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learning English > French Baccalauréat > Anglais > Vocabulaire > 4 notions

 

Myths and heroes / Mythes et héros

 

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hero, heroes

https://www.npr.org/2018/05/13/
610396047/heroic-but-he-s-no-hero-revisiting-football-great-jim-brown

https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/02/16/
586544153/black-panther-science-heroes-and-how-comics-changed-the-world

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/12/
opinion/sunday/trump-shithole-countries-emmanuel-mensah.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/04/
555301222/new-muhammad-ali-biography-reveals-a-flawed-rebel-who-loved-attention

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/09/11/
550094607/sept-11-first-responder-fights-on-behalf-of-others-who-rushed-to-help

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/09/us/
astronaut-john-glenn-death-nyc-parades-broadway.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/08/us/
john-glenn-dies.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/11/26/
457246585/reconsidering-the-pilgrims-piety-
and-americas-founding-principles

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/17/world/middleeast/
kenneth-d-taylor-guardian-envoy-in-iran-dies-at-81.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/10/02/
445271614/army-veteran-praised-as-a-hero-in-oregon-college-shooting

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=Qm1FLx3hB7c - NYT, 17 September 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/30/
opinion/the-trick-to-acting-heroically.html

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/mar/13/
beware-the-superman-syndrome-politicians

 

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/aug/22/
kate-bush-jeanette-winterson-my-hero

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/01/22/
264894185/8-year-old-dies-trying-to-save-relatives-in-burning-trailer

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/
nelson-mandela-in-britain

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/05/world/africa/
memories-of-mandela-a-hero-everywhere-and-nowhere.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/01/us/
firefighters-killed-in-yarnell-arizona-wildfire.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/28/
nelson-mandela-village-funeral

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/27/
nelson-mandela-hero-obama-africa-speech

 

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2006/dec/10/
history

 

 

 

 

The Guardian > Series > My hero

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2014/aug/22/
kate-bush-jeanette-winterson-my-hero

 

 

 

 

heroes of the anti-apartheid struggle

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/13/world/africa/
recalling-the-other-heroes-of-the-anti-apartheid-struggle.html

 

 

 

 

national hero

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/11/
nelson-mandela-anc-jacob-zuma-boo

 

 

 

 

hero status

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/dec/05/
steve-wozniak-apple-starting-in-a-garage-is-a-myth

 

http://dailytrojan.com/2011/10/12/
steve-jobs-the-modern-american-hero/

 

 

 

 

true hero

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/08/25/us/
neil-armstrong-obit

 

 

 

 

tragic hero

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/us/
textbooks-reassess-kennedy-putting-camelot-under-siege.html

 

 

 

 

war hero

http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2015/11/11/
455368998/remembering-sgt-york-a-war-hero-who-built-a-school

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/23/us/
john-j-mcginty-iii-war-hero-dies-at-73.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/27/
sports/baseball/lou-brissie-war-hero-and-baseball-pitcher-dies-at-89.html

 

 

 

 

be hailed as a hero

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/17/world/middleeast/
kenneth-d-taylor-guardian-envoy-in-iran-dies-at-81.html

 

 

 

 

rebel

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/04/
555301222/new-muhammad-ali-biography-reveals-a-flawed-rebel-who-loved-attention

 

 

 

 

flawed rebel

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/04/
555301222/new-muhammad-ali-biography-reveals-a-flawed-rebel-who-loved-attention

 

 

 

 

crusader

http://www.npr.org/2016/07/24/
487225973/at-75-wonder-woman-lassos-in-a-new-generation-with-an-ageless-fight

 

 

 

 

firefighter

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/06/22/nyregion/
rookie-new-york-firefighter-faces-first-test.html

 

 

 

 

World War I literary heroes

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/05/27/
last-letters-from-world-war-i-literary-heroes-photos.html

 

 

 

 

accidental hero

 

 

 

 

reluctant hero

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/02/world/europe/
nicholas-winton-is-dead-at-106-saved-children-from-the-holocaust.html

http://www.amazon.com/
Reluctant-Hero-Survivor-Unthinkable-Struggled/dp/1616082852

 

 

 

 

unlikely hero

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/may/08/
charles-ramsey-interview-cleveland-race-issues

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

overlooked heroes

https://www.npr.org/2018/05/26/
613668913/he-had-a-very-sad-heart-this-memorial-day-remembering-the-overlooked-heroes

 

 

 

 

forgotten heroes

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2006/dec/10/
history

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

modern hero

http://dailytrojan.com/2011/10/12/
steve-jobs-the-modern-american-hero/

 

 

 

 

rock hero

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2014/jun/29/
robert-plant-at-glastonbury-2014-review

 

 

 

 

cult music heroes

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2014/jul/03/
cult-music-heroes-artists-unsung-idols

 

 

 

 

Robin Denselow on Pete Seeger:

'He was the great American radical hero'        28 January 2014

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2014/jan/28/
robin-denselow-pete-seeger-obituary

 

 

 

 

heroism

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2018/aug/19/
aretha-franklin-life-of-heartbreak-heroism-hope

https://www.npr.org/2018/05/13/
610396047/heroic-but-he-s-no-hero-revisiting-football-great-jim-brown

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/12/
opinion/sunday/trump-shithole-countries-emmanuel-mensah.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/13/
movies/unlike-his-peers-a-studio-chief-saved-jews-from-the-nazis.html

 

 

 

 

heroism

 

U.S. army > Soldier’s Medal > highest award for heroism outside of combat

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/12/
opinion/sunday/trump-shithole-countries-emmanuel-mensah.html

 

 

 

 

quiet heroism

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/27/
lens/the-quiet-heroism-of-arthur-ashe.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

movies > heroes > Mad Max

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/08/
465989808/mad-max-director-george-miller-the-audience-tells-you-what-your-film-is

 

 

 

 

movies > superhero / superheroes

https://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2016/11/16/
502161587/superheroes-and-the-f-word-grappling-with-the-ugly-truth-under-the-capes

https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/02/16/
586544153/black-panther-science-heroes-and-how-comics-changed-the-world

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/feb/06/
black-panther-review-marvel-wakanda-chadwick-boseman

 

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2016/apr/20/
captain-america-civil-war-review-an-aspartame-rush

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/12/style/
superheroes-just-for-each-other.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/film/filmblog/2013/nov/04/
top-10-superhero-movies

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/10/23/
portraits-of-the-occupy-wall-street-protesters-photos.html

 

 

 

 

Documentaire > Super-héros : l'éternel combat (1/3)

Vérité, justice et modèle américain

(Réalisation: Michael Kantor - 53mn)



En juin 1938,

Superman fait sa première apparition

dans la revue Action comics.

 

D'abord cantonné

aux pages des journaux généralistes,

le héros imaginé par les dessinateurs

Jerry Siegel et Joe Shuster

connaît d'emblée un immense succès

et définit les codes

d'un nouveau genre de la bande dessinée :

les comics, qui s'imposent bientôt

comme le mètre étalon

de l'industrie de la BD aux États-Unis.

 

Une aubaine,

dans l'Amérique de la Grande Dépression,

pour une nouvelle génération de dessinateurs,

fils d'immigrés juifs

des ghettos de New York pour la plupart,

qui imaginent ces nouveaux personnages

dotés de superpouvoirs.

 

En 1939,

Bob Kane crée Batman

avant que Joe Simon et Jack Kirby

ne donnent vie au très patriotique

Captain America en 1941,

au moment où les États-Unis

entrent en guerre avec le Japon.

 

Les super-héros deviennent alors

un instrument de propagande

au service de l'effort de guerre:

Captain America étend Hitler

d'un direct du droit en couverture

et Wonderwoman exalte

le rôle des femmes américaines

à l'arrière du front.

 

À la sortie du second conflit mondial,

l'Amérique et ses super-héros

sont au zénith de leur puissance.

 

Mais en dépit de cette aura,

justiciers et vengeurs masqués s'attirent bientôt

les foudres des parlementaires mccarthystes

et des puritains les plus fervents.

 

Leurs aventures jugées trop violentes

font l'objet d'une censure

de la Comics code authority,

à laquelle l'industrie se pliera

jusque dans les années 1980,

et qui conduira parfois même à des autodafés

de plusieurs centaines d'exemplaires.

 

Mais l'escalade de la Guerre froide

et la peur de la menace nucléaire

vont permettre aux super-héros de réaffirmer

leur rôle de défenseurs du modèle américain

et à l'industrie des comics de connaître

un nouvel âge d'or à partir des années 1960.

 

 

Hérauts de l'oncle Sam

 

Au moyen d'interviews d'historiens de la bande dessinée

et de témoignages des plus célèbres dessinateurs de comics,

Michael Kantor retrace les évolutions d'une industrie

dont les héros accompagnent depuis leur création

les soubresauts de l'histoire des États-Unis.

 

Autant de personnages devenus

des mythes de la culture populaire outre Atlantique,

et dont le documentariste se sert ici

comme de miroirs pour mettre en lumière

les mutations de la société américaine

depuis les années 1930.

 

Un film éclairant sur le rôle joué

par ces hérauts de l'American way of life

et de la superpuissance de l'Oncle Sam, qui ont fait des comics

une industrie multimilliardaire diffusée dans le monde entier.

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/048390-001/super-heros-l-eternel-combat-1-3

 

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/048390-001/
super-heros-l-eternel-combat-1-3

 

 

 

 

superhero

http://www.npr.org/2017/03/10/
519447787/a-grandson-and-daughter-recall-the-legacy-of-an-actual-superhero

 

 

 

 

superhuman

http://www.theguardian.com/science/head-quarters/2013/dec/06/
was-nelson-mandela-the-pinnacle-of-human-psychology

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marvel Studios' Black Panther - Official Trailer        Marvel Entertainment        2917

 

 

 

 

Marvel Studios' Black Panther - Official Trailer        Marvel Entertainment        16 October 2017

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xjDjIWPwcPU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marvel > Black Panther

https://www.theguardian.com/film/black-panther

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xjDjIWPwcPU - 16 October 2017

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/24/
opinion/afrofuturism-behind-black-panther.html

https://www.nytimes.com/video/arts/
100000005735913/black-panther-costumes-
merge-african-history-with-afrofuturism.html -  Feb. 23, 2018 

https://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2018/02/21/
587334273/black-panther-the-album-is-kendrick-lamar-s-parallel-pan-african-universe

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/18/
586888497/black-panther-and-the-very-important-black-film

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/18/
movies/black-panther-box-office-records.html

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/02/18/
586935542/black-panther-breaks-records-and-barriers-in-debut-weekend

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/17/
586172340/danai-gurira-on-her-black-panther-role-she-protects-what-we-would-have-been

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/
opinion/sunday/black-panther-nerds-cool.html

https://www.npr.org/2018/02/16/
586513016/black-panther-costume-designer-draws-on-the-sacred-geometry-of-africa

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/02/16/
585415685/can-marvels-new-superhero-bear-the-weight-of-representation

https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/02/16/
586544153/black-panther-science-heroes-and-how-comics-changed-the-world

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/15/
style/black-panther-movie-cosplay.html

https://www.nytimes.com/video/movies/
100000005738871/anatomy-of-a-scene-black-panther.html - Feb. 15, 2018

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/15/
business/media/black-panther-hollywood-diversity.html

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/feb/15/
black-panther-chadwick-boseman-interview-everybodys-minds-are-opening-up

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/feb/14/
black-panther-superhero-film-discuss-with-spoilers-ryan-coogler

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/12/
movies/black-panther-marvel-chadwick-boseman-ryan-coogler-lupita-nyongo.html

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/12/
magazine/why-black-panther-is-a-defining-moment-for-black-america.html

https://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2018/02/12/
585006605/black-panther-tells-a-thrilling-superhero-story-that-hasn-t-been-told

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/02/10/
583497786/black-panthers-mythical-home-may-not-be-so-mythical-after-all

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/09/
movies/black-panther-african-american-fans.html

https://www.npr.org/sections/therecord/2018/02/06/
582841574/heres-how-black-panther-the-album-came-together

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/06/
movies/black-panther-review-movie.html

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2018/feb/06/
black-panther-review-marvel-wakanda-chadwick-boseman

https://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2018/01/31/
582185850/kendrick-lamar-releases-black-panther-tracklist-and-it-doesn-t-disappoint

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/05/07/
477089249/2016-age-of-the-on-screen-black-superhero

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/05/07/
474213573/the-black-panther-may-have-his-roots-in-a-15th-century-african-kingdom

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/04/06/
473224606/a-reluctant-king-ta-nehisi-coates-takes-on-marvels-black-panther

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/03/
movies/ta-nehisi-coates-helps-a-new-panther-leave-its-print.html

 

 

 

 

black superhero

https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/02/16/
586544153/black-panther-science-heroes-and-how-comics-changed-the-world

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

comics / action movies > U.S. superheroes / comic book superheroes

Wonder Woman,

Superman,

Iron Man,

Captain America

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/06/01/
531106299/remember-that-time-when-wonder-woman-was-a-u-n-ambassador

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/06/01/
531108962/austin-mayor-responds-to-man-angry-about-wonder-woman-screening

http://www.npr.org/2017/06/01/
530750554/a-worthy-big-screen-treatment-of-a-long-neglected-wonder-woman

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/10/20/
498569053/is-wonder-woman-suited-to-be-a-u-n-ambassador

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/20/
fashion/wonder-woman-75-un-honorary-ambassador-fashion.html

http://www.npr.org/2016/07/24/
487225973/at-75-wonder-woman-lassos-in-a-new-generation-with-an-ageless-fight

http://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2016/06/15/
482017038/dc-comics-rebirth-when-the-super-villain-is-your-own-history

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/may/27/
comic-book-superheroes-the-gods-of-modern-mythology

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Superman - first comic 1938        UK / USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2016/11/16/
502161587/superheroes-and-the-f-word-grappling-with-the-ugly-truth-under-the-capes

 

https://www.npr.org/2013/06/13/
189284063/steel-trap-snyders-superman-between-worlds

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2011/apr/29/
superman-threatens-renounce-us-citizenship

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2011/12/01/
142935250/truth-jawlines-and-the-american-way-the-changing-face-of-superman

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Captain America

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/may/27/
comic-book-superheroes-the-gods-of-modern-mythology

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/booksblog/2016/may/26/
new-captain-america-comic-nick-spencer-jesus-saiz-hydra-sleeper-agent

 

 

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2014/mar/20/
captain-america-the-winter-soldier-first-look-review

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Detail from the cover of Captain American #1 from March 1941.

 

Photograph: Courtesy of Marvel

 

Captain America has gone from punching Hitler to fascist sympathies – is it time to panic?

G        Thursday 26 May 2016    14.49 BST        Last modified on Thursday 26 May 2016    15.49 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/books/booksblog/2016/may/26/
new-captain-america-comic-nick-spencer-jesus-saiz-hydra-sleeper-agent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marvel's Captain America: The Winter Soldier - Trailer 2 (OFFICIAL)        2 February 2014

 

 

 

 

Marvel's Captain America: The Winter Soldier - Trailer 2 (OFFICIAL)        2 February 2014


The First Avenger returns for an all-new cinematic adventure April 4

in Marvel's "Captain America: The Winter Soldier"!

 

YouTube > Marvel Entertainment

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SlILk2WMTI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Iron Man 3        Official Trailer UK Marvel

 

 

 

Iron Man 3 -- Official Trailer UK Marvel | HD

 

YouTube > MarvelUK        Mar 5, 2013

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ke1Y3P9D0Bc

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/film/filmblog/2013/apr/29/
iron-man-versus-man-of-steel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

unsung heroes

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jul/22/
men-rivonia-trial-nelson-mandela-1964

 

https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2016/dec/25/
queens-christmas-address-pays-tribute-to-nations-unsung-heroes

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/16/
magazine/president-obamas-letter-to-the-editor.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/20/
opinion/keller-an-unsung-hero-of-civil-rights.html 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/03/
opinion/sunday/03sun3.html

 

http://cityroom.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/03/16/
an-unsung-hero-of-the-subway/

 

 

 

 

forgotten hero / history’s unacknowledged heroes

http://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/may/02/
miranda-carter-we-should-thank-a-devon-shoemaker-
for-the-freedom-of-the-press

 

 

 

 

legal heroes

http://www.guardian.co.uk/law/series/legal-heroes

 

 

 

 

hurricane heroes

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/10/30/
hurricane-sandy-heroes-from-coast-guard-rescuers-
to-red-cross-volunteers-photos.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malala Yousafzai UN Speech: Girl Shot in Attack by Taliban Gives Address        NYT        12 July 2013

 

 

 

 

Malala Yousafzai UN Speech: Girl Shot in Attack by Taliban Gives Address | The New York Times        12 July 2013

 

Malala Yousafzai,

the Pakistani student

who was shot in the head by the Taliban

after speaking out for education rights for girls,

spoke to the U.N. Youth Assembly

on her 16th birthday on Friday.

 

Read the story here: http://nyti.ms/12spbOa

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5SClmL43dTo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Malala Yousafzai Story: The Pakistani Girl Shot in Taliban Attack        10 October 2012

 

 

 

 

Malala Yousafzai Story: The Pakistani Girl Shot in Taliban Attack        10 October 2012

 

Class Dismissed: A 2009 documentary by Adam B. Ellick

profiled Malala Yousafzai, a Pakistani girl

whose school was shut down by the Taliban.

 

Ms. Yousafzai was shot by a gunman on Oct. 9, 2012.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9F5yeW6XFZk&list=PL4CGYNsoW2iALo8eBlFQ6GJ2NjRPLrdXT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

heroine

http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/womens-blog/2013/oct/21/
malala-yousafzai-heroine-pakistani-schoolgirl

http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2013/sep/21/
kate-adie-fighting-home-front

 

 

 

 

global heroine > Malala        2012-2013

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/12/world/asia/
pakistanis-cant-decide-is-malala-yousafzai-a-heroine-or-western-stooge.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

superheroine

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/09/09/
645703206/female-breakout-captain-marvel-screenwriter-is-disrupting-the-superheroine-trope

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

controversial figure > UK > Margaret Thatcher    1925-2013

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/margaret_thatcher

http://www.anglonautes.com/
hist_uk_20_thatcher_margaret/hist_uk_20_thatcher_margaret.htm

 

https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2013/apr/08/
margaret-thatcher-death-party-brixton-glasgow

 

 

 

 

the Iron lady

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hZrAKdlX0SA

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/04/08/
how-margaret-thatcher-transformed-british-politics.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/04/08/
morrissey-thatcher-was-a-terror-without-an-atom-of-humanity.html

 

 

 

 

Maggie

 

 

 

 

Coco the scab

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=isM1aKgV0zM

 

 

 

 

the milk snatcher

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/7932963/
How-Margaret-Thatcher-became-known-as-Milk-Snatcher.html

 

 

 

 

the Beast

 

 

 

 

That Bloody Woman    TBW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

suffragettes

United Kingdom > late 19th century / early 20th century > Suffragettes

http://www.theguardian.com/books/mary-wollstonecraft

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

stars who fight AIDS

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2010/11/30/
stars-who-fight-aids.html

 

 

 

 

emblem

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2013/may/26/
emily-davison-suffragette-death-derby-1913

 

 

 

 

giant

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/
nelson-mandela-death-giant-among-men

 

 

 

 

colossus

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/
nelson-mandela-blessed-share-lifetime-justice-malala

 

 

 

 

Titan

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/04/
sports/muhammad-ali-dies.html

 

 

 

 

pioneer

 

 

 

 

civil rights pioneer

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/23/us/
rev-t-j-jemison-civil-rights-pioneer-dies-at-95.html

 

 

 

 

civil rights champion

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/10/13/us/
jack-greenberg-dead.html

 

 

 

 

Female Pioneers in Science

Exhibition > ‘Extraordinary Women in Science and Medicine’

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/12/
science/extraordinary-women-in-science-and-medicine-exhibit-
offers-up-little-known-details.html

 

 

 

 

trailblazer

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/19/
nyregion/trailblazers-in-politics-and-civil-rights.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/20/
obituaries/mamie-johnson-trailblazer-in-the-negro-leagues-dies-at-82.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/01/01/
507575865/7-women-trailblazers-who-took-a-stand-in-2016

 

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2016/sep/30/
lil-wayne-demise-hip-hop-trailblazer-memoir-gone-til-november

 

 

 

 

humanitarian

 

 

 

 

good deeds

 

 

 

 

9 celebrity AIDS activists        2012

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/12/01/
celebrity-aids-fundraisers-from-liz-taylor-to-bill-gates.html

 

 

 

 

symbol

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/06/06/
480944603/a-defiant-muhammad-ali-was-cherished-by-black-men

 

 

 

 

symbolize

https://www.theguardian.com/sport/commentisfree/2016/jun/05/
muhammad-ali-gary-younge-tribute

 

 

 

 

epitomise

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/dec/06/
nelson-mandela-black-britain

 

 

 

 

embody

http://www.npr.org/2012/08/27/
160095721/remembering-astronaut-neil-armstrong

 

 

 

 

the embodiment of a myth

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2013/nov/22/
vivien-leigh-life-on-screen

 

 

 

 

mythical figure

 

 

 

 

father figure

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/14/
nelson-mandela-south-africans-madiba-means-to-them

 

 

 

 

outsized figure

http://www.npr.org/2016/06/04/
480744764/longtime-friend-of-muhammad-ali-reacts-to-death-of-the-greatest

 

 

 

 

the greatest

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2016/06/04/
sports/a-look-back-at-the-greatest/s/20130430muhammadali-slide-ZBJ4.html

 

 

 

 

role model

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/09/nyregion/
robert-j-mangum-a-pioneer-for-black-causes-dies-at-93.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/womens-blog/2013/oct/21/
malala-yousafzai-heroine-pakistani-schoolgirl

 

http://www.npr.org/2010/12/01/
131727013/Wisdom-From-A-Trailblazer-Ruby-Bridges-Talks-Racism-In-Education

 

https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2010/oct/31/
role-models-for-young-women

 

 

 

 

example

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/05/
sports/in-muhammad-ali-an-example-of-a-truer-kind-of-bravery-in-sports.html

 

 

 

 

inspire people

https://www.theguardian.com/sport/commentisfree/2016/jun/05/
muhammad-ali-gary-younge-tribute

 

 

 

 

inspire others

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/us/
25parks.html

 

 

 

 

inspiring

http://www.pbs.org/churchill/

 

 

 

 

inspirational

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/mar/14/
tony-benn-the-history-man-editorial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Darrin Bell

GoComics    June 04, 2016

http://www.gocomics.com/darrin-bell/2016/06/04

 

Related

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/04/sports/muhammad-ali-dies.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

admire

 

 

 

 

look up topréposition N

 

 

 

 

impress

 

 

 

 

identify withpréposition N

 

 

 

 

relate to N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

idolize

 

 

 

 

iconize

 

 

 

 

icon

https://www.theguardian.com/music/2018/aug/17/
the-singers-singer-musicians-pay-tribute-to-aretha-franklin

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/06/06/
480944603/a-defiant-muhammad-ali-was-cherished-by-black-men

http://www.theguardian.com/film/gallery/2016/feb/10/
marilyn-monroe-femme-fatale-sex-symbol-model-and-muse-in-pictures

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/therecord/2014/01/28/
267488551/american-folk-singer-pete-seeger-dies-at-94

 

http://www.npr.org/2012/08/27/
160095721/remembering-astronaut-neil-armstrong

http://www.npr.org/2012/08/26/
160059467/in-just-one-small-step-armstrong-became-an-icon

 

http://www.history.com/topics/alamo

 

 

 

 

boxing icon

https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2016/jun/04/
sp-muhammad-ali-biographer-memories-cassius-clay

https://www.theguardian.com/sport/live/2016/jun/04/
muhammad-ali-dead-age-74-live-updates

 

 

 

 

gay icon

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/dec/26/
george-michael-defiant-gay-icon-sex-life-lgbt-rights

 

 

 

 

human rights icon

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/21/
helen-bamber-dies-aged-89

 

 

 

 

revolutionary icon > Fidel Castro

https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2016/nov/26/
a-revolutionary-icon-fidel-castro-dies-aged-90-video-obituary

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/nov/26/
fidel-castro-dies-cuba-revolutionary-icon

 

 

 

 

demi-God > Fidel castro

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/23/
cuba-castro-demi-god-1960

 

 

 

 

USA > Ellis Island

 

Between 1892 and 1954,

more than twelve million immigrants

passed through

the U.S. immigration portal at Ellis Island,

enshrining it as an icon of America's welcome.

 

That story is well known.

 

But Ellis was also a place

of detainment and deportation,

an often-heartbreaking counterpoint

to the joy and relief of coming to America.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldman/peopleevents/e_ellis.html

 

http://www.anglonautes.com/ill_pho_port_bw_1/
ill_pho_port_bw_1_pic_ellis_island_group.htm

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/20/
opinion/the-beneficial-impact-of-immigrants.html

 

 

 

 

global icon

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/11/
nelson-mandela-anc-jacob-zuma-boo

 

 

 

 

civil-rights icon >  James Meredith        USA

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/01/
james-meredith-ole-miss-integration_n_1929306.html

 

 

 

 

libertarian icon > James Madison        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/19/
opinion/sunday/madisons-privacy-blind-spot.html

 

 

 

 

pop icon > Michael Joseph Jackson        USA        1958-2009

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/06/26/
arts/music/26jackson.html

http://www.nytimes.com/video/2009/06/26/
arts/music/1194841194797/the-passing-of-a-pop-icon.html

 

 

 

 

rock icon

 

 

 

 

rock'n'roll icon > Keith Richards

http://www.theguardian.com/music/gallery/2013/dec/18/
keith-richards-70-the-rolling-stones-pictures

 

 

 

 

iconography

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/09/09/
obama-iconography-and-a-tale-of-two-conventions-photos.html

 

 

 

 

iconic

 

 

 

 

iconic photograph

 

 an iconic photograph of American patriotism,

depicting the heroism of service members raising the flag

over Iwo Jima during World War II

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/04/us/iwo-jima-
marines-bradley.html

 

 

 

 

Rockwell's Iconic America

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?
storyId=128360139 - July 9, 2010

 

 

 

 

the iconic Apollo 11 landing

 

On July 20, 1969,

(Neil Armstrong) set foot on the moon.

 

People around the world

watched and listened

as Neil slowly climbed down

the ladder of the lunar lander.

 

Then, he stepped

on the moon's surface

where he could look up

and see Earth far above him.

 

There he said these well-known words,

"That's one small step for a man,

one giant leap for mankind."

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwZb2mqId0A

http://www.theatlantic.com/video/index/261609/
neil-armstrongs-first-steps-on-the-moon/

http://mfile.akamai.com/20356/mov/etouchsyst2.download.akamai.com/18355/
qt.nasa-global/apollo40/Apollo_11_2_minute_montage.mov

 

 

 

 

symbol

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/05/
nelson-mandela-barack-obama-symbol-justice

 

http://www.npr.org/2010/12/01/
131727013/Wisdom-From-A-Trailblazer-Ruby-Bridges-Talks-Racism-In-Education

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/world/americas/
25iht-obit.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

torchbearer

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/
world/americas/25iht-obit.html

 

 

 

 

revered figure

 

 

 

 

saint

http://www.theguardian.com/media/greenslade/2013/dec/09/
nelsonmandela-daily-mirror

 

 

 

 

deification

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/06/
opinion/the-contradictions-of-mandela.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

idea

 

 

 

 

ideal

http://www.npr.org/blogs/therecord/2014/01/
28/267488551/american-folk-singer-pete-seeger-dies-at-94

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2007/apr/23/
nelsonmandela

 

 

 

 

idealism

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/29/nyregion/
the-man-up-the-hill-in-his-log-cabin-who-sang-
and-sailed-to-save-his-river.html

 

 

 

 

vision for the future

 

 

 

 

passion

http://www.npr.org/blogs/therecord/2014/01/28/
267488551/american-folk-singer-pete-seeger-dies-at-94

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

heroic        USA

https://www.npr.org/2018/05/13/
610396047/heroic-but-he-s-no-hero-revisiting-football-great-jim-brown

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/08/
465989808/mad-max-director-george-miller-the-audience-tells-you-what-your-film-is

 

 

 

 

outstanding        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/
nelson-mandela-death-giant-among-men

 

 

 

 

unique        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/11/
opinion/friedman-why-mandela-was-unique.html

 

 

 

 

brave

 

 

 

 

bravery        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/05/
sports/in-muhammad-ali-an-example-of-a-truer-kind-of-bravery-in-sports.html

 

 

 

 

courage        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/cp/national/unpublished-black-history/
rosa-parks-outside-courthouse-montgomery-alabama - February 19, 2016

 

 

 

 

defiant        USA

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/06/06/
480944603/a-defiant-muhammad-ali-was-cherished-by-black-men

 

 

 

 

dignity        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/video/2013/dec/07/
gillian-slovo-nelson-mandela-video

 

 

 

 

dignity        USA

http://www.npr.org/2016/06/04/
480744764/longtime-friend-of-muhammad-ali-reacts-to-death-of-the-greatest

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be seen as / be considered as N

 

 

 

 

be shown as / be depicted as / be described as N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lead

 

 

 

 

leader

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/09/nyregion/
robert-j-mangum-a-pioneer-for-black-causes-dies-at-93.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/dec/05/
nelson-mandela-a-leader-above-all-others

 

 

 

 

great leader

 

 

 

 

leadership

 

 

 

 

lead the way

 

 

 

 

pave the way topréposition N

 

 

 

 

unite

 

 

 

 

devote herself / himself topréposition N

 

 

 

 

dedicated        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/us/
25parks.html

 

 

 

 

bring about a better world

 

 

 

 

make things better

 

 

 

 

change

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/dec/05/
nelson-mandela-changed-history-south-africa-us

 

 

 

 

change the face of the nation

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/
us/25parks.html

 

 

 

 

stand up forpréposition N

 

 

 

 

stand up againstpréposition N

 

 

 

 

do

 

 

 

 

set out to + V

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/08/25/us/
neil-armstrong-obit

 

 

 

 

purpose

http://www.imdb.com/title/tt4008652/

 

 

 

 

achieve

 

 

 

 

achiever

 

 

 

 

achievement

http://www.npr.org/2012/08/26/
160059467/in-just-one-small-step-armstrong-became-an-icon

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/26/
science/space/neil-armstrong-dies-first-man-on-moon.html

 

 

 

 

monumental feat

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/08/25/us/
neil-armstrong-obit

 

 

 

 

amazing accomplishment

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/08/25/us/
neil-armstrong-obit

 

 

 

 

succeed in N

 

 

 

 

manage to -> BV

 

 

 

 

make history

http://www.npr.org/2017/02/22/
516695456/after-making-history-in-space-mae-jemison-works-to-prime-future-scientists

 

 

 

 

legacy

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/17/
629601956/obama-speaks-up-in-south-africa

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/12/
nelson-mandela-long-walk-legacy

https://witness.theguardian.com/assignment/
52a0f50fe4b0a8ed49b80847?INTCMP=mic_231826

 

http://www.npr.org/2011/10/06/
141118621/steve-jobs-greatest-legacy-may-be-impact-on-design

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Folk Activist Pete Seeger (1919-2014),

Icon Of Passion And Ideals, Dies At 94        January 28, 2014        5:00 AM

http://www.npr.org/blogs/therecord/2014/01/28/
267488551/american-folk-singer-pete-seeger-dies-at-94
 

 

 

 

 

USA > Barack Obama

44th President of the United States of America

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/09/09/
obama-iconography-and-a-tale-of-two-conventions-photos.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/law/2010/sep/08/
barack-obama-legal-hero

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/07/
president_obamas_first_167_day.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/01/
the_inauguration_of_president.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nelson Mandela Death: A Look at South Africa's First Black President        NYT        5 December 2013

 

 

 

 

Nelson Mandela Death: A Look at South Africa's First Black President - Documentary        5 December 2013

 

Nelson Mandela,

who led the emancipation of South Africa

from white minority rule and served

as his country's first black president, died at 95.

 

YouTube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=wKbpqv-4Ku0&index=18&list=PL4CGYNsoW2iALo8eBlFQ6GJ2NjRPLrdXT

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SA > Nelson Mandela    1918-2013

 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/mandela/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > Margaret Thatcher    1925-2013

 

http://www.anglonautes.com/hist_uk_20_thatcher_margaret/
hist_uk_20_thatcher_margaret.htm

http://www.anglonautes.com/hist_ni_20/hist_ni_20_troubles.htm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/margaret_thatcher

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/04/08/
how-margaret-thatcher-transformed-british-politics.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2013/04/08/
margaret-thatcher-s-best-style-through-the-years-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2013/04/08/
a-look-at-the-life-of-the-iron-lady-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/04/08/
morrissey-thatcher-was-a-terror-without-an-atom-of-humanity.html

http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/
a-heroine-and-a-hate-figure--for-better-or-worse-baroness-thatcher-
remade-our-nation-8564563.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/18/
margaret-thatcher-through-the-years-photos.html#cfc9fb0e-f69e-430e-a7b8-e2a48c7a631a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (1874-1965)

http://www.anglonautes.com/hist_uk_20_churchill_winston/hist_uk_20_churchill_winston.htm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/winston_churchill

http://www.pbs.org/churchill/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Neil Alden Armstrong    1930-2012

 

the first man to set foot on the moon

“Neil was among the greatest of American heroes.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/26/science/space/neil-armstrong-dies-first-man-on-moon.html

 

http://www.anglonautes.com/hist_us_20_moon_man/hist_us_20_moon_man.htm

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2012/08/27/
160095721/remembering-astronaut-neil-armstrong

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/26/
science/space/neil-armstrong-dies-first-man-on-moon.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/08/25/
neil-armstrong-s-space-odyssey-photos.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2012/08/25/
160043701/neil-armstrong-first-man-to-walk-on-the-moon-is-dead

http://www.npr.org/2012/08/25/
160046600/astronaut-neil-armstrong-dies

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2012/08/
neil-armstrong-first-man-on-moon-dies-at-82.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/07/
remembering_apollo_11.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Neil Armstrong > Apollo 11

 

About six and a half hours later

at 10:56 p.m. ET on July 20, 1969,

Armstrong, at age 38,

became the first person

to set foot on the moon.

 

He uttered the now-famous phrase:

"That's one small step for (a) man,

one giant leap for mankind."

 

 

 

Neil Armstrong - First Moon Landing 1969

YouTube > NDTV        25 August 2012

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwZb2mqId0A

 

 

 

 

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/08/25/us/
neil-armstrong-obit

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/07/
remembering_apollo_11.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Neil Armstrong > a quiet, private man

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/26/
science/space/neil-armstrong-dies-first-man-on-moon.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apple co-founder > Steven Paul Jobs        1955-2011

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/steve-jobs 

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/stevejobs

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/global/2018/sep/01/
daughter-steve-jobs-denied-lisa-brennan-jobs

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/31/
643582392/being-steve-jobs-daughter-in-small-fry

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/10/10/
447473611/in-steve-jobs-a-life-told-in-3-acts-and-countless-complexities

http://www.npr.org/2015/10/09/
447157569/steve-jobs-as-ambitious-as-its-title-character

http://www.theguardian.com/film/2015/mar/15/
steve-jobs-man-in-the-machine-first-look-review-apple-founders-sour-side

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/dec/05/
steve-wozniak-apple-starting-in-a-garage-is-a-myth

 

http://www.npr.org/2011/10/07/
141154870/after-jobs-who-will-be-next-american-visionary

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/interactive/2011/oct/06/
steve-jobs-life-career-interactive

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2011/oct/06/
steve-jobs-timeline-apple

 

 

 

 

cartoons > Cagle > Steve Jobs RIP        October 2011

http://blog.cagle.com/tag/steve-jobs-RIP/

 

 

 

 

cartoons > Cagle > Jobs quits        September 2011

http://www.cagle.com/news/SteveJobsRetires/main.asp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Rosa Parks (1913-2005)

"the mother of the civil rights movement"

http://www.anglonautes.com/
hist_us_20_civil_rights_rosa_parks/hist_us_20_civil_rights_rosa_parks.htm

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/31/
rosa-parks-100-american-rebel-justice

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/us/
25parks.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/world/americas/
25iht-obit.html

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/eyesontheprize/profiles/27_parks.html

 

 

 

 

Rosa Parks > a reluctant symbol and torchbearer

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/world/americas/
25iht-obit.html

 

 

 

 

Rosa Parks > shy and soft-spoken

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/us/
25parks.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Martin Luther King / MLK        1929-1968

 

 

 

Martin Luther King and Malcolm X Debate

 

YouTube > Raymond Fisher

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h4PqLKWuwyU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/mlk/

http://www.anglonautes.com/hist_us_20_civil_rights_mlk/hist_us_20_civil_rights_mlk.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Malcolm X        1925-1965

http://www.anglonautes.com/
hist_us_20_civil_rights_malcolm_x/hist_us_20_civil_rights_malcolm_x.htm

 

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/19/
malcolm-x-as-visual-strategist/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/malcolmx/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/malcolmx/peopleevents/p_malcolmx.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > John F. Kennedy / JFK    1917-1963

http://www.anglonautes.com/history/
hist_us_20_kennedys_jfk/hist_us_21_20_kennedys_jfk.htm

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/22/
kennedy-assassination-50-years-jfk

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/21/
jfk-jackie-kennedy-camelot-myth

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/extra/2013/11/
the-legacy-of-president-john-f-kennedy-50-years-later/

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/15/
jfk-death-conspiracy-theories-50-years

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/biography/presidents-kennedy/

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/freedomriders/people/john-f-kennedy

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/jfk/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/26/
science/space/neil-armstrong-dies-first-man-on-moon.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/02/09/
mimi-alford-and-other-jfk-mistresses-photos.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/feb/10/
affair-jfk-kennedy-alford-review

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/02/09/
mimi-alford-and-other-jfk-mistresses-photos.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/15/
anniversary-of-jfk-s-inauguration.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/11/
the_presidency_of_jfk_50_years.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Abraham Lincoln        1809-1865


 

 

Lincoln (2012) Official Full Trailer [HD]:

Steven Spielberg, Daniel Day Lewis & Joseph Gordon-Levitt

 

The official full trailer for Steven Spielberg's "Lincoln"

starring Daniel Day Lewis as Abraham Lincoln

and Joseph Gordon-Levitt as Robert Todd Lincoln.

 

As the Civil War nears its end,

President Abraham Lincoln clashes with members of his cabinet

over the issue of abolishing slavery.

 

YouTube > Sep 13, 2012

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VWpMt2-Z-fc

 

 

http://www.anglonautes.com/hist_us_19_lincoln_abraham/hist_us_19_lincoln_abraham.htm

 

 

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/biography/presidents-lincoln/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

myth

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/dec/05/
steve-wozniak-apple-starting-in-a-garage-is-a-myth

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/
graca-machel-nelson-mandela-wife

 

 

 

 

forever enshrined in myth

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/jfk/

 

 

 

 

Malcolm X (1925-1965): the man behind the myth

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/apr/07/
malcolm-x-man-behind-myth

 

 

 

 

mythic event

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/us/
25parks.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mythology

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/nov/21/
jfk-jackie-kennedy-camelot-myth

 

 

 

 

myth-making

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2013/apr/17/
thatcher-funeral-cathedral-churchill

 

 

 

 

American dream

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/26/
opinion/sunday/nicholas-kristof-the-american-dream-is-leaving-america.html

 

 

 

 

Cuban-Americans And The Elusive 'American Dream'        22 January 2014

http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/01/22/
264689163/poll-findings-on-cuban-americans-and-the-elusive-american-dream

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Documentaire > Ellis Island, une histoire du rêve américain

(105 min, réalisé par Réalisation: Michaël Prazan)

 

En 1892,

Ellis Island, dans la baie de New York,

devient la principale porte d’entrée aux États-Unis

pour les immigrants qui arrivent

de plus en plus nombreux d’Europe.

 

Inauguré en 1900,

après un incendie qui a ravagé les anciens bâtiments,

l’immense centre aujourd’hui transformé en musée

va voir passer, jusqu’à sa fermeture,

quelque 12 millions de personnes.

 

Parmi elles, l’actrice Pola Negri

ou le producteur de cinéma Sam Goldwyn,

venus de Pologne,

l’écrivain tchèque George Voskovec,

le gamin sicilien Salvatore Lucania,

qui deviendra le chef suprême de la mafia

sous le nom de Lucky Luciano,

l’Irlandais William O'Dwyer,

futur maire de New York...

 

Comme les autres,

ils ont traversé l'Atlantique

pour fuir une existence misérable,

persécutée ou incertaine en Europe,

vers une nouvelle Terre promise

qui ne les accueille pas toujours à bras ouverts.
 

 

En tirant les fils

de ces quelques destinées exemplaires,

qui font écho à d’autres voix anonymes,

ce documentaire montre combien,

face aux drames européens

de la première moitié du XXe siècle,

l’Amérique fut ambivalente.

 

Mais il explique aussi pourquoi

ces parias irlandais, juifs et italiens

brocardés par les xénophobes

vont renouveler et incarner le " rêve américain ".

 

Des archives, souvent poignantes,

tissent avec fluidité les souvenirs des émigrants

et la parole des historiens pour un voyage passionnant

dans la mémoire complexe du melting-pot américain.

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/048326-000/ellis-island-une-histoire-du-reve-americain

 

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/048326-000/
ellis-island-une-histoire-du-reve-americain

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Statue of Liberty

http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/statueofliberty/timeline/

http://www.nps.gov/stli/historyculture/auguste-bartholdi.htm

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/31/
opinion/checking-in-on-lady-liberty.html

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/07/07/
how-photography-helped-build-the-statue-of-liberty/

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2016/jul/04/
the-statue-of-liberty-immigrants-independence-day

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/22/
opinion/sunday/the-statue-of-liberty-must-be-crying-with-shame.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

design to propagate the Thatcher myth

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2013/apr/17/
thatcher-funeral-cathedral-churchill

 

 

 

 

over-glorify

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/11/
theater/hamilton-and-history-are-they-in-sync.html

 

 

 

 

inflate

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/11/
theater/hamilton-and-history-are-they-in-sync.html

 

 

 

 

overblown

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/04/11/
theater/hamilton-and-history-are-they-in-sync.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

debunk a myth / myths about N

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/03/17/
us/irish-slaves-myth.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=SfK5qxtNqTM
- The Economist, Jan. 22, 2014

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/may/03/
osama-bin-laden-10-myths-cia-arsenal

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2003/06/29/
weekinreview/the-nation-debunking-america-s-enduring-myths.html

 

 

 

 

deconstruct

 

 

 

 

challenge

 

 

 

 

reassess

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/us/
textbooks-reassess-kennedy-putting-camelot-under-siege.html

 

 

 

 

reconsider

http://www.npr.org/2015/11/26/
457246585/reconsidering-the-pilgrims-piety-and-americas-founding-principles

 

 

 

 

pilgrims

 

The Pilgrims

are among the early heroes

of American history

http://www.npr.org/2015/11/26/
457246585/reconsidering-the-pilgrims-piety-and-americas-founding-principles

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/11/26/
457246585/reconsidering-the-pilgrims-piety-and-americas-founding-principles

 

 

 

 

English settlers at Jamestown > 1607 > cannibalism        2013

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/04/
opinion/consuming-colonists.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

legend

https://www.npr.org/2018/01/06/
517138761/astronaut-john-young-who-flew-in-space-6-times-dies-at-87

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/04/27/
books/review/3-books-tell-the-legacies-of-legends.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/06/
opinion/muhammad-ali-american-legend.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/
world/americas/25iht-obit.html

 

 

 

 

rock legend

 

 

 

 

legendary war leader

http://www.pbs.org/churchill/

 

 

 

 

space legend

http://edition.cnn.com/2012/08/25/us/
neil-armstrong-obit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

loser

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-hero

 

 

 

Inside Llewyn Davis by Coen Brothers - Official Trailer        StudiocanalUK        29 August 2013

 

Grand Prix at Cannes 2013,

New Coen's film Inside Llewyn Davis

follows a week in the life of a young musician

as he navigates the Greenwich Village folk scene of 1961.

 

Llewyn (Oscar Isaac) is at a crossroads.

 

With his guitar in tow,

he is struggling to make it

as a musician against seemingly insurmountable obstacles,

some of them of his own making.

 

Living at the mercy of both friends and strangers,

 

Llewyn's misadventures

take him from the basket houses of the Village to an empty Chicago club,

on an odyssey to audition for music mogul Bud Grossman.

 

YouTube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ujafke-vLbA

 

 

 

 

villain

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/
nelson-mandela-in-britain

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/12/07/
villains-of-the-year-photos.html

 

 

 

 

supervillain

http://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2016/06/15/
482017038/dc-comics-rebirth-when-the-super-villain-is-your-own-history

 

 

 

 

hate figure

http://www.independent.co.uk/voices/comment/
a-heroine-and-a-hate-figure--for-better-or-worse-
baroness-thatcher-remade-our-nation-8564563.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/04/08/
morrissey-thatcher-was-a-terror-without-an-atom-of-humanity.html

 

 

 

 

hate

 

 

 

 

hate speech

 

 

 

 

hate

 

 

 

 

dislike

 

 

 

 

dark side

 

 

 

 

divisive

 

 

 

 

divide

 

 

 

 

controversial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pros and cons

 

 

 

 

gains vs. shortcomings

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/22/
opinion/kennedys-legacy-of-inspiration.html

 

 

 

 

on the plus side  ≠  the downside is...

 

 

 

 

for or against N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia > Baccalauréat > Anglais > Vocabulaire > 4 notions

 

idea of progress

 

myths and heroes

 

places and forms of power

 

spaces and exchanges

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

characters, personifications > USA > Uncle Sam

 

books / newspapers / www > comics

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia / Videos

 

violence against women > Pakistan > Malala Yousafzai

 

Documentaries > Pakistan > Malala Yousafzai

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > UK, USA, SA

 

USA > Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr. / Muhammad Ali    1942-2016

 

 

South Africa > Nelson Mandela    1918-2013

 

 

UK > Margaret Thacher    1925-2013        PM 1979-1990

 

 

UK > Thatcher era > The miners' strike    1984-1985

 

 

USA > 1920s-1970s > Civil rights era

 

 

UK > Early 20th century > Suffragettes

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Arts

 

books > comics, graphic novels

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Learning

 

For French students only

Bac anglais > Toutes séries

 

 

Spoken English > How to give a presentation

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Education nationale

 

Bulletin officiel spécial n°9 du 30 septembre 2010

 

Programme d'enseignement de langues vivantes

du cycle terminal pour les séries générales et technologiques:

Gestes fondateurs et mondes en mouvement

 

Cette entrée est structurée

autour de quatre notions :

 

- mythes et héros

- espaces et échanges

- lieux et formes du pouvoir

- l'idée de progrès

http://www.education.gouv.fr/cid53320/mene1019796a.html