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History > 20th century > USA > Civil rights era > School desegregation    1950s-1960s

 

 

TITLE: Integration at Ole Miss[issippi] Univ[ersity]

SUMMARY: Photograph shows James Meredith walking to class

accompanied by U.S. marshals.

MEDIUM: 1 negative : film.

CREATED/PUBLISHED: 1962 Oct. 1.

CREATOR: Trikosko, Marion S., photographer.

 

REPOSITORY: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

DIGITAL ID: (digital file from original) ppmsca 04292

http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.pnp/ppmsca.04292

http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/i?pp/ils:@field(NUMBER+@band(ppmsca+04292)):displayType=1:m856sd=ppmsca:m856sf=04292

http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/h?pp/PPALL:@field(NUMBER+@1(ppmsca+04292))

http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/084_civil.html

The Civil Rights Era in the U.S. News & World Report Photographs Collection

Selected Images from the Collections of the Library of Congress

TIFF > JPEG by Anglonautes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Meredith

 

 

 

Oxford, Mi

African-Amer. student James Meredith

accompanied by two US Marshalls,

surrounded by jeering white students

after registering for entry at Univ. of Mississippi.

 

Location: Oxford, MS, US

Date taken: September 1962

 

Photographer: Francis Miller

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=0fd8329c2e729067

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Two people (were) killed

and at least 75 injured in rioting

at the University of Mississippi

campus in Oxford.

 

Hundreds of extra troops

(were) brought in

to join Federal forces

already stationed

in the nearby town of Oxford

as the violence spread

to its streets.

 

The protesters

(were) angry

at the admission

of James Meredith,

a black American,

to the university.

 

Rioting erupted (...)

as President Kennedy

addressed the nation

in a televised broadcast

urging a peaceful settlement

to the dispute

over racial segregation.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/1/newsid_2538000/2538169.stm

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/1/newsid_2538000/2538169.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/6/newsid_3009000/3009967.stm

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0818.html

 

 

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/01/
james-meredith-ole-miss-integration_n_1929306.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Betty Jean Reed (L)

walking into newly desegregated Granby high school

as white students line the wall to watch.

 

Location: Norfolk, VA, US

Date taken: 1959

 

Photographer: Paul Schutzer

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/b62ee54d9f6d351c.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

An African American student eating lunch alone

after being newly integrated into a high school.

 

Location: Norfolk, VA, US

Date taken: 1959

 

Photographer: Ed Clark

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/d792a7cde9cad58e.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lewis Cousins (R) only African American student

in newly desegregated Maury high school standing alone.

 

Location: Norfolk, VA, US

Date taken: 1959

 

Photographer: Paul Schutzer

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/3e3c06f571ac69b4.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Martha Ann Potts (L) and Lisa Cary (C)

stopping to chat with African American boy Lewis Cousins (R)

to help make him feel more at ease

in newly desegregated school.

 

Location: Norfolk, VA, US

Date taken: 1959

 

Photographer: Paul Schutzer

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/b563bbe742f46495.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Segregation Hearings, Virginia

 


 

 

Segregation Hearings, Virginia

 

Spectators packed into gallery draped w. confederate flags

during Virginia legislature hearings of bills introduced by Gov. Thomas Stanley

in defiance of Supreme Court decision decreeing racial integration in public schools.

 

Location: Richmond, VA, US

Date taken: 1956

 

Photographer: Margaret Bourke-White

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957

 

Little Rock Nine        Little Rock, Arkansas

 

 

 

Elizabeth Eckford ignores

the hostile screams and stares of fellow students

on her first day of school.

 

Photograph: Bettmann/Bettmann Archive

 

Little Rock Nine:

the day young students shattered racial segregation

 

Sixty years ago,

nine teens braved violent protests

to attend school

after the supreme court outlawed segregation

– but racial separation is not over in the US

G

Sun 24 Sep 2017        12.00 BST

Last modified on Sat 25 Nov 2017        02.03 GMT

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/24/
little-rock-arkansas-school-segregation-racism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(...) nine teens braved

violent protests

to attend school

after the supreme court

outlawed segregation

– but racial separation

is not over in the US

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/24/
little-rock-arkansas-school-segregation-racism

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/24
/little-rock-arkansas-school-segregation-racism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1957

 

Charlotte, North Carolina

 

Dorothy Counts endures a taunting mob

to integrate a North Carolina school.

 

 

 

Dorothy Counts, 15,

attempts to become the first black student

to attend Harding high school in Charlotte, North Carolina.

Dr Edwin Tompkins, a family friend, escorts her.

 

Photograph: Douglas Martin/AP

 

G

Mon 17 Sep 2018        10.00 BST

Last modified on Mon 17 Sep 2018        10.02 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/sep/17/
dorothy-counts-north-carolina-school-segregation-racism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/sep/17/
dorothy-counts-north-carolina-school-segregation-racism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1956

 

Bills are introduced

by Gov. Thomas Stanley (1890-1970)

- gov. 1954-1958 -

in defiance

of Supreme Court decision

decreeing racial integration

in public schools

Richmond, VA, US

 

 

http://news.google.com/newspapers?
nid=2206&dat=19580821&id=pCYzAAAAIBAJ&sjid=r-oFAAAAIBAJ&pg=1902,1840044
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1956

 

Browder v. Gayle, 352 U.S. 903

 

 

Basing its decision

on Brown v. Board of Education,

the Supreme Court says

the Montgomery bus segregation rule

violates the constitution.

 

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

- and the bus system's

segregation, end - Dec. 21, 1956

 

 

http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2007/01/15/fyi/main2359504.shtml

http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/chronologyentry/1956_11_131/

http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/enc_browder_v_gayle/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jack Greenberg        1924-2016

 

lawyer who became

one of the nation’s

most effective champions

of the civil rights struggle,

leading the NAACP Legal Defense

and Educational Fund Inc.

for 23 years

and using the law as a weapon

in its fight for racial justice

before the United States

Supreme Court

 

(...)

 

Mr. Greenberg

was the last surviving member

of a legendary civil rights legal team

assembled by Thurgood Marshall,

the founding director-counsel

of the legal defense fund

and later the first African-American

Supreme Court justice.

 

When Mr. Marshall hired him

as an assistant counsel in 1949,

Mr. Greenberg was just 24

and the civil rights movement, too,

was taking wing.

 

A son of Jewish immigrants

and a product of New York City,

he had developed

an abiding intolerance of injustice

— some of it witnessed in the Navy —

that propelled him into law

and into Mr. Marshall’s sights.

 

Mr. Greenberg

joined a team that, like him,

was idealistic yet pragmatic,

deliberate yet unafraid.

 

Besides Mr. Marshall

there were Robert L. Carter,

Constance Baker Motley,

Spottswood W. Robinson III

and others.

 

Mr. Greenberg

was neither the first white

nor the first Jew

to work for the civil rights

of blacks.

 

But he was one

of the most powerful white figures

in the movement

in the 1960s and ’70s,

a distinction that led to friction

with both blacks and Jews.

 

Still, Mr. Greenberg

helped achieve

through the courts

what the political system

had denied Southern blacks:

 

voting rights,

equal pay for equal work,

impartial juries,

equal access to medical care,

equal access to schools

and other benefits of citizenship

broadly enjoyed by whites.

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/13/us/jack-greenberg-dead.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/13/us/
jack-greenberg-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

School desegregation

 

U.S. Supreme Court Justice Earl Warren

delivers the unanimous ruling

in the landmark civil rights case

Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

- May 17, 1954

 

SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES 347 U.S. 483

Argued December 9, 1952

Reargued December 8, 1953

Decided May 17, 1954

APPEAL FROM THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT

FOR THE DISTRICT OF KANSAS

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/supremecourt/rights/landmark_brown.html

http://www.nationalcenter.org/brown.html

http://www.law.cornell.edu/supct/html/historics/USSC_CR_0347_0483_ZS.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2006/12/10/weekinreview/10liptak.html

http://www.npr.org/news/specials/brown50/

http://www.pbs.org/jefferson/enlight/brown.htm

http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1982/3/82.03.06.x.html

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/brown-brown.html

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/brown-segregation.html

http://www.supremecourthistory.org/02_history/subs_history/02_c13.html

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/brown-aftermath.html

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/brown-v-board/

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/brown-case-order/

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/davis-case/

http://digilib.gmu.edu:8080/xmlui/bitstream/1920/2448/2/mann_44_10_02B.pdf

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0319.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/990517onthisday_big.html

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/02/
opinion/sunday/white-supremacy-forgot-women.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/10/13/
497841007/jack-greenberg-civil-rights-icon-who-argued-brown-v-board-dies

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/13/us/
jack-greenberg-dead.html

 

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/
story.php?storyId=1537409 - Dec. 8, 2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Racial Segregation

represented by separating schools for African Americans.

 

Location: VA, US

Date taken: March 1953

 

Photographer: Hank Walker

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

George Corley Wallace Jr.        1919-1998

 


 

 

Time Covers - The 60S

Time cover: 09-27-1963 of Gov. George Wallace.

 

Date taken: September 27, 1963

 

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Governor George Wallace

attempting to block integration at the University of Alabama

by "standing in the door"--scene outside Foster Auditorium

Tuscaloosa, Alabama, June 11, 1963.

Digital ID: ppmsca 04294 Source: digital file from original

Reproduction Number:

LC-U9-9930-20 (b&w film neg.) ,

LC-DIG-ppmsca-04294 (digital file from original)

Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division

Washington, D.C. 20540 USA

http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/i?pp/ils:@field(NUMBER+@band(ppmsca+04294)):displayType=1:m856sd=ppmsca:m856sf=04294

 

The Civil Rights Era in the U.S. News & World Report Photographs Collection

Selected Images from the Collections of the Library of Congress

http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/084_civil.html

TIFF > JPEG: Anglonautes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.archives.state.al.us/govs_list/g_wallac.html

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/daily/sept98/wallace.htm

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/wallace/

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history.do?action=Article&id=4675

http://www.cnn.com/US/9809/14/wallace.obit/

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/politics/daily/sept98/wallace.htm

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/people/w/
george_c_wallace/index.html 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2003/06/11/
1294680/wallace-in-the-schoolhouse-door

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

USA > 20th century > 1920s-1970s > Civil rights era

 

 

Little Rock, Arkansas    late 1950s

 

 

America, USA > 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th century

Slavery, Racism, Civil war, Abraham Lincoln

 

 

America, USA > 18th, 19th century

 

 

USA > 19th century > Emancipation Proclamation - 1863

 

 

United Kingdom > Slavery

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations, racism, civil rights,

apartheid

 

 

U.S. Constitution, U.S. Supreme Court > USA