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History > 20th century > Cold War > Czechoslovakia > Prague spring and Soviet invasion    1968

 

 

 

Time stopped and the tanks rolled in …

Josef Koudelka’s Hand and Wristwatch,

August 1968.

 

Photograph:

Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

Time for a riot: how the art of 1968 caught a world in turmoil

It was the year hippy idealism gave way to riot and struggle

– with protests in Paris, tanks in Prague and black power in the US.

 

Guardian writers pick the pivotal works from that tumultuous time

G

Mon 30 Apr 2018        06.00 BST

Last modified on Thu 26 Jul 2018        11.58 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/2018/apr/30/
time-for-a-riot-how-the-art-of-1968-caught-a-world-in-turmoil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

Prague

 

Lone car passing dozens of Russian tanks

during Russian invasion of Czechoslovakia

during "Prague Spring."

 

Location: Prague, Czech Republic

Date taken: 1968

 

Photographer: Bill Ray

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=b34a4220a75a5564

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech youngsters holding a Czechoslovak flag

stand atop an overturned truck

as other Prague residents surround Soviet tanks

in Prague, 21 August 1968.

 

Photograph: Libor Hajsky/AFP/Getty Images

 

Moscow crushes the Prague Spring - archive, August 1968

How the Guardian reported

the Russian and Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia, 50 years ago

G

Fri 10 Aug 2018        10.15 BST

Last modified on Fri 10 Aug 2018        13.29 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/world/from-the-archive-blog/2018/aug/10/
russia-crushes-prague-spring-czechoslovakia-1968

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prague residents surround Soviet tanks on 21 August 1968.

 

Photograph: STR/AFP/Getty Images

 

Russian presence divides Czechs 50 years after Prague Spring

Events of 1968 still influence debate

about whether Russia should be seen as friend or foe

G

Mon 20 Aug 2018        05.00 BST

Last modified on Mon 20 Aug 2018        19.35 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/20/
russian-presence-divides-czechs-50-years-after-prague-spring

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A protester confronting troops in Prague

during the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unarmed citizens jeered invading Soviet military forces,

shouting, “Fascists” and “Go home!”

 

Credit PhotoQuest/Getty Images

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residents of Prague witnessing the invasion.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A young Czech man showing a news report about the invasion to a Soviet soldier.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soldiers abandoning a burning tank in Prague.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The body of a young Czech,

killed for having tried to drape his flag over a Soviet tank.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A final farewell for a victim of the invasion.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A protester standing in defiance atop a tank.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A general strike in Wenceslas Square.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gathering around a radio for news of the uprising after the Soviet invasion.

 

Credit Hulton-Deutsch Collection/Corbis, via Getty Images

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech students working to produce underground news reports

during the first days of the Soviet occupation.

 

Credit Mario De Biasi/Mondadori portfolio, via Getty Images

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soviet soldiers on their way to occupy the Czechoslovak Radio building.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT

Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A family leaving Prague at the central railway station

to escape the Soviet invasion.

 

Credit Stefan Tyszko/Getty Images

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alexander Dubcek,

the leader of Czechoslovakia’s Communist Party,

on his way to meet the Soviets.

 

Credit Harry Redl/The LIFE Picture Collection, via Getty Images

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lining up for food in Prague in August 1968.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photo

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The funeral service for Jan Palach

at Wenceslas Square in Prague in 1969.

 

The Czech student set himself on fire

to protest the Soviet occupation.

 

Credit Ullstein Bild, via Getty Images

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Buildings in ruins after the uprising.

 

Credit Thomas Hoepker/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soviet soldiers in Prague.

 

Moscow viewed events in Czechoslovakia as something like a virus,

fearing they would spread and infect other Warsaw Pact nations.

 

Credit Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

 

50 Years After Prague Spring,

Lessons on Freedom (and a Broken Spirit)

NYT        Aug. 20, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The invasion seen from on high.

 

Photograph: Milan Linhart

 

Prague 1968: lost images of the day that freedom died

 

Fifty years ago on 21 August,

Milan Linhart reached for his camera

as Soviet tanks rolled into the streets

of Czechoslovakia’s capital.

 

His previously unseen photographs

have stirred uncomfortable memories.

G

Sun 19 Aug 2018        09.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/19/
prague-1968-snapshots-day-freedom-died

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Young Czechs crowd around to talk to soldiers.

 

Photograph: Milan Linhart

 

Prague 1968: lost images of the day that freedom died

 

Fifty years ago on 21 August,

Milan Linhart reached for his camera

as Soviet tanks rolled into the streets

of Czechoslovakia’s capital.

 

His previously unseen photographs

have stirred uncomfortable memories.

G

Sun 19 Aug 2018        09.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/19/
prague-1968-snapshots-day-freedom-died

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A man on a bicycle squeezes past a tank.

 

Photograph: Milan Linhart

 

Prague 1968: lost images of the day that freedom died

 

Fifty years ago on 21 August,

Milan Linhart reached for his camera

as Soviet tanks rolled into the streets

of Czechoslovakia’s capital.

 

His previously unseen photographs

have stirred uncomfortable memories.

G

Sun 19 Aug 2018        09.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/19/
prague-1968-snapshots-day-freedom-died

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Warsaw Pact tank crew.

 

Photograph: Milan Linhart

 

Prague 1968: lost images of the day that freedom died

 

Fifty years ago on 21 August,

Milan Linhart reached for his camera

as Soviet tanks rolled into the streets

of Czechoslovakia’s capital.

 

His previously unseen photographs

have stirred uncomfortable memories.

G

Sun 19 Aug 2018        09.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/19/
prague-1968-snapshots-day-freedom-died

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A Warsaw Pact tank daubed with a swastika.

 

Photograph: Milan Linhart

 

Prague 1968: lost images of the day that freedom died

 

Fifty years ago on 21 August,

Milan Linhart reached for his camera

as Soviet tanks rolled into the streets

of Czechoslovakia’s capital.

 

His previously unseen photographs

have stirred uncomfortable memories.

G

Sun 19 Aug 2018        09.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/19/
prague-1968-snapshots-day-freedom-died

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Citizens pass a body in the street.

 

Photograph: Milan Linhart

 

Prague 1968: lost images of the day that freedom died

 

Fifty years ago on 21 August,

Milan Linhart reached for his camera

as Soviet tanks rolled into the streets

of Czechoslovakia’s capital.

 

His previously unseen photographs

have stirred uncomfortable memories.

G

Sun 19 Aug 2018        09.00 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/19/
prague-1968-snapshots-day-freedom-died

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

August 1968

 

Czechoslovakia        Prague        Soviet invasion

 

 

For four months in 1968,

Czechoslovakia broke free

from Soviet rule,

allowing freedom of speech

and removing some state controls.

https://www.bbc.com/bitesize/guides/zwb2dmn/revision/3

 

 

 

On the night of August 20 1968

Soviet tanks and troops

invaded Czechoslovakia

in an effort to stop the Prague Spring.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2008/aug/17/prague.1968

 

 

 

The then Soviet leader,

Leonid Brezhnev,

backed by eastern bloc allies,

had dispatched

a massive invasion force to crush

the Prague Spring movement

led by Czechoslovakia’s

communist leader,

Alexander Dubček,

whose liberal reforms

had won wide domestic support

but alarmed Moscow,

who feared that they could presage

the eventual loss of a cold war ally.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/19/
prague-1968-snapshots-day-freedom-died

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/21/newsid_2781000/2781867.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/1844842.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/ir2/czechoslovakia1968rev1.shtml

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/ir2/czechoslovakia1968rev2.shtml

https://www.bbc.com/bitesize/guides/zwb2dmn/revision/3

https://www.bbc.com/bitesize/guides/z9hnqhv/revision/4

 

 

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-45168062 - 21 August 2018

 

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/world-europe-45251229/
prague-1968-the-soviet-invasion-of-czechoslovakia - 20 August 2018

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/20/
world/europe/prague-spring-communism.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/20/
russian-presence-divides-czechs-50-years-after-prague-spring

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/19/
russia-warsaw-pact-1968-invasion-czechoslovakia

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/19/
prague-1968-snapshots-day-freedom-died

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/from-the-archive-blog/2018/aug/10/
russia-crushes-prague-spring-czechoslovakia-1968

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/22/
observer-archive-the-prague-spring-27-july-1968

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2014/nov/05/
josef-koudelka-czech-photographer-soviet-invasion-czechoslovakia-getty-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2011/oct/26/
josef-koudelka-prague-spring-photography

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/14/
arts/design/14geft.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2008/09/14/
arts/20080914_PRAG_SLIDESHOW_index.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2008/aug/24/
photography

 

https://www.npr.org/templates/story/
story.php?storyId=93747451
- August 22, 2008

 

https://www.npr.org/templates/story/
story.php?storyId=93719386 - August 21, 2008

 

https://www.npr.org/templates/
story/story.php?storyId=93720234 - August 21, 2008

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2008/aug/21/
1968theyearofrevolt.russia

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2008/aug/17/
prague.1968?picture=336622866

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2008/aug/17/
1968theyearofrevolt.russia 

 

https://www.lemonde.fr/livres/article/2008/05/29/
josef-koudelka-68-vu-de-prague_1051130_3260.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2006/nov/18/
photography

 

 

 

 

http://next.liberation.fr/cinema/2004/06/02/
mes-dates-cles-par-raymond-depardon_481508

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/1999/jan/20/
features11.g22

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1973/08/19/
archives/the-psychedelic-carrot-five-years-after-the-czech-invasion-by.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1970/06/01/
archives/dubcek-and-the-end-of-the-prague-spring.html

 

 

 

 

https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/big/0820.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Residents read uncensored newspapers outlining Dubček’s new, freer, policies.

 

Observer archive - The Prague Spring, 27 July 1968

David Newell-Smith documented the lives of ordinary Czechs in Prague

as they embraced First secretary Dubček’s liberalising political reforms.

 

Less than a month later,

on 21 August 1968, Warsaw Pact tanks rolled in.

G

Sun 22 Jul 2018        08.00 BST

Last modified on Fri 27 Jul 2018        11.17 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/22/
observer-archive-the-prague-spring-27-july-1968

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

20th century > Cold war