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History > 20th century > Cold War > USA > Vietnam war (1962-1975) > Buddhist protests

 

 

 

In the first of a series

of self-immolations by Buddhist monks,

Thich Quang Duc

burns himself to death on a Saigon street

to protest persecution of Buddhists

by the South Vietnamese government

on 11 June 1963.

 

The photograph aroused worldwide outrage

and hastened the end of the Ngo Dinh Diem government.

 

With the photograph on his Oval Office desk,

President Kennedy remarked to his ambassador:

“We’re going to have to do something about that regime.”

 

Photograph: Malcolm Browne/AP

 

Vietnam: The Real War – in pictures

G

Wednesday 22 April 2015        11.13 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/apr/22/
vietnam-the-real-war-a-photographic-history-by-the-associated-press-in-pictures 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vietnam Buddhist burns to death        31 May 1966

 

A 17-year-old Buddhist girl

has committed suicide

by setting herself alight

in a street in the city of Hue.

 

She was protesting

against the South Vietnam

regime.

 

It is the fifth such death

in three days.

 

A girl of 19 set herself

alight two days ago

outside a pagoda in Saigon

and a monk did the same

in the mountain town of Dalat.

 

In June 1963

Buddhist monk Quang Duc became famous

when he was photographed setting himself alight

in a suicide protest against

the South Vietnamese government

then under Ngo Dinh Diem.

 

(...)

 

The Buddhists are demanding the resignation

of the military government led

by Prime Minister Air Vice Marshal Ky

and Head of State General Nguyen van Thieu.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/31/newsid_2973000/2973209.stm

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/may/31/
newsid_2973000/2973209.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

With Washington's

tacit approval

(...)

(President) (Ngo Dinh) Diem (1901-1963)

and his brother

were captured and later killed        November 1, 1963

 

 

Diem's brother,

Ngo Dinh Nhu (1910-1963),

had raided

the Buddhist pagodas

of South Vietnam,

claiming that they had harbored

the Communists

that were creating

the political instability.

 

The result

was massive protests

on the streets of Saigon

that led Buddhist monks

to self-immolation.

 

The pictures of the monks

engulfed in flames

made world headlines

and caused

considerable consternation

in Washington.

 

By late September,

the Buddhist protest

had created such dislocation

in the south

that the Kennedy administration

supported a coup.

 

In 1963,

some of Diem's own generals

in the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN)

approached the American Embassy in Saigon

with plans to overthrow Diem.

 

With Washington's

tacit approval,

on November 1, 1963,

Diem and his brother

were captured

and later killed.

 

Three weeks later,

President Kennedy

was assassinated

on the streets of Dallas.

http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/history/

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/battlefieldvietnam/history/ 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/11/
us/politics/roger-hilsman-adviser-to-kennedy-on-vietnam-dies-at-94.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Buddhist Protests of 1963

 

Following years

of growing tension,

the Buddhist majority

in South Vietnam

reached its breaking point

under the repressive regime

of Catholic Ngo Dinh Diem.

 

On May 8, 1963,

in the ancient

imperial capital of Hue,

South Vietnamese soldiers

opened fire

on a group of Buddhists

who were flying

the Buddhist flag

in direct violation

of a government ban.

 

Nine were killed.

 

In late May and early June,

the Saigon Buddhists

staged street demonstrations

and memorial services

for the victims

of the May 8 incident.

http://www.ap.org/explore/the-burning-monk/

 

 

 

 

Thich Quang Duc,

a Buddhist monk

from the Linh-Mu Pagoda

in Hue, Vietnam,

burned himself to death

at a busy intersection

in downtown Saigon        June 11, 1963

 

 

Eye witness accounts

state that Thich Quang Duc

and at least two fellow monks

arrived at the intersection by car,

Thich Quang Duc

got out of the car,

assumed

the traditional lotus position

and the accompanying monks

helped him pour gasoline

over himself.

 

He ignited the gasoline

by lighting a match

and burned to death

in a matter of minutes.

http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/learning_history/vietnam/vietnam_photography_teacher.cfm

 

 

http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/learning_history/vietnam/vietnam_photography_teacher.cfm

http://www.pbs.org/weta/reportingamericaatwar/reporters/browne/protests.html

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/apr/22/
vietnam-the-real-war-a-photographic-history-by-the-associated-press-in-pictures#img-16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anglonautes > History

 

USA > 20th century > Vietnam War (1962-1975)

 

 

 

 

 

Anglonautes > Arts > Photography

 

war photography

 

 

 

 

 

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http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/08/world/asia/08vangpao.html