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History > 20th century > Cold War / холодная война > Germany > Berlin Wall    1961-1989

 

 

 

Peter Fechter

is held by East German border guards,

prior to being pronounced dead

Aug. 17, 1962.

 

Fechter was shot by East German guards

as he tried to make it over the wall.

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture

Remembering the Berlin Wall

August 17, 2011

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/08/remembering_the_divide.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Remembering the Berlin Wall        Photographs        August 17, 2011

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/08/
remembering_the_divide.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berlin wall        25 years later        2014

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/11/07/
opinion/how-the-berlin-wall-really-fell.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berlin wall        20 years later        2009

 

Berlin wall 20 years on:

In the first of five films,

Berliners describe

how their city

was divided by the wall

and how a few

risked their lives

to escape

from east to west

http://www.theguardian.com/berlin-wall-20-years-on

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/berlinwall 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/berlin-wall 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=111814914 - August 12, 2009

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/gallery/2009/oct/20/berlinwall-germany

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/nov/09/berlin-wall-anniversary-celebrations

http://www.guardian.co.uk/travel/interactive/2009/oct/23/berlin-wall-history-guide

https://www.theguardian.com/berlin-wall-20-years-on 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2009/oct/19/building-berlin-wall

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2009/oct/20/berlin-wall-episode-2

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/09/world/europe/09berlin.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/09/opinion/09zizek.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 November 1989

 

Berliners celebrate the fall of the Wall

 

 

The 28-mile (45 km) barrier

dividing Germany's capital

was built in 1961

to prevent East Berliners

fleeing to the West.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/witness/november/9/newsid_3241000/3241641.stm

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2009/11/06/world/08berlinwallgrfxB-ready.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/11/09/world/europe/
09iht-wall.html

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/11/09/world/europe/
20091109-berlinwallthennow.html

http://video.nytimes.com/video/2009/11/02/
opinion/1247465491747/the-man-who-opened-the-gate.html

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2009/11/09/world/europe/
20091109-berlin-wall-reader-photos.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/november/9/
newsid_2515000/2515869.stm

http://www.guardian.co.uk/wall/

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1URzkk-oa28

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-181898405138602708

http://www.dieberlinermauer.de/berlinwallhome1024/berlinwallhome1024.html

http://www.archives.gov/presidential-libraries/events/
german-reunification/exhibit.html

http://www.nytimes.com/1989/11/12/weekinreview/
beyond-the-wall-not-just-one-german-question-but-many.html

http://www.nytimes.com/1989/11/12/world/
clamor-east-reunion-west-berlin-for-all-east-west-day-like-no-other.html

http://www.nytimes.com/1989/11/11/world/
clamor-east-border-open-joyous-east-germans-pour-through-wall-party-pledges.html

http://www.nytimes.com/1989/11/10/world/
clamor-east-east-germany-opens-frontier-west-for-migration-travel-thousands.html

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/witness/november/9/newsid_3241000/3241641.stm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

President Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)

visits Berlin

and urges Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev

to tear down the wall        June 12 1987

 

 

 

Reagan's Berlin address.

YouTube > JohnJ2427

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjWDrTXMgF8&feature=related

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WjWDrTXMgF8

http://www.reagan.utexas.edu/archives/speeches/1987/061287d.htm

http://www.nytimes.com/1987/06/13/world/raze-berlin-wall-reagan-urges-soviet.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/gall/0,,1233194,00.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Before the fall: life on both sides of the Berlin wall – in pictures

 

 

 

Housing complex with shops,

Halle-Neustadt, East Germany, 1983

 

Rudi Meisel

 

Before the fall: life on both sides of the Berlin wall – in pictures

G        Thursday 27 August 2015        07.00 BST

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/aug/27/
before-the-fall-life-on-both-sides-of-berlin-wall-rudi-meisel-in-pictures

Related

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/08/21/one-wall-two-germanys/#

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildstraße, Vogelheim, Essen, West Germany, 1977

 

Rudi Meisel

 

Before the fall: life on both sides of the Berlin wall – in pictures

G        Thursday 27 August 2015        07.00 BST

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/aug/27/
before-the-fall-life-on-both-sides-of-berlin-wall-rudi-meisel-in-pictures

Related

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/08/21/one-wall-two-germanys/#


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rudi Meisel

was one of the very few

West German photographers

allowed to cross the Berlin Wall

into East Germany.

 

Despite the best efforts of censors,

he captured authentic street life

in the GDR.

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/aug/27/
before-the-fall-life-on-both-sides-of-berlin-wall-rudi-meisel-in-pictures

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2015/aug/27/
before-the-fall-life-on-both-sides-of-berlin-wall-rudi-meisel-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West Germany        John Kennedy's "Ich bin ein Berliner" speech        West Berlin, 26 June 1963


 

 

Kennedy Visit To Germany

[ Standing in car from L to R: John F. Kennedy and Konrad Adenauer - 1963 ]

 

Photographer: John Dominis

Life Images

http://images.google.com/hosted/life/l?imgurl=12b742b80597679

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/3022166.stm

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjHcNhcahv4&feature=related

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

For 16 hours

from the 27 to 28 October 1961,

US and Soviet tanks

faced each other in divided Berlin

and the two superpowers came close

to kicking off a third world war

than in any other cold-war confrontation,

bar the Cuban missile crisis a year later.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/24/berlin-crisis-standoff-checkpoint-charlie

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/19/us/
steuart-pittman-head-of-fallout-shelter-program-dies-at-93.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/oct/24/
berlin-crisis-standoff-checkpoint-charlie

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in the early 1960s (...)

two groups of diggers built tunnels

that were filmed and financed

by U.S. television networks.

 

Those networks wanted

to turn acts of daring

into primetime specials.

 

But when the U.S. government

discovered those projects,

the Kennedy administration

moved to suppress them.

http://www.npr.org/2016/10/29/
499790368/a-harrowing-tale-of-cold-war-escape-and-suppression-in-the-tunnels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/10/29/
499790368/a-harrowing-tale-of-cold-war-escape-and-suppression-in-the-tunnels

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berliners wake to divided city        Berlin wall        13 August 1961

 

 

 

Time Covers - The 60S

TIME cover 08-31-1962 The Berlin Wall.

Date taken: August 31, 1962

 

Photographer: Boris Artzybasheff

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The border between

East and West Berlin is closed.

 

Soldiers start to build the wall.

 

What starts as barbed wire

and light fencing

builds up over the years

into a complex series of wall,

fortified fences, gun positions

and watchtowers heavily guarded

and patrolled.

 

More than 200 people die

in the years that followed

trying to cross the wall.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1484769.stm

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berlin Wall

 

Young girl gazing pensively through the pane of her apartment window

which grimly reflects the image of barbed wire fencing that tops the nearby Berlin wall.

 

Location: West Berlin, Germany

Date taken: December 1962

 

Photographer: Paul Schutzer

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berlin Wall

 

Young boy & girl playing soccer next to the Berlin wall.

 

Location: West Berlin, Germany

Date taken: December 1962

 

Photographer: Paul Schutzer

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

West Berlin citizens crowding against nascent Berlin Wall

while lone guared ignores them

on the other side of the barrier in the Russian controlled sector of the city.

 

Location: Berlin, Germany

Date taken: 1961

 

Photographer: Paul Schutzer

Life Images

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/august/13/newsid_3054000/3054060.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1484769.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/archive/berlinwall/

http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/people/highlights/010815_berlinwall.shtml

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/aug/16/escape-from-east-berlin

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/oct/27/berlin-wall-short-history

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/fidel-castro

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berlin        1961

 

Kennedy, Khrushchev

and the most dangerous place on Earth

 

 

http://www.reuters.com/video/2011/05/13/
berlin-1961-kennedy-khrushchev-and-the-m?videoId=210782253

http://blogs.reuters.com/berlin1961/2011/05/05/reliving-the-cold-wars-tensest-moment/

http://blogs.reuters.com/berlin1961/2011/05/18/a-bumper-crop-of-soviet-humor/

http://blogs.reuters.com/berlin1961/2011/05/19/acheson-fills-a-kennedy-power-vacuum/

http://blogs.reuters.com/berlin1961/2011/05/16/the-snubbed-soviet-strikes-back/

http://blogs.reuters.com/berlin1961/2011/05/05/the-characters-who-clashed-in-berlin-1961/

http://blogs.reuters.com/berlin1961/2011/05/06/how-misreading-khrushchev-led-to-confrontation/

http://blogs.reuters.com/berlin1961/2011/05/08/the-legacy-of-soviet-rape-in-germany/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

20th century > Cold war

 

 

 

 

 

Related

 

Secret files from 70s

reveal Trident strike needed 'to kill 10m Russians'

Whitehall documents written in 1970s

and marked 'personal and top secret'

show logic of British Cold War deterrent

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2010/dec/26/secret-files-70s-trident-russians

 

 

Dagmar Searchinger        1916-2011

founder of Women Strike for Peace,

a cold war movement that helped organize

demonstrations around the world

calling for nuclear disarmament

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/24/us/24wilson.html

 

 

Roy Richard Rubottom Jr.        1912-2010

a diplomat who influenced and helped hone

United States policy toward Latin America in the late 1950s,

a time of economic and political tumult

that culminated in Fidel Castro’s

takeover in Cuba

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/20/world/americas/20rubottom.html 

 

 

The National Security Archive / The George Washington University

The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962

https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu//nsa/cuba_mis_cri/index.htm 

https://nsarchive2.gwu.edu//nsa/cuba_mis_cri/photos.htm 

 

 

Cold War

The global superpower stand-off

that brought the world to the brink of destruction.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/coldwar/