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History > 19th, 20th century > USA > Civil rights era > White supremacist violence > Ku Klux Klan

 

 

 

The member saluting the American flag

and then the Confederate flag

during the Ku Klux Klan's secret membership ritual.

 

Location: Atlanta, GA, US

Date taken: May 1946

 

Photographer: Ed Clark

 

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=df2cabad70de7c2a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bikers and Ku Klux Klan members,

festooned with Iron Crosses and swastikas,

menaced a group of white Mississippi college students

who had gathered to discuss race and religion.

 

Edwards, Miss. 1969.

 

Credit D. Gorton

 

Photographing the White South

in the Turbulence of the 1960s

Doy Gorton, a son of the Mississippi Delta

who joined the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee,

returned to Mississippi to embark on a project

photographing his fellow white Southerners.

 

NYT        Sept. 13, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/13/
lens/photographing-the-white-south-in-the-turbulence-of-the-1960s.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Ku Klux Klan rally in Atlanta on Aug. 6, 1965.

 

Credit Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

 

Was Charlottesville the Exception or the Rule?

SEPT. 13, 2017        NYT        By CLAUDIA RANKIN

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/13/
magazine/was-charlottesville-the-exception-or-the-rule.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A 1927 Ku Klux Klan parade in Washington DC.

 

Photograph: Buyenlarge/Getty Images

 

End of the American dream? The dark history of 'America first'

When he promised to put America first in his inaugural speech,

Donald Trump drew on a slogan with a long and sinister history

– a sign of what was to follow in his presidency

G

Sat 21 Apr 2018        08.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/apr/21/
end-of-the-american-dream-the-dark-history-of-america-first

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Ku Klux Klan parade in Binghamton, New York,

in the 1920s.

 

Photograph: Bettmann Archive

 

Behold, America by Sarah Churchwell review

– the underside of the ‘American dream’

This timely survey traces

the political roots of the current ‘America First’ movement

back to the early 20th century

G

Sat 14 Jul 2018        07.30 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/jul/14/
behold-america-history-of-american-dream-sarah-churchwell-review

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Ku Klux Klan assembled for initiations, c. 1920s

 

CreditLibrary of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

 

The Power of Pictures:

Viewing History Through America's Library

NYT        13 April 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/13/
lens/viewing-history-through-pictures-america-library-congress.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ku Klux Klan

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/organization/ku-klux-klan

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/12/08/
671999530/what-the-ebbs-and-flows-of-the-kkk-can-tell-us-about-white-supremacy-today

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/13/
lens/photographing-the-white-south-in-the-turbulence-of-the-1960s.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/jul/14/
behold-america-history-of-american-dream-sarah-churchwell-review

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/06/09/
618280396/how-a-black-detective-infiltrated-the-kkk

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/26/
obituaries/gertrude-jeannette-actor-director-and-cabdriver-dies-at-103.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/apr/21/
end-of-the-american-dream-the-dark-history-of-america-first

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/13/
lens/viewing-history-through-pictures-america-library-congress.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/12/
obituaries/edgar-ray-killen-convicted-in-64-killings-of-rights-worker-dies-at-92.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/01/12/
577664811/edgar-ray-killen-dies-klansman-behind-civil-rights-workers-murders-in-1964

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/08/03/
488511801/a-legacy-of-pain-birmingham-church-bomber-is-denied-parole

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/08/09/
427209360/during-segregation-a-mountain-oasis-
gave-black-families-a-summer-escape

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/20/us/
a-confederate-generals-final-stand-divides-memphis.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/npr-history-dept/2015/03/19/
390711598/when-the-ku-klux-klan-was-mainstream

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/29/us/
politics/29byrd.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/09/21/us/
21carter.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/22/us/
22mayor.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/02/18/us/
18griffin.html

http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?
res=9E06EED7103DF931A25752C1A96E9C8B63

 

http://select.nytimes.com/2007/08/21/nyregion/21nyc.html

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/apr/11/usa.
suzannegoldenberg1 

 

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/06/18/
AR2005061801105.html

http://www.slate.com/id/2258661

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ku Klux Klan > Edgar Ray Killen    1925-2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viola Liuzzo's murder

 

Lyndon B. Johnson's speech > FBI files        March 25, 1965

 

http://www.historychannel.com/speeches/archive/speech_325.html

http://www.geocities.com/gury4u/viola1.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viola Gregg Liuzzo        1925 – March 25, 1965

 

(...)  Mrs. Liuzzo,

a 39-year-old wife

of a Detroit teamsters

official and mother of four,

who had come

to Alabama to help

in the Selma-to-Montgomery

civil rights march

in the spring of 1965.

 

On March 25,

the day after the procession,

as she drove a young black

volunteer home,

she was shot to death

on a desolate stretch of road.

https://www.nytimes.com/1998/10/04/
us/gary-t-rowe-jr-64-who-informed-on-klan-in-civil-rights-killing-is-dead.html 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2013/08/12/
209595935/killed-for-taking-part-in-everybody-s-fight

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1998/10/04/
us/gary-t-rowe-jr-64-who-informed-on-klan-in-civil-rights-killing-is-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Willie Louis        1937-2013

 

Willie Louis (...)

named the killers

of Emmett Till at their trial

 

18-year-old Mr. Reed,

after braving intimidation

from one of the suspects

and walking through

the thicket of Klansmen

massed outside the courthouse,

testified in open court to

what he had seen and heard.

 

The son of a family

of black sharecroppers,

Mr. Reed was spirited

out of Mississippi

immediately after the trial.

 

He changed his name

to Willie Louis

and lived discreetly in Chicago,

where he worked

as a hospital orderly.

https://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/25/
us/willie-louis-who-named-the-killers-of-emmett-till-at-their-trial-dies-at-76.html

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/25/
us/willie-louis-who-named-the-killers-of-emmett-till-at-their-trial-dies-at-76.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/07/25/us/
25louis-testimony.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Olen Lavelle Burrage        1930-2013

 

Ku Klux Klan member

who owned the Mississippi farm

where the bodies

of three slain civil rights workers

were found in 1964

 

[ ... ]

 

The killing

of the voter-registration volunteers

Michael Schwerner,

Andrew Goodman

and James Chaney

on the night of June 21-22

in Philadelphia

shocked the nation,

leading to the passage

of the Voting Rights Act

the next year.

 

Along with bombings

of black churches

and other atrocities

by the Klan,

it also helped cement

Mississippi’s image

as a haven of bigotry.

 

The case was the subject

of several books

and was dramatized

in the 1988 movie

Mississippi Burning.”

 

After local prosecutors

declined to bring

murder charges against anyone,

the federal government

indicted 18 men

on charges of conspiring

to violate

the civil rights of the trio

on a lonely rural road

in June 1964.

 

(The federal government

cannot bring murder charges,

except for murders

on federal property.)

 

Mr. Burrage

was one of eight

who were acquitted in 1967.

 

Seven were convicted,

and the jury deadlocked

on the other three.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/19/us/
olen-burrage-dies-at-82-linked-to-killings-in-1964.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/19/us/
olen-burrage-dies-at-82-linked-to-killings-in-1964.html

 

http://blogs.clarionledger.com/jmitchell/2013/03/17/
olen-burrage-dies-and-so-does-possibility-of-prosecuting-the-mississippi-burning-case/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Byron De La Beckwith    1920-2001
 

Mr. Beckwith

was serving a life term

for the 1963 killing

of Medgar Evers,

the Mississippi field secretary

for the National Association

for the Advancement

of Colored People.

 

The shooting

of Mr. Evers, who was 37,

outside his Jackson home

was one of the most

notorious events

in the violence that marked

the civil rights era.

 

The victim's wife, Myrlie,

and their three young children

had been watching

President John F. Kennedy

give a televised address

on civil rights on the night

of June 12, 1963.

 

Mr. Evers was at a meeting

of civil rights workers

at a nearby church.

 

Moments after Mr. Evers

stepped out of the car,

a sniper hiding in a clump

of honeysuckle vines

shot him with a high-powered

hunting rifle.

 

Mrs. Evers found

her mortally wounded husband

at the steps by a door to their house,

where he had managed to drag himself

after the bullet struck him in the back

and tore through his chest.

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/01/23/us/
byron-de-la-beckwith-dies-killer-of-medgar-evers-was-80.html?ref=medgarevers

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/01/23/us/
byron-de-la-beckwith-dies-killer-of-medgar-evers-was-80.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1994/02/08/
opinion/byron-de-la-beckwith-is-guilty.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1992/12/17/us/
court-allows-3d-trial-in-63-medgar-evers-slaying.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1990/12/19/us/
supremacist-is-charged-for-3d-time-with-killing-medgar-evers-in-1963.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1966

 

Ernest Avants

and two fellow Ku Klux Klansman

abduct and kill Ben Chester White,

a black farmhand,

in the hope that the heinousness of the crime

would lure the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

to Natchez, Miss.

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/21/us/21kornblum.html

https://abcnews.go.com/2020/story?id=2826063&page=4 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/17/us/ernest-avants-72-plotter-against-dr-king.html

http://abcnews.go.com/2020/story?id=2826063&page=4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White supremacist violence

during the civil rights era

 

 

Former Ku Klux Klansman

James Ford Seale

[ 1934 or 1935 – 2011 ]

was convicted

on federal kidnapping charges

more than 40 years

after the abduction,

torture and drowning

of two black teenagers

near the Mississippi-

Louisiana border

in 1964

 

[ ... ]

 

Mr. Moore,

a sawmill worker,

and Mr. Dee,

a college student,

were 19

when they disappeared

on May 2, 1964,

last seen hitchhiking

on a highway

near Meadville, Miss.

 

Two months later,

on July 12,

a fisherman spotted

Mr. Moore’s body

in a Mississippi River backwater

called the Old River.

 

Mr. Dee

was found the next day.

 

[ ... ]

 

According to F.B.I. reports,

the Klan believed

that Mr. Moore and Mr. Dee

were Black Muslims

plotting an armed uprising.

 

The two

were taken deep

into the nearby

Homochitto National Forest,

where they were tied

to trees and whipped.

 

They were then driven

across the state line

to Louisiana,

where they were tied

to an engine block

and thrown into the river

with tape over their mouths.

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/05/us/05seale.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/05/us/
05seale.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/sep/11/
race.usa

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/25/us/
25klan.html

http://www.clarionledger.com/apps/pbcs.dll/gallery
?Site=D0&Date=20070124&Category=NEWS&ArtNo=701240802&Ref=PH

http://coldcases.org/cases/henry-dee-and-charles-moore-case

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On June 21, 1964,

three civil rights workers

who were registering

voters in Philadelphia

— James Chaney,

who was black,

and Andrew Goodman

and Michael Schwerner,

who were white —

were murdered.

 

In a 1967 trial,

seven of 18 defendants

were convicted

of conspiracy.

 

Then in 2005,

Edgar Ray Killen,

an 80-year-old former Klansman,

was convicted of manslaughter

for the killings and sentenced

to 60 years in prison.

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/22/us/22mayor.html

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/12/
obituaries/edgar-ray-killen-convicted-in-64-killings-of-rights-worker-dies-at-92.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/19/us/
olen-burrage-dies-at-82-linked-to-killings-in-1964.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/22/us/22mayor.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/apr/11/usa.suzannegoldenberg1  

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/06/22/national/22civil.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 21, 1964

 

civil rights workers

James Chaney, Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner

are murdered by Ku Klux Klan members

in Philadelphia, Mississippi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Ku Klux Klan's May 2, 1964,

abduction and slayings

of Henry Hezekiah Dee

and Charles Eddie Moore

 

Klansman James Seale

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-01-24-
miss-deputy-arrest_x.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sep. 15, 1963

 

Racial killings         Birmingham, Alabama

 

 

Four young girls

attending Sunday school

are killed in the bombing

of the Sixteenth Street

Baptist Church

 

 

Only one man,

Robert E. Chambliss,

a member of the Ku Klux Klan,

(was) convicted, in 1977.

 

(a) new investigation

led to the conviction

of two other Klansmen,

Thomas Blanton Jr.

and Bobby Frank Cherry.

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/13/us/13woods.html

 

 

http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/01/15/fyi/main2359504.shtml

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0915.html

http://www.poynter.org/uncategorized/4761/a-flower-for-the-graves/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/14/us/
eugene-c-patterson-editor-and-civil-rights-crusader-dies-at-89.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/13/us/13woods.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

In the 1920s,

the Ku Klux Klan

ran Colorado.

 

Klan-affiliated politicians

controlled the state

House of Representatives.

 

The governor was a Klansman;

so was the mayor of Denver.

 

It wasn't uncommon

for the terrorist group

to march through the streets

in white robes

and those sinister

pointy-hat masks,

sticking crosses

in the lawns of black families,

setting them ablaze.

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/08/09/
427209360/during-segregation-a-mountain-oasis-gave-black-families-a-summer-escape

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/08/09/
427209360/during-segregation-a-mountain-oasis-gave-black-families-a-summer-escape

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1871

 

The Ku Klux Klan Act is passed,

giving the federal government

the right to mete out punishment

where civil rights laws

are not upheld

and to use military force

against anti-civil rights

conspiracies

 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/timeline/1871.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/grant-kkk/

http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Ku_Klux_Klan_Act_of_1871

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_enforce.html

http://www.milestonedocuments.com/documents/view/ku-klux-klan-act

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nathan Bedford Forrest        1821-1877

 

http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/nathan-bedford-forrest.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/20/us/
a-confederate-generals-final-stand-divides-memphis.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

Ku Klux Klan > Edgar Ray Killen    1925-2017
 

 

Medgar Wiley Evers    1925-June 12,1963

 

 

USA > 20th century > 1920s-1970s > Civil rights era

 

 

USA > 21st century, 20th century > Kennedy dynasty

 

 

America, USA > 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th century

Slavery, Racism, Civil war, Abraham Lincoln

 

 

America, USA  > 18th / 19th century

 

 

USA > 19th century > Emancipation Proclamation - 1863

 

 

United Kingdom > Slavery

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

USA > race relations > White nationalists / supremacists

 

 

Confederacy,

Confederate monuments / statues / flag

 

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations, racism, civil rights,

apartheid