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learning English > for French-speaking students

 

lycées français > terminale

 

bac, concours, examens, tests > anglais

 

compréhension et expression écrite / orale

 

vocabulaire

chronologique, logique et rhétorique

classé par fonctions

 

 

Pour activer

la traduction en français

et la prononciation en anglais,

ajoutez Mate Translate à Firefox,

ou TransOver et Pronounce

à Chrome

 

 

 

adverbes

(aussi appelés connecteurs)

 

 

Attention à bien utiliser

ce vocabulaire de façon logique

pour développer vos arguments

et relancer votre discours :

 

par exemple,

moreover (de plus)

s'utilise pour

ajouter un argument.

 

moreover

ne doit pas être confondu avec

however

(toutefois, cependant),

qui permet de reprendre

l'énoncé précédent

et de le nuancer / relativiser.

 

 

 

Attention aussi

à ne pas abuser

des connecteurs logiques...

 

Si vous utilisez

ces adverbes

de façon systématique,

cela peut alourdir

votre propos.

 

 

 

 

 

Usage des mots logiques en contexte :

 

The Guardian five-minute debates

 

 

 

 

Voir aussi :

 

Vocabulaire thématique > Vocapedia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adverbes en -ly

 

sens > manière, temps et logique

 

 

actually  ≠  currently

 

obviously

 

definitely

 

arguably

 

hopefully

 

basically

 

ironically

 

precisely

 

clearly

 

occasionally

 

historically

 

ultimately

 

dramatically

 

utterly

 

virtually

 

finally

 

eventually

 

fortunately

 

unfortunately

 

ultimately

 

typically

 

amazingly

 

astonishingly

 

incredibly

 

desperately

 

tearfully

 

unwittingly

 

usually

 

fortunately

 

unfortunately / sadly

 

hugely

 

genuinely

 

-> Plus d'adverbes en -ly > Vocapedia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Argumentation et narration

 

Connecteurs logiques / Mots de liaison

 

 

first, second, third

 

now, right now, nowadays, today, in this day and age

 

to, so as to, in order to

 

it might be said, it could be argued, it should be stressed

 

it makes me wonder if

 

it makes sense / it doesn't make sense

 

because / as / since

 

In part, that’s because

 

as I said,

 

this being said,

 

that said,

 

in other words

 

just to be clear

 

from my point of view

 

my own view is...

 

it depends on...

 

after all,

 

although,

 

the same goes forpréposition + N

 

 

 

 

 

similarly, likewise, like / unlike, on the contrary

 

compared topréposition + N

 

compared withpréposition + N

 

by comparison,

 

by contrast,

 

on the one hand / on the other (hand)

 

 

 

 

 

instead ofpréposition + N

 

instead

 

rather than, if ... then

 

otherwise

 

leaving aside the fact that

 

not to mention

 

hence

 

of course, obviously

 

in the eyes ofpréposition + N

 

so perhaps, this being said, whereas

 

as, as for, as for me, for all

 

as a whole

 

while, though, however

 

moreover, furthermore, plus, what's more, besides

 

more to the point, on top of that, what is more, unless

 

to what extent, to some extent, to a lesser extent, somehow

 

if anything

 

anyway

 

in a way

 

provided

 

in addition, besides, what's more, moreover,

 

last but not least, in a nutshell

 

so, therefore

 

next

 

yet (toutefois / cependant), and yet, as yet

 

still

 

at least

 

thus

 

despite, despite the fact that

 

it is unclear whether

 

indeed

 

the point is that...

 

when it comes topréposition + N

 

it is also argued that, in one way this is

 

 

 

 

finally, as a conclusion, to sum up, in a nutshell, in short

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Connecteurs logiques /

Mots de liaison essentiels

 

Classement par sens

 

 

1 - Commencer

(une démonstration ou un argument précis)

 

First,

 

Firstly,

 

First of all,

 

First and foremost,

 

in the first place,

 

To begin with,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2 - Donner son point de vue

 

My own view is

 

From my point of view

 

To my mind

 

To me

 

It 'does seem to me

 

I agree

 

I agree with you to a point

 

I disagree

 

I think now it's irrelevant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3 - Ajouter

 

Second

 

third

 

moreover

 

furthermore

 

what's more

 

plus

 

next

 

besides

 

on top of that

 

additionally

 

in addition

 

not to mention

 

as well as

 

also

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4 - Nuancer, préciser, relativiser, contraster, comparer

 

This being said

 

that said

 

however

 

yet

 

to some extent

 

in some ways

 

to a lesser extent

 

somehow

 

but

 

still

 

nonetheless

 

although

 

don't get me wrong

 

on the one hand... on the other

 

on the plus side

 

on the pro side

 

on the con side

 

weigh the pros and cons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 - Donner un exemple, contextualiser

 

for instance

 

for example

 

like

 

such as...

 

... to name but a few

 

there is / are...

 

to put it into context,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6 - Continuer, changer de sujet,

faire une simple transition

 

next

 

now

 

as for...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 - Développer en confirmant, en justifiant

 

indeed

 

there is no doubt that...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 - Justifier, expliquer, indiquer la cause,

mettre en perspective

 

because

 

due to

 

since

 

as

 

thanks topréposition + N (indique une cause positive)

 

that's why

 

it's meant to + Base Verbale (BV)

 

let me explain why

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 - Conséquence, relation de cause à effet

 

So

 

therefore

 

as a result

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 - Faire un contraste / comparer / différencier / préciser

 

actually

 

although

 

though

 

whereas

 

though

 

by contrast

 

on the one hand / on the other

 

unlike / like, likewise

 

on the contrary

 

contrary topréposition + N

 

as opposed topréposition + N

 

compared topréposition + N

 

by comparison

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11 - Formuler une hypothèse

 

If

 

even if,

 

should + Nsujet + Base Verbale

 

it looks as though

 

may + Base Verbale

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

12 - Poser une question, problématiser :

 

It's raising questions about

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

13 - Insister (' = accent tonique)

 

I 'do think that...

 

we 'do know that...

 

it is worth emphasising that...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

14 - Concéder, admettre, constater

 

Granted,...

 

it is true that...

 

even though...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

15 - Conclure une argumentation / un argument

 

As a conclusion

 

to conclude

 

to sum up

 

in a nutshell

 

finally

 

last but not least

 

in short

 

very briefly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voir aussi > Anglonautes > Grammaire anglaise > Niveau avancé

 

adverbes

 

prépositions + N

 

conjonctions

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Learning

 

For French students only

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

 

 

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