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learning English > French Baccalauréat > Anglais > Vocabulaire > 4 notions

 

Places and forms of power / Lieux et formes du pouvoir

 

Activez

traduction et prononciation

avec Chrome et Transover

 

 

 

 

power

 

 

 

 

cyberpower

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/15/
world/asia/north-korea-hacking-cyber-sony.html

 

 

 

 

the establishment

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/11/
466049701/how-establishment-became-the-buzzword-of-the-2016-election

 

 

 

 

empower

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

powerful

 

 

 

 

the powerful

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/oct/05/
no-shock-powerful-hate-identity-politics

 

 

 

 

powerless

 

 

 

 

dominance

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/video/2018/jun/18/
we-must-have-american-dominance-in-space-says-donald-trump-video

 

 

 

 

democracy

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/18/
opinion/sunday/democracy-triumphs-in-india-but-falters-again-in-ukraine.html

 

 

 

 

debate

 

debate over

whether the conventional wisdom

that the Internet and social networking

inherently tip the balance of power

in favor of democracy

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

democratic

 

 

 

 

free

 

 

 

 

free speech

 

 

 

 

hate speech

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/29/
business/media/facebook-says-it-failed-to-stop-misogynous-pages.html

 

 

 

 

freedom

 

 

 

 

freedom of speech > USA

 

U.S. Constitution

Bill of Rights, First Amendment to the Constitution    1791

http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/first_amendment

 

 

 

 

religious freedom

 

 

 

 

opponent

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

 tech-savvy opponent

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

supporter / advocate / partisan

 

 

 

 

politics

 

 

 

 

policy

 

 

 

 

politician

 

 

 

 

lead

 

 

 

 

leader

 

 

 

 

leadership

 

 

 

 

promise

 

 

 

 

pledge

 

 

 

 

vow

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

authoritarian regime

 

 

 

 

repressive regime

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

totalitarian regime

 

 

 

 

dictatorship

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2013/03/05/
father-son-dictatorships-in-north-korea-syria-togo-more-photos.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

communist country > dictatorship > North Korea

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2013/apr/27/
kim-jong-un-north-korea-army-birthday-video

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/09/
revealing_more_of_north_korea.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/04/
north_korea_marks_100th_annive.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/12/20/
life-inside-north-korea-photos.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/
north_korea.html

 

 

 

 

dictator / tyran / despot

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/12/19/
seo-2011-s-fallen-dictators.html

 

 

 

 

drive out dictators

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/25/
the-state-of-the-union-in-photos.html

 

 

 

 

 cult of personality

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/
north_korea.html

 

 

 

 

autocrat

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

be bereft of personal freedoms

 

 

 

 

human rights

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/
north_korea.html

 

 

 

 

censorship

 

 

 

 

ban

 

 

 

 

ruler

 

 

 

 

rule a country

 

 

 

 

statesman

 

 

 

 

iron fist

 

 

 

 

crack down on N

 

 

 

 

crackdown

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/dec/26/
syria-crackdown-arab-league-monitors

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

turmoil

 

 

 

 

unrest

 

 

 

 

upheaval

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/25/
reliving-history-2011-a-year-of-upheaval.html

 

 

 

 

uprising

 

 

 

 

revolt

 

 

 

 

revolution

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/11/28/2011-
pictures-of-the-year-revolution.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

Middle East > the Arab Spring / Revolutions        2011-2013

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2013/01/09/
photos-from-atima-a-syrian-refugee-camp-on-the-turkish-border.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/25/
reliving-history-2011-a-year-of-upheaval.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/11/28/
2011-pictures-of-the-year-revolution.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/25/
arab-spring-giorgos-moutafis-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/03/25/protests-in-syria-turn-violent.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/02/18/bahrain-riots.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/26/demonstrations-in-egypt.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/25/the-state-of-the-union-in-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/15/tunisia-riots.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/02/a_harrowing_historic_week_in_e.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/01/protest_spreads_in_the_middle.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > White House > President

http://www.whitehouse.gov/

 

 

 

 

USA > U.S. Congress > the House of Representatives > Representants

http://www.house.gov/

 

 

 

 

USA > U.S. Congress > The Senate > Senators

http://www.senate.gov/

 

 

 

 

USA > Capitol Hill

http://www.visitthecapitol.gov/

 

 

 

 

USA > The National Mall

http://www.npr.org/sections/npr-history-dept/2015/10/13/
448025285/does-america-really-need-the-national-mall

 

 

 

 

bill

 

 

 

 

law

 

 

 

 

enact a law

 

 

 

 

USA > the U.S. Supreme Court > Justices

http://www.supremecourt.gov/

 

 

 

 

USA > U.S. Supreme Court decisions

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/06/27/
most-divisive-supreme-court-decisions-obamacare-more-photos.html

 

 

 

 

USA > U.S. Constitution

The Ten Original Amendments: The Bill of Rights.

Passed by Congres September 25, 1789. Ratified December 15, 1791.

http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/documents/1786-1800/
bill-of-rights-and-the-amendments-to-the-constitution.php

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Britain's Parliament

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/12/
london_tuition_fee_protest.html

 

 

 

 

Britain's Parliament > The House of Commons

 

The UK public elects

650 Members of Parliament (MPs)

to represent their interests and concerns

in the House of Commons.

 

MPs consider and propose new laws,

and can scrutinise government policies

by asking ministers questions about current issues

either in the Commons Chamber or in Committees.

http://www.parliament.uk/business/commons/

 

 

 

 

Britain's Parliament > The Lords

http://www.parliament.uk/business/lords/

http://www.parliament.uk/business/lords/
work-of-the-house-of-lords/what-the-lords-does/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Number 10 Downing Street

 

10 Downing Street,

the locale of British prime ministers since 1735,

vies with the White House

as being the most important political building

anywhere in the world in the modern era.

https://www.gov.uk/government/history/10-downing-street

 

http://www.number10.gov.uk/

https://www.gov.uk/government/history/10-downing-street

 

 

 

 

government / cabinet

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2012/sep/04/
david-cameron-government-reshuffle-cabinet

 

 

 

 

govern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

take to the streets

 

 

 

 

demonstration

 

 

 

 

demonstrator

 

 

 

 

demonstrate

 

 

 

 

gather

 

 

 

 

rally

 

 

 

 

protest

 

 

 

 

protest

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/12/
london_tuition_fee_protest.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/06/
g20_protests_in_toronto.html

 

 

 

 

protest songs

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/
booming/protest-songs-from-seeger-to-sting-to-springsteen.html

 

 

 

 

Occupy Wall Street global protests        2011

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/08/17/
back-to-occupy-the-international-center-of-photography-exhibit-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/10/23/
portraits-of-the-occupy-wall-street-protesters-photos.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/occupy_wall_street_global_prot.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/the_occupy_wall_street_movemen.html

 

 

 

 

bring attention to issues such as + N

 

 

 

 

stand up for political, economic, religious and lifestyle rights

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/global_protests.html

 

 

 

 

fight

 

 

 

 

fight

 

 

 

 

struggle

 

 

 

 

struggle

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/
nelson-mandela-inspired-barack-obama-apartheid

 

 

 

 

overcome

 

 

 

 

prevail

 

 

 

 

union

 

 

 

 

unionist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

activist

 

 

 

 

activism

 

 

 

 

hashtag activism

http://www.npr.org/2014/11/08/
362367236/hashtag-activism-2-0-sites-aim-to-turn-attention-into-change

 

 

 

 

activism vs slacktivism        USA

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/13/
activism-or-slactivism-the-kony-2012-campaign-as-a-teachable-moment/

 

 

 

 

slacktivism

http://www.npr.org/2014/11/08/
362367236/hashtag-activism-2-0-sites-aim-to-turn-attention-into-change

 

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=104302141 - May 19, 2009

 

 

 

 

slacktivist

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=94509892 - Dec. 11, 2008

 

 

 

 

campaigner

 

 

 

 

whistleblower

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/01/
edward-snowden-intelligence-leak-nsa-contractor-extract

 

 

 

 

rebel

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/31/
rosa-parks-100-american-rebel-justice

 

 

 

 

free speech

 

 

 

 

civil rights

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/22/
civil-rights-one-person-one-photo-at-a-time/

 

 

 

 

civil disobedience

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/us/25parks.html

 

 

 

 

riot

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/04/26/
dramatic-l-a-riots-photos.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/08/
london_riots_update.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/08/
london_riots.html

 

 

 

 

rioting

 

 

 

 

riot

 

 

 

 

rioter

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/04/26/
dramatic-l-a-riots-photos.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Les suffragettes        Ni paillassons, ni prostituées

Documentaire        Réalisation: Michèle Dominici        2011        53 min

 

Dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle,

au Royaume-Uni,

des femmes commencent à s’organiser

pour militer en faveur du droit de vote.

 

En 1905, dans l'Angleterre Edwardienne,

les femmes n'en ont toujours pas le droit.

 

Les injustices qu'elles subissent

ne sont pas entendues

et leurs revendications sont nombreuses.

 

Il faudra attendre 1928 pour que celles

que l’on surnomme les suffragettes

obtiennent gain de cause.

 

En dix ans, grâce à leur farouche détermination,

elles vont faire passer le Royaume-Uni

du vote censitaire au suffrage universel,

en redéfinissant totalement la notion de citoyenneté.

 

Les femmes,

traditionnellement considérées comme inférieures,

et écartées des affaires politiques,

peuvent désormais s’exprimer

au même titre que les hommes.

 

 

 

 

Combat pour l'égalité

 

Ce film retrace l’histoire de cette révolution

en se penchant sur le parcours de cinq femmes

qui ont consacré leur vie

à ce combat pour l’égalité et la justice.

 

Certaines ont prôné la désobéissance civile

ou le lobbying auprès des parlementaires.

 

D’autres ont opté pour la provocation et l’action violente,

même si cela devait les conduire en prison ou à la mort.

 

Quel que soit le choix des armes, c’est grâce à leur acharnement,

à leur sens politique aigu et à des stratégies d’une grande modernité

qu’elles ont finalement remporté cette bataille contre le gouvernement.

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/044436-000/les-suffragettes

 

 

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/044436-000/les-suffragettes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Internet / the web / cyberspace

 

 

 

 

internet user

 

 

 

 

activist

 

 

 

 

 Web tools

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

blog

 

 

 

 

blogging

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/may/02/
how-stop-using-google-search-services

 

 

 

 

Facebook / Facebook page

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/
business/media/15facebook.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

Twitter

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

online petition

 

 

 

 

online campaign

 

Campaigns by You puts power in your hands.

This is your space to run campaigns about the issues you care about.

If you have an idea to make your community, or the world, a better place,

Campaigns by You helps you make it a reality.

http://you.38degrees.org.uk/

http://you.38degrees.org.uk/petitions/
public-inquiry-into-police-and-state-agency-response-to-domestic-violence

 

 

 

 

whistle-blower

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/28/
opinion/silencing-the-whistle-blowers.html

 

 

 

 

WikiLeaks

antisecrecy group / electronic whistleblowers' platform WikiLeaks

http://wikileaks.org/

http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/wikileaks

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/oct/22/iraq-war-logs-wikileaks-washington

http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2010/jul/14/julian-assange-whistleblower-wikileaks

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8603938.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-10757263

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8379960.stm

 

 

 

 

WikiLeaks > Videos

 

 

 

Collateral Murder - Wikileaks - Iraq

 

Wikileaks has obtained and decrypted this previously unreleased video footage

from a US Apache helicopter in 2007. It shows Reuters journalist Namir Noor-Eldeen,

driver Saeed Chmagh, and several others as the Apache shoots and kills them

in a public square in Eastern Baghdad. They are apparently assumed to be insurgents.

 

After the initial shooting,

an unarmed group of adults and children in a minivan arrives on the scene

and attempts to transport the wounded. They are fired upon as well.

 

The official statement on this incident initially listed all adults as insurgents

and claimed the US military did not know how the deaths ocurred.

 

Wikileaks released this video with transcripts

and a package of supporting documents on April 5th 2010
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rXPrfnU3G0&feature=player_embedded

 

http://wikileaks.org/

 

 

 

 

flash mob

 

 

 

 

post

 

 

 

 

upload

 

 

 

 

wage online campaigns

and build virtual movements

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/apr/23/
web-censorship-net-closing-in

 

 

 

 

advocacy video > Kony 2012

 

 

 

Kony 2012
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y4MnpzG5Sqc

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/10/
kony-viral-video-change-world

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2012/04/15/
the-hunt-for-joseph-kony-and-the-lra-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/02/28/
lords-resistance-army-kidnapping.html

 

 

 

 

go viral

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/10/
kony-viral-video-change-world

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Internet freedom

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/12/
opinion/the-future-of-internet-freedom.html

http://www.state.gov/e/eb/cip/netfreedom/index.htm

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/world/15clinton.html

 

 

 

 

Internet repression

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/world/15clinton.html

 

 

 

 

Internet wiretaps

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/17/
business/concerns-arise-on-us-effort-to-allow-internet-wiretaps.html

 

 

 

 

monitor

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/01/15/
262650392/nsa-reportedly-has-surveillance-software-on-100-000-computers

 

 

 

 

web censorship

 

Across the globe

governments are monitoring

and censoring access to the web

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/apr/23/
web-censorship-net-closing-in 

 

 

 

 

 filterer of information

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/apr/23/
web-censorship-net-closing-in 

 

 

 

 

cut off Internet and wireless service

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

block access to the Internet

 

 

 

 

dissident blogger

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

surveillance

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/01/15/262650392/
nsa-reportedly-has-surveillance-software-on-100-000-computers

 

 

 

 

surveillance society

http://www.npr.org/2013/06/08/189792140/
our-surveillance-society-what-orwell-and-kafka-might-say

 

 

 

 

mass surveillance

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/22/opinion/sunday/
bulk-data-collection-is-not-just-an-american-problem.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/28/opinion/
this-week-mass-surveillance-wins.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/17/opinion/
a-powerful-rebuke-of-mass-surveillance.html

 

 

 

 

mass surveillance > biometrics

 

using people’s unique physiological characteristics,

like their fingerprint ridges and facial features,

to learn or confirm their identity

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/18/technology/never-forgetting-a-face.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/18/technology/
never-forgetting-a-face.html

 

 

 

 

video surveillance cameras in public places

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/01/us/
poll-finds-strong-acceptance-for-public-surveillance.html

 

 

 

 

Closed Circuit TeleVision    CCTV

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/oct/30/
cctv-increases-peoples-sense-anxiety

 

 

 

 

control

 

 

 

 

watch

 

 

 

 

eavesdrop

 

 

 

 

spy on N

 

 

 

 

track

 

 

 

 

GPS

 

 

 

 

George Orwell's novels > 1984 > Big Brother

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/orwell_george.shtml

http://www.npr.org/2013/06/08/189792140/
our-surveillance-society-what-orwell-and-kafka-might-say

 

 

 

 

Big Brother is watching you

 

 

 

 

Orwellian state / world

 

 

 

 

utopia dystopia

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jan/03/
india-dystopia-extremes-resistance-rising-neoliberalism-pilger

 

 

 

 

Brave New World (published in 1932)

 

by Aldous Huxley - review

Brave New World is a classic

- it is a dystopian novel similar in theme

to George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/mar/29/
review-brave-new-world-huxley

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

diplomacy

 

 

 

 

diplomat

 

 

 

 

counterpart

 

 

 

 

talks

 

 

 

 

fail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

war

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/25/
afghanistan-balazs-gardi-and-teru-kuwayama-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/11/
reliving-history-iraq-war-mission-accomplished.html

 

 

 

 

conventional war

 

 

 

 

physical combat > frontline, trenches, hills, beaches, seas

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/

 

 

 

 

war criminals

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/04/26/
charles-taylor-verdict-meet-the-war-criminals-photos.html

 

 

 

 

warmonger

 

 

 

 

warmongering

 

 

 

 

wage war

 

 

 

 

civil war

 

 

 

 

U.S. civil war (1861-1865)

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/10/29/opinion/20101029-civil-war.html

 

 

 

 

cold war

http://www.anglonautes.com/hist_us_20_cold_war/hist_us_20_cold_war.htm

 

 

 

 

the Great War / World War One (1914-1918)

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cyberwar / cyberwarfare

 

 

 

 

Syrian Electronic Army

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/18/technology/financial-times-site-is-hacked.html

 

 

 

 

computer network warfare

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/04/us/broad-powers-seen-for-obama-in-cyberstrikes.html

 

 

 

 

arms race > cyberweaponry

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/04/us/broad-powers-seen-for-obama-in-cyberstrikes.html

 

 

 

 

cyberstrike

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/04/us/broad-powers-seen-for-obama-in-cyberstrikes.html

 

 

 

 

cyber attack on N

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/04/us/broad-powers-seen-for-obama-in-cyberstrikes.html

 

 

 

 

launch cyberattacks against N

 

 

 

 

cyber battlefield

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/06/04/
do-cyberattacks-on-iran-make-us-vulnerable-12/why-attack-when-we-cant-defend

 

 

 

 

war games

 

 

 

 

videogames

 

 

 

 

hacker

 

 

 

 

hack into N

 

 

 

 

malware

 

 

 

 

drone

 

 

 

 

civilians

 

 

 

 

casualties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

terror

 

 

 

 

homegrown terror

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/06/us/politics/california-
attack-has-us-rethinking-strategy-on-homegrown-terror.html

 

 

 

 

terrorism

 

 

 

 

terrorist

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/05/02/
osama-bin-laden-front-pages-around-the-world.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2010/01/11/
most-wanted-terrorists.html

 

 

 

 

terror attack

 

 

 

 

9/11

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/09/04/
911-ten-years-later.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/09/04/
reliving-history-newsweek-911-covers.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/
ground_zero_september_11_2001.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/08/29/
joel-meyerowitz-s-ground-zero.html

 

 

 

 

bomb attack

 

 

 

 

bomb

 

 

 

explode

 

 

 

 

blow up

 

 

 

 

victim

 

 

 

 

carnage

 

 

 

 

destruction

 

 

 

 

mayhem

 

 

 

 

slaughter

 

 

 

 

slaughter

 

 

 

 

bloodbath

 

 

 

 

claim responsibility for N

 

 

 

 

 Guantánamo Bay, Cuba

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2008/12/scenes_from_guantanamo_bay.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gun culture

 

 

 

 

gun violence

 

 

 

 

carry a gun

 

 

 

 

bear guns

 

 

 

 

trigger-happy

 

 

 

 

shoot

 

 

 

 

shoot N dead

 

 

 

 

mass shooting

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/07/aurora_colorado_theater_shooti.html

 

 

 

 

school shooting

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/02/28/
worst-school-shootings-chardon-virginia-tech-colombine-and-more.html

 

 

 

 

campus rampages

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/02/28/
worst-school-shootings-chardon-virginia-tech-colombine-and-more.html

 

 

 

 

go an a rampage

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/07/
aurora_colorado_theater_shooti.html

 

 

 

 

run amok

 

 

 

 

go beserk

 

 

 

 

massacre of innocents at Sandy Hook Elementary School        December 2012

 

 

 

Obama Memorial service for victims - Sandy Hook massacre

 

Published on Dec 17, 2012

President Obama delivers a speech in Newton

for the victims of the shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School.

Today the first funerals of school shooting.

 

YouTube > White House
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o2JhNCopTP8

 

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/12/19/
newtown-s-fallen-photos-and-bios-of-the-shooting-victims-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/12/15/
connecticut-school-shooting-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/12/15/
newtown-ct-grieves-day-after-mass-shooting-photos.html

 

 

 

 

gun debate

 

 

 

 

gun control

 

 

 

 

supporters of gun control / gun control supporters / gun control advocates

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/13/
congress-20-biggest-gun-control-advocates.html

 

 

 

 

gun rights advocates / Second Amendment rights groups

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/13/
congress-20-biggest-gun-rights-advocates.html

 

 

 

 

gun rights advocates > National Rifle Association (NRA)

https://home.nra.org/

Anglonautes > gun lobby > USA > NRA

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2013/01/07/
nra-s-2005-annual-meeting-photos.html

 

 

 

 

gun law

 

 

 

 

Constitution for the United States of America

 

Bill of Rights > Article the fourth [Amendment II] / Second amendment

 

The Ten Original Amendments: The Bill of Rights.

Passed by Congres September 25, 1789.

Ratified December 15, 1791.

 

"A well regulated militia,

being necessary to the security of a free state,

the right of the people to keep and bear arms,

shall not be infringed"

http://memory.loc.gov/const/bor.html

http://memory.loc.gov/const/constquery.html

http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/data/constitution/amendment02/

http://takingnote.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/20/the-shooting-in-aurora/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/12/01/gun-nuts-in-a-rut/

 

 

 

 

The Human Cost of the Second Amendment        2012

 

Every day

80 Americans die from gunshots

and an additional 120 are wounded,

according to a 2006 article

in The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/26/
the-human-cost-of-the-second-amendment/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia > Baccalauréat > Anglais > Vocabulaire > 4 notions

 

idea of progress

 

myths and heroes

 

places and forms of power

 

spaces and exchanges

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

USA > U.S. Constitution

USA > U.S. Constitution > U.S. Supreme Court

 

 

gun violence > USA

 

 

www > advocacy videos

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

United Kingdom > Early 20th century > Suffragettes

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Learning

 

For French students only

Bac anglais > Toutes séries

 

 

Spoken English > How to give a presentation

 

 

 

 

 

Bulletin officiel spécial n°9 du 30 septembre 2010

 

Programme d'enseignement de langues vivantes

du cycle terminal pour les séries générales et technologiques:

Gestes fondateurs et mondes en mouvement

 

Cette entrée est structurée autour de quatre notions :

- mythes et héros

- espaces et échanges

- lieux et formes du pouvoir

- l'idée de progrès

http://www.education.gouv.fr/cid53320/mene1019796a.html