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America, USA > Iconic words

 

19th century

 

Civil war (1861-1865) > Confederacy

 

Confederate symbols / monuments / statues / flags

 

 

Confederate statues protest:

the history and the debate

C4    25 August 2017

 

 

 

 

Confederate statues protest: the history and the debate

Video        C4        25 August 2017

 

What the debate over confederate statues

tells us about America's turbulent past

- and its divided future.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rnu0ksRxi7A

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Free State of Jones

Official Trailer    STXfilms    9 janv. 2016

 

 

 

 

Free State of Jones

video    Official Trailer    STXfilms    9 janv. 2016

 

Written and directed by four-time Oscar nominee Gary Ross

(THE HUNGER GAMES, SEABISCUIT, PLEASANTVILLE),

and starring Oscar winner Matthew McConaughey.

 

FREE STATE OF JONES

is an epic action-drama set during the Civil War,

and tells the story of defiant Southern farmer, Newt Knight,

and his extraordinary armed rebellion

against the Confederacy.

 

Banding together with other small farmers and local slaves,

Knight launched an uprising that led Jones County,

Mississippi to secede from the Confederacy,

creating a Free State of Jones.

Knight continued his struggle into Reconstruction,

distinguishing him as a compelling,

if controversial, figure of defiance long beyond the War.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3EMkxEKKSQI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederacy / Southern Confederacy / Confederate States of America

1861-1865

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/10/04/
648290022/atlantas-mayor-signs-bill-to-change-streets-named-after-confederacy

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/08/23/
545548965/what-our-monuments-don-t-teach-us-about-remembering-the-past

 

https://www.npr.org/2016/06/25/
483537325/telling-the-story-of-a-confederate-deserter-in-free-state-of-jones

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/17/
470824030/reverence-and-rage-southerners-battle-over-relics-of-the-confederacy

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1861/02/19/
news/important-montgomery-inauguration-jefferson-davis-president-southern.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederates

 

http://www.gocomics.com/michael-andrew/2017/08/16

 

https://www.npr.org/2016/06/25/
483537325/telling-the-story-of-a-confederate-deserter-in-free-state-of-jones

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/20/us/
a-confederate-generals-final-stand-divides-memphis.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate leaders

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/06/
548929726/national-cathedral-is-removing-stained-glass-windows-honoring-confederate-leader

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate generals

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/19/
1008371491/confederate-general-remains-memphis-moved

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mississippi > Confederate emblem > State flag

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/10/
us/mississippi-confederate-flag.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/03/
opinion/confederate-flag-mississippi-trethewey.html

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/06/30/
885779855/mississippi-governor-signs-law-removing-confederate-design-from-state-flag

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/27/
884306925/mississippi-lawmakers-clear-path-to-remove-confederate-emblem-from-state-flag

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/12/
opinion/mississippi-flag-confederate.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate National Flag

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/06/22/us/
Divisive-Symbolism-of-a-Southern-Flag.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the history of the Confederate flag

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/itsallpolitics/2015/06/22/
416548613/the-complicated-political-history-of-the-confederate-flag

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate symbolism

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/15/
685672038/judge-throws-out-alabama-law-that-protects-confederate-monuments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mississippi State Flag's Confederate symbolism

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/04/03/
522478779/court-rejects-lawsuit-against-mississippi-state-flags-confederate-symbolism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Confederate symbols        UK / USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2022/12/22/
1145107950/west-point-confederate-symbols-robert-e-lee

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/08/12/
901771780/report-59-confederate-symbols-removed-since-george-floyds-death

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/07/08/
889097813/in-alabama-a-city-debates-how-to-depict-its-past-in-the-present

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2020/jul/02/
what-if-we-treated-confederate-symbols-the-way-we-treated-the-defeated-nazis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

remove Confederate symbols from N

 

https://www.npr.org/2022/12/22/
1145107950/west-point-confederate-symbols-robert-e-lee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

federal judge > allow the removal of a Confederate memorial

 

https://www.npr.org/2023/12/20/
1220573980/confederate-memorial-arlington-cemetery-removal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Washington National Cathedral > stained-glass windows

that honored Confederate Gens.

Robert E. Lee and Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson

 

https://www.npr.org/2023/09/23/
1201350129/national-cathedral-racial-justice-stained-glass-windows

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate stained-glass Images

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/09/23/
1040088768/national-cathedral-confederate-stained-glass-windows-racial-justice-marshall

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate monuments

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/21/
1007924006/confederate-imagery-on-stone-mountain-is-changing-but-not-fast-enough-for-some

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/02/23/
970610428/nearly-100-confederate-monuments-removed-in-2020-report-says-more-than-700-remai

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/08/12/
901771780/report-59-confederate-symbols-removed-since-george-floyds-death

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/pictureshow/2020/07/12/
890099568/richmond-va-photographer-watches-familiar-anger-resurface-in-recent-protests

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/07/08/
889097813/in-alabama-a-city-debates-how-to-depict-its-past-in-the-present

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/07/03/
886537538/revisiting-sacred-cows-which-figures-from-history-do-we-honor-and-how

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/06/26/
opinion/confederate-monuments-racism.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/23/
882020026/trump-threatens-prison-for-attempts-to-topple-statues-heres-the-law-he-cites

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/06/06/
871293043/confederate-monuments-are-coming-down-are-streets-and-highways-next

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/15/
685672038/judge-throws-out-alabama-law-that-protects-confederate-monuments

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/17/
lens/documenting-rise-white-nationalism-eugene-smith-grant.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/22/
640923318/3-north-carolina-confederate-monuments-will-stay-in-place-commission-decides

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/05/
633952187/where-do-confederate-monuments-go-after-they-come-down

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/23/
545435024/civil-rights-activist-argues-to-keep-confederate-monuments

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2017/08/23/
545548965/what-our-monuments-don-t-teach-us-about-remembering-the-past

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/22/
545308125/in-reckoning-with-confederate-monuments-other-countries-could-provide-examples

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/17/
544137751/trump-defends-beauty-of-confederate-memorials

 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/08/16/
us/confederate-monuments-removed.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/15/
opinion/confederate-monuments-white-supremacy-charlottesville.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/17/
opinion/confederate-monument-protest-virginia.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/08/
opinion/in-new-orleans-racisms-history-is-harder-than-stone.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/04/24/
525441632/in-new-orleans-officials-remove-first-of-4-confederate-monuments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The battle over Confederate statues video explainer

G

Tuesday 22 August 2017    12.21 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/global/video/2017/aug/22/
battle-over-confederate-statues-united-states-video-explainer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dallas, US

 

Motorcycle officers wait to escort

a truck carrying the a statue of Robert E Lee.

 

Workers removed the statue from its pedestal

at Robert E Lee park.

 

Photograph: Jae S Lee

AP

 

The 20 photographs of the week

G

Saturday 16 September 2017    09.23 BST

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2017/sep/16/
the-20-photographs-of-the-week

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Confederate monuments > statues        UK / USA

 

2023

 

https://www.npr.org/2023/10/29/
1209316169/confederate-monument-melted-down-
to-create-new-more-inclusive-public-art

 

 

 

 

2022

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/01/17/
opinion/confederate-monuments-tennessee-nathan-forrest.html

 

 

 

 

2021

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/10/22/
1048380729/black-museum-melt-charlottesville-robert-e-lee-statue

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/09/08/
1035085412/robert-e-lee-statue-down-in-virginia-artifacts-time-capsule-richmond

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/29/
1011303611/the-house-votes-to-remove-confederate-statues-in-the-u-s-capitol

 

 

 

 

2020

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/12/21/
948736896/virginia-removes-its-robert-e-lee-statue-from-u-s-capitol

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/10/06/
919193176/confederate-statues-come-down-around-u-s-but-not-everywhere

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/08/06/
arts/dance/richmond-virginia-lee-monument.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/08/03/
897760392/we-always-knew-what-it-stood-for-small-texas-town-torn-over-its-confederate-stat

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/07/24/
895083271/confederate-statues-removed-from-virginia-capitol-in-the-dead-of-night

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/06/24/
882765659/unrest-in-madison-overnight-leaves-statues-toppled-state-senator-injured

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/06/24/
882681085/crews-begin-removal-of-john-c-calhoun-statue-in-south-carolina

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/06/16/
877772554/protester-in-albuquerque-wounded-during-shooting-at-rally-over-removal-of-statue

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/12/
876124924/in-richmond-va-protestors-transform-a-confederate-statue

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/06/12/
876220211/jefferson-davis-statue-to-be-removed-from-kentucky-state-capitol

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/06/11/
874565394/protesters-topple-jefferson-davis-statue-in-richmond-va

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/06/10/
874417376/homage-to-hate-pelosi-calls-for-confederate-statues-removed-from-u-s-capitol

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/04/
869519175/massive-robert-e-lee-statue-in-richmond-va-will-be-removed

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/02/
867659459/confederate-monument-removed-after-birmingham-mayors-vow-to-finish-the-job

 

 

 

 

2018

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/05/
673838780/a-confederate-statue-continues-to-stir-unrest-at-unc-chapel-hill

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/04/
868978380/for-one-immigrant-community-george-floyds-death-isn-t-just-about-black-and-white

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/05/
673680575/student-arrested-for-protesting-universitys-plan-to-return-a-confederate-statue

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/26/
641993804/7-arrested-in-protests-over-confederate-statue-at-unc-chapel-hill

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/08/05/
633952187/where-do-confederate-monuments-go-after-they-come-down

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2018/02/28/
589451855/shrouds-pulled-from-charlottesville-confederate-statues-following-ruling

 

 

 

 

2017

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/aug/26/
statues-were-not-erected-to-teach-us-history-but-to-exert-power

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=Rnu0ksRxi7A - video - C4 - 25 August 2017

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/23/
545605237/charlottesville-shrouds-its-robert-e-lee-and-stonewall-jackson-statues

 

https://www.theguardian.com/global/video/2017/aug/22/
battle-over-confederate-statues-united-states-video-explainer

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/21/
544942064/confederate-statues-are-coming-down-at-the-university-of-texas

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/20/
opinion/confederate-statues-american-history.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/20/
544266880/confederate-statues-were-built-to-further-a-white-supremacist-future

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/19/
opinion/sunday/white-nationalism-american-history-statues.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/19/
544678037/duke-university-removes-robert-e-lee-statue-from-chapel-entrance

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/18/
opinion/statues-trump-confederates-charlottesville.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/18/
544407092/maryland-state-house-removes-statue-of-judge-who-wrote-dred-scott-decision

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/picture/2017/aug/17
/steve-bell-on-donald-trump-and-confederate-statues-cartoon

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/17/us/
confederate-monuments-stonewall-jackson-lee-davis.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/17/
544235556/watch-protesters-try-to-surrender-in-solidarity-with-confederate-statue-topplers

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/16/
opinion/baltimore-confederate-monuments-trump.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/16/
543851420/baltimore-removes-confederate-statues-one-day-after-voting-on-issue

 

http://www.gocomics.com/stevebreen/2017/08/16

 

http://www.gocomics.com/stevebenson/2017/08/15

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/gallery/2017/aug/15/
confederate-statues-removed-across-southern-us-states-in-pictures

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/video/2017/aug/15/
confederate-soldier-statue-toppled-north-carolina-video

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/aug/15/
confederate-statue-toppled-in-north-carolina-during-anti-racism-rally

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/14/
543471538/charlottesville-rally-aimed-to-defend-a-confederate-statue-it-may-have-doomed-ot

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/13/us/charlottesville-
rally-protest-statue.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/08/12/
542982015/home-to-university-of-virginia-prepares-for-violence-at-white-nationalist-rally

 

http://www.gocomics.com/brian-mcfadden/2017/08/08

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/06/05/
531536384/texas-town-finds-unique-way-to-deal-with-confederate-statue-controversies

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/05/20/
529232823/with-lee-statues-removal-another-battle-of-new-orleans-comes-to-a-close

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/07/us/new-orleans-
monuments.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/video/us/
100000005118545/133-years-later-a-statue-comes-down.html - May 20, 2017

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/05/19/
529130606/new-orleans-prepares-to-take-down-statue-of-gen-robert-e-le

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate statues > pedestals

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/01/17/
opinion/confederate-monuments-tennessee-nathan-forrest.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate monuments > statues > protests > topple

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/23/
882020026/trump-threatens-prison-
for-attempts-to-topple-statues-heres-the-law-he-cites

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/live-updates-protests-for-racial-justice/2020/06/11/
874565394/protesters-topple-jefferson-davis-statue-in-richmond-va

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate statues > remove

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/29/
1011303611/the-house-votes-to-remove-confederate-statues-in-the-u-s-capitol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate symbols > remove

 

https://www.npr.org/2022/12/22/
1145107950/west-point-confederate-symbols-robert-e-lee

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/23/
882020026/trump-threatens-prison-for-attempts-to-topple-statues-
heres-the-law-he-cites

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

monuments of white supremacy

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/09/
opinion/monuments-of-white-supremacy.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate memorials

 

https://www.npr.org/2023/12/20/
1220573980/confederate-memorial-arlington-cemetery-removal

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/07/08/
889097813/in-alabama-a-city-debates-how-to-depict-its-past-in-the-present

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate imagery on Stone Mountain

 

 90-foot tall Confederate carving - finished in 1972

 

 It depicts Confederate Gens.

Stonewall Jackson and Robert E. Lee

and president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis,

on horseback.

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/21/
1007924006/confederate-imagery-on-stone-mountain-is-changing-
but-not-fast-enough-for-some

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American heritage

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/07/08/
889097813/in-alabama-a-city-debates-
how-to-depict-its-past-in-the-present

 

 

 

 

 

 

stained-glass windows honoring confederate leaders

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/09/06/
548929726/national-cathedral-
is-removing-stained-glass-windows-honoring-confederate-leader

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

glorify slavery

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/04/24/
525441632/in-new-orleans-officials-remove-first-of-4-confederate-monuments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Confederate names on schools

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/06/05/
1002825879/confederate-names-schools-jacksonville-robert-e-lee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Lost Cause of the Confederacy / The Lost Cause

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.loc.gov/resource/pga.01734/

https://www.loc.gov/resource/rbpe.24502100/?st=text

https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2001696840/

https://www.loc.gov/item/2002709961/

https://www.loc.gov/item/11032055/

https://www.loc.gov/item/2010717215/

https://www.loc.gov/resource/cph.3c28619/

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/15/
876962140/times-are-changing-as-tolerance-weakens-for-confederate-monuments

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/06/
871404659/richmond-to-remove-confederate-statues-from-historic-avenue

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/21/
686547376/the-very-particular-history-being-presented-at-confederate-sites

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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