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learning English > French Baccalauréat > Anglais > Vocabulaire > 4 notions

 

Idea of Progress / l'idée de progrès

 

science - computing - space -

medicine - genetics - transportation -

human rights - women's rights -

civil rights - democracy

 

 

Activez

traduction et prononciation

avec Chrome et Transover

 

 

 

 

change

 

 

 

 

change

 

 

 

 

change the face of the nation

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/us/
25parks.html

 

 

 

 

game changer

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/10/04/
555091418/parents-lobby-states-to-expand-newborn-screening-test-for-rare-brain-disorder

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

milestone

 

https://www.theguardian.com/science/gallery/2018/nov/21/
the-international-space-station-turns-20-in-pictures

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/22/
obituaries/dick-leitsch-dead.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/02/11/
466286219/in-milestone-scientists-detect-waves-in-space-time-as-black-holes-collide

 

http://takingnote.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/10/05/
remembering-a-milestone-for-immigrants-and-america/

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/may/04/
solar-powered-plane-first-leg-us

 

 

 

 

landmark

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/aug/02/
deadly-gene-mutations-removed-from-human-embryos-in-landmark-study

 

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2003/apr/14/
genetics.research 

 

 

 

 

historic

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/08/25/us/
neil-armstrong-obit

 

 

 

 

pave way / the way for N

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/03/
science/h-boyd-woodruff-dead-antibiotics-researcher.html

 

 

 

 

usher in

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/10/
675254096/the-revolution-will-be-driverless-autonomous-cars-usher-in-big-changes

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/02/
business/harold-rosen-dead-engineer-satellite.html

 

 

 

 

revolutionize

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/oct/19/
robots-revolutionising-our-world

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/us/
leonard-herzenberg-immunologist-who-revolutionized-research-dies-at-81.html

 

 

 

 

revolution

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/10/
675254096/the-revolution-will-be-driverless-autonomous-cars-usher-in-big-changes

 

 

 

 

Victorian Age > Industrial Revolution

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/victorians/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

progress

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/04/10/
301450515/obama-the-story-of-america-is-the-story-of-progress

 

 

 

 

our faith in progress

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/nov/14/
rosetta-philae-space-comet-outer-limits-human-excellence

 

 

 

 

progressive causes

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/29/
arts/music/a-folk-revivalist-who-used-his-voice-to-bring-out-a-nations.html

 

 

 

 

liberal

 

 

 

 

build a better world

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/09/25/
443149821/u-n-dreams-big-17-huge-new-goals-to-build-a-better-world

 

 

 

 

PEOPLE in Silicon Valley

tend to embrace certain assumptions:

Progress, efficiency and speed are good.

 

Technology can solve most things.

 

Change is inevitable;

disruption is not to be feared.

 

And, maybe more than anything else,

merit will prevail.        April 2013

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
technology/how-big-data-is-playing-recruiter-for-specialized-workers.html

 

 

 

 

progress

 

 

 

 

go forward

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

create

 

 

 

 

design

 

 

 

 

conceive

 

 

 

 

make

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

invent

 

 

 

 

inventor

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2018/mar/05/
trevor-baylis-obituary

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/09/
business/international/artur-fischer-inventor-with-more-patents-than-edison-dies-at-96.html

 

 

 

 

famous inventors

http://inventors.about.com/od/famousinventors/
Famous_Inventors_Nationality_or_A_Z.htm

 

 

 

 

invention

https://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2018/02/20/
583682937/the-father-of-the-internet-sees-his-invention-reflected-back-through-a-black-mir

 

 

 

 

patent

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/09/
business/international/artur-fischer-inventor-with-more-patents-than-edison-dies-at-96.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

technology > jobs

http://www.theguardian.com/business/2015/aug/17/
technology-created-more-jobs-than-destroyed-140-years-data-census

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Politics or technology – which will save the world?        2014

 

The internet, the mobile phone

and now the self-driving car

– technology is revolutionising people's lives

in ways that make politics seem obsolete.

 

So should we put the techies in charge?

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/may/23/
politics-technology-save-world-david-runciman

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

science > timeline > UK, USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

invent

 

 

 

 

inventor

 

 

 

 

invention

 

 

 

 

scientific advances

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/12/26/
scientific-advances-of-2011.html

 

 

 

 

DNA sequencing

 

Advances in technology

have made it much easier,

faster and less expensive

to do whole genome sequencing

— to spell out all three billion letters

in a person's genetic code.

 

Falling costs

have given rise to speculation

that it could soon become

a routine part of medical care,

perhaps as routine

as checking your blood pressure.

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/06/26/
534338576/routine-dna-sequencing-may-be-helpful-and-not-as-scary-as-feared

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/06/26/
534338576/routine-dna-sequencing-may-be-helpful-and-not-as-scary-as-feared

 

 

 

 

scientific achievements

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2004/dec/17/
spaceexploration.highereducation

 

 

 

 

achievement

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/08/us/
samuel-dubois-cook-dead-educator-racial-pioneer.html

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04k2g71 - 11 December 2016

 

 

 

 

breakthrough

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/apr/30/
stem-cell-treatment-damaged-hearts-monkeys

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2009/aug/24/
multiple-sclerosis-ms-research-breakthrough

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2000/jun/26/
genetics.forensicscience

 

 

 

 

breakthrough discovery

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/feb/11/
gravitational-waves-discovery-hailed-as-breakthrough-of-the-century

 

 

 

 

scientific breakthrough

http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/dna_double_helix/readmore.html

 

 

 

 

Big-Bang breakthrough

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/03/17/
290866227/scientists-announce-a-big-bang-breakthrough

 

 

 

 

discovery

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/feb/11/
gravitational-waves-science-thrilled-by-discovery-ripples-in-space-time

 

 

 

 

pathbreaking discovery

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/21/us/
janet-d-rowley-who-discovered-that-cancer-can-be-genetic-dies-at-88.html

 

 

 

 

great discovery

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/16/
opinion/it-is-in-fact-rocket-science.html

 

 

 

 

groundbreaking

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/aug/02/
deadly-gene-mutations-removed-from-human-embryos-in-landmark-study

 

 

 

 

groundbreaking / groundbreaking work

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/20/
health/dr-donald-morton-melanoma-expert-who-pioneered-a-cancer-technique-
dies-at-79.html

 

 

 

 

groundbreaking device

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/apr/30/
google-glass-pictures-online

 

 

 

 

groundbreaking therapy

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jun/04/
doctors-hail-world-first-as-womans-advanced-breast-cancer-is-eradicated

 

 

 

 

 

portable gadgets

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/gallery/2017/mar/10/
influential-portable-gadgets-sony-walkman-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

make history

 

 

 

 

innovative

 

 

 

 

innovator

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/14/
technology/robert-taylor-innovator-who-shaped-modern-computing-dies-at-85.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/11/
technology/google-alphabet-restructuring.html

 

 

 

 

biological revolution

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/apr/25/
dna-double-helix-60-years-biological-revolution

 

 

 

 

discovery

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/mar/29/
genome-research-adventure

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/apr/25/
dna-double-helix-60-years-biological-revolution

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/shortcuts/2013/apr/23/
should-change-name-higgs-boson

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2004/dec/17/
spaceexploration.highereducation

 

 

 

 

discover

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/21/us/
janet-d-rowley-who-discovered-that-cancer-can-be-genetic-dies-at-88.html

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/oct/21/
dna-body-clock-ageing

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/02/
health/dna-research-points-to-new-insight-into-cancers.html

 

 

 

 

uncover

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/11/08/
665615440/researchers-uncover-a-circuit-for-sadness-in-the-human-brain

 

 

 

 

find

 

 

 

 

find out

 

 

 

 

develop

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/21/us/
hilary-koprowski-developed-live-virus-polio-vaccine-dies-at-96.html

 

 

 

 

research and development    R&D

 

 

 

 

improve

 

 

 

 

make better

 

 

 

 

leap

 

 

 

 

giant leap

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/11/17/
564850067/back-flipping-robot-a-giant-leap-for-robot-kind

 

 

 

 

Apollo 11 > Neil Armstrong:

 

"That's one small step for (a) man,

one giant leap for mankind "    July 20, 1969

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qVzNXG0NxjY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

science

https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/02/16/
586544153/black-panther-science-heroes-and-how-comics-changed-the-world

 

 

 

 

be dedicated to science

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04k2g71 - 11 December 2016

 

 

 

 

women in science

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04k2g71 - 11 December 2016

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/the-h-word/2013/oct/15/
women-science-history-ada-lovelace-day

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/oct/15/
nerd-cabaret-wikipedia-ada-lovelace-day-2013

http://www.theguardian.com/women-in-leadership/2013/oct/15/
women-technology-science-careers-her-in-hero

 

 

 

 

scientist

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/28/us/
politics/talents-on-display-at-white-house-science-fair.html

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/03/17/
290866227/scientists-announce-a-big-bang-breakthrough

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/oct/21/
dna-body-clock-ageing

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/oct/20/
artificial-intelligence-impact-lives

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/02/
health/dna-research-points-to-new-insight-into-cancers.html

 

 

 

 

mathematician

 

 

 

 

research

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/us/
leonard-herzenberg-immunologist-who-revolutionized-research-dies-at-81.html

 

 

 

 

researcher

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/06/21/
621908340/researchers-find-herpes-viruses-in-brains-marked-by-alzheimers-disease

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/21/us/
hilary-koprowski-developed-live-virus-polio-vaccine-dies-at-96.html

 

 

 

 

engineer

https://www.theguardian.com/science/video/2013/apr/26/
young-engineer-year-genetics-lab-video 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

health

 

 

 

 

medicine

 

 

 

 

medicine > drugs

 

 

 

 

physician

 

 

 

 

vaccine against N

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/21/us/
hilary-koprowski-developed-live-virus-polio-vaccine-dies-at-96.html

 

 

 

 

killer diseases

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/09/07/
9-terrifying-diseases-that-could-kill-you-right-now.html

 

 

 

 

killer diseases

such as TB, cancer, AIDS

 

 

 

 

AIDS / AIDS pandemic

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/30/
health/cure-still-out-of-reach-but-hiv-is-invincible-no-more.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/12/
world_aids_day_-_2011_1.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2010/11/30/
stars-who-fight-aids.html

 

 

 

 

HIV infection

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/12/
world_aids_day_-_2011_1.html

 

 

 

 

new developments in the treatment of the virus

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/30/
health/cure-still-out-of-reach-but-hiv-is-invincible-no-more.html

 

 

 

 

flu

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2008/10/29/
photos-a-history-of-the-flu.html

 

 

 

 

virus, viruses

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/21/us/
hilary-koprowski-developed-live-virus-polio-vaccine-dies-at-96.html

 

 

 

 

spread

 

 

 

 

spread

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gene > glossary

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/genome/glossary.html

 

 

 

 

gene therapy        UK / USA

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/07/17/
629543151/insurers-and-government-are-slow-to-cover-expensive-car-t-cancer-therapy

 

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/apr/30/
gene-therapy-trials-heart-patients 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2000/jun/26/
genetics.drugs 

 

 

 

 

pioneering treatment > replacement gene

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2013/apr/30/
gene-therapy-trials-heart-patients

 

 

 

 

treat cancer by editing genes

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/02/21/
585336506/doctors-in-china-lead-race-to-treat-cancer-by-editing-genes

 

 

 

 

design better babies

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/10/
us/11retro-baby-genetics.html

 

 

 

 

genetics

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/10/
us/11retro-baby-genetics.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/video/2013/apr/26/
young-engineer-year-genetics-lab-video

 

 

 

 

genetic entrepreneur

 

J. Craig Venter’s Synthetic Genomics > sequencing genomes        USA

 

A Genetic Entrepreneur

Sets His Sights on Aging and Death        March 4, 2014

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/05/
business/in-pursuit-of-longevity-a-plan-to-harness-dna-sequencing.html

 

 

 

 

editing the human genome / genome editing

 

Genome editing

is a powerful procedure

that has already been a game-changer

in helping scientists to understand

the roles of genes in health and diseases.

 

It coopts

the natural immune defences of bacteria

to create what is often described

as “molecular scissors”.

 

These can cut out, but also replace,

strands of DNA with great precision.

 

It is possible to change

single letters of the DNA code.

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/sep/02/
genome-editing-how-to-modify-genetic-faults-and-the-human-germline

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/sep/02/
genome-editing-how-to-modify-genetic-faults-and-the-human-germline

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/12/science/
jennifer-doudna-crispr-cas9-genetic-engineering.html

http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2015/03/20/
394311141/scientists-urge-temporary-moratorium-on-human-genome-edits

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/20/science/
biologists-call-for-halt-to-gene-editing-technique-in-humans.html

 

 

 

 

decode the human genome / human genome project

https://www.theguardian.com/science/human-genome-project 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/mar/29/
genome-research-adventure

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2000/jun/26/
genetics.drugs

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1999/10/26/
science/rivals-reach-milestones-in-genome-race.html

 

 

 

 

Genome facts

 

A rough draft of the human genome

was completed in June 2000.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/genome/facts.html

 

 

 

 

deoxyribo-nucleic-acid        DNA

 

The DNA of humans (...)

is composed of approximately

3 billion base pairs,

making up a total

of almost a meter-long stretch of DNA

in every cell in our bodies.

http://www.nobelprize.org/educational/medicine/dna_double_helix/readmore.html

 

 

 

 

Rosalind Elsie Franklin        UK        1920-1958

 

In 1951

the young British scientist

began one

of the key scientific investigations

of the century.

 

Rosalind Franklin

produced an x-ray photograph

that helped show the structure of DNA,

the molecule that holds the genetic code

that underpins all life.

 

The discovery was integral

to the transformation of modern medicine

and has been described

as one of the greatest scientific achievements ever.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04r7h7k - Mon. 6 February 2017

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04r7h7k - Mon. 6 February 2017

 

 

 

 

understand heredity

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/genome/her_cri.html

 

 

 

 

genetic testing dilemmas

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/body/genetic-testing-dilemmas-intro.html

 

 

 

 


The Chimera Quandary

Is It Ethical To Create Hybrid Embryos?

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/08/07/
489082005/the-chimera-quandary-is-it-ethical-to-create-hybrid-embryos

 

 

 

 

human cloning

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/may/18/
human-cloning-heart-disease-genes

 

 

 

 

stem cell research

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/science/jan-june14/
stemcells_01-29.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genome editing:

how to modify genetic faults – and the human germline        UK        2 September 2015

 

Is it time for a debate

on whether there are any circumstances

where there is an ethical case

for ‘editing’ human embryos?

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/sep/02/
genome-editing-how-to-modify-genetic-faults-and-the-human-germline

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cure

 

 

 

 

cure

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/30/
health/cure-still-out-of-reach-but-hiv-is-invincible-no-more.html

 

 

 

 

root out

 

 

 

 

life expectancy

 

 

 

 

live longer and better

 

 

 

 

turn 100

 

 

 

 

centenarian

 

The number of centenarians in the UK

is set to double by 2020.

 

So what's it like to be 100?

 

Words and pictures by Chris Steele-Perkins        2011

http://www.guardian.co.uk/artanddesign/gallery/2011/mar/19/
100-year-olds-britain-photographs-chris-steele-perkins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

physics

 

 

 

 

physics > "God particle" / Higgs Boson        2012

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2013/mar/14/
scientists-particle-higgs-boson

http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-205_162-57574534/
god-particle-why-the-higgs-boson-matters/

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/12/19/
the-god-particle-more-2012-scientific-breakthroughs-photos.html

 

 

 

 

physics > physicist ( ≠ physician)

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/30/
science/john-r-huizenga-physicist-at-fore-of-nuclear-era-dies-at-92.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/02/us/
harold-m-agnew-physicist-present-at-birth-of-the-nuclear-age-dies-at-92.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/22/
science/heinrich-rohrer-physicist-who-won-nobel-dies-at-79.html

 

 

 

 

The 10 best physicists

From subatomic to cosmic,

the pick of the pioneers        12 May 2013

 

Galileo        1564-1642

Isaac Newton        1643-1727

Albert Einstein        1879-1955

http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/gallery/2013/may/12/
the-10-best-physicists

 

 

 

 

Albert Einstein        1879-1955

https://www.theguardian.com/theguardian/1955/apr/19/
fromthearchive

 

 

 

 

nanotechnology

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/22/
science/heinrich-rohrer-physicist-who-won-nobel-dies-at-79.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

atom

 

 

 

 

USA > atom bomb > Hiroshima, Japan, August 1945

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/30/
science/john-r-huizenga-physicist-at-fore-of-nuclear-era-dies-at-92.html

 

 

 

 

USA > the world’s first hydrogen bomb        Pacific, 1952

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/30/
science/john-r-huizenga-physicist-at-fore-of-nuclear-era-dies-at-92.html

 

 

 

 

nuclear power / energy

 

 

 

 

nuclear plant

 

 

 

 

nuclear waste

 

 

 

 

nuclear disaster

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/03/japan
_-_new_fears_as_the_trage.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/03/japan
_-_vast_devastation.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aeronautics

 

 

 

 

plane / airliner

 

 

 

 

space

 

 

 

 

National Aeronautics and Space Administration        NASA

http://www.nasa.gov/

http://www.nasa.gov/about/highlights/what_does_nasa_do.html

 

 

 

 

rocket

 

 

 

 

satellite

 

 

 

 

Hubble telescope

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/12/2010
_hubble_space_telescope_ad.html

 

 

 

 

Internation Space Station

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/04/
journeys_to_the_international.html

 

 

 

 

orbit

 

 

 

 

space race

 

 

 

 

space exploration

 

 

 

 

space tourism

 

 

 

 

man on the moon

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2008/07/
man_on_the_moon_future_and_pas.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CBS Coverage of Apollo 11 Lunar Landing        NASA        July 20, 1969
 

 

 

CBS Coverage of Apollo 11 Lunar Landing

 

CBS Television coverage of the July 20, 1969 Apollo 11 moon landing,

anchored by legendary newscaster Walter Cronkite.

 

YouTube > NASA        17 July 2014

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E96EPhqT-ds

 

 

 

 

USA > Neil Alden Armstrong        1930-2012

the first man to set foot on the moon

 

“Neil was among the greatest of American heroes.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/26/science/space/neil-armstrong-dies-first-man-on-moon.html

 

 

http://www.anglonautes.com/hist_us_20_moon_man/hist_us_20_moon_man.htm

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/26/
science/space/neil-armstrong-dies-first-man-on-moon.html

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2012/08/
neil-armstrong-first-man-on-moon-dies-at-82.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/07/
remembering_apollo_11.html

 

 

 

 

USA > Neil Armstrong > Apollo 11

 

About six and a half hours later

at 10:56 p.m. ET on July 20, 1969,

Armstrong, at age 38,

became the first person

to set foot on the moon.

 

He uttered the now-famous phrase:

"That's one small step for (a) man,

one giant leap for mankind."

 

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/08/25/us/neil-armstrong-obit

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/07/remembering_apollo_11.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Technology Timeline: 1752-1990

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/telephone/timeline/timeline_text.html

 

 

 

 

technology / tech

 

 

 

 

state-of-the-art N

 

 

 

 

the state of the art

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/08/20/
433000643/how-close-are-we-really-to-a-robot-run-society

 

 

 

 

invest in the cutting edge

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/
world/15clinton.html

 

 

 

 

the very cutting edge of science        UK

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p04k2g71

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wearable Technology: Beyond the Wrist        Molly Wood        NYT        7 March 2014

 

 

 

 

Wearable Technology: Beyond the Wrist | Molly Wood | The New York Times        7 March 2014


The Times's Molly Wood

explores why the makers of wearable devices

are so focused on people's wrists

and what the future may hold for fashionable tech.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=mPzwIs2p36M&list=PL4CGYNsoW2iCzzn4pZBJ58IZAAsSgng2V

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gizmo

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2010/11/24/
tech-gift-guide.html

 

 

 

 

gadget

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2008/01/11/
apples-seeds-of-innovation.html

 

 

 

 

device

 

 

 

 

wearable technology / gadgets / devices

https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=mPzwIs2p36M&list=PL4CGYNsoW2iCzzn4pZBJ58IZAAsSgng2V

 

 

 

 

smartphone

 

 

 

 

computer / PC

 

 

 

 

computer power

 

 

 

 

supercomputer / supercomputing

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/14/
technology/ibm-to-announce-more-powerful-watson-via-the-internet.html

 

 

 

 

quantum computer

 

performing complex calculations

thousands of times faster

than existing supercomputers

http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/05/16/
google-buys-a-quantum-computer/

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/may/06/
quantum-computing-physics-jeff-forshaw

 

 

 

 

electronic wasteland

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/07/24/
ghana-digital-waste-pieter-hugo-photos.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

technology > the Internet

https://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2018/02/20/
583682937/the-father-of-the-internet-sees-his-invention-reflected-back-through-a-black-mir

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/10/
business/media/the-circle-a-novel-by-dave-eggers-prompts-debate-on-technology.html

 

 

 

 

Information and Technology    IT

 

 

 

 

 the information superhighway

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/apr/30/
your-internet-memories

 

 

 

 

state of the art

https://www.nytimes.com/column/state-of-the-art

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Steve Jobs - Official Trailer (HD)        Universal Pictures        1 July 2015

 

 

 

 

Steve Jobs - Official Trailer (HD)        Universal Pictures        1 July 2015

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aEr6K1bwIVs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Steve Jobs    1955-2011

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2009/06/22/
steve-jobs-the-creator-of-apple-the-iphone-and-pixar.html

 

 

 

 

visionary > USA > Steve Jobs    1955-2011

http://www.npr.org/2011/10/07/
141154870/after-jobs-who-will-be-next-american-visionary

 

 

 

 

Apple > iPhone

https://www.nytimes.com/video/business/
100000005421370/iphone-10th-anniversary-destroy.html - September 12, 2017

 

 

 

 

visionary > USA > Douglas Engelbart    1925-2013

inventor of the computer mouse

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/04/
technology/douglas-c-engelbart-inventor-of-the-computer-mouse-dies-at-88.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Internet / the web / cyberspace

 

 

 

 

 technology giants such as Apple, IBM

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

know

 

 

 

 

knowledge

 

 

 

 

know-how

 

 

 

 

expertise

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

education

 

 

 

 

e-learning

 

 

 

 

using the internet to widen access to education

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2013/apr/23/
sal-khan-academy-tutored-educational-website

 

 

 

 

massive online open courses – moocs

http://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/aug/19/
moocs-man-leading-uk-foray-simon-nelson-futurelearn

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2013/apr/29/
massive-open-online-courses

 

 

 

 

online courses / free online college classes

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/30/
education/colleges-adapt-online-courses-to-ease-burden.html

 

 

 

 

free, world-class education for anyone

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2013/apr/23/
sal-khan-academy-tutored-educational-website

 

 

 

 

 there's a revolution coming in education

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2013/apr/23/
sal-khan-academy-tutored-educational-website

 

 

 

 

plagiarise essays

 

 

 

 

copy and paste material

from the internet into an essay

and pass it off as one's own

http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/news/
story/0,9830,1250783,00.html - broken link

 

 

 

 

Internet plagiarism in schools

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2010/jun/20/
internet-plagiarism-rising-in-schools

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2008/jan/19/
schools.1419education

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2008/jun/04/
schools.gcses

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2008/jan/18/schools.uk1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

information

 

 

 

 

 information revolution

 

The information revolution

raises profound questions

about the future of books,

reading and libraries

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/01/
opinion/e-books-libraries-and-democracy.html

 

 

 

 

topic

 

 

 

 

learn

 

 

 

 

think

 

 

 

 

books

Books will disappear. Print is where words go to die        2006

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2006/jun/05/
bookscomment.mediaguardian1

 

 

 

 

e-books

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/jan/26/
ebooks-booming-britain-abroad-anti-piracy

 

 

 

 

Wikipedia

 

 

 

 

on Wikipedia

 

 

 

 

go to Wikipedia

 

 

 

 

cut and paste

 

 

 

 

plagiarize

 

 

 

 

Google

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/may/02/
how-stop-using-google-search-services

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Is Google making us stupid?        2008

http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2008/07/
is-google-making-us-stupid/306868/

 

 

 

 

google

 

 

 

 

search

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Internet addiction        2008

 

Addiction to internet 'is an illness'

 

New evidence

shows that heavy users

suffer isolation, fatigue

and withdrawal symptoms

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2008/mar/23/
news.internet

 

 

 

 

the deleterious effect of multitasking        2013

 

 

 

 

Stuart Goldenberg

 

Google’s Aggregator Gives Way to an Heir        NYT        May 9, 2013

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/09/technology/personaltech/
three-ways-feedly-outdoes-the-vanishing-google-reader.html

 

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2013/11/07/
243762058/stanford-professor-who-sounded-alert-on-multitasking-has-died

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/05/
opinion/sunday/a-focus-on-distraction.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/07/
business/clifford-nass-researcher-on-multitasking-dies-at-55.html

 

 

 

 

 

Digital Devices

Deprive Brain of Needed Downtime        2010

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/08/25/
technology/25brain.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

virtual reality    V.R.        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/05/20/
529146185/in-googles-vision-of-the-future-computing-is-immersive

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/17/
technology/virtual-reality-companies-look-to-science-fiction-for-their-next-play.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/14/
realestate/virtual-reality-to-sell-homes.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2016/02/04/
465530255/a-virtual-view-of-a-slaughterhouse

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/21/
opinion/sundance-new-frontiers-virtual-reality.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2016/01/29/
464885833/we-sampled-the-gastronomic-frontier-of-virtual-reality

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/21/
opinion/sundance-new-frontiers-virtual-reality.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2016/01/09/
462410885/is-oculus-rifts-600-price-too-high-for-virtual-reality-to-succeed

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/12/30/
461432244/is-2016-the-year-virtual-reality-finally-goes-mainstream

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/12/17/
459839163/grandfather-of-vr-the-virtual-can-show-the-beauty-of-the-real

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/10/22/
450573400/affordable-virtual-reality-opens-new-worlds-for-people-with-disabilities

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/29/
technology/google-virtual-reality-system-aims-to-enliven-education.html

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3dLq5eZesCE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

artificial intelligence    AI

https://deepmind.com/ 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/shortcuts/2014/jan/28/
demis-hassabis-15-facts-deepmind-technologies-founder-google

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/oct/20/
artificial-intelligence-impact-lives

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

robot

http://www.npr.org/tags/128216998/robots

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/163718918/robotics

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/11/17/
564850067/back-flipping-robot-a-giant-leap-for-robot-kind

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/08/20/
433000643/how-close-are-we-really-to-a-robot-run-society

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/nov/05/
robot-revolution-rise-machines-could-displace-third-of-uk-jobs

http://www.theguardian.com/business/2015/aug/17/
technology-created-more-jobs-than-destroyed-140-years-data-census

http://www.npr.org/sections/money/2015/05/21/
408234543/will-your-job-be-done-by-a-machine

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/05/18/
407648886/attention-white-collar-workers-the-robots-are-coming-for-your-jobs

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/oct/19/
robots-revolutionising-our-world

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/22/
opinion/sunday/steven-rattner-fear-not-the-coming-of-the-robots.html

http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/2014/03/17/
290888529/with-googles-robot-buying-binge-a-hat-tip-to-the-future

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/second-machine-age-will-require-more-human-creativity/

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/science/jan-june14/tech2_01-02.html

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/science/jan-june14/tech1_01-02.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/oct/20/artificial-intelligence-impact-lives

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/sep/15/robot-almost-human-icub

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/03/18/the-world-s-coolest-robots.html

 

 

 

 

Google’s massive humanoid robot

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/jan/21/
googles-massive-humanoid-robot-can-now-walk-and-move-without-wires

 

 

 

 

robotics

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/oct/19/
robots-revolutionising-our-world

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/science/jan-june14/
tech2_01-02.html

 

 

 

 

robotic technology

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/
second-machine-age-will-require-more-human-creativity/

 

 

 

 

machine

http://www.npr.org/sections/money/2015/05/21/
408234543/will-your-job-be-done-by-a-machine

 

 

 

 

flying cars

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/sep/10/
are-flying-cars-ready-for-takeoff

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

autonomous vehicles        A.V.

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/10/
675254096/the-revolution-will-be-driverless-autonomous-cars-usher-in-big-changes

 

 

 

 

driverless car

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/10/
675254096/the-revolution-will-be-driverless-autonomous-cars-usher-in-big-changes

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/08/20/
433000643/how-close-are-we-really-to-a-robot-run-society

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

President Obama Speaks on Civil Rights        White House        April 10, 2014

 

 

 

 

President Obama Speaks on Civil Rights        White House    10 April 2014

 

President Obama delivers the keynote address

at the LBJ Presidential Library Civil Rights Summit.

April 10, 2014.

 

YouTube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=plOzoSJA1Ik

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/us/
25parks.html

 

 

 

 

 

USA > civil rights activist

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/19/
544769294/dick-gregory-comedian-and-civil-rights-activist-dies-at-84

 

 

 

 

USA > civil rights crusader

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/19/
544769294/dick-gregory-comedian-and-civil-rights-activist-dies-at-84

 

 

 

 

USA > quest for racial equality

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/world/americas/
25iht-obit.html

 

 

 

 

USA > pioneer

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/15/us/
edward-thomas-policing-pioneer-who-wore-a-burden-stoically-dies-at-95.html

 

 

 

 

pioneer

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/03/05/
518644481/thomas-starzl-trailblazer-in-organ-transplantation-dies-at-90

 

 

 

 

equal rights

 

 

 

 

USA > Civil rights > Slogan > "We shall overcome"

 

 

 

 

segregation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

South Africa > apartheid

 

 

 

 

South Africa > African National Congress    ANC

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mukJ7OO1Yhc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

human rights

 

 

 

 

slavery

 

 

 

 

emancipation

 

 

 

 

abolition

 

 

 

 

abolish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Les suffragettes        Ni paillassons, ni prostituées

Documentaire        Réalisation: Michèle Dominici        2011        53 min

 

Dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle,

au Royaume-Uni,

des femmes commencent à s’organiser

pour militer en faveur du droit de vote.

 

En 1905, dans l'Angleterre Edwardienne,

les femmes n'en ont toujours pas le droit.

 

Les injustices qu'elles subissent

ne sont pas entendues

et leurs revendications sont nombreuses.

 

Il faudra attendre 1928 pour que celles

que l’on surnomme les suffragettes

obtiennent gain de cause.

 

En dix ans,

grâce à leur farouche détermination,

elles vont faire passer le Royaume-Uni

du vote censitaire au suffrage universel,

en redéfinissant totalement

la notion de citoyenneté.

 

Les femmes,

traditionnellement

considérées comme inférieures,

et écartées des affaires politiques,

peuvent désormais s’exprimer

au même titre que les hommes.

 

 

Combat pour l'égalité

 

Ce film retrace l’histoire de cette révolution

en se penchant sur le parcours de cinq femmes

qui ont consacré leur vie à ce combat

pour l’égalité et la justice.

 

Certaines ont prôné la désobéissance civile

ou le lobbying auprès des parlementaires.

 

D’autres ont opté

pour la provocation et l’action violente,

même si cela devait les conduire

en prison ou à la mort.

 

Quel que soit le choix des armes,

c’est grâce à leur acharnement,

à leur sens politique aigu

et à des stratégies d’une grande modernité

qu’elles ont finalement remporté cette bataille

contre le gouvernement.

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/044436-000/les-suffragettes

 

 

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/044436-000/les-suffragettes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution:

Women's Right to Vote        1920

 

"The right of citizens of the United States to vote

shall not be denied or abridged

by the United States or by any state on account of sex."

 

The amendment guarantees

all American women the right to vote.

 

Achieving this milestone

required a lengthy and difficult struggle;

victory took decades of agitation and protest.

 

Beginning in the mid-19th century,

several generations of woman suffrage supporter

lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied,

and practiced civil disobedience to achieve

what many Americans considered a radical change

of the Constitution.

 

Few early supporters lived

to see final victory in 1920.

 

http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=old&doc=63

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/featured_documents/amendment_19/

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/woman-suffrage/

http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/woman-suffrage/script-intro.html

http://topics.law.cornell.edu/constitution/amendmentxix

http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/today/jun04.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom > late 19th century / early 20th century > Suffragettes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > The Representation of the People Act

gives voting rights to women over 30        1918

 

For the same voting rights as men,

women had to wait another ten years.

 

The Equal Franchise Act 1928,

which gave women the vote

on same terms as men,

received Royal Assent on 2 July 1928.

http://www.parliament.uk/business/publications/parliamentary-archives/
archives-highlights/archives-the-suffragettes/archives-the-first-women-in-parliament-1919-1945/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in the past

people used to BV

 

 

now

people are used topreposition N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in the near future

 

 

 

 

in the future

 

 

 

 

in the coming years / decades

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Brave New World

by Aldous Huxley - review

 

Brave New World is a classic

- it is a dystopian novel

similar in theme to George Orwell's

Nineteen Eighty-Four.

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2012/mar/29/
review-brave-new-world-huxley 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

people

 

 

 

 

human being

 

 

 

 

individual

 

 

 

 

mankind

 

 

 

 

humankind

 

 

 

 

humanity

 

 

 

 

resident

 

 

 

 

inhabitant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Science

 

science > timeline

 

scientists

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

USA > 20th century > 1940s-1970s > Civil rights era

 

UK > late 19th century / early 20th century > Suffragettes

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia >

Baccalauréat > Anglais > Vocabulaire > 4 notions

 

idea of progress

 

myths and heroes

 

places and forms of power

 

spaces and exchanges

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

terrorism > USA > NSA, security, eavesdropping, surveillance

 

 

surveillance > biometrics

 

 

economy > jobs > robots

 

 

science

 

 

technology

 

 

space, astronomy

 

 

Units of Measurement

 

 

body, medicine, genetics, health, mental health,

diseases, disability, health insurance

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Podcasts

 

The Guardian > Tech Weekly        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/series/techweekly 
 

 

NPR > Science podcasts        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/science/

 

 

NPR > All Tech Considered        USA

http://www.npr.org/blogs/alltechconsidered/

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Learning

 

For French students only

Bac anglais > Toutes séries

 

 

Spoken English > How to give a presentation

 

 

 

 

 

Bulletin officiel spécial n°9 du 30 septembre 2010

 

Programme d'enseignement de langues vivantes

du cycle terminal pour les séries générales et technologiques:

Gestes fondateurs et mondes en mouvement

 

Cette entrée est structurée

autour de quatre notions :

 

- mythes et héros

- espaces et échanges

- lieux et formes du pouvoir

- l'idée de progrès

http://www.education.gouv.fr/cid53320/mene1019796a.html