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learning English > for French-speaking students

 

French bac > Anglais

 

Vocabulaire et documents

 

4 notions au programme jusqu'en 2020

 

Places and forms of power / Lieux et formes du pouvoir

 

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power

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/30/
world/europe/coronavirus-governments-power.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/mar/27/
coronavirus-politics-lockdown-hobbes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

soft power

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/mar/19/
china-positions-itself-as-a-leader-in-tackling-the-coronavirus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Big Tech’s power

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/29/
technology/personaltech/big-tech

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

emergency power

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/10/
opinion/trump-coronavirus-emergency-powers.html
 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/mar/24/
how-far-do-the-governments-new-emergency-powers-go-podcast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wartime power

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/mar/24/
wartime-coronavirus-powers-state-of-emergency

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

global power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

power struggle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

global power struggle

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/03/22/
us/politics/coronavirus-us-china.html

 

 

 

 

 be jockeying

for global power and economic might

https://www.npr.org/2019/06/26/
735785005/deal-or-no-deal-the-stakes-are-high-for-trump-xi-trade-talks

 

 

 

 

cyberpower

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/15/
world/asia/north-korea-hacking-cyber-sony.html

 

 

 

 

Big Tech's power

https://www.npr.org/2020/07/29/
894802424/watch-heads-of-amazon-apple-facebook-and-google-testify-on-big-techs-power

 

 

 

 

the establishment

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/may/25/
dominic-cummings-one-rule-establishment-sacrifices

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/11/
466049701/how-establishment-became-the-buzzword-of-the-2016-election

 

 

 

 

empower

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

powerful

 

 

 

 

the powerful

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/oct/05/
no-shock-powerful-hate-identity-politics

 

 

 

 

powerless

 

 

 

 

dominance

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/video/2018/jun/18/
we-must-have-american-dominance-in-space-says-donald-trump-video

 

 

 

 

state

 

 

 

 

deep state

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/21/
books/review/in-deep-david-rohde.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/02/11/
us/politics/trump-vindman.html

 

 

 

 

democracy

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/18/
opinion/sunday/democracy-triumphs-in-india-but-falters-again-in-ukraine.html

 

 

 

 

debate

 

debate over

whether the conventional wisdom

that the Internet and social networking

inherently tip the balance of power

in favor of democracy

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

democratic

 

 

 

 

free

 

 

 

 

free speech

 

 

 

 

hate speech

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/29/
business/media/facebook-says-it-failed-to-stop-misogynous-pages.html

 

 

 

 

freedom

 

 

 

 

freedom of speech > USA

 

U.S. Constitution

Bill of Rights, First Amendment to the Constitution    1791

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
First_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

 

 

 

 

religious freedom

 

 

 

 

opponent

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

 tech-savvy opponent

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

supporter / advocate / partisan

 

 

 

 

politics

 

 

 

 

policy

 

 

 

 

politician

 

 

 

 

lead

 

 

 

 

leader

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/30/
opinion/coronavirus-leadership.html

 

 

 

 

leadership

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/30/
opinion/coronavirus-leadership.html

 

 

 

 

 political leadership

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/01/
opinion/new-mexico-coronavirus-curve.html

 

 

 

 

promise

 

 

 

 

pledge

 

 

 

 

vow

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

oligarchy

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/14/
opinion/america-economic-inequality.html

 

 

 

 

authoritarian regime

 

 

 

 

repressive regime

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

totalitarian regime

 

 

 

 

dictatorship

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2013/03/05/
father-son-dictatorships-in-north-korea-syria-togo-more-photos.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

communist country > dictatorship > North Korea

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/video/2013/apr/27/
kim-jong-un-north-korea-army-birthday-video

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/09/
revealing_more_of_north_korea.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/04/
north_korea_marks_100th_annive.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/12/20/
life-inside-north-korea-photos.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/
north_korea.html

 

 

 

 

dictator / tyran / despot

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/12/19/
seo-2011-s-fallen-dictators.html

 

 

 

 

drive out dictators

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/25/
the-state-of-the-union-in-photos.html

 

 

 

 

 cult of personality

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/
north_korea.html

 

 

 

 

autocrat

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

be bereft of personal freedoms

 

 

 

 

nationalism

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/10/
opinion/trump-nationalism.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/10/
business/coronavirus-vaccine-nationalism.html

 

 

 

 

human rights

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/
north_korea.html

 

 

 

 

censorship

 

 

 

 

ban

 

 

 

 

ruler

 

 

 

 

rule a country

 

 

 

 

statesman

 

 

 

 

iron fist

 

 

 

 

crack down on N

 

 

 

 

crackdown

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2011/dec/26/
syria-crackdown-arab-league-monitors  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

turmoil

 

 

 

 

unrest

 

 

 

 

upheaval

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/25/
reliving-history-2011-a-year-of-upheaval.html

 

 

 

 

uprising

 

 

 

 

revolt

 

 

 

 

revolution

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/11/28/2011-
pictures-of-the-year-revolution.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

Middle East > the Arab Spring / Revolutions        2011-2013

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2013/01/09/
photos-from-atima-a-syrian-refugee-camp-on-the-turkish-border.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/25/
reliving-history-2011-a-year-of-upheaval.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/11/28/
2011-pictures-of-the-year-revolution.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/25/
arab-spring-giorgos-moutafis-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/03/25/protests-in-syria-turn-violent.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/02/18/bahrain-riots.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/26/demonstrations-in-egypt.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/25/the-state-of-the-union-in-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/15/tunisia-riots.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/02/a_harrowing_historic_week_in_e.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/01/protest_spreads_in_the_middle.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > White House > President

 

https://www.whitehouse.gov/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > presidential power

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/09/
873495248/presidential-power

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > U.S. Congress > the House of Representatives > Representants

 

https://www.house.gov/ 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > U.S. Congress > The Senate > Senators

 

https://www.senate.gov/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > The National Mall

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/npr-history-dept/2015/10/13/
448025285/does-america-really-need-the-national-mall

 

 

 

 

bill

 

 

 

 

law

 

 

 

 

enact a law

 

 

 

 

USA > the U.S. Supreme Court > Justices

https://www.supremecourt.gov/ 

 

 

 

 

USA > U.S. Supreme Court decisions

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/06/27/
most-divisive-supreme-court-decisions-obamacare-more-photos.html

 

 

 

 

USA > U.S. Constitution

 

The Ten Original Amendments:

The Bill of Rights.

Passed by Congress September 25, 1789.

Ratified December 15, 1791.

https://www.loc.gov/item/rbpe.24404400/

 

http://www.let.rug.nl/usa/documents/1786-1800/
bill-of-rights-and-the-amendments-to-the-constitution.php

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Britain's Parliament

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/12/
london_tuition_fee_protest.html

 

 

 

 

Britain's Parliament > The House of Commons

 

The UK public elects

650 Members of Parliament (MPs)

to represent their interests and concerns

in the House of Commons.

 

MPs consider and propose new laws,

and can scrutinise government policies

by asking ministers questions about current issues

either in the Commons Chamber or in Committees.

https://www.parliament.uk/business/commons/

 

 

 

 

Britain's Parliament > The Lords

https://www.parliament.uk/business/lords/

 

https://www.parliament.uk/business/lords/
work-of-the-house-of-lords/what-the-lords-does/  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

UK > London > Number 10 Downing Street

 

10 Downing Street,

the locale of British prime ministers

since 1735,

vies with the White House

as being the most important political building

anywhere in the world in the modern era.

https://www.gov.uk/government/history/10-downing-street

 

https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/
prime-ministers-office-10-downing-street

 

 

 

 

government / cabinet

http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2012/sep/04/
david-cameron-government-reshuffle-cabinet

 

 

 

 

govern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

take to the streets

 

 

 

 

demonstration

 

 

 

 

demonstrator

 

 

 

 

demonstrate

 

 

 

 

gather

 

 

 

 

rally

 

 

 

 

protest

 

 

 

 

protest

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/12/
london_tuition_fee_protest.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2010/06/
g20_protests_in_toronto.html

 

 

 

 

protest songs

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/
booming/protest-songs-from-seeger-to-sting-to-springsteen.html

 

 

 

 

Occupy Wall Street global protests        2011

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/08/17/
back-to-occupy-the-international-center-of-photography-exhibit-photos.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/10/23/
portraits-of-the-occupy-wall-street-protesters-photos.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/occupy_wall_street_global_prot.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/10/the_occupy_wall_street_movemen.html

 

 

 

 

bring attention to issues such as + N

 

 

 

 

stand up

for political, economic, religious and lifestyle rights

http://archive.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/global_protests.html

 

 

 

 

fight

 

 

 

 

fight

 

 

 

 

struggle

 

 

 

 

struggle

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/06/
nelson-mandela-inspired-barack-obama-apartheid

 

 

 

 

overcome

 

 

 

 

prevail

 

 

 

 

union

 

 

 

 

unionist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

activist

 

 

 

 

activism

 

 

 

 

hashtag activism

http://www.npr.org/2014/11/08/
362367236/hashtag-activism-2-0-sites-aim-to-turn-attention-into-change

 

 

 

 

activism vs slacktivism

http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/13/
activism-or-slactivism-the-kony-2012-campaign-as-a-teachable-moment/

 

 

 

 

slacktivism

http://www.npr.org/2014/11/08/
362367236/hashtag-activism-2-0-sites-aim-to-turn-attention-into-change

 

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=104302141 - May 19, 2009

 

 

 

 

slacktivist

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=94509892 - Dec. 11, 2008

 

 

 

 

campaigner

 

 

 

 

spread awareness through N

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2019/01/26/
688168838/how-teenage-sisters-pushed-bali-to-say-bye-bye-to-plastic-bags

 

 

 

 

be aware of N

 

 

 

 

whistleblower

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/feb/01/
edward-snowden-intelligence-leak-nsa-contractor-extract

 

 

 

 

rebel

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2013/jan/31/
rosa-parks-100-american-rebel-justice

 

 

 

 

free speech

 

 

 

 

civil rights

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/04/22/
civil-rights-one-person-one-photo-at-a-time/

 

 

 

 

civil disobedience

http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/25/us/25parks.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

riot

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/04/26/
dramatic-l-a-riots-photos.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/08/
london_riots_update.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/08/
london_riots.html

 

 

 

 

rioting

 

 

 

 

riot

 

 

 

 

rioter

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/04/26/
dramatic-l-a-riots-photos.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Les suffragettes        Ni paillassons, ni prostituées

Documentaire de Michèle Dominici        2011        53 min

 

 

Dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle,

au Royaume-Uni,

des femmes commencent à s’organiser

pour militer en faveur du droit de vote.

 

En 1905, dans l'Angleterre Edwardienne,

les femmes n'en ont toujours pas le droit.

 

Les injustices qu'elles subissent

ne sont pas entendues

et leurs revendications sont nombreuses.

 

Il faudra attendre 1928 pour que celles

que l’on surnomme les suffragettes

obtiennent gain de cause.

 

En dix ans,

grâce à leur farouche détermination,

elles vont faire passer le Royaume-Uni

du vote censitaire au suffrage universel,

en redéfinissant totalement

la notion de citoyenneté.

 

Les femmes,

traditionnellement considérées

comme inférieures,

et écartées des affaires politiques,

peuvent désormais s’exprimer

au même titre que les hommes.

 

 

 

 

Combat pour l'égalité

 

Ce film retrace l’histoire de cette révolution

en se penchant sur le parcours de cinq femmes

qui ont consacré leur vie

à ce combat pour l’égalité et la justice.

 

Certaines ont prôné la désobéissance civile

ou le lobbying auprès des parlementaires.

 

D’autres ont opté

pour la provocation et l’action violente,

même si cela devait les conduire

en prison ou à la mort.

 

Quel que soit le choix des armes,

c’est grâce à leur acharnement,

à leur sens politique aigu

et à des stratégies d’une grande modernité

qu’elles ont finalement remporté

cette bataille contre le gouvernement.

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/044436-000/les-suffragettes

 

 

http://www.arte.tv/guide/fr/044436-000/les-suffragettes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Internet / the web / cyberspace

 

 

 

 

internet user

 

 

 

 

activist

 

 

 

 

 Web tools

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

blog

 

 

 

 

blogging

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/may/02/
how-stop-using-google-search-services

 

 

 

 

Facebook / Facebook page

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/
business/media/15facebook.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

Twitter

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/
weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

online petition

 

 

 

 

online campaign

 

Campaigns by You

puts power in your hands.

This is your space

to run campaigns

about the issues you care about.

 

If you have an idea to make

your community, or the world, a better place,

Campaigns by You

helps you make it a reality.

https://you.38degrees.org.uk/ 

 

 

http://you.38degrees.org.uk/petitions/
public-inquiry-into-police-and-state-agency-response-to-domestic-violence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

whistle-blower

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/28/
opinion/silencing-the-whistle-blowers.html

 

 

 

 

WikiLeaks

antisecrecy group / electronic whistleblowers' platform WikiLeaks

https://wikileaks.org/

https://www.npr.org/tags/126916674/wikileaks

https://www.theguardian.com/media/wikileaks

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2010/oct/22/iraq-war-logs-wikileaks-washington

http://www.guardian.co.uk/media/2010/jul/14/julian-assange-whistleblower-wikileaks

 

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/8603938.stm

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-10757263

http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/8379960.stm

 

 

 

 

WikiLeaks > Videos

 

 

 

 

Collateral Murder - Wikileaks - Iraq

 

Wikileaks has obtained and decrypted

this previously unreleased video footage

from a US Apache helicopter in 2007.

 

It shows Reuters journalist Namir Noor-Eldeen,

driver Saeed Chmagh, and several others

as the Apache shoots and kills them

in a public square in Eastern Baghdad.

 

They are apparently assumed to be insurgents.

 

After the initial shooting,

an unarmed group of adults and children

in a minivan arrives on the scene

and attempts to transport the wounded.

 

They are fired upon as well.

 

The official statement on this incident

initially listed all adults as insurgents

and claimed the US military

did not know how the deaths ocurred.

 

Wikileaks released this video with transcripts

and a package of supporting documents on April 5th 2010

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5rXPrfnU3G0&feature=player_embedded

 

https://wikileaks.org/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

flash mob

 

 

 

 

post

 

 

 

 

upload

 

 

 

 

wage online campaigns

and build virtual movements

http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2013/apr/23/
web-censorship-net-closing-in

 

 

 

 

advocacy video > Kony 2012

 

 

 

 

Kony 2012

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=Y4MnpzG5Sqc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/10/
kony-viral-video-change-world

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2012/04/15/
the-hunt-for-joseph-kony-and-the-lra-photos.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/02/28/
lords-resistance-army-kidnapping.html

 

 

 

 

go viral

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/10/
kony-viral-video-change-world

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Internet freedom

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/12/
opinion/the-future-of-internet-freedom.html

http://www.state.gov/e/eb/cip/netfreedom/index.htm

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/world/15clinton.html

 

 

 

 

Internet repression

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/15/world/15clinton.html

 

 

 

 

Internet wiretaps

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/17/
business/concerns-arise-on-us-effort-to-allow-internet-wiretaps.html

 

 

 

 

monitor

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/01/15/
262650392/nsa-reportedly-has-surveillance-software-on-100-000-computers

 

 

 

 

web censorship

 

Across the globe

governments are monitoring

and censoring access to the web

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/apr/23/
web-censorship-net-closing-in 

 

 

 

 

 filterer of information

https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/apr/23/
web-censorship-net-closing-in 

 

 

 

 

cut off Internet and wireless service

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

block access to the Internet

 

 

 

 

dissident blogger

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/30/weekinreview/30shane.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How China Trains the World’s Autocrats to Surveil Their People        NYT        24 April 2019

 

 

 

 

How China Trains the World’s Autocrats to Surveil Their People        Video        The New York Times        24 April 2019

 

Is Chinese-style surveillance becoming normalized?

A Times investigation

found the Chinese surveillance state

is spreading past its borders.

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=p8WAIFatAqw

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

surveil

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=p8WAIFatAqw - NYT - 24 April 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

surveillance

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=p8WAIFatAqw - NYT - 24 April 2019

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

surveillance

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=p8WAIFatAqw - NYT - 24 April 2019

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2014/01/15/262650392/
nsa-reportedly-has-surveillance-software-on-100-000-computers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

surveillance society

 

http://www.npr.org/2013/06/08/189792140/
our-surveillance-society-what-orwell-and-kafka-might-say

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

surveillance state

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2020/may/27/
dark-mirror-by-barton-gellman-review-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mass surveillance

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/22/opinion/sunday/
bulk-data-collection-is-not-just-an-american-problem.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/28/opinion/
this-week-mass-surveillance-wins.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/17/opinion/
a-powerful-rebuke-of-mass-surveillance.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mass surveillance > biometrics

 

using people’s

unique physiological characteristics,

like their fingerprint ridges

and facial features,

to learn or confirm

their identity

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/18/technology/never-forgetting-a-face.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/18/technology/
never-forgetting-a-face.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

video surveillance cameras in public places

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/01/us/
poll-finds-strong-acceptance-for-public-surveillance.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Closed Circuit TeleVision    CCTV

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/oct/30/
cctv-increases-peoples-sense-anxiety

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

control

 

 

 

 

watch

 

 

 

 

eavesdrop

 

 

 

 

spy on N

 

 

 

 

track

 

 

 

 

GPS

 

 

 

 

George Orwell's novels > 1984 > Big Brother

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/orwell_george.shtml

 

http://www.npr.org/2013/06/08/189792140/
our-surveillance-society-what-orwell-and-kafka-might-say

 

 

 

 

Big Brother is watching you

 

 

 

 

Orwellian state / world

 

 

 

 

utopia ≠ dystopia

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2014/jan/03/
india-dystopia-extremes-resistance-rising-neoliberalism-pilger

 

 

 

 

dystopian

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/01/18/
technology/clearview-privacy-facial-recognition.html

 

 

 

 

Brave New World - published in 1932

 

by Aldous Huxley - review

 

Brave New World is a classic

- it is a dystopian novel similar in theme

to George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/mar/29/
review-brave-new-world-huxley

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

diplomacy

 

 

 

 

diplomat

 

 

 

 

counterpart

 

 

 

 

talks

 

 

 

 

fail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

war

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/25/
afghanistan-balazs-gardi-and-teru-kuwayama-photos.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/12/11/
reliving-history-iraq-war-mission-accomplished.html

 

 

 

 

conventional war

 

 

 

 

physical combat > frontline, trenches, hills, beaches, seas

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/

 

 

 

 

war criminals

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/04/26/
charles-taylor-verdict-meet-the-war-criminals-photos.html

 

 

 

 

warmonger

 

 

 

 

warmongering

 

 

 

 

wage war

 

 

 

 

civil war

 

 

 

 

U.S. civil war    1861-1865

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2010/10/29/opinion/20101029-civil-war.html

 

 

 

 

cold war

USA > 20th century > 1962-1975 > Cold War > Vietnam War

 

20th century > Cold war

 

 

 

 

the Great War / World War One    1914-1918

http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/worldwars/wwone/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cyberwar / cyberwarfare

 

 

 

 

Syrian Electronic Army

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/18/technology/financial-times-site-is-hacked.html

 

 

 

 

computer network warfare

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/04/us/broad-powers-seen-for-obama-in-cyberstrikes.html

 

 

 

 

arms race > cyberweaponry

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/04/us/broad-powers-seen-for-obama-in-cyberstrikes.html

 

 

 

 

cyberstrike

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/04/us/broad-powers-seen-for-obama-in-cyberstrikes.html

 

 

 

 

cyber attack on N

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/04/us/broad-powers-seen-for-obama-in-cyberstrikes.html

 

 

 

 

launch cyberattacks against N

 

 

 

 

cyber battlefield

http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2012/06/04/
do-cyberattacks-on-iran-make-us-vulnerable-12/why-attack-when-we-cant-defend

 

 

 

 

cyberconflict

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=mtBnu-YtibA - 4 January 209

 

 

 

 

war games

 

 

 

 

videogames

 

 

 

 

hacker

 

 

 

 

hack into N

 

 

 

 

malware

 

 

 

 

drone

 

 

 

 

civilians

 

 

 

 

casualties

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

terror

 

 

 

 

homegrown terror

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/12/06/us/politics/california-
attack-has-us-rethinking-strategy-on-homegrown-terror.html

 

 

 

 

terrorism

 

 

 

 

terrorist

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/05/02/
osama-bin-laden-front-pages-around-the-world.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2010/01/11/
most-wanted-terrorists.html

 

 

 

 

terror attack

 

 

 

 

9/11

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/09/04/
911-ten-years-later.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2011/09/04/
reliving-history-newsweek-911-covers.html

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2011/09/
ground_zero_september_11_2001.html

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/08/29/
joel-meyerowitz-s-ground-zero.html

 

 

 

 

bomb attack

 

 

 

 

bomb

 

 

 

explode

 

 

 

 

blow up

 

 

 

 

victim

 

 

 

 

carnage

 

 

 

 

destruction

 

 

 

 

mayhem

 

 

 

 

slaughter

 

 

 

 

slaughter

 

 

 

 

bloodbath

 

 

 

 

claim responsibility for N

 

 

 

 

 Guantánamo Bay, Cuba

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2008/12/scenes_from_guantanamo_bay.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gun culture

 

 

 

 

gun violence

 

 

 

 

carry a gun

 

 

 

 

bear guns

 

 

 

 

trigger-happy

 

 

 

 

shoot

 

 

 

 

shoot N dead

 

 

 

 

mass shooting

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/07/aurora_colorado_theater_shooti.html

 

 

 

 

school shooting

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/02/28/
worst-school-shootings-chardon-virginia-tech-colombine-and-more.html

 

 

 

 

campus rampages

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/02/28/
worst-school-shootings-chardon-virginia-tech-colombine-and-more.html

 

 

 

 

go an a rampage

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2012/07/
aurora_colorado_theater_shooti.html

 

 

 

 

run amok

 

 

 

 

go beserk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > massacre of innocents at Sandy Hook Elementary School        December 2012

 

 

 

 

Obama Memorial service for victims - Sandy Hook massacre        Video        Published on Dec 17, 2012

 

President Obama delivers a speech in Newton

for the victims of the shooting

at Sandy Hook Elementary School.

Today the first funerals of school shooting.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=o2JhNCopTP8

 

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/12/19/
newtown-s-fallen-photos-and-bios-of-the-shooting-victims-photos.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/12/15/
connecticut-school-shooting-photos.html

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2012/12/15/
newtown-ct-grieves-day-after-mass-shooting-photos.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gun debate

 

 

 

 

gun control

 

 

 

 

USA > supporters of gun control / gun control supporters / gun control advocates

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/13/
congress-20-biggest-gun-control-advocates.html

 

 

 

 

USA > gun rights advocates / Second Amendment rights groups

http://www.thedailybeast.com/galleries/2011/01/13/
congress-20-biggest-gun-rights-advocates.html

 

 

 

 

USA > gun rights advocates > National Rifle Association    NRA

https://home.nra.org/

Anglonautes > gun lobby > USA > NRA

 

http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/galleries/2013/01/07/
nra-s-2005-annual-meeting-photos.html

 

 

 

 

gun law

 

 

 

 

Constitution for the United States of America

 

Bill of Rights > Article the fourth [Amendment II] / Second amendment

 

The Ten Original Amendments:

The Bill of Rights.

Passed by Congres September 25, 1789.

Ratified December 15, 1791.

 

"A well regulated militia,

being necessary to the security of a free state,

the right of the people to keep and bear arms,

shall not be infringed"

http://memory.loc.gov/const/bor.html

http://memory.loc.gov/const/constquery.html

http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/data/constitution/amendment02/

http://takingnote.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/07/20/the-shooting-in-aurora/

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/12/01/gun-nuts-in-a-rut/

 

 

 

 

The Human Cost of the Second Amendment        2012

 

Every day

80 Americans die from gunshots

and an additional 120 are wounded,

according to a 2006 article

in The Journal of Policy Analysis and Management.

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/09/26/
the-human-cost-of-the-second-amendment/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Learning

 

France > lycées > anglais

Première et Terminale > tronc commun

 

thèmes, vocabulaire et documents

au programme du bac

jusqu'en 2020

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

USA > U.S. Constitution

USA > U.S. Constitution > U.S. Supreme Court

 

 

gun violence > USA

 

 

www > advocacy videos

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > Women's rights

 

USA > 1920 > women's suffrage > 19th amendment to the Constitution

 

UK > Early 20th century > Suffragettes

 

 

 

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