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learning English > French Baccalauréat > Anglais > Vocabulaire > 4 notions

 

Spaces and exchanges / Espaces et échanges

 

Activez

traduction et prononciation

avec Chrome et Transover

 

 

 

 

Earth

 

 

 

 

planet > seven billion souls inhabit this planet        2011

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/10/30/metropolis-martin-roemers-photos.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/10/30/
metropolis-martin-roemers-photos.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/
world_population_7_billion_1.html

 

 

 

 

food and nutrition crisis        2012

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/05/
food_and_nutrition_crisis_in_s.html

 

 

 

 

food insecurity and water shortages        2011

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/
world_population_7_billion_1.html

 

 

 

 

one billion slum dwellers        2012

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/02/slum_life.html

 

 

 

 

lack clean water, electricity, sanitation

and other basic services

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/02/slum_life.html

 

 

 

 

drought

http://archive.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/07/
horn_of_africa_on_the_brink_of.html 

 

 

 

 

cities

 

 

 

 

megacities

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/10/30/
metropolis-martin-roemers-photos.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

space

 

 

 

 

space travel

 

 

 

 

space journey

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/04/journeys_to_the_international.html

http://www.pbs.org/saf/transcripts/transcript902.htm

 

 

 

 

space odyssey

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/08/25/
neil-armstrong-s-space-odyssey-photos.html

 

 

 

 

Apollo 11        July 1969

astronauts Neil A. Armstrong,

Michael Collins and Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin Jr.

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/07/
remembering_apollo_11.html

 

 

 

 

space tourism > passenger spaceplane

https://www.theguardian.com/science/video/2013/
apr/29/virgin-spaceshiptwo-rocket-flight-video

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mankind

 

 

 

 

humanity

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/
world_population_7_billion_1.html

 

 

 

 

human beings

 

 

 

 

people

 

 

 

 

inhabitants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

travel

 

 

 

 

travel

 

 

 

 

trip

 

 

 

 

journey

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2011/06/12/
thousands-of-refugees-fleeing-north-africa.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

world

 

 

 

 

world population: 7 billion

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/world_population_7_billion_1.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/11/world_population_where_its_thi.html

 

 

 

 

real world

 

 

 

 

virtual world

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/mar/31/oculus-rift-facebook-virtual-reality

 

 

 

 

virtual reality

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2014/mar/31/oculus-rift-facebook-virtual-reality

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/24/arts/video-games/
oculus-rift-and-morpheus-take-games-to-a-new-dimension.html

 

 

 

 

around the world

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

around the globe

http://dealbook.nytimes.com/2014/01/24/a-worldwide-market-slump-gains-traction/

 

 

 

 

across the world

 

 

 

 

across the globe in many countries

 

 

 

 

worldwide

 

 

 

 

 worldwide economic crisis        2011

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/occupy_wall_street_global_prot.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

global village

 

 

 

 

global warming / climate change

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2015/12/07/
458487877/climate-change-is-killing-us-literally-and-heres-how

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/06/
is_weather_becoming_more_extre.html

 

 

 

 

global warming / climate change > hurricanes

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/11/hurricane_sandy_recovery.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/10/hurricanes_and_typhoons.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/08/remembering_katrina_five_years.html

 

 

 

 

global protests against economic injustice        2011

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/occupy_wall_street_global_prot.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/global_protests.html

 

 

 

 

globalisation

 

 

 

 

G8 / G20

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/06/
g20_protests_in_toronto.html

 

 

 

 

country

 

 

 

 

foreign country

 

 

 

 

foreigner

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/opinion/sunday/
douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

foreign policy

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/04/
opinion/sunday/president-obama-and-the-world.html

 

 

 

 

abroad

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States of America (USA) + V au singulier

 

 

 

 

America

 

 

 

 

American dream

 

 

 

 

 live out the American dream

 

 

 

 

Cuban-Americans And The Elusive 'American Dream'        22 January 2014

http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/01/22/
264689163/poll-findings-on-cuban-americans-and-the-elusive-american-dream

 

 

 

 

the land of opportunity

 

 

 

 

the land of plenty

 

 

 

 

the promised land

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Latin America

 

 

 

 

United Kingdom (UK)

 

 

 

 

European Union (EU)

 

 

 

 

state

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Google map        U.S. / Mexico border

 

 

 

 

Google map

https://www.google.com/maps/@31.4474101,-109.4018553,6z?hl=fr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beyond The Border        August 2014

 

A partnership

between The Texas Observer

and the Guardian

 

 

Texas has become

the deadliest state in the US

for undocumented immigrants.

 

In 2012,

271 migrants died

while crossing through Texas,

surpassing Arizona as the nation's

most dangerous entry point.

 

The majority of those deaths

didn't occur

at the Texas-Mexico border

but in rural Brooks County,

70 miles north of the Rio Grande,

where the US Border Patrol

has a checkpoint.

 

To circumvent the checkpoint,

migrants must leave the highway

and hike through the rugged ranchlands.

 

Hundreds die

each year on the trek,

most from heat stroke.

 

This four-part series

looks at the lives

impacted by the humanitarian crisis.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2014/aug/06/
-sp-texas-border-deadliest-state-undocumented-migrants

 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2014/aug/06/
-sp-texas-border-deadliest-state-undocumented-migrants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

border

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/17/us/
us-sets-up-crisis-shelter-as-children-flow-across-border-alone.html

 

 

 

 

EU > borderless travel between member nations

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/06/immigration.html

 

 

 

 

on the border

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

fence

 

 

 

 

U.S. - Mexico Border Fence / US-Mexico frontier

 

NEARLY 700 miles of walls

now separate the United States and Mexico.        2013

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/11/opinion/mr-president-tear-down-this-wall.html

 

 

 

 

The U.S. border with Mexico

spans almost 2,000 miles

from California to Texas

http://www.usnews.com/debate-club/should-the-united-states-build-a-fence-on-its-southern-border

 

 

 

 

Signed into law by George W. Bush,

the Secure Fence Act of 2006

mandated the construction of almost 700 miles

of barrier fences along the Mexican border.

 

The act also appropriated

the expansion of checkpoints, vehicle barriers,

and technological systems designed

to monitor the expanse of boundary.

http://www.usnews.com/debate-club/should-the-united-states-build-a-fence-on-its-southern-border

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/subject/us-mexico-border-fence 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/17/us/
us-sets-up-crisis-shelter-as-children-flow-across-border-alone.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/11/
opinion/mr-president-tear-down-this-wall.html

http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/BILLS-109hr6061enr/pdf/BILLS-109hr6061enr.pdf

 

 

 

 

United States Border Patrol agents

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/03/world/americas/
border-security-hard-to-achieve-and-harder-to-measure.html

 

 

 

wall

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/nov/29/
europe-2015-walls-1989-paris-refugee-crisis

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/11/
opinion/mr-president-tear-down-this-wall.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/08/
remembering_the_divide.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2009/11/
the_berlin_wall_20_years_gone.html

 

 

 

 

separation wall / security fence

https://witness.theguardian.com/assignment/51f7a7c5e4b0472f65d02668

 

 

 

 

Our walled world         19 November 2013

 

Why are we building new walls

to divide us?

 

Using satellite imagery,

users' pictures,

video and first-hand testimony,

Guardian reporters across the world

chart the new walls being built

to divide people from their neighbours

 

 

Almost a quarter of a century

after the Iron Curtain came down,

the walls are going up again.

 

In steel and concrete,

with watchtowers and barbed wire,

mankind is building separation barriers

at a rate perhaps unequalled in history

- at least 6,000 miles in the last decade alone,

according to a Guardian analysis.

 

 

Now, in a unique project,

Guardian journalists have visited 10

of the most controversial, striking,

contested and extraordinary walls,

from the US-Mexican border to the West Bank,

and from Europe’s eastern and southern frontiers

to the divided cities of Homs and Belfast.

 

 

We have tried to establish

why these new divisions are going up now,

in an age when globalisation was supposed

to tear the barriers down

- particularly when, as history shows,

walls rarely did what they set out to do.

http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2013/nov/walls

 

 

 

 

cross

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/17/us/
us-sets-up-crisis-shelter-as-children-flow-across-border-alone.html

 

 

 

 

Deadly Crossing

 

In 2012,

sheriff's deputies in Brooks County found 129 bodies,

around double the amount from the year before

and six times the number recorded in 2010.

 

Most of those who die succumb

to the punishing heat and rough terrain

that comprise the ranch lands of south Texas.

 

Reuters photographer, Eric Thayer,

traveled to Brooks County, Texas

and Reynosa, Mexico

to investigate the rising rates

of immigrant deaths along the border there,

spending time at a migrant's hostel in Mexico

and with U.S. Border Patrol in Brooks County.

 

Many migrants, after spending several weeks

traveling through Mexico and past the Rio Grande,

spend a few days in a "stash house,"

such as Casa del Migrante, in Reynosa, Mexico,

and many are ignorant of the treacherous journey ahead.

 

Boston Globe > Big Picture > Deadly Crossing        USA        May 17, 2013

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2013/05/deadly_crossing.html

 

 

 

 

desperate Mexican migrants > death map

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2013/jun/01/
map-us-mexico-migrant-deaths-border

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Immigration Reform News: Bodies on the Border - Op-Docs        NYT        19 August 2013

 

 

 

 

Immigration Reform News: Bodies on the Border - Op-Docs        NYT        19 August 2013

 


Forensics experts in Arizona

struggle to identify the bodies of migrants

who perished while attempting to cross illicitly

from Mexico into the United States.

 

YouTube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYWncRZEiDw&list=PL4CGYNsoW2iCb4uQUNgWK6TJJgNVp-MpP&index=36

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

America's Immigration Debate        Think Back        NYT        30 January 2014

 

 

 

 

America's Immigration Debate | Think Back | The New York Times        30 January 2014

 

The Times's Sam Tanenhaus explains government efforts

to keep immigrants out of the country

and links President Reagan's amnesty for Latino Americans

to today's debate.

 

YouTube

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QpjYLnzOvZM&list=PL4CGYNsoW2iB4xqZtZjTQP8EXipHAbY9S&index=11 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Documentaries > Central America, Mexico, USA > Immigration
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

emigration

https://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/30/
opinion/sunday/the-best-hope-for-frances-young-get-out.html 

 

 

 

 

immigration

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/19/health/the-health-toll-of-immigration.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/20/opinion/the-beneficial-impact-of-immigrants.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/06/immigration.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New York Times > series of interactive charts

showing how Americans have moved between states

since 1900.

(...)

The charts show

striking patterns for many states:

 

You can trace

the rise of migrant and immigrant populations

all along the Southwest,

particularly in Texas and Arizona;

 

the influx of New Yorkers

and other Northeasterners

into Florida starting in the 1970s;

and the growth in the Southern share

of the Illinois population

during the Great Migration.

 

In 1900,

95 percent of the people

living in the Carolinas were born there,

with similarly high numbers

all through the Southeast.

More than a hundred years later,

those percentages are nearly cut in half.

 

Taken individually,

each state tells its own story,

and each makes for fascinating reading.

 

As a follow-up,

here is the big picture:

a map showing all of the states

at a given time.

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/16/
upshot/mapping-migration-in-the-united-states-since-1900.html

 

 

 

 

Where We Came From and Where We Went, State by State        August 19, 2014

We charted how Americans have moved

between states since 1900.

See how your state has changed.

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/08/13/
upshot/where-people-in-each-state-were-born.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Key Dates and Landmarks

in United States Immigration History > Timeline 1789-1930

http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/immigration/timeline.html 
 

 

 

 

 

Ireland > Irish immigration        19th century

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/26/nyregion/
refugees-of-irish-famine-to-get-a-proper-burial.html

 

 

 

 

Irish emigrants



The Story of Irish Immigration to America

during the 19th century



Ireland’s 1845 Potato Blight

 

"Potato crop fails in Ireland

sparking the Potato Famine that kills one million

and prompts almost 500,000

to immigrate to America

in the next five years."

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/features/immig/irish8.html 


http://memory.loc.gov/learn/features/immig/irish2.html

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/ndlpedu/features/immig/irish8.html

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAEireland.htm

 

 

 

 

mass immigration        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

illegal immigration

 

 

 

 

illegal immigration > boat people

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2011/06/12/
thousands-of-refugees-fleeing-north-africa.html

 

 

 

 

illegal aliens

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/31/
opinion/second-class-noncitizens.html

 

 

 

 

melting pot > e pluribus unum        USA

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_pluribus_unum

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/05/
opinion/krugman-e-pluribus-unum.html

 

 

 

 

asylum seeker

http://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2014/jan/14/afghan-atheist-uk-asylum

 

 

 

 

 ruthless and costly human traffickers

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/06/12/immigration-lampedusa-italy.html

 

 

 

 

immigration enforcement        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/25/
opinion/on-beyond-fear-of-immigration-reform.html

 

 

 

 

immigration bill        2013

 

As America struggles

to adapt to an aging population,

the bill’s supporters argue,

immigrants offer youth,

vitality and tax dollars.

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

migrant

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jun/01/
map-us-mexico-migrant-deaths-border 

https://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/03/
world/americas/border-security-hard-to-achieve-and-harder-to-measure.html

 

 

 

 

migrant > Europe

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RtuOKWRHolE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

immigrant > NYT series > The Way North

 

By DAMIEN CAVE and TODD HEISLER

Join Damien Cave and Todd Heisler

as they travel up Interstate 35,

from Laredo, Tex., to Duluth, Minn.,

chronicling how the middle of America

is being changed by immigration.

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/39

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/38

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/37

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/36

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/35

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/34

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/33

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/32

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/31

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/30

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/29

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/28

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/27

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/26

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/25

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/24

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/23

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/22

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/21

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/20

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/19

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/18

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/17

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/16

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/15

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/14

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/13

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/12

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/11

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/10

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/9

 http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/8

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/7

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/6

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/5

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/4

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/3

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/2

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/us/the-way-north.html#p/1

 

 

 

 

immigrant

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/05/30/
the-imperfect-immigrants/

 

 

 

 

low-skilled immigrants

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

immigrants from Latin America

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

USA > a nation of immigrants

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/22/
opinion/blow-still-a-nation-of-immigrants.html

 

 

 

 

plight

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/06/12/
immigration-lampedusa-italy.html

 

 

 

 

Today, almost 25 percent of working-age Americans

are first-generation immigrants or their children.

 

That figure is up sharply since the 1960s,

and it’s projected to climb to 37 percent by 2050.        April 2013

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

As a result of the 1965 immigration act,

which opened the door widely

to non-European immigrants,

40 million foreign-born immigrants

now live in the United States.

 

They make up 13 percent of the population,

the largest such proportion since the 1920s.

 

More than half of these migrants

are from Latin America and the Caribbean,

although a study released Tuesday

by the Pew Research Center found

that Asians overtook Hispanics in 2009

as the fastest-growing group of immigrants.        June 2012

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/20/opinion/the-beneficial-impact-of-immigrants.html

 

 

 

 

newcomer

 

 

 

 

welcome

 

 

 

 

welcome

 

 

 

 

turn away

 

 

 

 

refugee

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/22/
opinion/sunday/the-statue-of-liberty-must-be-crying-with-shame.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/21/
opinion/why-my-state-wont-close-its-doors-to-syrian-refugees.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/04/29/
finding-solutions-for-syrias-growing-refugee-crisis

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2013/01/09/
photos-from-atima-a-syrian-refugee-camp-on-the-turkish-border.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/08/
the_horn_of_africa_dadaab_refu.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/03/
faces_of_the_displaced.html

 

 

 

 

displaced people / the displaced

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/03/faces_of_the_displaced.html

 

 

 

 

smuggle

 

 

 

 

smuggler

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/nov/29/
hiding-in-plain-sight-inside-the-world-of-turkeys-people-smugglers

 

 

 

 

undocumented worker

 

 

 

 

underpaid migrant worker

 

 

 

 

hide

 

 

 

 

face discrimination

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/06/
immigration.html

 

 

 

 

racism

 

 

 

 

racial divide

 

 

 

 

emigrate

 

 

 

 

flee war, poverty, corruption

 

 

 

 

exodus

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/09/us/
economy-and-crime-spur-new-puerto-rican-exodus.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2011/06/12/
thousands-of-refugees-fleeing-north-africa.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > green card

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/23/
technology/long-wait-for-a-green-card-could-be-ending.html

http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.eb1d4c2a3e5b9ac89243c6a7543f6d1a/
?vgnextoid=ae853ad15c673210VgnVCM100000082ca60aRCRD&vgnextchannel
=ae853ad15c673210VgnVCM100000082ca60aRCRD

 

 

 

 

USA > A Green Card holder (permanent resident)

is someone  who has been granted authorization

to live and work in the United States

on a permanent basis.

http://www.uscis.gov/portal/site/uscis/menuitem.eb1d4c2a3e5b9ac89243c6a7543f6d1a/
?vgnextoid=ae853ad15c673210VgnVCM100000082ca60aRCRD&vgnextchannel
=ae853ad15c673210VgnVCM100000082ca60aRCRD

 

 

 

 

get a decent job

 

 

 

 

the promise of American life

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deport

 

 

 

 

deportation

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/21/
education/old-job-is-hurdle-for-napolitano-on-campuses.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DREAM Act        Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors
 

proposed legislation intended

to give certain undocumented young people

a path to citizenship

https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/DREAM-Act-WhiteHouse-FactSheet.pdf

https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2010/12/01/get-facts-dream-act

 

http://www.nytimes.com/video/us/100000001929737/
pushing-the-dream.html - Dec. 1, 2012

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/26/nyregion/
pursuing-dream-of-us-citizenship-colombia-native-applies-to-stay.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2003/10/13/us/
congress-looks-to-grant-legal-status-to-immigrants.html

 

 

 

 

DREAMers

 

children who entered the country illegally

with their parents.

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2014/11/20/
365519963/obama-will-announce-relief-for-up-to-5-million-immigrants

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2014/11/20/
365519963/obama-will-announce-relief-for-up-to-5-million-immigrants

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

roots

 

 

 

 

home

 

 

 

 

homeland / home nation

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/23/world/middleeast/egyptians-
abandoning-hope-and-now-reluctantly-homeland.html

 

 

 

 

heartland

 

 

 

 

host country

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Documentaire > Ellis Island, une histoire du rêve américain

(105 min, réalisé par Réalisation: Michaël Prazan)

 

 

En 1892,

Ellis Island, dans la baie de New York,

devient la principale porte d’entrée aux États-Unis

pour les immigrants

qui arrivent de plus en plus nombreux d’Europe.

 

 

Inauguré en 1900,

après un incendie qui a ravagé les anciens bâtiments,

l’immense centre aujourd’hui transformé en musée va voir passer,

jusqu’à sa fermeture, quelque 12 millions de personnes.

 

 

Parmi elles, l’actrice Pola Negri

ou le producteur de cinéma Sam Goldwyn, venus de Pologne,

l’écrivain tchèque George Voskovec, le gamin sicilien Salvatore Lucania,

qui deviendra le chef suprême de la mafia sous le nom de Lucky Luciano,

l’Irlandais William O'Dwyer, futur maire de New York...

 

 

Comme les autres, ils ont traversé l'Atlantique

pour fuir une existence misérable, persécutée ou incertaine en Europe,

vers une nouvelle Terre promise qui ne les accueille pas toujours à bras ouverts.

 

 

En tirant les fils de ces quelques destinées exemplaires,

qui font écho à d’autres voix anonymes,

ce documentaire montre combien,

face aux drames européens de la première moitié du XXe siècle,

l’Amérique fut ambivalente.

 

 

Mais il explique aussi pourquoi

ces parias irlandais, juifs et italiens

brocardés par les xénophobes

vont renouveler et incarner le " rêve américain ".

 

 

Des archives, souvent poignantes,

tissent avec fluidité les souvenirs des émigrants

et la parole des historiens pour un voyage passionnant

dans la mémoire complexe du melting-pot américain.

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/048326-000/ellis-island-une-histoire-du-reve-americain

 

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/048326-000/ellis-island-une-histoire-du-reve-americain

 

 

 

 

USA > Ellis Island

 

Between 1892 and 1954,

more than twelve million immigrants

passed through the U.S. immigration portal at Ellis Island,

enshrining it as an icon of America's welcome.

 

That story is well known.

 

But Ellis was also a place of detainment and deportation,

an often-heartbreaking counterpoint

to the joy and relief of coming to America.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/goldman/peopleevents/e_ellis.html

 

http://www.anglonautes.com/ill_pho_port_bw_1/ill_pho_port_bw_1_pic_ellis_island_group.htm

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/20/
opinion/the-beneficial-impact-of-immigrants.html

 

 

 

 

USA > Golden Door

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/06/20/
opinion/the-beneficial-impact-of-immigrants.html

The New Colossus

http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/16111

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Bedloe's island / Liberty Island

one of a group of islands in New York Harbor

near the mouth of the Hudson River

 

Statue of Liberty        1886

 

 
 

Liberty island - Google Map

 

 

1886:

Pedestal completed; Eiffel's "skeleton" raised;

decision is made to light the torch electrically;

Statue of Liberty assembled;

formal unveiling by Bartholdi at dedication ceremony

held on Bedloe's Island (October 28),

with President Grover Cleveland presiding.

http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/statueofliberty/timeline/

 

http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/statueofliberty/

http://www.pbs.org/kenburns/statueofliberty/timeline/

http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/hh/11/hh11m.htm

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/047575-000/la-statue-de-la-liberte

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Statue of Liberty > 'The New Colossus' by Emma Lazarus        1883

 

"Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame

With conquering limbs astride from land to land;

Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand

A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame

Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name

Mother of Exiles. From her beacon-hand

Glows world-wide welcome; her mild eyes command

The air-bridged harbor that twin cities frame,

"Keep, ancient lands, your storied pomp!" cries she

With silent lips. "Give me your tired, your poor,

Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,

The wretched refuse of your teeming shore,

Send these, the homeless, tempest-tossed to me,

I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
 

 

by Emma Lazarus, New York City, 1883

http://xroads.virginia.edu/~cap/liberty/lazaruspoem.html

 

 

 

 

Emma Lazarus wrote "The New Colossus" in 1883

or an art auction "In Aid of the Bartholdi Pedestal Fund."

 

While France had provided the statue itself,

American fundraising efforts like these

paid for the Statue of Liberty's pedestal.

 

In 1903, sixteen years after her death,

Lazarus' sonnet was engraved on a plaque

and placed in the pedestal as a memorial.

http://jwa.org/womenofvalor/lazarus/new-colossus

 

http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/16111

http://www.poets.org/poet.php/prmPID/706

http://jwa.org/womenofvalor/lazarus/new-colossus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > hyphenated nation (hyphen: -)

 

African-Americans,

Mexican-Americans,

Indian-Americans,

Asian-Americans...

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

Hispanics, Latinos

http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/01/22/264689163/
poll-findings-on-cuban-americans-and-the-elusive-american-dream

 

 

 

 

citizen

 

 

 

 

second-class citizen

 

 

 

 

"second-class noncitizens"

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/31/
opinion/second-class-noncitizens.html

 

 

 

 

citizenship

 

 

 

 

USA > gain citizenship

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

be sworn in as an American > naturalization document

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/22/us/
man-who-thought-he-was-a-citizen-makes-it-official.html

 

 

 

 

USA > regularize 11 million illegal immigrants

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/02/us/
across-the-country-supporters-rally-for-immigration-overhaul.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

In terms of dealing with the 11 million foreign citizen

who are currently living in the U.S. illegally,

which combination of the following strategies

do you support?

 

Deportation

Give work permits and allow to stay

Let stay as visitors (no job or benefits)

Deny benefits (encourages self deportation)

Give path to full benefits of US Citizenship

 

Boston Globe Big Picture online poll, May 2013 - No link

 

 

 

 

USA > assimilation

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

USA > assimilate and rise

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/28/
opinion/sunday/douthat-when-the-assimilation-of-immigrants-stalls.html

 

 

 

 

social ladder

 

 

 

 

melting pot

http://www.pbs.org/fmc/timeline/emeltpot.htm

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/22/
opinion/blow-still-a-nation-of-immigrants.html?hp&rref=opinion

 

 

salad bowl

http://www.blogtalkradio.com/onyxview/blog/2009/01/23/
america-melting-pot-or-salad-bowl

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mayflower        1620

 

In September 1620,

a merchant ship called the Mayflower

set sail from Plymouth,

a port on the southern coast of England.

 

Typically, the Mayflower’s cargo

was wine and dry goods,

but on this trip the ship carried passengers:

102 of them, all hoping to start a new life

on the other side of the Atlantic.

 

Nearly 40 of these passengers

were Protestant Separatists

–they called themselves “Saints”–

who hoped to establish a new church

in the New World.

 

Today, we often refer to the colonists

who crossed the Atlantic on the Mayflower

as “Pilgrims.”

 

(...)

 

The colonists spent the first winter,

which only 53 passengers and half the crew survived,

living onboard the Mayflower.

(The Mayflower sailed back to England in April 1621.)

 

Once they moved ashore,

the colonists faced even more challenges.

 

During their first winter in America,

more than half of the Plymouth colonists

died from malnutrition, disease

and exposure to the harsh New England weather.

 

In fact, without the help

of the area’s native people,

it is likely that none of the colonists

would have survived.

 

An English-speaking Pawtuxet named Samoset

helped the colonists form an alliance

with the local Wampanoags,

who taught them how to hunt local animals,

gather shellfish and grow corn, beans and squash.

 

At the end of the next summer,

the Plymouth colonists celebrated

their first successful harvest

with a three-day festival of thanksgiving.

http://www.history.com/topics/mayflower

 

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/historyofus/web03/

http://www.history.com/topics/mayflower

 

 

 

 

Sailing of the Mayflower, Plymouth, Devon        1620

 

The boat

was an ageing square-rigged merchant vessel,

about 100 feet long and 25 wide.

 

Aboard were 102 men and women,

including crew, entrepreneurs and religious dissenters.

 

This last group were the so-called Pilgrim Fathers,

who sailed from Plymouth on 6 September, 1620,

giving the town’s name to New England’s

first permanent European settlement,

which they founded in December that year.

 

The Plymouth colony’s first governing document,

the Mayflower Compact,

represents the exporting of democracy

from the old world to the new.

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/14/
800-years-english-history-20-day-trips#img-7

 

 

 

 

Mayflower Compact > Full text

 

The Mayflower Compact,

signed by 41 English colonists

on the ship Mayflower on November 11, 1620,

was the first written framework of government

established in what is now the United States.

 

The compact was drafted to prevent dissent

amongst Puritans and non-separatist Pilgrims

who had landed at Plymouth a few days earlier.

http://www.history.com/topics/mayflower-compact

 

http://www.pilgrimhallmuseum.org/mayflower_compact_text.htm

http://www.history.com/topics/mayflower-compact

 

 

 

 

pilgrim

 

 

 

 

settle

 

 

 

 

settler

 

 

 

 

settlement

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/14/
800-years-english-history-20-day-trips#img-7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

travel

 

 

 

travel

 

 

 

 

trip

 

 

 

 

journey

 

 

 

 

commute

 

 

 

 

commute

 

 

 

 

transports

 

 

 

 

transportation

 

 

 

 

In flight:

see the planes in the sky right now

– interactive        21 January 2014

 

To mark

100 years of passenger air travel,

our stunning interactive

uses live data to show

every one of the thousands

of commercial planes currently in the air,

charts the history of aviation since 1914,

and asks what comes next for the industry

http://www.theguardian.com/world/ng-interactive/2014/aviation-100-years

 

 

 

 

transport network

 

 

 

 

highway

 

 

 

 

railway

 

 

 

 

huge truck

 

 

 

 

giant ship

 

 

 

 

high-speed train

 

 

 

 

flight

 

 

 

 

passenger

 

 

 

 

cargo plane

 

 

 

 

goods

 

 

 

 

commodities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the internet / the web / cyberspace

 

 

 

 

users

 

 

 

 

higher education > Moocs – massive open online courses

http://www.theguardian.com/education/2014/aug/19/
moocs-man-leading-uk-foray-simon-nelson-futurelearn

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2013/apr/29/
massive-open-online-courses

 

 

 

 

internet addiction

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/jul/29/
internet-addiction-hooked-digital-technology

 

 

 

 

internet addict

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/04/
internet-addict-clinic

 

 

 

 

suffer from internet addiction

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/sep/04/
internet-addict-clinic

 

 

 

 

be addicted to the internet

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/reality-check-with-polly-curtis/2012/jan/12/
internet-health

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

online violence

 

 

 

 

cyberbullying

 

 

 

 

cyber bullies

 

 

 

 

dematerialised world

 

 

 

 

internet space

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/apr/23/web-censorship-net-closing-in

 

 

 

 

internet space > a new fontier

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/02/28/
what-is-an-act-of-cyberwar

 

 

 

 

internet freedom

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/12/
opinion/the-future-of-internet-freedom.html

 

 

 

 

on the internet

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/apr/23/
web-censorship-net-closing-in

 

 

 

 

cyberspace

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/06/04/
do-cyberattacks-on-iran-make-us-vulnerable-12/why-attack-when-we-cant-defend

 

 

 

 

battle for control of cyberspace

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/may/04/
security-alert-war-in-cyberspace

 

 

 

 

lost in space / cyberspace

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/24/
opinion/dowd-lost-in-space.html

 

 

 

 

augmented reality

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/augmented-reality

 

 

 

 

cyberwar

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/01/
opinion/an-elizabethan-cyberwar.html

 

 

 

 

cyberworld

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/02/28/
what-is-an-act-of-cyberwar/trade-war-versus-cyberwar

 

 

 

 

world wide web

 

 

 

 

be connected to N

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/04/24/
opinion/dowd-lost-in-space.html

 

 

 

 

cyberbullying

http://www.theguardian.com/society/cyberbullying

 

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/aug/10/
cyberbullies-target-children-nspcc-internet-abuse-askfm

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/aug/09/
cyberbullying-mother-fight-askfm

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/aug/09/
rehtaeh-parsons-suicide-charged-photos

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/aug/07/
hannah-smith-suicide-cyberbullying-ask-fm-twitter

 

 

 

 

cyberbullies

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/14/us/
suicide-of-girl-after-bullying-raises-worries-on-web-sites.html

 

 

 

 

cybercrime

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/10/12/
445267832/as-cybercrime-proliferates-so-does-demand-for-insurance-against-it

 

 

 

 

cybercriminal

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/10/12/
445267832/as-cybercrime-proliferates-so-does-demand-for-insurance-against-it

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/18/
business/a-sneaky-path-into-target-customers-wallets.html

 

 

 

 

scam

http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/10/12/
445267832/as-cybercrime-proliferates-so-does-demand-for-insurance-against-it

 

 

 

 

internet trolls

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/apr/26/
internet-troll-kill-tennessee-students

 

 

 

 

threat

 

 

 

 

threaten

 

 

 

 

harass

 

 

 

 

abuse

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

network

 

 

 

 

social network / social networking / social networking sites

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/video/2013/jul/15/
internet-susan-greenfield-david-babbs-video-debate

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/may/02/
how-stop-using-google-search-services

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/oct/04/
facebook-hits-billion-users-a-month

 

 

 

 

social media tools

 

 

 

 

Facebook    

 

Facebook is now used

by 1 billion people every month,

or one in every seven people in the world        2012

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/oct/04/
facebook-hits-billion-users-a-month

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

e-commerce

 

 

 

 

e-banking

 

 

 

 

e-learning

 

 

 

 

online

 

 

 

 

travel

 

 

 

 

exchange

 

 

 

 

spend

 

 

 

 

deliver

 

 

 

 

communicate

 

 

 

 

connect

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/oct/04/
facebook-hits-billion-users-a-month

 

 

 

 

share

 

 

 

 

sharing apps / sites

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2013/apr/29/
instagram-facebook-photo-sharing-site

 

 

 

 

shared documents

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/may/02/
how-stop-using-google-search-services

 

 

 

 

learn

 

 

 

 

meet

 

 

 

 

buy

 

 

 

 

sell

 

 

 

 

book

 

 

 

 

play

 

 

 

 

videogames

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/may/02/
gta-5-preview-grand-theft-auto

 

 

 

 

excessive gaming


Addiction to internet 'is an illness'

New evidence shows that heavy users

suffer isolation, fatigue and withdrawal symptoms        2008

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2008/mar/23/
news.internet

 

 

 

 

The Googlization of Everything

http://www.ucpress.edu/book.php?isbn=9780520258822

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hack into N

 

 

 

 

hacker

 

 

 

 

cyberattack

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/13/us/
cyberattacks-on-rise-against-us-corporations.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/07/
world/asia/us-accuses-chinas-military-in-cyberattacks.html

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2013/02/28/
what-is-an-act-of-cyberwar

 

 

 

 

virus, viruses

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/06/04/
do-cyberattacks-on-iran-make-us-vulnerable-12/why-attack-when-we-cant-defend

 

 

 

 

steal data

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

immigration > UK

 

 

immigration > USA

 

 

networks > Arpanet and Gopher

 

 

networks > Internet / WWW > Tim Berners-Lee

 

 

networks > Internet / WWW

 

 

networks > Internet / WWW > Cyberspace, cyber words

 

 

networks > Internet / WWW > Browsers

 

 

networks > Internet / WWW > Net neutrality

 

 

dark web, darknet

 

 

Internet addiction

 

 

email

 

 

cloud

 

 

data loss, digital archiving / memories

 

 

Wikipedia

 

 

Internet freedom / censorship

 

 

browsing / searching > privacy

 

 

privacy > web tracking > big data

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > Immigration

 

America, USA > late 19th / early 20th century > Immigration > Ellis Island

 

America, USA > 18th, 19th century

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Videos > Immigration

 

Documentaries > Central America, Mexico, USA > Immigration

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Learning

 

For French students only

Bac anglais > Toutes séries

 

 

Spoken English > How to give a presentation

 

 

 

 

 

Bulletin officiel spécial n°9 du 30 septembre 2010

 

Programme d'enseignement de langues vivantes

du cycle terminal pour les séries générales et technologiques:

Gestes fondateurs et mondes en mouvement

 

Cette entrée

est structurée autour de quatre notions :

- mythes et héros

- espaces et échanges

- lieux et formes du pouvoir

- l'idée de progrès

http://www.education.gouv.fr/cid53320/mene1019796a.html