Dissidents / диссиденты
Time Covers - The 70S
TIME cover 02-25-1974
Soviet dissident writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn.
Date taken: February 25, 1974
Photographer: Chris Bennett
Poland Zbigniew Romaszewski 1940-2014
Physicist Who Resisted Poland’s Communists
In the anxious months
declared martial law
in December 1981,
leaders of Solidarity,
the workers’ movement
that the government
was seeking to silence,
were forced into hiding.
Even as they eluded arrest,
they did not want
to lose contact
with the movement’s
millions of supporters
across the country.
could have observed these events
from a safe distance.
He was a physicist,
not a laborer.
But he had already spent years
putting himself at risk
at the ground level.
He played an early role
in a seminal workers’ rights group
founded in the 1970s,
known as KOR
(the name was a Polish acronym
for the Workers’ Defense Committee),
which helped establish
the Solidarity movement.
he represented KOR
in meetings in Moscow
with the Soviet dissident
a year before Sakharov
was forced into exile.
In 1979 and 1980,
he helped start the Polish branch
of the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights
and wrote a widely disseminated report
critical of the Communist government.
Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov / Андре́й Дми́триевич Са́харов 1921-1989
was one of Russia's
top nuclear physicists.
when the Soviet Union intervened
in the civil war in Afghanistan,
Sakharov spoke out strongly
against this action.
In January, 1980,
he was arrested on the street,
informed that by a decree
of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet
he had been deprived
of the title of Hero of Socialist Labour
and all other awards and honours,
and was put on a special flight to exile
in Gorky (now called Nizhni Novgorod),
a city which at that time
was closed to foreigners.
14 February 1974
Russian author charged with treason
The Soviet authorities
formally charge Russian writer
Alexander Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008)
with treason one day
after expelling him from the country.
9 March 1967
Stalin's daughter defects to the West
of the Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin
requests political asylum
at the United States Embassy in India.
Related > Anglonautes > History
Secret files from 70s
reveal Trident strike needed 'to kill 10m Russians'
Whitehall documents written in 1970s
and marked 'personal and top secret'
show logic of British Cold War deterrent
Dagmar Searchinger 1916-2011
founder of Women Strike for Peace,
a cold war movement that helped organize
demonstrations around the world calling for nuclear disarmament
Roy Richard Rubottom Jr. 1912-2010
a diplomat who influenced and helped hone
United States policy toward Latin America in the late 1950s,
a time of economic and political tumult
that culminated in Fidel Castro’s takeover in Cuba
The National Security Archive / The George Washington University
The Cuban Missile Crisis, 1962
The global superpower stand-off
that brought the world to the brink of destruction.