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learning English > for French-speaking students > anglais > bêtisier

 

 

confusions

 

 

types d'erreurs

 

 

corpus d'erreurs

 

 

orthographe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confusions

 

who / which / whose / who's

 

what / that

 

how / who

 

to / two

 

he's / his

 

he / it

 

his / her

 

was / has

 

there / they're

 

there / their

 

there / here

 

go / come

 

afterpréposition + N / afterwards

 

afterpréposition + N / later

 

quite / quiet

 

man / men

 

child / children

 

your / you're

 

Mr / Mrs

 

lose, lost, lost / loose

 

during / for

 

last / late / later / latest

 

lie, lay, lain / lay, laid, laid / lie, lied, lied (régulier)

 

leave / live

 

know / now

 

If I knew / If I had known

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

types d'erreurs

 

 

concordance des temps non respectée (CT)

exemple : dans un récit au passé, retour injustifié au présent.

 

 

 

 

syntaxe : SVO non respecté (*SVAO)

 

 

 

 

syntaxe / "Trou noir" syntaxique :

Sujet sans Verbe, Verbe sans Sujet, Modal non suivi d'une BV,
Verbe transitif sans objet

 

 

 

 

faux amis - > contre-sens (FA -> CS)

 

 

 

 

adjectif placé après le nom

 

 

 

 

adjectif accordé au pluriel

 

 

 

 

interrogative indirecte (verbe en fin de proposition) / interrogative directe

 

 

répétition incessante de "I think", "because", etc. -> pauvreté lexicale

 

 

préposition suivie de formes verbales agrammaticales (*)

(au lieu de -ing ; exemples corrects : after leaving, before going to...).

 

 

formulation d'une hypothèse avec if :

prétérit modal non maîtrisé, formes verbales agrammaticales (*)

 

 

passif non maîtrisé

 

 

confusion actif / passif

 

 

during + quantificateur

rappel de la règle :

à l'inverse de for,

during n'est jamais suivi d'un quantificateur

(*during four / several / many days)

 

 

quantificateur incorrect : confusion few / little

rappel de la règle :

little + indénombrable (little information) / few + nom pluriel (few people)

 

 

will dans une subordonnée de temps

rappel de la règle :

présent dans une subordonnée de temps

ex : Will you still love me when I'm 64? (Beatles)

I'll sleep when I'm dead (Warren Zevon)

 

 

oubli du -S à la troisième personne du singulier

du présent simple de l'indicatif

 

 

calque de la syntaxe du français (FR)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corpus d'erreurs

 

copies de 2e, 1ère, terminales, bac

 

 

 

calque du français

 

* I have the moral at zero

* I think that it still remains much of progress to make

* If I won at loto, I would like to make build a appropriate house for my parents

* And as soon as someone that I like will be in the need, I'll try of help.

* According to the US administration, war is become inevitable

* You have a good avocate or you want that I find one.

* He play a juventus there are 2 years ago.

* Cloning, the word makes fear

 

 

 

 

 

concordance des temps

 

She is a well-know actrice. She is born in Honolulu.
She plays a lot of different characters.
She wins an Academy Awards and she is on Walk of Fame.
She was married with a good-look man but now she was divorced.
When she played a film, you can't close your eyes. Who is she?

 

He is a soccer player. He is a champion of world in 2002 ...

 

He is drinking a coffee when an old mate of him see him.

He sat down next to him and begin te talk.

 

 

 

 

 

forme interrogative

 

* What had you doing?

* But why they were arrested you?

* What is happened ?

* What is it happened?

* What college are you go to?

* Why did you launching the virus onto the net?

* why did you launched it?

* Why did you have launched this virus onto the net?

What we can do?

 

 

 

 

 

syntaxe > verbe à particule adverbiale

 

* they woke up me

 

 

 

 

 

conjugaison de be

 

* You is crazy!

* You is in the very bad situation

* They don't be

 

 

 

 

 

be + a + nom de métier

 

* Emma Peel is secret agent

 

 

 

 

 

a + nom commençant par une consonne

(c'est la phonétique qui compte, pas l'orthographe)

 

* Dolly, an ewe ...

 

 

 

 

 

an + mot commençant par une voyelle phonétique

 

* He works on a agence

* There is a inscription

* If someone have an terrible accident

 

 

 

 

 

a + mot commençant par une consonne phonétique

 

* It's an picture

 

 

 

 

 

this / these

 

* I think this pictures is bad

 

 

 

 

 

want / went

 

* Lucas (est poursuivit) by brigant because they went to kill him.

 

 

 

 

 

he / it

 

* In the picture he is write "defend your country".

 

 

 

 

 

3e personne du singulier du présent simple de l'indicatif

 

* He play in a Spanish team

* Maybe but he also say that he don't want to ...

* If nobody do anything

* a young fireman who learn his job

* The man have ...

* Emma Peel have to find Lucas

* The eagle is the animal who represent ...

* This article speak about the problem of human cloning.

* He would likes to meet ...

 

 

 

 

 

auxiliaires

 

* They asked me ... how I did to do that

* we can all do that

* He wouldn't likes

* I will must see it

* he can to do it

* he do love her

* he can doing it

* Why do you made this?

* He don't lessoning Techno Musik

 

 

 

 

 

passif

 

* He was been arrested

It is write ...

*  this inquiry was been very neglected

* he was charge by the police

* The criminals who are sentences...

* must not be threaten

 

 

 

 

 

present perfect

 

* They have manage to arrest ...

* I have just modifying ...

* Hello, what are you doing? I hadn't seen you since Monday.

* He has do mistakes that exposed his real identity

* Microsoft was lost millions of dollards with the Blaster virus.

* Canda is a pais that my mother want see since always.

* Besides Saddam have distribute old Kalachnikoff to...

* I have don't like this movie

* he has do

* Do you saw Titanic?

* I live in New York since 1997

* I've don't see him since his wife left him

* I din't see him sin his wife has leaved him

 

 

 

 

 

go to

 

* I prefer go in prison

* After Japan, I would need to go in America

 

 

 

 

 

adjectif > adjectif invariable / syntaxe > adjectif(s) + N

 

* more easy

 

 

 

 

 

adjectif > adjectif invariable / syntaxe > adjectif(s) + N

 

* others hackers

* And if he is not punished anothers hackers will launch viruses onto the net.

* two littles girls

* in others bigs films

* This picture is a magnific, fantastic symbol of the spirit patriotic.

* it's a job remarcable and great

* The big car red

* The firefighters are confidents

* this practises uselesses

 

 

 

 

 

modal + BV

 

* consequences which can to be consider

* So we will able to

* I must to speak English

 

 

 

 

 

tags > do auxiliaire "fantôme"

 

* You have some friends, haven't you ?

 

 

 

 

 

expression de l'âge

 

* She has fifteen years old

 

 

 

 

 

préposition + GN / forme en -ing

 

* Also, I would want make find out at my sisters the Austrilian

because they dream of visit and of discovery this country.

* As a result, he spent all his money to accomodate the beggar,

who benefit without understand.

* before to go

* before to left

* for to do that

* after have played

 

 

 

 

 

to préposition + forme en -ing

 

* Emma and Steed are getting closer to discover a spy organisation

 

 

 

 

 

to connecteur -> BV

 

* Sorry Anne but it's not a reason to left his wife.

 

 

 

 

 

to connecteur -> BV    ≠    for préposition + -ing / N

 

* First of all, for fight racism, I would punish all people racist with law.

 

 

 

 

 

 

monstres syntaxiques et grammaticaux

 

* Besides, I would want bought soaps and after the send at poors countries

* She didn't again to see him

* You didn't realise that's could make trouble

* A man who want killed see the hat

* the police want's jailed an inoncent

 

 

 

 

 

structures hypothétiques

 

* If Francine wasn't been punished she had been killed.

* If I was win one million d'euros in loto, I try ...

* If I had money, I would can go in Australia

* If I would win one million euro at the loto,

I should tour through the world in a private plane,

and stop the school for one year.

* If someone have an terrible accident,

this person was burnt for the rest of his life

 

 

 

 

 

expression du futur > subordonnée de temps

 

* Finally, when I'll be thirtey years old, I'll buy a very nice flat in Paris

 

 

 

 

 

prétérit

 

* he didn't was

* I didn't saw him

* He was killed the two girls

* They are killed 20 years ago

* when it happeneds

* he becames

* A few days ago... she has announced

 

 

 

 

 

interrogative indirecte


* I don't know what is his name

 

 

 

 

 

superlatif

 

* He is the better player of world.

 

 

 

 

 

pluriel > GV

 

* My parents doesn't like

* They has taken allquantificateurs > many, much, etc.

* much ethical problems

 

 

 

 

 

quantificateurs > during / for

 

* few information

* During four months / During three days

* More over, American army announced that
3000 bombs will be launched during 48 hours

 

 

 

 

 

noms abstraits

 

* the justice / the power / the racism / the cloning / the man

 

 

 

 

 

pronoms relatifs / relatives

 

* a person what many people know

* the only documentary who was filmed inside

* the aircraft who crashed in the tower

* It's an picture who...

* my dear mum who's name is

 

 

 

 

 

SVO

 

* we saw in this document the life of everyday of this firefighters

 

 

 

 

 

faux-sens / contre-sens

 

* Firemen are exciting
 

 

 

 

 

 

it's the first time + present perfect (have + participe passé)

 

*it's the first time I see this images

 

 

 

 

 

syntaxe  > vide syntaxique

 

* ???    but all the same is a good reportage

* She didn't want listen him

*  the police not do his job

* Americans want attack Iraq

*A friend of his meeting him in his room and now, they talking

 

 

 

 

 

pluriel irrégulier

 

* This is a documentary abou the firemans

 

 

 

 

 

see / watch

 

* The film that we saw on the TV

 

 

 

 

 

adjectif possessif

 

* New York firemen were in his firehouse

 

 

 

 

 

past perfect -> valeur d'antériorité dans le passé

 

* Later, Sonia discovered Jeffrey who stole fruits

 

 

 

 

 

their / there

 

* their will be bombardment

 

 

 

 

 

after / afterwards

 

* More, if a inmate have maid a mistake and if after he was killed ...

 

 

 

 

 

contradiction

 

* ??? I'm against death penalty.

I think any human have the right to decide the death of an other human

 

 

 

 

 

make / made / made + GNO + BV

 

* My best friend in the middle-nineties make me listened rap-music

 

 

 

 

 

it's high time + prétérit modal

 

* It's high time we go

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orthographe

 

* musn't

 * on hollidays

*on holydays

* télévision

* an other

* wich

* governement

* carefull

* desperatly

* Manathan

* loose

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

grammaire explicative

en bandes dessinées

 

 

 

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