Les anglonautes

About | Search | Grammar | Vocapedia | Learning | News podcasts | Videos | History | Arts | Science | Translate and listen

 Home Up Next

 

learning English > for French-speaking students

 

lycées, classes préparatoires, universités

 

bac, concours, examens, tests > anglais

 

compréhension et expression écrite / orale

 

vocabulaire essentiel

classé par thèmes

 

 

Pour activer la traduction

dans la langue de votre choix

et la prononciation en anglais,

ajoutez en quelques secondes

Mate Translate à Firefox

(recommandé),

ou

TransOver et Pronounce

à Chrome

 

 

 

Colocation / compatibilité :

attention à bien utiliser

ce vocabulaire en contexte !

 

Colocation des mots :

 

Mots compatibles / bon colocataires

 

Americans have the right to carry guns.

 

 

Mots incompatibles / mauvais colocataires

 

?!!! Americans have the right to wear guns. ?!!!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Voir aussi

 

Vocabulaire thématique - niveau avancé > Vocapedia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

code couleur :

 

rouge = verbe

 

bleu = nom

 

noir = adverbe, adjectif, préposition, conjonction

 

 

 

 

 

able

 

be able to -> Base Verbale

 

enable

 

affordable

 

doable

 

unable

 

impeachable

 

sustainable

 

disabled

 

the disabled

 

ability

 

affordability

 

sustainability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

efficient

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

aware

 

become aware ofpréposition + N

 

be aware ofpréposition + N

 

be aware thatconjonction + S + V / modal + Base Verbale  + O

 

unaware

 

awareness

 

bring awareness

 

raise awareness

 

raise awareness ofpréposition + N

 

raise awareness aboutpréposition + N

 

make people aware ofpréposition + N

 

 face up to the fact that...

 

realize

 

awaken

 

wake-up call

 

reckoning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deal withpréposition + N

 

cope

 

cope withpréposition + N

 

handle

 

handling

 

manage

 

manager

 

management

 

respond

 

response

 

tackle

 

sort out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

give        gave        given

 

grant

 

award

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ask

 

demand (faux ami)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

call forpréposition + N

 

urge

 

caution

 

caution

 

warn

 

warning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

event

 

cause

 

cause

 

trigger

 

provoke

 

spark

 

breed

 

happen

 

occur

 

take place        took place        taken place

 

unfold

 

play out

 

cancel / call off

 

postpone

 

schedule

 

reschedule

 

fallout

 

aftermath

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

think        thought        thought

 

guess

 

understand        understood        understood

 

make sense of N        made sense of N        made sense of N

 

figure out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mean        meant        meant

 

meaning

 

meaningful

 

meaningless

 

meaninglessness

 

make sense        made        made

 

nonsense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

say        said        said

 

tell        told        told

 

recount

 

bring up        brought up        brought up

 

touch on

 

explain

 

argue

 

allege

 

claim

 

tout

 

state

 

statement

 

stateman

 

statesmanship

 

acknowledge

 

deny

 

denial

 

exagerate

 

playdown / downplay

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

authorize

 

greenlight

 

OK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

involve

(très souvent au passif : be involved / get involved)

 

involvement

 

passif : be involved inpréposition + N

 

commit

 

passif : be committed topréposition + N

 

commitment

 

devote

 

devotion

 

dedicate

 

passif : be dedicated topréposition + N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

matter

 

realize

 

argue

 

claim

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

add

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

reduce

 

bring down        brought down        brought down

 

flatten

 

lower

 

narrow

 

curb

 

cut        cut        cut

 

slash

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

find        found        found (irregular)

 

≠  found (regular) 

 

≠  fund (regular)

 

come up withpréposition + N    came up    come up   (irregular)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lie (regular)

 

 lie, lay, lain (irregular)

 

lay, laid, laid (irregular)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

notice

 

spot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

warn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

botch

 

fail

 

failure

 

setback

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

manage to -> Base Verbale

 

succeed inpréposition + N

 

success

 

make it        made it        made it

 

win        won        won

 

pay off        paid off        paid off

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prevent N frompréposition + N

 

deter

 

avoid

 

ward off

 

dodge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

impede

 

hinder

 

undermine

 

hamper

 

threat

 

threaten

 

imperil

 

jeopardise (UK) / jeopardize (USA)

 

be in jeopardy

 

forbid        forbade        forbidden

 

bar

 

ban

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rely onpréposition + N

 

reliable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

act

 

react

 

respond

 

response

 

be ready

 

brace for N

 

measures

 

guidance

 

steps

 

effectiveness

 

efficient

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hesitate

 

hesitant

 

reluctant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

go wrong        went wrong        gone wrong

 

worse

 

worsen

 

fuel

 

stoke

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

qualities

 

brave

 

bravery

 

courage

 

grit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

use

 

user

 

useful

 

useless

 

need

 

need

 

lack

 

lack

 

be short on N

 

shortage

 

food shortage

 

in short supply

 

run out of N

 

scarcity

 

water scarcity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

like

 

appreciate

 

enjoy

 

love

 

crave

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dislike

 

despise

 

hate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be addicted topréposition + N

 

addict

 

drug addict

 

food addict

 

fashion addict

 

addiction

 

gaming addiction / video game addiction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deserve

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deceive

 

deception (faux-ami)

 

cheat

 

cheat onpréposition + N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

violence

 

domestic violence / home violence

 

gun violence

 

gun culture

 

gun advocate (attention :  advocate est un faux-ami)

 

gun lobby

 

pro-gun

 

USA > National Rifle Association (N.R.A.)

 

USA > U.S. Constitution > Bill of Rights (1791)

The Ten Original Amendments: The Bill of Rights.

Passed by Congres September 25, 1789.

Ratified December 15, 1791.

http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/documents/1786-1800/
bill-of-rights-and-the-amendments-to-the-constitution.php

 

Second Amendment to the Constitution:

"A well regulated militia,

being necessary to the security of a free state,

the right of the people to keep and bear arms,

shall not be infringed."

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

carry a gun

 

bear guns

 

assault weapon > AK-47

 

gun

 

gun down

 

rifle

 

gunman

 

shooter

 

bullet

 

shoot        shot        shot

 

shoot down

 

shoot dead

 

mow down

 

shooting

 

campus / school / office / mall /

church / theater / workplace shooting

 

shooting spree

 

random shooting

 

killing spree

 

mayhem

 

run amok

 

go beserk

 

go on a rampage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mental health

 

the mentally ill + Vpluriel

 

mental illness

 

mental disorder

 

mental issues

 

stress

 

stressful

 

anxious

 

anxiety

 

worry about N

 

worried

 

phobia

 

burnout

 

depression

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

abuse

 

abuse

 

domestic abuse

 

sexual abuse

 

abusive

 

bully

 

bully

 

cyberbully

 

bullying

 

hazing

 

hate

 

hate

 

haters

 

hate speech

 

hatred

 

hate crime

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drugs

 

Mexican drug cartel

 

crack

 

heroin

 

marijuana / cannabis / wee / pot

 

legalize

 

legalization

 

drug war

 

smuggle

 

smuggler

 

get high

 

get stoned

 

become addicted topréposition + N

 

addict

 

addictive

 

overdose onpréposition + N

 

overdose

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

heist

 

rob

 

robber

 

robbery

 

mugger

 

assault

 

offender

 

offence

 

thief

 

steal

 

murder

 

murderer

 

killer

 

gang

 

gang member

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rape

 

rape

 

rapist

 

prostitution

 

forced prostitution

 

human trafficking

 

prostitute

 

sex worker

 

pimp

 

client

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

stalk

 

stalker

 

stalking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

arson

 

arsonist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

race

 

racial bias

 

negative stereotypes

 

racial disparities

 

racial divide

 

racial barriers

 

racial slur

 

USA > National Association

for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

 

racial equality > colorblind

 

racism

 

racist

 

racial hatred

 

racist

 

eugenics

 

eugenicist

 

SA > apartheid

 

SA > African National Congress (ANC)

 

discrimination

 

be discriminated against.

 

unequal

 

unfair

 

unequality

 

unfairness

 

prejudice

 

bias

 

racial bias

 

scapegoat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

diversity

 

inclusion

 

inclusive

 

multicultural

 

equitable

 

equality

 

fair

 

unfair

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

civil rights

 

equal rights

 

human rights

 

struggle

 

struggle

 

overcome

 

"We shall overcome"

 

prevail

 

African-American

 

Black

 

colored people

 

negro

 

Nigger (racist) > the N word

 

segregation

 

segregated

 

desegregation

 

desegregate

 

discrimination

 

assimilation

 

integration

 

sit-in

 

picketing

 

march

 

march

 

protest

 

protest

 

non-violence

 

White

 

Caucasian

 

Ku Klux Klan (KKK)

 

Bible Belt

 

Deep South

 

Southern states

 

Jim Crow

 

Jim Crow laws

 

slave

 

people in bondage

 

be held in bondage

 

slaver / slave owner

 

slave trade

 

trade

 

slavery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

corruption

 

corrupt

 

graft

 

kickback

 

bribe

 

bribery

 

bribe

 

corporate crime

 

white-collar crime

 

insider dealing

 

embezzlement

 

embezzle

 

fix a match

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bill

 

law

 

outlaw

 

outlaw

 

ban

 

ban

 

forbid

 

allow

 

law of the land

 

law-abidibing people / citizens

 

lawmaker

 

enactment

 

enact

 

enacted

 

enforce

 

law enforcement

 

law enforcement agencies

 

abolish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

force

 

oblige

 

make N compulsory

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

awyer

 

attorney

 

law-abiding citizen

 

justice

 

just

 

unjust

 

fair

 

unfair

 

defendant / accused

 

plaintiff

 

vs.

 

charge

 

offence

 

crime

 

criminal record

 

court

 

judge

 

U.S. Supreme Court

 

U.S. Supreme Court > Justice

 

U.S. Constitution

 

constitutional

 

unconstitutional

 

trial

 

evidence

 

a piece of evidence

 

jury

 

juror

 

verdict

 

reach a verdict

 

convict

 

conviction

 

convict

 

sentence

 

sentence

 

guilt

 

guilty

 

not guilty

 

innocent

 

be wrongly convicted

 

miscarriage of justice

 

appeal

 

prison / jail

 

prisoner / inmate

 

free / release

 

free

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

death penalty

 

death row

 

death chamber

 

execute

 

lethal injection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rights

 

civil rights

 

gay rights

 

coming out

 

come out

 

'pink collar'

 

homophobia

 

homophobic

 

lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT)

 

transphobic

 

women rights

 

glass ceiling

 

gender pay gap

 

gender gap

 

gender equality

 

harass

 

harassment

 

equal opportunity

 

hostility

 

femicide

 

feminist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

goal / aim / purpose

 

aim

 

target

 

target

 

attempt

 

attempt

 

endeavour

 

endeavour

 

undertaking

 

try

 

seek        sought        sought

 

aim

 

strive for perfection        strove        striven

 

fulfil

 

live up to + N

 

win        won        won

 

overcome        overcame        overcome

 

prevail

 

achieve

 

achiever

 

achievement

 

manage

 

succeed in + N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

satisfying

 

rewarding

 

fulfilling

 

exhilarating

 

make your life + adjectif

 

bring happiness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

average

 

on average

 

standard

 

double standards

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mind

 

mindset

 

think

 

guess

 

guess

 

assess

 

assessment

 

soul

 

mood

 

spirit

 

fighting spirit

 

resilience

 

resilient

 

defiance

 

defiant

 

will

 

willpower

 

willingness

 

positive

 

upbeat

 

open-minded

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

choose

 

choice

 

dilemma

 

doubt

 

doubt

 

wonder

 

whether

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

easy

 

nice

 

cool

 

handy

 

user-friendly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tough

 

rough

 

harsh

 

hard

 

difficult

 

complicated

 

unbearable

 

face

 

difficulties

 

struggle

 

endure

 

hardship

 

hard times

 

plight

 

the plight of the unemployed

 

predicament

 

ordeal

 

burden

 

plague

 

plague

 

blight

 

scourge

 

trouble

 

problem

 

social problem

 

issue

 

solve

 

economic issues

 

glitch

 

technical glitch

 

flaw

 

mess

 

fix

 

sort out

 

mistake

 

drawback

 

disadvantage

 

downside

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

impede

 

impediment

 

obstacle

 

hurdle

 

jeopardize

 

put in jeopardy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

body

 

immune system

 

cell

 

DNA stands for deoxyribonucleic acid

 

strand of DNA

 

gene

 

genetics

 

faulty gene / malfunctioning gene

 

gene editing

 

gene therapy

 

CRISPR

 

genetics

 

cell

 

stem cell

 

edit

 

fix

 

repair

 

replace

 

treat

 

cure

 

clone

 

clone

 

designer babies

 

designer humans

 

Aldous Huxley's dystopian 1932 novel, 'Brave New World'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

body

 

skin

 

organ

 

organ

 

transplant

 

grow organs

 

brain

 

lung

 

liver

 

heart

 

throat

 

kidney

 

bladder

 

belly

 

stomach

 

spine

 

transplant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disabled

 

the disabled + Vpluriel

 

disability

 

people with disabilities

 

unable to -> Base Verbale

 

visual impairment

 

vision impaired + N

 

the blind + Vpluriel

 

blindless

 

the deaf + Vpluriel

 

deafness

 

hearing impairment

 

the mentally ill + Vpluriel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

health

 

mental health

 

healthy ≠ unhealthy

 

health record

 

healthcare

 

care

 

take care of N        took        taken

 

medical care

 

intensive care

 

palliative care

 

caregiver

 

caretaker

 

caretaking

 

medicine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

virus

 

coronavirus

 

case

 

contagious

 

spread    spread    spread

 

spread

 

spreader

 

stem the spread of N

 

slow

 

contain

 

containment

 

lock down

 

lockdown

 

reopening

 

shut down    shut down    shut down

 

shutdown

 

isolation

 

quarantine

 

quarantine

 

cluster

 

outbreak

 

epidemic

 

pandemic

 

face mask

 

ventilator

 

death toll

 

sick

 

get sick

 

sickness

 

illness

 

mental illness

 

disease

 

serious disease

 

killer disease

 

infection diseases

 

infect

 

malaria

 

plague

 

TB stands for Tuberculosis

 

HIV stands for Human Immuno-deficiency Virus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

 

people with AIDS

 

scourge

 

safe sex

 

unsafe sex

 

condom

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

smoke

 

smoker

 

smoking

 

vape

 

fat

 

overweight

 

overeat

 

obese

 

the obese + Vpluriel

 

obesity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cancer

 

lung cancer

 

breast cancer

 

patient

 

cancer patient

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

patient

 

pain

 

painful

 

suffer frompréposition + N

 

bear

 

endure

 

recover

 

recovery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

General Practitioner - G.P. (UK)

 

doctor (USA)

 

physician (USA)

 

specialist

 

prescribe

 

pharmaceutical company

 

Big Pharma

 

patent

 

waive patents

 

patent waiving

 

medicines / medications / (prescription) drugs

 

side-effect

 

surgeon

 

paramedic

 

female nurse

 

male nurse

 

hospital

 

in hospital

 

ward

 

emergency room (E.R.)

 

intensive care unit (I.C.U.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

abortion

 

abortion rights

 

abortion laws

 

ban abortion

 

have an abortion

 

abortion foes / opponents

 

termination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

life

 

life expectancy / life span

 

lifetime

 

live

 

live until...

 

childbirth

 

birth

 

baby

 

infant

 

toddler

 

kid

 

child, children

 

teenager

 

teenage girl / boy

 

teen girls

 

the young + Vpluriel

 

youngsters

 

youth

 

be raised

 

grow up        grew up        grown up

 

grown-up

 

adult

 

adulthood

 

old

 

getting older

 

older people

 

elderly / the elderly + Vpluriel

 

senior citizens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

die

 

pass

 

pass away

 

death

 

death rate

 

death toll

 

euthanasia / mercy killing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

body / remains

 

funeral

 

coffin / casket

 

bury

 

burial

 

mourn

 

mourner

 

grieve

 

grief

 

church

 

churchyard

 

tomb / grave

 

graveyard

 

Rest in Peace (RIP)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

crisis (plural: crises)

 

humanitarian crisis

 

threaten

 

threat

 

danger

 

disaster

 

hit        hit        hit

 

strain

 

overwhelm

 

deepen

 

worsen

 

unstable

 

unsafe

 

turmoil

 

meltdown

 

plight

 

collapse

 

collapse

 

chaos

 

complete chaos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

change

 

change

 

shift

 

impact

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earth

 

environment

 

natural world

 

wildlife

 

species

 

endangered species

 

extinct species

 

land

 

landscape

 

scenery

 

countryside

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

geography

 

map

 

continent

 

country

 

people peoples

 

native peoples

 

panhandle

 

island

 

archipelago

 

delta

 

desert

 

mountain

 

valley

 

river

 

sea

 

deep sea

 

ocean

 

ocean floor

 

shore

 

beach

 

rock

 

ridge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earth

 

life

 

resources

 

water

 

global water shortages

 

scarce

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

energy

 

wond energy

 

solar energy

 

electricity

 

power plant

 

utility, utilities (plural)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nuclear power

 

nuclear plant

 

nuclear waste

 

radioactive level

 

radioactive leak

 

nuclear disaster

 

shelter

 

survivor

 

the dead

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

power

 

power

 

renewable energy

 

renewables

 

solar energy / solar power

 

solar panel

 

solar farm

 

wind power

 

wind farm

 

wind turbine

 

hydropower

 

sustainable development

 

sustainable city

 

eco-friendly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fossil fuels > coal, oil

 

fracking > shale gas

 

emit

 

emission

 

pollute

 

polluter

 

pollution

 

waste

 

waste

 

nuclear waste

 

global warming

 

heat

 

heatwave

 

global heating

 

greenhouse gas

 

greenhouse gas emissions

 

carbon dioxide - CO2

 

increase in carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere

 

carbon footprint

 

climate fight

 

climate change

 

climate refugee

 

ozone layer

 

ozone hole

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

heat

 

scorcher

 

dry

 

drought

 

parched soil

 

starvation

 

sea ice

 

melt

 

melting ice

 

rising temperatures

 

rising sea levels / sea level rise

 

natural disaster

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

earthquake / quake

 

shake

 

collapse

 

collapse

 

rubble (uncountable N)

 

rescue

 

rescue

 

rescuer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

volcano

 

erupt

 

eruption

 

devastation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

extreme weather

 

heat wave

 

scorch

 

tsunami

 

flood

 

flood

 

flooding

 

wreak havoc

 

damage (uncountable N)

 

debris / rubble (uncountable N)

 

storm

 

cell storm

 

tornado

 

twister

 

hurricane

 

wildfire

 

blaze

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

food

 

waste food

 

food waste

 

conventional food

 

organic food

 

junk food

 

fast food

 

feed        fed        fed

 

hunger

 

hungry

 

the hungry

 

famine

 

starve to death

 

sugar addict

 

Genetically Modified (GM) food /

Frankenstein food / 'Frankenfood'

 

meat

 

dairy

 

grocery

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

farm

 

farm

 

farmer

 

farm worker

 

farming

 

organic farming

 

seed

 

grow        grew        grown

 

harvest

 

harvest

 

crop

 

wheat

 

rice

 

shortage

 

lack

 

potato blight

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cook

 

cook

 

cooking

 

pressure cooker

 

recipe

 

chef

 

menu

 

meal

 

dish

 

plate

 

fork

 

knife

 

spoon

 

glass

 

eat    ate    eaten

 

drink    drank    drunk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

friend

 

close friend

 

best friend

 

virtual friend

 

friendship

 

mate

 

soulmate

 

neighbour

 

relationship

 

meet        met        met

 

gather

 

socialize

 

help

 

thank

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

family

 

foster family

 

relative / blood relative

 

parents

 

single parents

 

parenthood

 

1 child

 

only child

 

2 children

 

kid

 

twin

 

conjoined twin

 

orphan

 

orphanage

 

raise

 

bring up        brought up        brought up

 

ancestry

 

forebears

 

offspring

 

scion

 

brother

 

sister

 

siblings

 

next of kin / next-of-kin

 

father

 

mother

 

father-in-law

 

mother-in-law

 

in-laws

 

godfather

 

godmother

 

godson

 

grandfather

 

grandmother

 

grandson

 

granddaughter

 

great-grandparents

 

son

 

daughter

 

uncle

 

aunt

 

cousin

 

nephew

 

loved ones

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

symbol

 

symbolize

 

stand forpreposition + N        stood        stood

 

show        showed        shown

 

represent

 

embody

 

exemplify

 

epitomize

 

role model

 

set        set        set an example

 

identify withpreposition + N

 

relate topreposition + N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

romance

 

date

 

speed dating

 

online dating

 

sex

 

have sex withpreposition + N        had        had

 

safe sex

 

casual sex

 

condom

 

kiss

 

kiss

 

hug

 

hug

 

faithful

 

affair

 

have an affair        had        had

 

online affair

 

cheat onpreposition + N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

straight

 

gay / queer

 

transgender

 

gay rights

 

come out        came out        came out

 

coming out

 

homophobic

 

sexual harassment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

love

 

love

 

crush

 

date

 

date

 

marry

 

marriage

 

gay marriage

 

forced marriage

 

"honor killing"

 

wedding

 

royal wedding

 

wedding ring

 

bride

 

groom

 

vow

 

wife

 

husband

 

spouse

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

split        split        split

 

split up        split up        split up

 

marriage split

 

marriage breakup

 

divorce

 

divorce

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fashion

 

fashionable

 

attractive

 

model

 

catwalk

 

look

 

glamour

 

clothes

 

garments

 

bag

 

shoes

 

liptstick

 

wear        wore        worn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

school

 

high school

 

highschooler

 

fifth-grader

 

home schooling

 

private teacher

 

pupil

 

economically and socially disadvantaged pupils

 

student

 

homework

 

teach        taught        taught

 

teacher

 

teaching

 

assess

 

learn        learned / learnt        learned / learnt

 

learning

 

online learning

 

remote learning

 

home schooling

 

learning disabilities / special needs

 

essay

 

oral presentation

 

mark

 

grade

 

degree

 

graduate

 

college graduate

 

undergraduate

 

higher ed > college / university

 

top / elite college

 

Cambrige (UK)

 

Oxford (UK)

 

Oxbridge (UK)

 

Harvard (USA)

 

Ivy League (USA)

 

enrol

 

enrollment

 

gap year

 

study

 

take an exam        took        taken

 

fail

 

pass

 

achievement

 

achievement gap

 

fail

 

failure

 

educational failure

 

enrol

 

drop out

 

dropout

 

university dropout

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

student finance

 

college costs

 

tuition fees

 

tuition rates

 

student loan

 

student debt

 

financial aid

 

scholarship

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

world

 

around the world

 

continent

 

region

 

area

 

place

 

spot

 

venue

 

map

 

country

 

peoples  ≠  people

 

culture

 

faith / religion / belief

 

achievements

 

customs

 

food

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nation

 

nationality

 

The French + Vpluriel

 

The British + Vpluriel

 

The Spanish + Vpluriel

 

The Dutch + Vpluriel

 

The Japanese + Vpluriel

 

The Americans + Vpluriel

 

The Australians + Vpluriel

 

The Russians + Vpluriel

 

The Italians + Vpluriel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

global

 

globalisation

 

global village

 

global trade

 

trade war

 

worldwide

 

world wide web (WWW)

 

all over the world

 

around the world

 

across the globe

 

North - > Northern - > Northerner

 

South > Southern - > Southerner

 

East -> Eastern -> Easterner

 

West -> Western -> Westerner

 

abroad

 

overseas

 

foreign country

 

foreigner

 

state

 

people + Vpluriel  ≠  peoples + Vpluriel

 

inhabitants

 

individuals

 

the poor + Vpluriel

 

the rich + Vpluriel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

city

 

megacity

 

cityscape

 

skyline

 

landmark > Big Ben (UK), Empire State building (USA)

 

spread        spread        spread

 

widespread

 

sprawl

 

sprawl

 

neighbourhood (UK) / neighborhood (USA)

 

borough

 

area

 

district

 

gentrification

 

gentrified

 

gated communities

 

suburbs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

town

 

hamlet

 

village

 

countryside

 

land

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

transport

 

modes of transport

 

transport modes

 

a means of transport

 

means of urban transport system

 

horse

 

car

 

electric car

 

motorist

 

park

 

drive        drove        driven

 

driver

 

driverless car / self-driving car / autonomous vehicle

 

car-sharing

 

gas

 

highway

 

traffic

 

railway

 

track

 

train

 

high speed train

 

train station

 

subway

 

underground

 

fare

 

commute

 

commute

 

commuter

 

ride        rode        ridden

 

rider

 

airplane

 

plane

 

flight

 

airport

 

flight

 

boat / ship / raft / dinghy

 

ship

 

cross

 

sail

 

port

 

bike

 

bicycle

 

cycling

 

motorcycle

 

electric scooter / e-scooter

 

cycling

 

car

 

car-sharing

 

bus

 

coach

 

network

 

hub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

house

 

housing

 

housing crisis

 

social housing

 

council estate

 

studio

 

flat (UK)

 

apartment (USA)

 

home

 

mansion

 

building

 

tower

 

high rise

 

skyscraper

 

penthouse

 

skyline

 

roof

 

attic

 

floor (UK)

 

story / storey -> plural: stories / storeys

 

stairs

 

staircase

 

upstairs

 

downstairs

 

room

 

wardrobe

 

shelf

 

chair

 

couch

 

window

 

wall

 

kitchen

 

garden

 

backyard

 

shed

 

front door

 

back door

 

gate

 

basement

 

cellar

 

water

 

power

 

buy        bought        bought

 

rent

 

renter

 

landlord

 

do up        did up        done up

 

evict

 

eviction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

foreign

 

foreigner (≠ stranger)

 

foreign policy

 

Foreign Secretary (UK)

 

Secretary of State (USA)

 

homeland

 

home country

 

home town

 

heartland

 

roots

 

refugee

 

refugee camp

 

displaced people

 

exodus

 

flee        fled        fled

 

enter N

 

settle

 

settler

 

settlement

 

seek asylum        sought        sought

 

asylum seeker

 

immigration

 

immigrant

 

illegal immigration

 

illegal immigrant

 

smuggle

 

smuggler

 

documents > ID / passport / visa

 

undocumented

 

undocumented worker

 

alien

 

farmworker

 

deport

 

deportation

 

DREAM Act

(Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors) - USA



DREAMers
- USA

 

migrant

 

border

 

border wall / barrier / fence

 

cross the border

 

border crossing

 

multicultural

 

multiculturalism

 

melting pot

 

salad bowl

 

brain drain

 

colonize

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

citizen

 

second-class citizen

 

citizenship

 

documents > ID / passport / visa

 

undocumented

 

visa

 

Green Card / Permanent Resident Card (USA)

 

nationality

 

United Kingdom (UK)

 

British

 

the United States of America / the U.S. + Vsingulier

 

American

 

The Americans + Vpluriel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Italy

 

Italian

 

The Italians + Vpluriel

 

Germany

 

German

 

The Germans + Vpluriel

 

France

 

French

 

The French + Vpluriel

 

Spain

 

Spanish

 

The Spanish + Vpluriel

 

Japan

 

Japanese

 

The Japanese + Vpluriel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

travel

 

trip / travel / journey / voyage

 

air travel

 

travel experiences

 

hitchhike

 

hitchhiker

 

journey

 

trekking

 

vacation

 

vacationers

 

holidays

 

summer holidays

 

holiday memories

 

holidaymakers

 

book

 

booking

 

stay

 

stay

 

tourism

 

space tourism

 

violence, abuse > sex tourism

 

hotel

 

guest

 

hostel

 

B&B

 

resort

 

sea resort

 

ski resort

 

skier

 

theme park

 

camping

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

luggage (Nindénombrable)

 

a piece of luggage

 

suitcase

 

bag

 

backpack

 

rucksack

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

passport

 

ID

 

customs

 

border

 

home country

 

homeland

 

host country

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

means

 

way

 

technique

 

technology

 

expertise

 

tool

 

device

 

gadget

 

feature

 

know how to + BV        knew        known

 

do        did        done

 

make        made        made

 

design

 

invent

 

develop

 

build        built        built

 

create

 

resort topreposition + N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

advice (Nindénombrable)

a piece of advice

 

news (Nindénombrable)

a piece of news

 

evidence (Nindénombrable)

a piece of evidence

 

luggage (Nindénombrable)

a piece of luggage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

talk

 

mention

 

discuss

 

debate

 

debate

 

question

 

dilemma

 

issue

 

hot-button issue

 

burning issue

 

raise a sensitive issue

 

topic

 

sensitive topic

 

point

 

agree  ≠  disagree > I agree about / with N

≠ 

I disagree with N

 

differ on N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

criticize

 

decry

 

rebuke N for N

 

slam

 

blame

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

recap

 

sum up

 

summary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

congratulate

 

congratulations

 

praise

 

praise

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

advise

 

advice

 

a piece of advice

 

guidance

 

guideline

 

rule

 

abide by N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

show        showed        shown

 

reveal

 

unveil

 

expose

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

defy

 

challenge

 

challenge

 

meet / tackle the challenge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

money

 

dark money

 

currency

 

virtual / digital currency > Bitcoin

 

U.S. dollar

 

British pound

 

euro

 

euro zone

 

euro area

 

leave the euro        left        left

 

cash

 

coin

 

note / bill

 

cheque

 

cost        cost        cost

 

pay        paid        paid

 

buy        bought        bought

 

sell        sold        sold

 

rent

 

book

 

philanthropy / private giving

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

business

 

competition

 

economy (≠ economics)

 

gig economy

 

economist

 

economic policies

 

global economy

 

developing world

 

public good

 

private interest

 

ratings agency

 

downgrade

 

downgrade

 

industry

 

factory

 

plant

 

facility

 

assembly line

 

make        made        made

 

maker / manufacturer

 

manufacturing sector

 

carmaker

 

product

 

item

 

entrepreneur

 

company / firm / corporation

 

conglomerate

 

media conglomerate

 

startup

 

office

 

corporate America

 

Big Oil

 

Big Tobacco / tobacco industry

 

Big Pharma / drug industry

 

Big Tech

 

invest

 

investor

 

investment

 

bid        bid/bade        bid/bidden

 

bid

 

merger

 

thrive        throve        thriven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bank

 

bank account

 

banker

 

ATM stands for Automated Teller Machine

 

withdrawal

 

loan

 

lend        lent        lent

 

lender

 

borrow

 

borrower

 

borrowing costs

 

owe

 

subprime

 

subcrime crisis

 

tax

 

wealth tax

 

taxpayer

 

tax evasion

 

cost        cost        cost

 

cost

 

low cost

 

market

 

housing market / real estate

 

commodities > natural gas, oil, gold, copper,

lead, aluminum, silver, zinc, nickel,

iron ore (used for steel),

wheat, cocoa, cotton, oats, cotton, rubber,

corn, sugar, beef, pork and coffee

 

availability

 

demand

 

supply

 

supply

 

provide

 

provider

 

outsourcing

 

deal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wall Street

 

Wallstreeter

 

share

 

go public        went        gone

 

Initial Public Offering (I.P.O.)

 

stock

 

stock exchange

 

stock market

 

up

 

down

 

broker

 

trade

 

trade

 

trader

 

rogue trader

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sponsor

 

sponsorship

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

housing

 

housing market

 

housing shortage

 

affordable housing

 

own

 

own

 

owner

 

ownership

 

home ownership

 

landlord

 

rent

 

renter

 

renting

 

mortgage

 

loan

 

lend

 

subprime

 

foreclosure

 

repossession

 

eviction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

free market

 

free marketeers

 

free enterprise

 

deregulation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

financial mess

 

sort out

 

debt

 

crisis

 

meltdown

 

bank bailout

 

slump

 

depression

 

recession

 

stumble

 

fall        fell        fallen

 

tumble

 

nosedive

 

collapse

 

collapse

 

recovery

 

sustainable recovery

 

austerity

 

boom and bust

 

ups and downs

 

growth

 

grow        grew        grown

 

GDP stands for Gross Domestic Product

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

job

 

decent job

 

position

 

occupation

 

livelihood

 

look for a job

 

apply for a job

 

job application

 

get a job        got        got (UK) / gotten (USA)

 

hire

 

hire

 

work as...

 

fire  ≠  lay off        laid off        laid off

 

layoff

 

pink slip (USA)

 

jobs crisis

 

jobcentre (UK)

 

jobless

 

the jobless + Vpluriel

 

joblessness

 

unemployment

 

unemployment office (USA)

 

file claims for jobless benefits

 

unemployment benefit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

work

 

work

 

telework / work from home

 

telework

 

worker

 

skilled worker

 

skills

 

skilled

 

unskilled

 

workplace

 

workforce

 

colleague

 

independent contractor  ≠  employee

 

civil servant

 

labour (UK) / labor (USA)

 

child labour / child labor

 

toil

 

intern

 

internship

 

wage

 

low wage

 

minimum wage

 

hike

 

bonus

 

employer employee

 

blue-collar

 

'pink-collar'

 

white-collar

 

executive

 

boss

 

chairman

 

CEO stands for Chairman Executive Organizer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

union

 

unionist

 

strike        struck        stricken

 

strike

 

striker

 

get involved        got        got (UK) / gotten (USA)

 

hunger striker

 

protest

 

protest / demonstration

 

protester

 

rally

 

march

 

crowd

 

throng

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

retiree

 

retirement

 

pension

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

poverty

 

extreme poverty

 

grinding poverty

 

dilapidated home

 

dilapidated area

 

derelict building

 

run-down street

 

housing

 

lack of affordable housing

 

homeless

 

homelessness

 

sleep rough

 

rough sleeper

 

shelter

 

slum

 

slum dwellers

 

shanty town

 

township (South Africa)

 

hovels

 

beg

 

beggar

 

panhandle

 

panhandler

 

the poor + Vpluriel

 

the needy + Vpluriel

 

the downtrodden + Vpluriel

 

the underdog + Vpluriel

 

the outcast + Vpluriel

 

the dispossessed + Vpluriel

 

the homeless + Vpluriel

 

the destitute + Vpluriel

 

destitution

 

destitute

 

deprivation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the hungry + Vpluriel

 

hunger

 

hungry

 

feed

 

food

 

food stamp

 

food bank

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

struggle

 

help

 

help

 

support    (faux ami)

 

support    (faux ami)

 

charity    (faux ami)

 

care

 

care

 

carer

 

volunteer

 

empathy

 

save

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

welfare

 

welfare state

 

social security    (U.S.)

 

nanny state

 

benefit

 

safety net

 

safety net hospitals

 

public subsidies

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the affluent + Vpluriel

 

the rich + Vpluriel

 

the super-rich + Vpluriel

 

billion

 

billionaire

 

money

 

power

 

wealth

 

wealthy

 

wealth divide

 

income gap

 

income ladder

 

low income

 

class divide

 

inequality

 

inequity

 

pay equity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gender inequality

 

gender gap

 

glass ceiling

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

social mobility

 

upward mobility

 

social ladder

 

property ladder

 

career ladder

 

economic ladder

 

climb

 

move up

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

emerging economies

 

prosperity

 

grow        grew        grown

 

growth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

thrift

 

bargain

 

barter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

consumer

 

consumer society

 

consumerist

 

consumeristic

 

consumerism

 

brand

 

label

 

retail

 

retailer

 

store

 

department store

 

grocer

 

grocery store

 

groceries

 

bakery

 

shop

 

shop

 

shopper

 

shopping

 

shopping mall

 

megamall

 

shopping basket

 

shopping frenzy

 

spending spree

 

price

 

price tag

 

price hike

 

sale

 

discount

 

50 % off

 

bargain

 

bargain hunter

 

seller

 

household appliances

 

washer

 

dryer

 

refrigerator

 

freezer

 

dishwasher

 

stove

 

oven

 

buyer

 

customer

 

buy        bought        bought

 

purchase

 

purchase

 

delivery

 

delivery people

 

value for money

 

order

 

order

 

invoice

 

bill

 

phone bill

 

rip-off

 

con

 

con

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

thing

 

object

 

stuff

 

machine

 

household appliances / appliances

 

washing machine

 

stove

 

oven

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

die

 

death

 

dead

 

will

 

make a will        made        made

 

solicitor

 

assets

 

inherit

 

inheritance

 

heir

 

heiress

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

media

 

the media + Vthird person singular

 

media coverage

 

news

 

a piece of news

 

breaking news

 

update

 

newspaper

 

story

 

top story

 

headline

 

reader

 

readership

 

circulation

 

journalism

 

journalist

 

photographer

 

war photographer

 

reporter

 

war reporter

 

embedded reporter

 

investigation

 

alleged

 

TV

 

on TV

 

reality TV

 

network

 

channel

 

show

 

talk show

 

late-night show

 

host

 

host

 

guest

 

audience

 

radio

 

on radio

 

broadcast        broadcast        broadcast

 

broadcast

 

broadcaster

 

anchorman

 

anchorwoman

 

editor

 

columnist

 

hype

 

overhyped

 

learn

 

find out        found out        found out

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

advertize

 

advertisement / advert / ad

 

advertising

 

advertiser

 

adman

 

mass marketing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

paper

 

newspaper

 

e-paper

 

book

 

e-book

 

publish

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

compute

 

computer

 

computing

 

computer graphics (CG)

 

quantum computer

 

supercomputer

 

supercomputing

 

device

 

desktop

 

laptop

 

tablet

 

phablet

 

chip / processor

 

hardware

 

hard drive

 

software

 

video games

 

feature

 

artificial intelligence (AI)

 

virtual reality (VR)

 

Silicon Valley, California, USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

turn on / off

 

click

 

load, download, upload

 

post

 

search

 

add

 

remove / delete

 

click and drag

 

cut and paste

 

plug in

 

plug and play

 

hack intopréposition + N

 

surf, email, chat

 

tweet, google, photoshop

 

check email

 

surf the Internet

 

stream music and video

 

streaming

 

update

 

update

 

store

 

save

 

delete

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

online services

 

e-learning

 

e-commerce

 

online dating

 

massive open online courses    MOOCs

 

cloud

 

streaming

 

subscribe = sign up for N

 

subscriber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

data (Nindénombrable, sens pluriel)

-> This data + Vthird person singular

 

Big Data

 

privacy

 

track

 

harvest

 

information (Nindénombrable)

 

information age

 

information technology    IT

 

information highway

 

cell phone

 

mobile phone

 

smartphone

 

device

 

the Internet

 

access the Internet

 

digital divide

 

Internet provider

 

world wide web

 

web

 

deep web

 

dark web

 

network

 

social networking

 

social networking site

 

social network

 

social media

 

share

 

user

 

account

 

online

 

subscribe

 

subscriber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fake news

 

falsehoods

 

misinformation

 

disinformation

 

propaganda

 

claim

 

claim

 

lie

 

lie

 

spread        spread        spread

 

myth

 

debunk

 

true

 

truth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hack

 

hacker

 

hack intopréposition + N

 

steal data        stole        stolen

 

data theft

 

security breach

 

Internet piracy

 

copyright infringement

 

bug

 

firewall

 

virus

 

malware

 

spyware

 

cyber warfare

 

cyber war

 

cyber attack

 

cybercrime

 

cybercriminal

 

scam

 

scam

 

scammer

 

cyberbully

 

anonymous troll / internet troll / troll

 

trolling

 

wreck lives

 

worm

 

data

 

database

 

cookie

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

content

 

video game

 

console

 

file-sharing

 

peer-to-peer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Youtube

 

online hit

 

go viral

 

tutorial

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

download

 

upload

 

post

 

publish

 

share

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

smartphone

 

mobile phone

 

cellphone

 

phablet

 

encryption

 

privacy

 

VPN stands for Virtual Private Network

 

app

 

instant messaging apps

 

text

 

call

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

info

 

intel = intelligence

 

personal data

 

privacy

 

internet freedom

 

surveillance

 

mass surveillance

 

watch

 

monitor

 

facial recognition

 

CIA stands for Central Intelligence Agency

 

FBI stands for Federal Bureau of Investigation

 

NSA stands for National Security Agency

 

censorship

 

spyware

 

webtracking

 

wiretap

 

snoop

 

CCTV stands for Closed-Circuit Television

 

tap

 

spy

 

watch

 

collect

 

gather

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

arts

 

arts and crafts

 

artwork

 

work of art

 

street art

 

craftsmanship

 

street artist

 

spray

 

spray paint artist

 

spray paint cans

 

graffiti

 

mural

 

draw        drew        drawn

 

drawing

 

paint

 

painter

 

painting

 

masterpiece

 

exhibition

 

auction

 

auction house

 

price

 

bid

 

bid

 

fetch

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drama

 

playwright

 

stage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cinema

 

film

 

flick

 

feature

 

movie

 

3D movie

 

mainstream movie

 

blockbuster

 

box office

 

hit

 

flop

 

audience

 

viewer

 

screen

 

screenwriter

 

director

 

actor

 

actress

 

star

 

cast

 

role

 

as Batman

 

as Superman

 

story

 

storyline

 

tell the story of N        told        told

 

chronicle

 

plot

 

action

 

protagonist

 

character

 

villain

 

relate to N

 

soundtrack

 

prequel

 

sequel

 

saga

 

award

 

prize

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TV

 

a series

 

series

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sculpture

 

sculptor

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

music

 

orchestra

 

chart

 

band

 

singer

 

song

 

lyrics

 

hit

 

perform

 

sing        sang        sung

 

protest song
 

protest singer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

concert / gig

 

entertain

 

entertainment

 

entertainer

 

perform

 

performer

 

live

 

stage

 

backstage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

literature

 

book

 

novel

 

novelist

 

write        wrote        written

 

writer

 

short story

 

story

 

plot

 

twist

 

bestseller

 

comics

 

cartoon

 

graphic novel

 

read        read        read

 

reader

 

reading

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

picture

 

shoot        shot        shot

 

shot

 

snap

 

snap

 

photo

 

slideshow

 

Instagram

 

Photoshop

 

crop

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

statistics / numbers / figures / data

 

account for N

 

make up x % of N

 

N out of N

 

Big Data

 

percentage

 

rate

 

poverty rate

 

rise    rose    risen

 

fall    fell    fallen

 

low

 

average

 

high

 

trend

 

pattern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

politics

 

party politics

 

politician

 

left

 

left-wing

 

right

 

right-wing

 

far right

 

rule

 

ruler

 

lead        led        led

 

leader

 

leadership

 

authoritarian

 

dictator

 

dictatorship

 

brinkmanship

 

vision

 

lobby

 

lobby

 

policy

 

economic policy

 

foreign policy

 

enact

 

implement

 

implementation

 

guidelines

 

framework

 

issue

 

agenda

 

hidden agenda

 

special interests / lobbies

 

debate

 

row

 

uproar

 

outcry

 

scandal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

plea

 

pledge

 

pledge

 

promise

 

promise

 

keep his / her promises        kept        kept

 

live up to his / her promises

 

commit topréposition + N / Ning

 

commitment

 

vow

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parliament - UK

 

House of Commons - UK

 

Member of Parliament (MP) - UK

 

House of Lords - UK

 

Lord - UK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Congress - USA

 

House of Representatives - USA

 

Representant - USA

 

Senate - USA

 

Senator - USA

 

Congressman / Lawmaker - USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

establishment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bill

 

pass / approve

 

law

 

lawmaker

 

act

 

enactment

 

enact

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

debate / conversation (faux ami)

 

argument

 

stance

 

manifesto

 

issue nonissue

 

the issue of N

 

row

 

challenge

 

challenge

 

presidential race

 

campaign

 

campaign trail

 

run for the White House        ran        run

 

candidate

 

record

 

proven record

 

fundraising

 

election

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

monarch

 

monarchy

 

king

 

queen

 

reign

 

throne

 

heir / heiress to the throne

 

diamond jubilee

 

pageant

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

democracy

 

democrat

 

White House (USA)

 

president

 

executive branch (USA)

 

executive action (USA)

 

checks and balances (USA)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

despot

 

dictatorship

 

dictator

 

suppress and censor information

 

censorship

 

propaganda

 

dissent

 

dissident

 

ban

 

ban

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

protest

 

protest againstpréposition + N

 

protester

 

rally

 

march

 

demonstration

 

demonstrator

 

occupy

 

occupy movement

 

Guy Fawkes mask

 

clash withpréposition + N

 

clash

 

riot

 

rioter

 

race riot

 

riot police

 

riot gear

 

unrest

 

upheaval

 

revolution

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

repression

 

crackdown onpréposition + N

 

crackdown onpréposition + N

 

crush

 

massacre

 

slaughter

 

slaughter

 

killing ground

 

killing fields

 

harass

 

harassment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

vote

 

vote

 

voter

 

voting machine

 

election / polls

 

fair elections   rigged elections

 

ballot

 

ballot paper

 

ballot box

 

citizen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

human rights

 

activist

 

activism

 

slacktivism

 

advocate

 

whistleblower

 

revolt

 

unrest

 

revolt

 

uprising

 

upheaval

 

revolution

 

rebel

 

stand up againstpréposition + N        stood        stood

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

diplomacy

 

diplomat

 

countries

 

ties

 

talk to N

 

talks

 

counterpart

 

sanctions

 

impose sanctions

 

lift sanctions

 

state

 

troll state

 

rogue state

 

rogue nation

 

foreign policy

 

Foreign Secretary (UK)

 

Secretary of State (USA)

 

settlement

 

reach a settlement

 

deal

 

agreement

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

eligion

 

faith

 

Christian

 

Jew

 

Muslim

 

believe

 

belief

 

believer

 

non-believer

 

atheist

 

pray

 

worship

 

whorshipper

 

niqab – Islamic face veil

 

veil ban

 

radical

 

radicalism

 

fanatic

 

fundamentalist

 

fundamentalism

 

extremist

 

zelot

 

bigot

 

bigotry

 

God

 

heaven

 

paradise

 

sin

 

sinner

 

seven deadly sins > wrath, greed,

sloth, pride, lust, envy, gluttony

 

hell

 

devil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

know        knew        known

 

know how to + Base Verbale

 

knowledge

 

education

 

educator

 

teach        taught        taught

 

teacher

 

teaching

 

learn        learned / learnt        learned / learnt

 

learner

 

learning

 

science

 

improve

 

improvement

 

breakthrough

 

milestone

 

discovery

 

giant step

 

discover

 

invention

 

inventor

 

invent

 

Research & Development (R&D)

 

researcher

 

find out        found out        found out

 

develop

 

design

 

create

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pioneer

 

pioneering

 

trailblazer

 

pathbreaking

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

safe

 

unsafe

 

safety

 

security

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

behave

 

behaviour (UK) / behavior (USA)

 

demeanour

 

cautious

 

reckless

 

recklessness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

emotion

 

emotional

 

mood

 

feel        felt        felt

 

feeling

 

experience

 

live

 

live throughpréposition + N

 

endure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

trust

 

trust

 

rely onpréposition + N

 

reliable

 

credible

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tired

 

exhausted

 

weary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

values

 

family values

 

right

 

right

 

true

 

truth

 

equal

 

equal rights

 

equality

 

justice

 

freedom

 

freedoms

 

fair

 

unfair

 

fairness

 

accountable

 

accountability

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

optimistic

 

excited

 

exciting

 

cheerful

 

uplifting

 

buoyant

 

upbeat

 

resilient

 

defiant

 

confident

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

relax

 

relaxed

 

cool

 

chill out

 

synbathe

 

easy-going

 

outgoing

 

glad

 

happy

 

happiness

 

joy

 

bliss

 

smile

 

smile

 

laugh

 

laugh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

laugh at N

 

mock

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

shame

 

shame

 

name and shame

 

shameful

 

ashamed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

shy

 

shyness

 

withdrawn

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pride

 

proud

 

cocky

 

show off        showed off        shown off

 

boast

 

brag

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anger

 

angry

 

pissed off

 

rage

 

frustration    (faux ami)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

lonely

 

loneliness

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

dreary

 

grim

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

feel down        felt        felt

 

sad

 

sadness

 

despondent

 

devastated

 

bewildered

 

bewildering

 

heartbreaking

 

heartbroken

 

distraught

 

upset

 

upsetting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

strong

 

strength

 

strengthen

 

boost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

weak

 

weakness

 

weaken

 

desperate

 

pessimistic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

worry aboutpréposition + N

 

worry

 

worried

 

concerned

 

concern

 

disturbing

 

gloom and doom

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tress

 

stressful

 

tension

 

tense

 

under pressure

 

strained

 

burnout

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

disappointing

 

disappointed

 

disappointment

 

disheartened

 

distressing

 

upsetting

 

depressed

 

devastated

 

deceiving

 

deceived

 

overwhelming

 

overwhelmed

 

overworked

 

appalling

 

shocking

 

awful

 

outrageous

 

outrage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

surprise

 

surprise

 

astonishing

 

staggering

 

stunning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

moving

 

moved

 

touched

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

exciting

 

excited

 

thrilled

 

amazing

 

awesome

 

exhilarating

 

fantastic

 

great

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

beautiful

 

gorgeous

 

stunning

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

healthy

 

fit

 

shape

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

proud

 

selfish

 

spoiled

 

lonely

 

pleased

 

undaunted

 

undeterred

 

unreal

 

heartless

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

forgotten

 

overlooked

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

espect

 

respect

 

respectful

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

contempt

 

scorn

 

scorn

 

scornful

 

despise

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

concern

 

worry

 

worry

 

worry

 

fear

 

fear

 

fearless

 

afraid ofpréposition + N

 

frightened

 

frightening

 

scare

 

scare

 

food scare

 

health scare

 

scary

 

scared

 

terrified

 

eerie

 

hellish

 

uncanny

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

childhood

 

fatherhood

 

motherhood

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

kingdom

 

stardom

 

wisdom

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

achieve

 

achiever

 

overachiever

 

achievement

 

success

 

succeed inpréposition + N

 

reach

 

manage

 

manageable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fail

 

failure

 

setback

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

defeat

 

defeat

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

risk

 

risk

 

face

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

good

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

evil

 

evil

 

bad

 

horrible

 

sick

 

ruthless

 

cruel

 

twisted

 

depraved

 

wicked

 

inhumane

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

crisis

 

manage

 

handle

 

cope

 

cope with N

 

hardship

 

burden

 

scourge

 

plight

 

be plagued by N

 

ordeal

 

predicament

 

woes

 

fate

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fight        fought        fought

 

confront

 

face

 

struggle

 

combat

 

respond

 

beat        beat        beaten

 

win        won        won

 

lose        lost        lost

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

conflict

 

clash

 

feud

 

rivalry

 

war

 

warcraft

 

civil war

 

warrior

 

war lord

 

warfare

 

cyberwarfare

 

cyber war

 

cyber attack

 

the army / the military

 

enlist

 

enemy

 

foe

 

fight        fought        fought

 

fight

 

fighter

 

fighting

 

battle

 

battle

 

conflict

 

clash

 

strife

 

weapon

 

nuclear weapon

 

deter

 

deterrent

 

nuclear deterrent

 

weapons of mass destruction (WMDs)

 

atomic bomb

 

nuclear arsenal

 

arms race

 

air raid / air strike

 

drone

 

shelling

 

target

 

target

 

soldier

 

hero

 

war hero

 

insurgent

 

militant

 

killing

 

slaughter

 

strike        struck        stricken

 

strike

 

air strike

 

counterstrike

 

casualties

 

civilian casualties

 

collateral damage

 

retaliate

 

retaliation

 

reprisal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

terror

 

terror attack

 

attack

 

car-bomb attack

 

truck attack

 

knife attack

 

hit        hit        hit

 

terrorist

 

terrorism

 

network

 

cell

 

plot

 

mastermind

 

suicide bomber

 

hijacked plane

 

hostage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

human being

 

humanity / mankind / womankind / humankind / your own kind

 

person

 

individual

 

man

 

woman

 

people ( = persons)  ≠  peoples

 

guys

 

folks

 

inhabitant

 

citizen

 

second-class citizen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

shortcoming

 

drawback

 

throwback topréposition + N

 

downsides

 

downside topréposition + /  ofpréposition + N

 

the pitfalls ofpréposition + N

 

flaw

 

glitch

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

sport

 

game

 

rules

 

play

 

player

 

practice

 

practice

 

train

 

trainers

 

coach

 

ranking

 

seed

 

seeding

 

referee

 

team

 

race

 

tournament

 

champion

 

championship

 

score

 

win        won        won

 

win

 

winner

 

victory

 

defeat

 

lose        lost        lost

 

loser

 

field

 

soccer

 

American football

 

basketball

 

support

 

supporter

 

cheer

 

cheerleader

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

available

 

unavailable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

time

 

timetable

 

timeline

 

time warp

 

schedule

 

agenda

 

deadline

 

meet the deadline        met        met

 

epoch

 

era

 

age

 

watch

 

now

 

nowadays

 

day

 

doomsday

 

day of reckoning

 

wait for N

 

await

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

second

 

minute

 

hour

 

day

 

week

 

month

 

year

 

decade

 

century

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

past

 

in the 1960s / 60s

 

in the early 1960s / 60s

 

in the mid 60s

 

in the late 1960s / 60s

 

legacy

 

reminiscences

 

remembrances

 

memories

 

wistful

 

history

 

historic

 

landmark

 

milestone

 

forget        forgot        forgotten

 

forgetfulness

 

remember

 

remembrance

 

recall

 

remind N of N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

future

 

in the near future

 

in the distant future

 

plan

 

plan

 

planning

 

project

 

schedule

 

schedule

 

forecast        forecast        forecast

 

forecast

 

forecaster

 

foresee        foresaw        foreseen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

delay

 

delay

 

postpone

 

cancel / call off

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

space

 

space suit

 

space walk

 

space telescope

 

space station

 

International Space Station (ISS)

 

spaceship

 

spacescraft

 

space tourism

 

rocket

 

blast off / lift off

 

dock

 

solar system

 

beyond our solar system

 

galaxy

 

black hole

 

planet

 

Earth

 

earthlings

 

earth-like planet

 

life

 

harbour life

 

extraterrestrial (ET)

 

alien

 

rocket

 

probe

 

shuttle

 

satellite

 

orbit

 

orbit

 

astronaut

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

small

 

big

 

huge

 

massive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

limit

 

limit

 

boundary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vocabulaire argumentatif > Antonymes

 

 

for ≠ against

 

relevant ≠ irrelevant

 

clear ≠ unclear

 

likely ≠ unlikely

 

like... ≠ unlike...

 

fair ≠ unfair

 

true ≠  untrue

 

right ≠ wrong

 

legal ≠ illegal

 

lawful ≠ unlawful

 

equal ≠ unequal

 

legal ≠ illegal

 

powerful ≠ powerless

 

painful ≠ painless

 

meaningful ≠ meaningless

 

useful ≠ useless

 

on the one hand ≠ on the other (hand)

 

famous ≠  infamous

 

improve ≠  worsen

 

increasedecrease

 

strenghten weaken

 

rise fall

 

rise ≠ fall

 

go up go down

 

agree disagree > I agree about / with N  ≠  I disagree with N

 

blamepraise

 

fail succeed

 

fail manage

 

fail cope with N

 

deny confirm

 

make better make worse

 

happiness misery

 

hopes concerns

 

failure success

 

it makes sense ≠ it doesn't make sense

 

work leisure

 

recovery recession

 

lie truth

 

advantages / benefits ≠ disadvantages / drawbacks

 

benefits pitfalls

 

gains shortcomings

 

pros cons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wherever

 

whatever

 

whenever

 

whoever

 

whatsoever

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noms

 

Classement

par

concepts / mots génériques / acronymes

 

 

power

 

democracy

 

dictatorship

 

utopia

 

dustopia

 

time

 

life

 

death

 

music

 

history

 

love

 

hate

 

violence

 

misery