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History > 20th century > WW2 > African-American soldiers

 

 

 

Members of the famed Tuskegee Airmen as cadets

(L-R)

Lemuel Custis,

Mac Ross,

Charles DeBow,

Frederick Moore,

C.H. Flowers Jr.,

George Levi Knox,

instructor Donald McPherson,

Lee Rayford,

Sherman White Jr.,

George Roberts & James Knighten

looking at a flight map during a training class.

 

Location: Tuskegee, AL, US

Date taken: 1942

 

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=1cac5d31f866bb5e

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black soldiers in WW2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/11/
david-olusoga-black-soldiers-first-world-war-expendable

 

https://www.npr.org/templates/story/
story.php?storyId=1436809 - September 19, 2003

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black soldiers        Segregated units

 

Most of the black soldiers

who enlisted

in the armed services

during World War II

knew that they would serve

in segregated units.

 

The Marines

and the Army Air Corps

(the predecessor

to the Air Force)

refused to accept blacks

until later in the war.

 

The navy accepted them

only as mess men.

 

Most men in the army

were used

in non-combat military jobs.

 

But some did get a chance

to serve at the front lines.

 

The Tuskegee Airmen

won glory

for providing fighter escorts

for bombers over Germany.

 

They never lost

a single plane they protected.

 

The 761st tank battalion

saw action in Europe.

 

For other soldiers,

the war enabled them,

through military service

or employment,

to discover the large cities

of the North.

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_ww2.html

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_ww2.html

 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/
african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/what-was-black-americas-double-war/

 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/general-article/alaska-WWII/

 

http://www.documentary.org/content/
fighting-freedom-home-and-abroad-pbs-doc-tells-story-black-american-soliders

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black soldiers        Executions

 

almost four times

as many black soldiers as whites

were executed in Europe

after military courts-martial,

even though blacks made up less

than 10 percent of the troops

 

(...)

 

There were about

700,000 black soldiers

in the United States forces

in World War II

out of a total

of more than 10 million

men and women

who served.

http://www.nytimes.com/1993/02/07/us/
when-black-soldiers-were-hanged-a-war-s-footnote.html

 

 

http://edition.cnn.com/2013/07/28/
justice/military-execution-soldier-profile/

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/21/
books/rape-by-american-soldiers-in-world-war-ii-france.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1993/02/07/us/
when-black-soldiers-were-hanged-a-war-s-footnote.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Louis Till        1922-1945

 

American soldier

and convicted rapist

and murderer.

 

He is best known

as the father

of Emmett Louis Till,

whose murder in 1955

at the age of fourteen

galvanized the African-American

civil rights movement.

 

A soldier

during World War II,

Louis Till was executed

by the U.S. Army in 1945

after being found guilty

of murder and rape.

 

The circumstances of his death

were little known even to his family

until they were revealed after the trial

of his son's murderers ten years later,

which affected subsequent discourse

on the death of Emmett Till.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Till

 

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Till

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1993/02/07/us/
when-black-soldiers-were-hanged-a-war-s-footnote.html

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4841954

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Tuskegee Airmen

were the country's

first black aviation combat unit.

 

The legendary

all-black fighting force,

originally 16,000

pilots and ground crew,

fought in World War II

http://topics.nytimes.com/top/reference/timestopics/organizations/t/tuskegee_airmen/index.html

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/organization/tuskegee-airmen

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/28/
633442127/pentagon-identifies-remains-of-missing-tuskegee-airman

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/03/12/
592918758/floyd-j-carter-a-tuskegee-airman-and-nypd-detective-dies-at-95

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/24/us/24cowden.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/29/business/29haysbert.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/04/us/04archer.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/feb/18/lee-archer-obituary

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2010/mar/08/percy-sutton-obituary

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2007-03-29-tuskegee_N.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Race and the liberation of Dachau

 

The accounts

of Army African American veterans

that they helped liberate Dachau

have been attacked by some.

 

But the testimony

of at least one Jewish survivor

supports their stories.

http://articles.latimes.com/2012/feb/01/opinion/la-oe-perlman-dachau-20120201

 

 

http://articles.latimes.com/2012/feb/01/
opinion/la-oe-perlman-dachau-20120201

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25 August 1944

 

Paris liberation made 'whites only'

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/7984436.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/bristol/somerset/7868913.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

20th century > 1939-1945 > World War II

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Images

 

advertisements > WW2 > USA

 

photos > wars > WW2

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

genocide, war,

weapons, espionage, torture

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

The New York Times > Topics > WW2

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/world-war-ii-193945 

 

 

 

 

Canada > Canadian War Posters Collection

http://digital.library.mcgill.ca/warposters/english/introduction.htm

 

 

 

 

The Guardian > Second World War

 

Second world war > Holocaust

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/09/second-world-war

 

Second world war > Stalingrad

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/08/second-world-war

 

Second World War > Liberation

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/10/second-world-war

 

Second World War > Aftermath

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/2009/sep/11/second-world-war

 

 

 

 

BBC Archive

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/index.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/ww2outbreak/7970.shtml

 

 

 

 

Combattants de l'ombre - Des Européens résistent au nazisme

Un film de Bernard George, ARTE France 2011

Tournée dans quatorze pays,

cette série exceptionnelle traite pour la première fois

de la Résistance dans sa dimension européenne.

À partir d'archives et de témoignages inédits,

un nouveau et passionnant regard sur cette époque.

http://www.arte.tv/fr/
Comprendre-le-monde/histoire/Les-mercredis-de-l-histoire/2068068.html

http://videos.arte.tv/fr/videos/
les_combattants_de_l_ombre_des_europeens_resistent_au_nazisme-4186160.html

http://videos.arte.tv/fr/videos/
les_combattants_de_l_ombre_des_resistants_europeens_contre_le_nazisme-4186164.html

 

 

 

 

Le Monde Diplomatique > Seconde guerre mondiale 1939-1945

http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/index/sujet/secondeguerremondiale

 

 

 

 

US “sand pounders” / Coast Guardsmen

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/09/03/nyregion/
john-cullen-coast-guardsman-who-detected-spies-dies-at-90.html