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History > 20th century > Cold War > Korean War > Timeline in pictures > 1950-1953

 

 

 

 

Why Hasn’t the Korean War Ended? It’s Been 65 Years.        The New York Times        24 April 2018

 

After six decades, the Korean War is technically still not over.

Here’s what happened – and why it still matters.

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t06Rljkovtc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A grief stricken American infantryman

whose friend has been killed in action

is comforted by another soldier.

 

In the background

a corpsman methodically fills out casualty tags,

Haktong-ni area, Korea. August 28, 1950.

 

Sfc. Al Chang. (Army)

U.S. Army Korea Media Center official Korean War online video archive

28 August 1950(1950-08-28)
 

 

Source: U.S. Army

Author: Sfc. Al Chang, U.S. Army

Permission (Reusing this image) PD-USGov-Military-Army

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:KoreanWarFallenSoldier1.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War

http://www.flickr.com/photos/imcomkorea/sets/72157607808414225/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A United States Marine with North Korean prisoners of war in 1953.

 

Credit Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images

 

Rocket Man Knows Better

SEPT. 23, 2017        NYT        By BLAINE HARDEN

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/23/
opinion/sunday/trump-kim-jong-un.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Korean War

 

Date taken: 1952

 

Photographer: Michael Rougier

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/9bd30a5c6184a88b.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chung Eun-yong        1923-2014

 

Over the years Mr. Chung

(...)

amassed evidence

that American troops

had systematically

killed more than 100,

and possibly

as many as 400,

civilian refugees

early in the Korean War

near a railroad bridge

outside the South Korean

village of No Gun Ri.

 

He sent more

than a dozen petitions

to the American government

demanding an apology

and compensation.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/24/world/asia/chung-eun-yong-91-dies-helped-expose-us-killings-of-south-koreans.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/24/
world/asia/chung-eun-yong-91-dies-helped-expose-us-killings-of-south-koreans.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

James Lamar Stone        1922-2012

 

Col. James L. Stone

(...)

as an Army platoon leader

on a desolate hilltop

facing overwhelming Chinese forces

during the Korean War

rallied his men,

then stayed behind

to cover their retreat

despite being wounded three times,

actions for which he earned

the Medal of Honor

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/14/us/james-l-stone-medal-of-honor-recipient-dies-at-89.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/14/
us/james-l-stone-medal-of-honor-recipient-dies-at-89.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A small South Korean child sits alone in the street,

after elements of the 1st Marine Div. and South Korean Marines

invaded the city of Inchon,

in an offensive launched

against the North Korean forces in that area.

 

September 16, 1950.

 

Pfc. Ronald L. Hancock. (Army)

NARA FILE #: 111-SC-348594

U.S. Army official Korean War image archive

16 September 1950(1950-09-16)
 

 

Source U.S. Army

Author Pfc. Ronald L. Hancock. (Army)

Permission

(Reusing this image) PD-USGov-Military-Army

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:KoreanWarDamage4.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War

http://www.flickr.com/photos/imcomkorea/sets/72157607808414225/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

With her brother on her back

a war weary Korean girl tiredly trudges by a stalled M-26 tank,

at Haengju, Korea. June 9, 1951.

 

Maj. R.V. Spencer, UAF. (Navy)

NARA FILE #: 080-G-429691 WAR & CONFLICT BOOK #: 1485

U.S. Army Korea Media Center official Korean War online image archive

Cleared for public release.

U.S. Army Korea - Installation Management Command

Date 9 June 1951(1951-06-09)

Source

http://www.flickr.com/photos/imcomkorea/sets/72157607808414225/

 

Author Maj. R.V. Spencer

Permission

(Reusing this image) PD-USGov-Military

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/af/KoreanWarRefugeeWithBaby.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:KoreanWarRefugeeWithBaby.jpg

http://www.flickr.com/photos/imcomkorea/sets/72157607808414225/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Operation Area In Korea

Ex-Communist guerrilla Nim Churl Jin, upon his return,

after two years in the hills with guerrilla forces,

is greeted by his old mother who clutches him while screaming

"Is it a dream? You cannot be my son. My son is dead?,"

in rice field outside his fami

 

Location: Cholla-Namando, Korea (South)

 

Date taken: November 1952

 

Photographer: Margaret Bourke-White

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=3865670a81ab8c54

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

A Chinese soldier,

killed by Marines of the 1st Marine Division in Korea

during attack on Hill 1051, on Kari San Mountain

 

Source:

US Archiv ARCWEB ARC

Identifier:

520794 NARA National Archives and Records Administration]

 

Date: 05/23/1951

 

Author: N H McMasters (US Dept of Defense)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:DeadchinesesoldierEdit.jpg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 April 1951

 

MacArthur fired - Ridgway takes over

 

 

 

Time Covers - The 50S

Time cover: 07-16-1951 of Matthew B. Ridgway.

 

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=13d7c69fcb4ce2f9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US President Harry S Truman

dismisses General Douglas MacArthur

as commander of United Nations

and US forces in the Far East

after disagreements

over foreign policy in Korea.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/11/newsid_3708000/3708197.stm

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/11/
newsid_3708000/3708197.stm

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0411.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1993/07/27/
obituaries/matthew-b-ridgway-dies-at-98-leader-of-us-troops-in-2-wars.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22-25 April 1951

 

Battle of the Imjin River

 

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/politics/david-cameron/8124946/
Remembrance-Day-Cameron-mourns-Korea-War-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

According to

the South Korean government's

Truth and Reconciliation Commission,

 

(...)

 

on Jan. 19, 1951,

at least 51 villagers,

including 16 children,

were killed when U.S. planes

napalmed Sansong,

a village 160 kilometers,

or 100 miles,

southeast of Seoul.

 

A day later, it said,

at least 167 villagers,

more than half of them women,

were burned to death

or asphyxiated in Tanyang,

35 kilometers north of Sansong,

when U.S. planes dropped napalm

at the entrance of a cave

filled with refugees.

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/21/world/asia/21iht-incheon.1.14657938.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/21/
world/asia/21iht-incheon.1.14657938.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

27 November and 13 December 1950

 

Battle of Chosin Reservoir

 

 

more than

100,000 Chinese soldiers

swarmed far fewer

American Marines and soldiers

in subzero temperatures

on treacherous terrain

in one of the fiercest battles

of the Korean War

 

(...)

 

American soldiers

(were) engaged

in hand-to-hand combat

with Chinese soldiers

sent by Mao Zedong

to fortify the weak

North Korean army.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/30/world/asia/six-decades-after-korean-war-a-second-rescue-attempt.html

 

 

 

The Battle of Chosin Reservoir

also known as

the Chosin Reservoir Campaign

or the Changjin Lake Campaign

was a decisive battle

in the Korean War.

 

Shortly after

the People's Republic of China

entered the conflict,

the People's Volunteer Army 9th Army

infiltrated the northeastern

part of North Korea

and surprised the US X Corps

at the Chosin Reservoir area.

 

A brutal 17 day battle

in freezing weather soon followed.

 

In the period

between 27 November

and 13 December 1950,

30,000 United Nations (UN) troops

(nicknamed "The Chosin Few")

under the command

of Major General Edward Almond

were encircled

by approximately 67,000 Chinese troops

under the command of Song Shi-Lun.

 

Although Chinese troops managed

to surround and outnumber the UN forces,

the UN forces broke out of the encirclement

while inflicting crippling losses

on the Chinese.

 

The evacuation of the X Corps

from the port of Hungnam

marked the complete withdrawal

of UN troops from North Korea.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chosin_Reservoir

 

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Chosin_Reservoir

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/30/
world/asia/six-decades-after-korean-war-a-second-rescue-attempt.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

September 1950

 

China's intervention

 

 

In mid-September,

General MacArthur

brought off a masterstroke

by landing two divisions

240km (150 miles)

in the enemy rear

at the port of Inchon.

 

Their communications cut,

and under heavy aerial bombardment,

the North Koreans broke

and fled back north;

 

MacArthur ordered a hot pursuit

which led across the 38th parallel

and deep into North Korea.

 

As the victorious UN forces

drew near to the Manchurian border,

there were ominous signals from Peking

that communist China would intervene

to defend its territory.

 

In mid-October,

MacArthur

met President Harry Truman

on Wake Island

in their first encounter

to assure him

that a massive UN offensive

was about to conclude the war

victoriously by Christmas.

 

No sooner

had this been

launched in November

than the Chinese

unleashed their armies.

 

The UN forces

recoiled in disorder

and, by the new year,

were defending a line

well to the south of Seoul,

the capital of South Korea.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/coldwar/korea_hickey_01.shtml#two

 

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/coldwar/korea_hickey_01.shtml#two

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/episodes/
a-state-of-mind/north-korea-and-the-korean-war/fall-1950-china-responds/1361/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Korean War        Inchon invasion        September 1950

 


 

 

U.S. Marines landing at Inchon

as battle rages during Korean Civil War.

 

Location: Inchon, Korea

 

Date taken: 1950

 

Photographer: Hank Walker

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=e2ad4b4852402298

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Incheon landing

helped UN troops

recapture Seoul

and drive back

the North Koreans.

 

But the tide turned again

when the Chinese

entered the war.

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/21/world/asia/21iht-incheon.1.14657938.html?_r=1&pagewanted=2

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/september/15/newsid_3633000/3633301.stm

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/21/world/asia/21iht-incheon.1.14657938.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

On Sept. 10, 1950,

five days

before the Incheon landing,

43 U.S. warplanes

swarmed over Wolmi,

dropping 93 napalm tanks

to "burn out" its eastern slope,

according to declassified

U.S. military documents

reviewed by South Korean

government investigators.

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/21/world/asia/21iht-incheon.1.14657938.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/21/world/asia/21iht-incheon.1.14657938.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mr. Desfor climbed a 50-foot-high section

of a bombed bridge along the Taedong River in North Korea

to photograph fleeing refugees.

 

"Mr. Desfor volunteered

to cover the Korean War for the news service

when the North invaded the South in June 1950.

 

He parachuted into North Korea with United States troops

and retreated with them after forces from the North,

joined by the Chinese, pushed south.

He was in a Jeep near the North Korean capital, Pyongyang,

when he spotted a bridge along the Taedong River

that had been bombed.

 

Thousands of refugees

were lined up on the north bank

waiting their turn to cross the river.

“We came across this incredible sight,”

 

Mr. Desfor said in 1997 for an A.P. oral history.

“All of these people who are literally

crawling through these broken-down girders of the bridge.

 

They were in and out of it, on top, underneath,

and just barely escaping the freezing water.”

 

“My hands got so cold

I could barely trip the shutter on my camera,” he said.

“I couldn’t even finish a full pack of film. It was just that cold.”"

 

Max Desfor, 104, War Photographer at Midcentury, Is Dead

Mr. Desfor’s photo of hundreds of Korean War refugees crawling

across a damaged bridge in 1950 helped win him a Pulitzer Prize.

By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS        NYT        FEB. 21, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/21/
obituaries/max-desfor-104-war-photographer-at-midcentury-is-dead.html

 

 

Related

In this December 4, 1950 photo,

residents from Pyongyang, North Korea,

and refugees from other areas

crawl perilously over shattered girders of the city's bridge,

as they flee south across the Taedong River

to escape the advance of Chinese Communist troops.

https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2016/02/
the-extraordinary-career-of-photojournalist-max-desfor/470373/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The war breaks out in June 1950

with a Communist invasion from the north

 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/episodes/
a-state-of-mind/north-korea-and-the-korean-war/june-1950-war-breaks-out/1352/

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/21/
obituaries/max-desfor-104-war-photographer-at-midcentury-is-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Korean War        1950-1953

 


 

 

The Jack Benny Show in Korea with Errol Flynn.

 

Location: Korea

 

Date taken: July 1951

 

Photographer: Michael Rougier

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=f55e447c87ed10b5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/korean-war

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/bomb/timeline/index.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/asia_pac/03/the_korean_war/html/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/coldwar/korea_hickey_01.shtml

http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/1999/07/ENDICOTT/12209

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/korean-conflict/

http://memory.loc.gov/frd/cs/kptoc.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/maps/koreaintro.html

https://www.flickr.com/photos/imcomkorea/sets/72157607808414225/

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/27/
632918594/north-korea-hands-over-remains-of-u-s-55-servicemen-killed-in-korean-war

 

https://www.nytimes.com/video/world/asia/
100000005858676/why-korean-war-never-ended-armistice.html - 24 April 2018

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=t06Rljkovtc - NYT - 24 April 2018

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/21/
obituaries/max-desfor-104-war-photographer-at-midcentury-is-dead.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/17/us/ola-l-mize-korean-war-hero-dies-at-82.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/25/opinion/25KoreaIntro.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/21/world/asia/21iht-incheon.1.14657938.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/23/books/review/Frankel-t.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/1950/jun/26/northkorea1 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/1950/jun/26/northkorea 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/episodes/
a-state-of-mind/north-korea-and-the-korean-war/june-1950-war-breaks-out/1352/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General Douglas MacArthur        1880-1964

 


 

 

Time Covers - The 50S

TIME cover 07-10-1950 General Douglas MacArthur.

 

Date taken: July 10, 1950

 

Photographer: Carl Mydans

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inchon Landing, Korea

 

Gen. Douglas MacArthur,

on the bridge of flagship U.S.S. Mount McKinley,

watching his X Corps

(two regiments of the 1st Marine Division)

making assault landing on beachhead.

 

Location: Inchon, Korea (South)

Date taken: September 1950

 

Photographer: Carl Mydans

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=e4e13c0c122e6c1d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/11/newsid_3708000/3708197.stm

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0708.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0411.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/21/world/asia/21iht-incheon.1.14657938.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

20th century > Cold war

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia > Countries

 

North Korea

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Arts

 

war photography

 

 

Max Desfor    USA    1913-2018

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

Martin Saxon Russ        1931-2010 > “The Last Parallel: A Marine’s War Journal”

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/10/world/10russ.html

 

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture > Remembering the Korean War, 60 years ago        June 23, 2010

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/06/remembering_the_korean_war_60.html

 

 

Korean war > Maps

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/maps/koreatxt.html