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History > Early 21st century, 20th century > USA - Cuba relationship > Timeline in pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fidel Castro's army chief of staff,

Major Juan Almeida, left,

and Captain Antonio Nunez Jimenez,

head of Cuba's National Agrarian Reform Institute,

at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem,

when the Cubans met the leaders

of the black empowerment movement

and other civil rights activists.

 

April 1959 - check.

 

Credit

William N. Jacobellis/NYP Holdings, Inc.,

via Getty Images

 

Chanting Crowds and Camo Chic

Sixty years ago Fidel Castro came to New York,

mesmerizing throngs

and leaving an enduring mark on fashion.

NYT

April 16, 2019

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/16/
fashion/fidel-castro-radical-chic.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cuban rebel Jorge Serguera (C)

acting as prosecuter at public trial.

 

Location: Havana, Cuba

Date taken: 1959

 

Photographer: Joseph Scherschel

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/a4aebc1e050d7bb2.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dictator Fulgencio Batista (R)

speaking into microphone, promising happy days coming.

 

Location: Havana, Cuba

Date taken: March 1952

 

Photographer: George Skadding

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/7591325ae91e18dd.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

March 2016

 

Obama's historic trip to Cuba

 

 

http://www.npr.org/series/395846943/cubas-new-era-stories-from-havana

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/cp/international/obama-in-cuba

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/27/
arts/music/another-first-for-cuba-a-concert-by-the-rolling-stones.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/27/
world/americas/with-obama-visit-to-cuba-old-battle-lines-fade.html

http://www.theguardian.com/music/gallery/2016/mar/26/
rolling-stones-cuba-free-concert-pictures

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/24/world/americas/
obamaurges-raised-voices-incubas-husheddiscussions-ofrace.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/23/nyregion/
in-a-cuban-enclave-in-new-jersey-mixed-feelings-about-reconciliation.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/03/22/
471410913/watch-live-president-obama-delivers-speech-in-havana

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/22/world/americas/
obama-and-raul-castro-to-meet-in-pivotal-moment-for-us-cuba-thaw.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/03/21/
471265506/in-cuba-president-obama-lays-wreath-at-a-jos-mart-memorial

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/03/21/
471233389/obamas-cuba-visit-raises-the-question-of-guantanamo-bays-future

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/03/21/
471265506/in-cuba-president-obama-lays-wreath-at-a-jos-mart-memorial

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/21/world/americas/cuba-
obama-visit-havana-dissidents.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/21/world/americas/
obama-arrives-in-cuba.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/03/20/
471190812/president-obama-touches-down-in-cuba-commencing-a-historic-visit

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/20/
471194927/president-obama-arrives-in-cuba-with-his-family

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/03/20/
470831222/pressing-for-change-in-cuba-from-exile-in-spain

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/20/
471161653/a-hope-to-normalize-cuban-relations-ahead-of-obama-s-landmark-visit

http://www.nytimes.com/video/world/americas/
100000004282427/dissidents-detained-before-obama-visit.html -  Mar. 20, 2016

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/03/20/
471190812/president-obama-touches-down-in-cuba-commencing-a-historic-visit

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/19/
471003163/after-reaching-out-his-hand-president-obama-will-step-foot-in-cuba

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The U.S. And Cuba:

A Brief History Of A Complicated Relationship

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2014/12/17/
371405620/the-u-s-and-cuba-a-brief-history-of-a-tortured-relationship

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 14, 2015

 

U.S. Flag Flies

Over Embassy In Cuba

For First Time In 54 Years

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/08/14/
432221261/stars-and-strips-to-be-raised-over-u-s-embassy-in-cuba

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/08/13/432068588/
on-eve-of-embassy-reopening-fidel-castro-says-u-s-owes-cuba-millions

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

July 20, 2015

 

After 54 Years,

The U.S. And Cuba

Formally Restore Ties

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/20/
424582303/after-54-years-the-u-s-and-cuba-formally-restore-ties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

May 29, 2015

 

U.S. Drops Cuba

From List Of State Sponsors Of Terrorism

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/05/29/
410543192/u-s-drops-cuba-from-state-sponsored-terrorism-list

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2014-2015

 

Cuba Shifts Toward Capitalism

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/11/world/americas/cuba-us-
obama-castro-terrorism.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/07/
opinion/cuban-expectations-in-a-new-era.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/25/world/americas/as-cuba-
shifts-toward-capitalism-inequality-grows-more-visible.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/22/world/cuba-
seizures-now-present-opportunities.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/19/us/
politics/obama-intends-to-lift-several-restrictions-against-cuba-on-his-own.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/us/in-miami-
astonishment-over-action-and-disagreement-over-cuba-news.html

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/12/17/world/americas/cuba-
sanctions.html

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/12/17/world/americas/cuba-
sanctions.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

December 2014

 

President Obama

orders the restoration

of full diplomatic relations

with Cuba

and the opening

of an embassy

in Havana

for the first time

in more than a half-century

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/americas/us-cuba-relations.html

 

 

 

 

 

President Obama Delivers a Statement on Cuba        17 December 2014

 

On December 17, 2014,

President Obama delivered remarks

on next steps he’s taking to chart a new course

on U.S.-Cuba relations.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pyw1iKif9Zs

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/americas/us-cuba-
relations.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/americas/us-
frees-last-of-the-cuban-five-part-of-a-1990s-spy-ring-.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/as-havana-
celebrates-historic-shift-economic-and-political-hopes-rise.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/americas/cuba-
off-the-blacklist-leaves-only-north-korea.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/americas/breakthrough-on-cuba-
highlights-popes-role-as-diplomatic-broker.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/americas/
alan-gross-cuba-and-the-united-states.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/us/politics/cuba-action-
is-obamas-latest-step-away-from-a-cautious-approach.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pyw1iKif9Zs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maria Hernández Rodríguez del Rey        1921-2014

 

Ms. Hernández (...)

became

one of the first

four members

of Mr. Castro’s

general staff,

(...) went on

to share

many secrets

with the man

she helped make

the Cuban revolution

— beginning with

its opening volley,

an attack on

the Moncada

army barracks

in southeastern Cuba

on July 26, 1953.

 

(...)

 

That idealism

turned deadly

at the Moncada barracks

in Santiago de Cuba,

on the southeast coast.

 

More than 130

outnumbered,

outgunned rebels

— accounts differ

on precisely how many —

failed to capture

military arms,

their objective.

 

As many as 60

were killed

in the fighting

or as prisoners.

 

About 18 police officers

and soldiers were killed.

 

What was a disaster

in human terms

helped put

the little-known

Mr. Castro

at the center

of the opposition

to the dictator

Fulgencio Batista.

 

Six years later,

Batista was overthrown

by Mr. Castro’s so-called

26th of July Movement.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/16/world/americas/
melba-hernandez-a-confidante-of-castro-from-first-volley-is-dead-at-92.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/16/world/americas/
melba-hernandez-a-confidante-of-castro-from-first-volley-is-dead-at-92.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Huber Matos Benítez        1918-2014

 

top commander

in Fidel Castro’s army

who broke

from the Cuban revolution

in 1959

over its tilt

toward Communism,

endured a harsh

imprisonment for 20 years

and became a leader

of anti-Castro exiles

in Florida

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/01/world/americas/huber-matos-comrade-of-castro-then-adversary-dies-at-95.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/01/world/americas/
huber-matos-comrade-of-castro-then-adversary-dies-at-95.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oscar Espinosa Chepe        1940-2013

 

high-ranking Cuban

economist and diplomat

who became a vocal critic

of Fidel Castro in the 1990s

but chose to remain in Cuba,

despite enduring harassment

and imprisonment

 

(...)

 

Mr. Espinosa Chepe,

who joined Castro’s

revolutionary government

in the early 1960s

and was once

head of the powerful

Office of Agrarian Reform,

had frequently clashed

with fellow economic planners

over policies he considere

overly dogmatic.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/26/world/americas/
oscar-espinosa-chepe-cuban-economist-and-critic-of-castro-dies-at-72.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/26/world/americas/
oscar-espinosa-chepe-cuban-economist-and-critic-of-castro-dies-at-72.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alfredo Guevara Valdés        1925-2013

 

Marxist intellectual

and ally of Fidel Castro

who presided over Cuba’s

powerful state-financed

film industry

and its many acclaimed movies

for much of the Castro era

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/23/
movies/alfredo-guevara-valdes-steward-of-cuban-cinema-and-castro-ally-dies-at-87.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/23/
movies/alfredo-guevara-valdes-steward-of-cuban-cinema-and-castro-ally-dies-at-87.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

22 April 2000

 

USA

 

Federal agents seize Elian Gonzalez

from the home of his relatives in Miami

 

 

 

Border Patrol agents

searching the Miami home of Lazaro Gonzalez

found Elian Gonzalez, 6, being held by Donato Dalrymple,

in April 2000.

 

The boy was returned to his father in Cuba

after a custody battle with Florida relatives.

 

Alan Diaz/Associated Press

 

U.S. to Restore Full Relations With Cuba,

Erasing a Last Trace of Cold War Hostility

NYT

DEC. 17, 2014

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/americas/us-cuba-relations.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/elian-gonzalez 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2000/apr/24/1

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2010/04/
elian_gonzalez_10_years_cuba.html
- April 22, 2010

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/apr/06/elian-gonzalez-cuba-picture

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/feb/21/elian-gonzalez-cuba-tug-war

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2010/feb/19/elian-gonzalez-fidel-castro

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2000/apr/22/news.fromthearchive  

https://www.theguardian.com/elian/0,2759,213941,00.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz        1926 or 1927 - 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fulgencio Batista Zaldívar        1901-1973

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/2013/mar/11/cuba-
batista-fifth-revolution-1952

 

https://www.theguardian.com/media/from-the-archive-blog/2011/may/29/castro-cuba-
revolution-1959

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Che Guevara        1928-1967

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

diplomatic relations

between the United States and Cuba

in the early 1960s

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/19/us/
erwin-harris-ad-executive-who-seized-cuban-assets-dies-at-91.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1961-1962

 

USA / Cuba        Bay of Pigs Invasion        Missile crisis

 

Castro directs troops

in defeat of invasion attempt

by U.S.-backed Cuban exiles

at Bay of Pigs        April 19, 1961

http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/idUSN1922589220080219

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/cuban-missile-crisis-1962

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/4925262.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/april/17/newsid_3394000/3394067.stm

http://www.archives.gov/research/alic/reference/military/cuban-missile-crisis.html

http://www.foia.cia.gov/bay_of_pigs.asp

http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/diplomacy/forrel/cuba/cubamenu.htm

http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/colc.html

https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/mod/1962-cuba-un1.asp  

http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/10/

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2012/oct/23/
cuban-missile-crisis-prism-selfserving-myths

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2012/oct/14/
cuban-missile-crisis-50-years-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

President John F. Kennedy

signs a quarantine order

in October 1962

after American satellites

discovered

that the Soviet Union

had positioned

nuclear missiles on Cuba,

a mere 90 miles from Florida.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/americas/us-cuba-
relations.html#slideshow/100000003333137/100000003333147

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/12/18/world/americas/
us-cuba-relations.html#slideshow/100000003333137/100000003333147

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States / Cuba > Missile Crisis        October 1962

 

George Whelan Anderson, Jr.        1906-1992

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/16/
opinion/the-eyeball-to-eyeball-myth-and-the-cuban-missile-crisiss-legacy.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/oct/15/
cuban-missile-crisis-russian-roulette

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2012/oct/14/
cuban-missile-crisis-exhibition-kennedy-recordings-video

http://www.guardian.co.uk/theguardian/from-the-archive-blog/2012/oct/14/
cuban-missile-crisis-50-archive-1962

http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/idUSN1922589220080219

http://www.archives.gov/research/alic/reference/military/cuban-missile-crisis.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/04/cuba_looks_back_-_and_forward.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/2002/oct/14/netnotes.cuba

https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu/nsa/cuba_mis_cri/  

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/spiesfly/brugioni.html

http://www.nytimes.com/books/97/10/19/home/missile.html

http://www.nytimes.com/books/97/10/19/home/crisis-review.html

http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/1022.html

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1992/03/22/us/
adm-george-w-anderson-85-was-in-charge-of-cuba-blockade.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

February 7, 1962

 

U.S. imposes

full economic embargo on Cuba

 

 

http://www.reuters.com/article/newsOne/idUSN1922589220080219

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cuba, 1961-65

 

Photograph: Paolo Gasparini

 

Revolution! Latin American photography – in pictures

From the photos by Alberto Korda

that helped canonise Che Guevara

to snatched street images of resistance,

new show Urban Impulses embraces

a turbulent half-century of revolvers and rebellion

G

Thu 13 Jun 2019 07.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2019/jun/13/
revolution-latin-american-photography-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1 January 1959

 

Rebel army drives out Cuban dictator

 

 

The President of Cuba,

Fulgencio Batista,

has fled the country,

his government in ruins,

in the face of a relentless

advance by the rebel army

led by a 32-year-old lawyer,

Fidel Castro.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/1/newsid_3413000/3413749.stm

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/1/
newsid_3413000/3413749.stm

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/castro/peopleevents/p_batista.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/castro/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

USA > early 21st - 20th century > Cuba

Fidel Castro (1926 or 1927 - 2016)

 

 

Che Guevara    1928-1967

 

 

20th century > Cold war