/
john-f-kennedy-jacques-lowe-photography 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/11/opinion/kennedys-civil-rights-triumph.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2013/may/31/jfk-to-move-the-world

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/19/us/steuart-pittman-head-of-fallout-shelter-program-dies-at-93.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/16/booming/in-a-time-of-hidden-crisis-president-visits-main-street.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/16/opinion/the-eyeball-to-eyeball-myth-and-the-cuban-missile-crisiss-legacy.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/oct/15/cuban-missile-crisis-russian-roulette

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/09/12/us/gaeton-fonzi-76-investigated-kennedy-assassination.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/03/us/earl-rose-coroner-when-jfk-was-shot-dies-at-85.html

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/04/22/magazine/winogrand-look.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/05/us/stan-stearns-who-caught-jfk-jrs-salute-on-film-dies-at-76.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/02/12/opinion/sunday/jfks-intern.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/27/opinion/sunday/Douthat-The-Enduring-Cult-of-Kennedy.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/13/books/review/11-22-63-by-stephen-king-book-review.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/11/books/a-first-rate-madness-by-nassir-ghaemi-review.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/john-f-kennedy

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/27/opinion/sunday/Douthat-The-Enduring-Cult-of-Kennedy.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/26/us/tom-wicker-journalist-and-author-dies-at-85.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/22/opinion/the-umbrella-man.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2011/nov/22/john-f-kennedy-us-politics

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/30/us/archbishop-philip-m-hannan-dies-at-98.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/11/the_presidency_of_jfk_50_years.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/11/01/us/01sorensen.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2010/oct/07/rat-pack-kennedy-election-50-years

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/04/23/arts/design/23warnecke.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/09/us/09kennedy.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/apr/13/jacqueline-kennedy-interviews-released-jfk

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2008/feb/22/kennedy.assassination

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2006/sep/04/usa.mainsection

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2003/11/22/opinion/remembering-john-f-kennedy.html

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2003/jun/22/fiction.features

http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/25653/J-F-K-/overview

http://www.nytimes.com/1993/06/16/us/
john-connally-of-texas-a-power-in-2-political-parties-dies-at-76.html

http://www.nytimes.com/1989/01/29/books/reverberations-of-dallas.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/presidents/35_kennedy/kennedy_early.html

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/nov22.html

http://www.jfklibrary.org/Historical%20Resources/JFK%20in%20History/

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/witness/november/22/newsid_3211000/3211055.stm

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1122.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 June 1963

 

Kennedy: 'Ich bin ein Berliner'

 

 

John F Kennedy made

a ground-breaking speech in Berlin

offering American solidarity

to the citizens of West Germany.

 

A crowd of 120,000 Berliners gathered

in front of the Schöneberg Rathaus (City Hall)

to hear President Kennedy speak

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/26/newsid_3379000/3379061.stm

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/26/
newsid_3379000/3379061.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 June 1963

 

Kennedy’s civil rights speech

 

 

An epochal moment

for civil rights in a single day

 

three seminal events

– a standoff with Alabama's governor,

a presidential speech

and the murder of Medgar Evers –

left an indelible mark

on American history (...)

 

In the early morning

of 11 June 1963,

Attorney General Robert Kennedy

examined maps

of the University of Alabama's

Tuscaloosa campus

as his three young children

played by his feet.

 

Within 18 hours,

his brother, the president,

had given an impromptu

national address on civil rights,

the Alabama governor

had confronted the federal authorities

on national television and blinked,

and one of the movement's

most prominent leaders

had been gunned down

outside his home.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/11/civil-rights-anniversary-11-june-1963

 

 

 

 

June 11, 1963,

may not be a widely

recognized date these days,

but it might have been

the single most important day

in civil rights history.

 

That morning, Gov. George Wallace,

in an effort to block the integration

of the University of Alabama,

made his futile

“stand at the schoolhouse door.”

 

That evening,

Boston N.A.A.C.P. leaders

engaged in their first public

confrontation with Louise Day Hicks,

the chairwoman

of the Boston School Committee,

over de facto public school segregation,

beginning a decade-long struggle

that would boil over

into spectacular violence

during the early 1970s.

 

And just after midnight

in Jackson, Miss.,

a white segregationist murdered

the civil rights leader Medgar Evers.

 

But the most important event

was one that almost didn’t happen:

a hastily arranged speech that evening

by President John F. Kennedy.

 

Kennedy had dabbled

with the idea of going on TV

should the Alabama crisis drag out,

so when it ended,

his staff assumed the plan was off.

 

But that afternoon

he surprised them

by calling the three networks

and personally requesting

airtime at 8 p.m.

 

He told his speechwriter

Theodore Sorensen

to start drafting the text,

but shortly before he went on air

the president was still editing it.

 

The president

had been routinely criticized

by black leaders

for being timid on civil rights,

and no one knew

just what to expect

when the cameras

started filming.

 

Kennedy began slowly

and in a matter-of-fact manner,

with an announcement

that the National Guard

had peacefully enrolled

two black students

at the University of Alabama

over Wallace’s vociferously

racist objections.

 

But he quickly spun that news

into a plea for national unity

behind what he, for the first time,

called a “moral issue.”

 

It seems obvious today

that civil rights

should be spoken of

in universal terms,

but at the time

many white Americans

still saw it as a regional,

largely political question.

 

And yet here was

the leader of the country,

asking “every American,

regardless of where he lives,”

to “stop and examine

his conscience.”

 

Then he went further.

 

Speaking during the centennial

of the Emancipation Proclamation

— an anniversary he had assiduously

avoided commemorating, earlier that year —

Kennedy eloquently linked

the fate of African-American citizenship

to the larger question of national

identity and freedom.

 

America,

“for all its hopes

and all its boasts,”

observed Kennedy,

“will not be fully free

until all its citizens are free.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/11/opinion/kennedys-civil-rights-triumph.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/11/
opinion/kennedys-civil-rights-triumph.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1962

 

Cuban Missile Crisis

 

 

On October 22, 1962,

President John F. Kennedy

informed the world

that the Soviet Union

was building secret missile bases

on the island of Cuba,

90 miles off the shores of Florida.

 

The events

of the next tension-filled 13 days,

known as the Cuban Missile Crisis,

struck fear across the globe

as the world teetered

on the edge of nuclear disaster.

 

The fate of the planet ultimately lay

in the hands of three powerful men:

Khrushchev, Castro and Kennedy.

 

Cuban Missile Crisis:

Three Men Go to War

explores the roles

the three leaders played

during some of the most

dangerous moments in history,

set against the human stories

of ordinary men in the field

such as the Soviet man

who shot down the U2 piloted

by U.S. Air Force Major

Rudolf Anderson

on the worst day of the crisis.

http://www.pbs.org/program/three-men/

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/program/three-men/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/john-kennedy-and-foreign-policy/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/jfk-foreign/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"We go to the Moon,

and do the other things,

not because they are easy,

but because they are hard."

 

--John F. Kennedy,

speaking at Rice University,

September 12, 1962.

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2013/09/this-day-in-history-jfk-gives-moon-speech.html

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2013/09/
this-day-in-history-jfk-gives-moon-speech.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kennedy's foreign policy > Vietnam

 

in November 1961

(Kennedy) sanctioned

the use of defoliants

in a covert operation

code-named Ranch Hand,

every mission flown signed off

by the president himself

and managed in Saigon

by the secret Committee 202

- the call sign

for defoliating forests being "20"

and for spraying fields "2".

 

(...)

 

When US troops became

directly embroiled

in Vietnam in 1964,

the Pentagon

signed contracts

worth $57m (£36m)

with eight US

chemical companies

to produce defoliants,

including Agent Orange,

named after the coloured band

painted around the barrels

in which it was shipped.

 

The US would target

the Ho Chi Minh trail

- Viet Cong supply lines

made invisible

by the jungle canopy

along the border with Laos -

as well as the heavily wooded

Demilitarised Zone (DMZ)

that separated

the North from the South,

and also the Mekong Delta,

a maze of overgrown

swamps and inlets

that was a haven

for communist insurgents.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/mar/29/usa.adrianlevy

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2003/mar/29/usa.adrianlevy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kennedy's foreign policy > Vietnam

 

On April 29, (1961)

Kennedy

approved the deployment

of 400 Special Forces troops

to South Vietnam,

where they would train

and advise local soldiers

against the Communist North.

 

Within two years,

more than 16,000 American troops

would arrive in Vietnam.

 

U.S. involvement in Vietnam

may be Kennedy’s

most lasting legacy

in American foreign policy,

but at the time,

not many Americans understood

the depth of involvement

that lay ahead.

 

Scholars continue to debate

what Kennedy’s intentions

would have been had he lived.

 

Aides to the president have said

that he felt an American

withdrawal from Vietnam

would tarnish him as an appeaser

— which would have been political suicide —

but that he would have withdrawn

after a re-election in 1964.

 

Historian Robert Dallek says,

“Kennedy was really doubtful

about the wisdom of escalating the war,”

and was developing a plan as early as 1962

to remove all troops in stages.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/john-kennedy-and-foreign-policy/

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/john-kennedy-and-foreign-policy/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/jfk-diem/

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/jul/06/robert-mcnamara-obituary

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2009/jul/06/robert-mcnamara-dies

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2004/feb/08/usa.awardsandprizes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

20 January 1961

 

Inaugural Address

 

 

Motion picture

of President John F. Kennedy's

Inaugural Address in Washington, D.C.

 

Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren

administers the oath of office

to President Kennedy.

 

Former President Dwight D. Eisenhower

and former Vice President Richard M. Nixon

congratulate President Kennedy.

 

In his speech President Kennedy

urges American citizens

to participate in public service

and "ask not what your country can do for you

--ask what you can do for your country."

http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/BqXIEM9F4024ntFl7SVAjA.aspx

 

 

http://www.jfklibrary.org/Asset-Viewer/BqXIEM9F4024ntFl7SVAjA.aspx

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 November 1960

 

Kennedy is elected President

 

 

On Nov. 8, 1960,

Senator John F. Kennedy

of Massachusetts

defeated Vice President

Richard M. Nixon

for the presidency

in one of the closest

and most contentious elections

in American history.

 

Mr. Kennedy

would end up defeating Mr. Nixon

by just 0.1 percent in the popular vote,

and the results of the election

were still uncertain on Tuesday night.

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/08/nov-8-1960-john-f-kennedy-elected-president/

 

 

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/08/
nov-8-1960-john-f-kennedy-elected-president/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

26 September 1960

 

Kennedy and Nixon clash in TV debate

 

 

More than 60 million Americans

tuned in to watch

the first-ever televised debate

between the two candidates

running for the White House.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/26/newsid_3104000/3104393.stm

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/26/newsid_3104000/3104393.stm

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/bonus-video/presidents-age-nixon/

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/a147210f6bfaac7d.html

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/c300aa5b39d46f39.html

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/ffd7219ad56f2a54.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > 21st / 20th century > USA

 

21st century / 20th century > Kennedy dynasty

 

20th century > Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy (1925-1968)

 

20th century > 1962-1975 > Vietnam War

 

20th century > 1940s-1970s > Civil rights era

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations, racism, civil rights,

apartheid

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

Library of Congress > Civil rights era

http://myloc.gov/Exhibitions/naacp/civilrightsera/Pages/default.aspx

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/kennedys

 

 

Kennedy Family Tree: Three Generations of Politics

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/08/26/us/kennedy-family-tree.html