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America, USA > Iconic words

 

American, jeep, cowboy, Super Bowl...

 

 

 

 

The Speech that Made Obama President

Video        THNKR        30 August 2012

 

In 2004,

a one-term senator from Illinois took the stage

to deliver the keynote speech

at the Democratic National Convention in Boston.

 

By the time Barack Obama had finished speaking,

Democrats across the country knew

they had seen the future of their party.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFPwDe22CoY

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

United States > from confederation to nation

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/10/
books/review/the-quartet-by-joseph-j-ellis.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

@POTUS

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2017/01/20/
510784802/on-the-day-of-white-house-transitions-twitter-shifts-potus-to-donald-trump

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Why America Is Just Okay

NYT    1 July 2019

 

 

 

 

Why America Is Just Okay

Video        NYT Opinion        The New York Times        1 July 2019

 

America is the greatest country on earth.

 

It’s a phrase, a slogan, a dogma for patriots.

 

And as we stare down

the barrel of an upcoming election,

we’re prepared to hear this refrain echo.

 

In the video Op-Ed above,

we argue that the myth of America

as the greatest nation on earth is at best outdated

and at worst, wildly inaccurate.

 

Comparing the United States of America on global indicators

reveals we have fallen well behind Europe

— and share more in common with “developing countries”

than we’d like to admit.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6mjef8NsNfU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

America        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2023/nov/29/
i-thought-i-knew-america-the-mother-of-all-road-trips-in-pictures-
florence-montmare

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2022/nov/22/
cars-bars-and-burger-joints-william-egglestons-iconic-america-
in-pictures

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/29/
us/jo-carroll-dennison-dead.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/02/
opinion/america-racism.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/01/11/
travel/a-long-lonesome-look-at-america.html

 

https://theintercept.com/2021/01/09/
america-trump-violence-bosnia/

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/11/05/
opinion/trump-supporters-election-2020.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/07/
podcasts/the-daily/trump-mount-rushmore-speech.html - NYT podcast

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/04/09/
opinion/coronavirus-inequality-america.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=6mjef8NsNfU - NYT - July 1, 2019

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/04/
625351953/one-song-glory

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/25/
opinion/america-is-the-gun.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/06/28/
534765046/smithsonian-exhibit-explores-religious-diversitys-role-in-u-s-history

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/14/
opinion/i-thought-i-understood-america-then-came-trump.html

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/23/
a-lesson-from-the-1940s-america-is-capable-of-being-un-american/

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/20/
510746700/donald-trump-sworn-in-as-the-45th-president-of-the-united-states

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/19/
510491692/the-america-donald-trump-is-inheriting-by-the-numbers

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/02/
opinion/america-becomes-a-stan.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/22/
opinion/dont-retreat-into-fortress-america.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/11/16/us/
politics/the-two-americas-of-2016.htm

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/13/
opinion/he-made-america-feel-great-again.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/10/
opinion/america-elects-a-bigot.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/09/
business/media/media-trump-clinton.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/16/
opinion/campaign-stops/make-america-great-again-
for-the-people-it-was-great-for-already.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/02/17/
466950838/america-is-obsessed-with-identity-thanks-obama

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/15/
opinion/how-america-was-lost.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/
466210908/new-hampshire-primary-the-polls-begin-to-close

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/
465334832/on-her-new-album-lucinda-williams-is-driven-not-comfortable

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/21/
opinion/invitation-to-a-dialogue-america-in-decline.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2015/jul/01/
gary-younge-farewell-to-america

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/23/
opinion/charles-blow-who-loves-america.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/22/
opinion/nicholas-kristof-reagan-obama-and-inequality.html

 

 

 

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
America_(Simon_&_Garfunkel_song) - 1968

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Cars, bars and burger joints:

William Eggleston’s iconic America – in pictures        UK

 

The landmark series Outlands

created a new visual language of gas stations,

diners and signage

that inspired a generation of photographers

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2022/nov/22/
cars-bars-and-burger-joints-william-egglestons-iconic-america-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rural America

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/02/06/
512037502/rural-america-supported-trump-but-will-his-policies-support-them

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > BBC > Letter from America by Alistair Cooke        UK

 

https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b00f6hbp 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trump's America

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2016/11/16/us/
politics/the-two-americas-of-2016.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Miss America

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/29/
us/jo-carroll-dennison-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Americana        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2022/dec/15/
ernst-haass-american-west-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

violence

 

https://theintercept.com/2021/01/09/
america-trump-violence-bosnia/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

country/Americana music

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/12/14/
1063781819/how-black-women-reclaimed-country-and-americana-music-in-2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Americana > folk songs

 

https://www.npr.org/2012/07/04/
155856961/neil-youngs-fascination-with-americana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Americana > The Saturday Evening Post

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/24/
arts/design/saturday-evening-post-norman-rockwell-archive.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Walter Elias Disney / Walt Disney    1901-1966

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/person/
walt-disney

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/company/
walt-disney-company

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/13/
business/media/walt-disney-a-visionary-who-was-crazy-like-a-mouse.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Disneyland

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/11/25/
books/review/disneys-land-richard-snow-disneyland.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'America first'        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2018/jul/14/
behold-america-history-of-american-dream-sarah-churchwell-review

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/02/
opinion/trumps-valueless-foreign-policy.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/02/28/
517565701/trumps-america-first-agenda-marks-sharp-break-in-u-s-economic-policy

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/21/
510877650/trump-vows-policy-vision-of-america-first-recalling-phrases-controversial-past

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/01/20/
510746700/donald-trump-sworn-in-as-the-45th-president-of-the-united-states

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

God bless America

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/07/
opinion/sunday/sick-and-tired-of-god-bless-america.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Americanism        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2017/feb/03/
americanism-us-writers-imagine-fascist-future-fiction

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dearborn, Michigan    G    4 August 2017

 

 

 

 

Dearborn, Michigan

Video        The Guardian        4 August 2017

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEoVHfqxHio

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American        UK / USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2022/11/26/
style/united-states-faith-rituals.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2018/07/03/
625369721/american-anthems-the-songs-that-unite-us

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/10/16/
557338355/im-an-american-radio-show-promoted-inclusion-before-world-war-ii

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/26/
upshot/nearly-half-of-americans-dont-know-people-in-puerto-ricoans-are-fellow-citizens.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/ng-interactive/2017/aug/04/
dearborn-michigan-divided-muslim-american-donald-trump-documentary

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GEoVHfqxHio - Guardian - 4 August 2017

 

https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/ng-interactive/2017/aug/04/
dearborn-michigan-divided-muslim-american-donald-trump-documentary

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/04/07/
523044253/during-world-war-i-u-s-government-propaganda-erased-german-culture

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/therecord/2017/03/21/
520948428/chuck-berry-taught-me-how-to-be-an-american

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/
rarely-seen-photos-japanese-internment-dorothea-lange/

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2017/02/03/
513263766/budweiser-s-super-bowl-ad-misses-the-real-timelier-story-about-immigrants-and-be

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/11/10/
opinion/being-american-in-the-trump-years.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/17/
opinion/who-are-we.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > American        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/jun/10/
sonic-youth-1990-say-are-you-anti-american-i-think-
its-pretty-cool-people-should-be-anti-american

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American identity

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/05/02/
opinion/the-collapse-of-american-identity.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American disorder

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/12/23/
books/death-of-joan-didion.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American icon

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/24/
545771819/jeep-why-this-american-icon-could-soon-be-part-of-a-chinese-company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American anthems

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/07/04/
625351953/one-song-glory

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2018/07/03/
625369721/american-anthems-the-songs-that-unite-us

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A National Association of Managers billboard

in Dubuque, Iowa, 1940.

 

Photograph:

Universal History Archive/Universal Images Group

via Getty Images

 

Freedom’s Just Another Word for … What Exactly?

NYT

Dec. 17, 2021    5:00 a.m. ET

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/12/17/
opinion/freedom-liberty-racial-hierarchies.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American way

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/12/17/
opinion/freedom-liberty-racial-hierarchies.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

un-American    (adjective)

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/06/17/
620628547/former-u-s-ambassador-to-mexico-calls-trumps-immigration-policies-un-american

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/23/
a-lesson-from-the-1940s-america-is-capable-of-being-un-american/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

House Committee on Un-American Activities (HCUA)

 

The House Committee

on Un-American Activities (HCUA),

popularly dubbed

the House Un-American Activities

Committee (HUAC),

was an investigative committee

of the United States House of Representatives,

created in 1938 to investigate

alleged disloyalty and subversive activities

on the part of private citizens, public employees,

and those organizations suspected

of having either fascist or communist ties.

 

It became

a standing (permanent) committee in 1945,

and from 1969 onwards it was known

as the House Committee on Internal Security.

 

When the House abolished the committee in 1975,

its functions were transferred

to the House Judiciary Committee.

- April 16, 2022

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
House_Un-American_Activities_Committee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

hyphenated American > German-Americans

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/04/07/
523044253/during-world-war-i-u-s-government-propaganda-erased-german-culture

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > anti-American        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2015/jun/10/
sonic-youth-1990-say-are-you-anti-american-
i-think-its-pretty-cool-people-should-be-anti-american

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I am an American

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2017/02/08/
rarely-seen-photos-japanese-internment-dorothea-lange/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the American idea

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/25/
opinion/david-brooks-the-american-idea-and-todays-gop.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American idealism

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/07/
opinion/the-end-of-american-idealism.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > native American        UK / USA

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/04/13/
473264076/for-native-americans-health-care-is-a-long-hard-road-away

 

http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2016/feb/17/
native-american-wounded-knee-massacre-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2015/03/31/
396664863/federal-judge-says-south-dakota-officials-
violated-native-american-families-righ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

native American > Navajo / Navajo nation

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/04/10/
473547227/for-the-navajo-nation-uranium-minings-deadly-legacy-lingers

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/06/25/
kenji-kawano-40-years-with-the-navajo/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a nation of immigrants

http://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=wejt939QXko&index=4&list=UUqnbDFdCpuN8CMEg0VuEBqA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/22/
opinion/blow-still-a-nation-of-immigrants.html

 

 

 

 

become American

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/18/
opinion/sunday/how-mexicans-became-americans.html

 

 

 

 

American dream

 

 

 

 

America’s Red States

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/04/
opinion/sunday/is-life-better-in-americas-red-states.html

 

 

 

 

the land of the free

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/11/
us/coronavirus-california-lockdowns.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/19/
opinion/an-apology-for-slavery.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cUZO8ffNcpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

a / the land of opportunity

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/04/11/
523019764/to-ray-davies-america-is-still-a-land-of-opportunity

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/02/24/
517023337/deported-with-a-valid-u-s-visa-jordanian-says-message-is-youre-not-welcome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rust belt

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/21/us/
niles-michigan-trump-no-women-march.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

US Supreme Court

“equal justice under law”

 

https://www.supremecourt.gov/about/
constitutional.aspx 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E Pluribus Unum

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
E_pluribus_unum

 

 

https://www.gocomics.com/pricklycity/2023/04/05

 

https://www.gocomics.com/claybennett/2022/11/24

 

https://www.gocomics.com/stevebreen/2022/10/29

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/01/26/
511625609/for-a-stark-contrast-to-u-s-immigration-policy-try-canada

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/05/
opinion/krugman-e-pluribus-unum.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFPwDe22CoY - 30 August 2012

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A truck driver making a pit stop in Conway, Texas,

which is in the 13th District.

 

Photograph: Damon Winter

 

Gerrymander U.S.A.

NYT

July 12, 2022

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/07/12/
opinion/texas-redistricting-maps-gerrymandering.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

eagle

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/07/12/
opinion/texas-redistricting-maps-gerrymandering.html

 

https://www.gocomics.com/stevebenson/2016/11/09

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bald eagle

— the U.S. national symbol

 

https://www.npr.org/2022/04/06/
1091250692/esi-energy-bald-eagles

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/19/
magazine/bald-eagle-national-burden.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I'm a Black Cowboy. This is My Story.

NYT    5 August 2020

 

 

 

 

I'm a Black Cowboy. This is My Story.

Video        Op-Docs        The New York Times        5 August 2020

 

Cowboys

are among the most iconic figures of the American West.

 

They’re mythologized as strong, independent people

who live and die by their own terms on the frontier.

 

And in movies,

the people who play them are mostly white.

 

But as with many elements of Americana,

the idea of who cowboys are is actually whitewashed

— scholars estimate that in the pioneer era,

one in four cowboys were black.

 

The historian Quintard Taylor writes about how before then,

enslaved people

"were part of the expansion of the livestock industry

into colonial South Carolina,

passing their herding skills down through the generations

and steadily across the Gulf Coast states to Texas."

In Dillon Hayes's "All I Have to Offer You Is Me,"

we meet Larry Callies,

who comes from a long line of cowboys. Growing up in Texas,

Callies dreamed of becoming like Charley Pride,

the first African-American inductee

in the Country Music Hall of Fame.

 

As with the cowboy,

there’s an assumption of who makes up country music,

despite its diverse history.

The breakthrough of artists like Lil Nas X,

Jimmie Allen and Kane Brown

has returned attention to the contributions of black artists to the genre.

Callies’s journey shows what we lose

when we don’t acknowledge the full breadth of history.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PWlLNIGIbd0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cowboy

 

https://www.npr.org/2023/12/13/
1218803510/cowboy-beyonce-barbie-bass-reeves

 

https://www.npr.org/2022/01/28/
1075932919/storycorps-los-angeles-black-cowboys

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PWlLNIGIbd0
video - NYT - August 5, 2020

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/05/
682318409/dom-flemons-presents-a-new-image-of-the-american-cowboy

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/02/
opinion/fake-cowboys-and-real-indians.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2016/08/21/
488673962/south-floridas-seminole-cowboys-cattle-is-in-our-dna

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/npr-history-dept/2015/09/03/
433194190/the-indian-cowboys-of-florida

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

yeehaw

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/05/17/
724339197/lil-nas-xs-old-town-road-video-is-here-
to-lasso-the-yeehaw-agenda

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gun

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/25/
opinion/america-is-the-gun.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gunslinger

 

https://www.npr.org/2016/09/29/
495913292/old-west-gunslinging-meets-futuristic-androids-
in-hbos-westworld

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

gunslinging

 

https://www.npr.org/2016/09/29/
495913292/old-west-gunslinging-meets-futuristic-androids-
in-hbos-westworld

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

guns > Winchester

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1950/06/08/
archives/the-screen-in-review-cowboy-wins-loses-recovers-rifle-
in-winchester.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > American west        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2022/dec/15/
ernst-haass-american-west-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

old West

 

https://www.npr.org/2016/09/29/
495913292/old-west-gunslinging-meets-futuristic-androids-in-hbos-westworld

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wild West

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/05/11/
us/politics/sexual-assault-school.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

western

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1950/06/08/
archives/the-screen-in-review-cowboy-wins-loses-recovers-rifle-in-winchester.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Wild Wild West

is an American Western espionage

and science fiction television series

that ran on the CBS television network

for four seasons

from September 17, 1965 to April 11, 1969.

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
The_Wild_Wild_West - Jan. 13, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

American West / the West

 

https://www.npr.org/2021/01/12/
955665162/roots-of-u-s-capitol-insurrectionists-run-through-american-west

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indians

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/02/
opinion/fake-cowboys-and-real-indians.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Signe Wilkinson

political cartoon

GoComics

April 28, 2021

https://www.gocomics.com/signewilkinson/2021/04/28

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yankees

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yankee#Early_usage 

 

 

https://www.gocomics.com/signewilkinson/2021/04/28

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2012/03/31/
the-birth-of-dixie/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the American South

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/
465334832/on-her-new-album-lucinda-williams-is-driven-not-comfortable

 

 

 

 

the South

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/07/25/
425315875/q-a-with-chuck-reece-a-bitter-southerner-reimagines-the-region

 

 

 

 

USA > the Deep South        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2023/apr/05/
sweetness-and-solace-baldwin-lees-portrait-of-the-deep-south-
in-pictures - Guardian pictures gallery

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2022/jun/26/
curran-hatlebergs-humid-hallucinatory-images-of-the-deep-south

 

 

 

 

Southern

http://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/07/25/
425315875/q-a-with-chuck-reece-a-bitter-southerner-reimagines-the-region

 

 

 

 

Southern roots

http://www.npr.org/2016/02/09/
465334832/on-her-new-album-lucinda-williams-is-driven-not-comfortable

 

 

 

 

Southerners

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/17/
470824030/reverence-and-rage-southerners-battle-over-relics-of-the-confederacy

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Jim Crow South

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/11/us/
claude-sitton-times-reporter-who-covered-south-in-civil-rights-era-dies-at-89.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

in the Jim Crow South

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/29/
arts/maya-angelou-lyrical-witness-of-the-jim-crow-south-dies-at-86.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/07/25/us/
willie-louis-who-named-the-killers-of-emmett-till-at-their-trial-dies-at-76.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1944 > in the Jim Crow era of the South

 

http://www.theguardian.com/theobserver/2014/mar/22/
george-stinney-execution-verdict-innocent

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

during the Jim Crow era of racial segregation in the US >

The Negro Motorist Green Book, published 1936-1964

 

http://www.theguardian.com/travel/2015/feb/27/
green-book-south-west-usa-route-66-civil-rights

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jim Crow

 

https://www.thirteen.org/wnet/jimcrow/index.html  

https://www.thirteen.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_enforce.html  

https://www.virginiahistory.org/collections-and-resources/
virginia-history-explorer/civil-rights-movement-virginia/world-jim-crow 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/18/
books/review/stony-the-road-henry-louis-gates.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/03/
opinion/sunday/the-horror-of-lynchings-lives-on.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/culture/gallery/2016/oct/29/
civil-rights-photography-north-of-dixie

 

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2016/10/18/
blogs/photographing-civil-rights-up-north-and-beyond-dixie/s/
18-lens-civilrights-slide-SHBR.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/30/
movies/13th-review-ava-duvernay.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/08/09/
489311892/jacqueline-woodsons-brooklyn-is-full-of-dreams-and-danger

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/25/
opinion/tearing-down-the-confederate-flag-is-just-a-start.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/29/
opinion/when-jim-crow-drank-coke.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/07/
books/michelle-alexanders-new-jim-crow-raises-drug-law-debates.html

 

http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2010/11/16/
jim-crow-on-west-broadway/

 

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/
story.php?storyId=12819237 - August 15, 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jim Crow laws

 

Jim Crow was the name

of the racial caste system

which operated primarily,

but not exclusively

in southern and border states,

between 1877

and the mid-1960s.

 

Jim Crow

was more than a series

of rigid anti-black laws.

 

It was a way of life.

 

Under Jim Crow,

African Americans

were relegated to the status

of second class citizens.

 

Jim Crow represented

the legitimization of anti-black racism.

 

Many Christian ministers and theologians

taught that whites were the Chosen people,

blacks were cursed to be servants,

and God supported racial segregation.

 

Craniologists, eugenicists,

phrenologists, and Social Darwinists,

at every educational level,

buttressed the belief that blacks

were innately intellectually

and culturally inferior to whites.

 

Pro-segregation politicians

gave eloquent speeches

on the great danger of integration:

the mongrelization of the white race.

 

Newspaper and magazine writers

routinely referred to blacks

as niggers, coons, and darkies;

and worse, their articles reinforced

anti-black stereotypes.

 

Even children's games

portrayed blacks as inferior beings

(see "From Hostility to Reverence:

100 Years of African-American Imagery

in Games").

 

All major societal institutions

reflected and supported

the oppression of blacks.

http://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm

 

https://americanhistory.si.edu/
brown/history/1-segregated/jim-crow.html  

https://www.ferris.edu/jimcrow/what.htm  

https://www.nps.gov/malu/learn/education/jim_crow_laws.htm 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/25/
opinion/tearing-down-the-confederate-flag-is-just-a-start.html

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2015/04/10/
398806751/painting-the-epic-drama-of-the-great-migration-the-work-of-jacob-lawrence

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Lost Cause of the Confederacy / The Lost Cause

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

https://www.loc.gov/resource/pga.01734/

https://www.loc.gov/resource/rbpe.24502100/?st=text

https://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2001696840/

https://www.loc.gov/item/2002709961/

https://www.loc.gov/item/11032055/

https://www.loc.gov/item/2010717215/

https://www.loc.gov/resource/cph.3c28619/

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/15/
876962140/times-are-changing-as-tolerance-weakens-for-confederate-monuments

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/06/06/
871404659/richmond-to-remove-confederate-statues-from-historic-avenue

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/01/21/
686547376/the-very-particular-history-being-presented-at-confederate-sites

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ku Klux Klan    KKK

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/20/us/
a-confederate-generals-final-stand-divides-memphis.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/19/us/
ku-klux-klanprotests-at-south-carolina-capitol.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

redneck

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/09/06/
492183406/a-resurgence-of-redneck-pride-marked-by-race-class-and-trump

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

jazz

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/08/22/
490940271/toots-thielemans-jazz-harmonica-baron-has-died

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hollywood

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/01/01/
507800502/merry-prankster-in-l-a-wants-to-start-2017-on-a-high-note

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

jeep

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/08/24/
545771819/jeep-why-this-american-icon-could-soon-be-part-of-a-chinese-company

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

New Black Panther Party

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/19/us/
ku-klux-klanprotests-at-south-carolina-capitol.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

“In God is our trust”

 

https://amhistory.si.edu/starspangledbanner/the-lyrics.aspx

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

national motto > "In God We Trust,"

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/07/25/
744909500/south-dakota-public-schools-add-in-god-we-trust-signs-to-walls

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=F34Vlqtv0lQ - The Obama White House - 20 Oct. 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

characters, personifications > USA > Uncle Sam

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alamo

 

Texans or Texians,

according to some sources,

began fighting

for independence from Mexico

in 1835.

 

By December

the small Texas army had captured

the important crossroads town

of San Antonio de Bexar

and seized the garrison

known as the Alamo.

 

Mexican General

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

recaptured the town

on March 6, 1836,

after a thirteen-day siege;

the Mexican army suffered

an estimated 600 casualties.

 

Of the official list

of 189 Texan defenders,

all were killed.

 

Historians continue to debate

the number of defenders

inside the Alamo.

 

The defense of the Alamo

is well-known

for those who fought for Texas.

 

David Crockett,

James (Jim) Bowie,

and William Barret Travis

were among those remembered

by the "Remember the Alamo"

reported to be yelled

at the victory at San Jacinto.

http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/mar06.html

 

 

https://www.history.com/topics/mexico/alamo 

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/alamo/ 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GU-Rj7k3U8U

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/12/
opinion/gail-collins-rick-perry-meets-his-alamo.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cajun

 

https://www.npr.org/2022/08/10/
1116386405/le-bon-temps-continue-to-roll-on-cajun-radio-in-southern-louisiana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > diner        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/gallery/2022/sep/17/
the-melancholy-of-an-empty-american-diner-
in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Super Bowl

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Super_Bowl

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2024/02/12/
1197961698/we-recap-the-2024-super-bowl

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corpus of news articles

 

English language > America, USA >

 

Iconic words >

 

America, American, jeep, cowboy...

 

 

 

Income Inequality

Is Costing the U.S.

on Social Issues

 

APRIL 28, 2015

The New York Times

Eduardo Porter

 

Thirty-five years ago, the United States ranked 13th among the 34 industrialized nations that are today in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development in terms of life expectancy for newborn girls. These days, it ranks 29th.

In 1980, the infant mortality rate in the United States was about the same as in Germany. Today, American babies die at almost twice the rate of German babies.

“On nearly all indicators of mortality, survival and life expectancy, the United States ranks at or near the bottom among high-income countries,” says a report on the nation’s health by the National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine.

What’s most shocking about these statistics is not how unhealthy they show Americans to be, compared with citizens of countries that spend much less on health care and have much less sophisticated medical technology. What is most perplexing is how stunningly fast the United States has lost ground.

The blame for the precipitous fall does not rest primarily on the nation’s doctors and hospitals.

The United States has the highest teenage birthrate in the developed world — about seven times the rate in France, according to the O.E.C.D. More than one out of every four children lives with one parent, the largest percentage by far among industrialized nations. And more than a fifth live in poverty, sixth from the bottom among O.E.C.D. nations.

Among adults, seven out of every 1,000 are in prison, more than five times the rate of incarceration in most other rich democracies and more than three times the rate for the United States four decades ago.

The point is: The United States doesn’t have a narrow health care problem. We’ve simply handed our troubles to the medical industry to fix. In many ways, the American health care system is the most advanced in the world. But whiz-bang medical technology just cannot fix what ails us.

As economists from the University of Chicago, M.I.T. and the University of Southern California put it in a recent research paper, much of America’s infant mortality deficit is driven by “excess inequality.”

American babies born to white, college-educated, married women survive as often as those born to advantaged women in Europe. It’s the babies born to nonwhite, nonmarried, nonprosperous women who die so young.

Three or four decades ago, the United States was the most prosperous country on earth. It had the mightiest military and the most advanced technologies known to humanity. Today, it’s still the richest, strongest and most inventive. But when it comes to the health, well-being and shared prosperity of its people, the United States has fallen far behind.

Pick almost any measure of social health and cohesion over the last four decades or so, and you will find that the United States took a wrong turn along the way.

How did we get here? How do we exit?

As the presidential campaign draws the political debate to our national priorities, these questions must take center stage. As candidates argue over the budget deficit and the national debt, debate what to do about income inequality, address the problem of mass incarceration or refight the battles over the Affordable Care Act and the minimum wage, they should be forced to address how their policy wish list adds up to an answer.

Looking at how the United States compares with other nations is illuminating. As I noted in last week’s column, over the last four decades or so, the labor market lost much of its power to deliver income gains to working families in many developed nations.

But blaming globalization and technological progress for the stagnation of the middle class and the precipitous decline in our collective health is too easy. Jobs were lost and wages got stuck in many developed countries.

What set the United States apart — what made the damage inflicted upon American society so intense — was the nature of its response. Government support for Americans in the bottom half turned out to be too meager to hold society together.

The conservative narrative of America’s social downfall, articulated by the likes of Charles Murray from the American Enterprise Institute, posits that a large welfare state, built from the time of the New Deal in the 1930s through the era of the Great Society in the 1960s, sapped Americans’ industriousness and undermined their moral fiber.

A more compelling explanation is that when globalization struck at the jobs on which 20th-century America had built its middle class, the United States discovered that it did not, in fact, have much of a welfare state to speak of. The threadbare safety net tore under the strain.

Call it a failure of solidarity. American institutions, built from hostility toward collective solutions, couldn’t hold society together when the economic underpinning of full employment at a decent wage gave in.

The question is, Is there a solution to fit these ideological preferences? The standard prescriptions, typically shared by liberals and conservatives, start with education, building the skills needed to harness the opportunities of a high-tech, fast-changing labor market that has little use for those who end their education after high school.

Ensuring everybody has a college degree might not stanch the flow of riches to the very pinnacle of society. But it could deliver a powerful boost to the incomes and the well-being of struggling families in the bottom half.

And yet the prescription — embedded in the social reality that is contemporary America — falls short. In contemporary America, education is widening inequity, not closing it. College enrollment rates have stagnated for lower-income Americans. Sean Reardon from Stanford University notes that the achievement gap between rich and poor children seems to have been steadily expanding for the last 50 years.

On the left, there are calls to build the kind of generous social insurance programs, which despite growing budget constraints remain largely intact among many European social democracies. Senator Elizabeth Warren, Democrat of Massachusetts, for example, is calling for an expansion of Social Security, paid for by lifting the cap on payroll taxes so the rich pay the same share of their income to support the system as everybody else.

That may be desirable, though at the moment, our greatest problems are not about the elderly. And at least for the foreseeable future, it remains a political nonstarter in a nation congenitally mistrustful of government. Just in time to kick off the presidential campaign, Republicans in the House and Senate were working on a budget that would gut Obamacare — most likely increasing the pool of the nation’s uninsured — and slash funding for programs for Americans of low and moderate income.

Yet despite the grim prognosis, there is hope. The challenge America faces is not simply a matter of equity. The bloated incarceration rates and rock-bottom life expectancy, the unraveling families and the stagnant college graduation rates amount to an existential threat to the nation’s future.

That is, perhaps, the best reason for hope. The silver lining in these dismal, if abstract, statistics, is that they portend such a dysfunctional future that our broken political system might finally be forced to come together to prevent it.
 


Email: eporter@nytimes.com; Twitter: @portereduardo

A version of this article appears in print on April 29, 2015,
on page B1 of the New York edition with the headline:
Income Inequality Is Costing the Nation on Social Issues.

Income Inequality Is Costing the U.S. on Social Issues,
NYT,
28 APRIL 2015,
https://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/29/
business/economy/income-inequality-is-costing-the-us-
on-social-issues.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

 

characters, personifications > USA > Uncle Sam

 

 

America, USA, Americana > iconic words

 

 

describing / talking about

language, actions, things, facts, events, trends, ideas,

sounds, pictures, places,

people, personality traits, behaviour

 

 

USA > segregation > 19th-20th century >

Jim Crow era / laws

 

 

USA > segregation > 19th-20th century >

Jim Crow era > Blackface

 

 

slavery, eugenics,

race relations,

racial divide, racism,

segregation, civil rights,

apartheid

 

 

immigration > USA

 

 

day > USA > Independence Day > July 4th, 1776

 

 

day > state holiday > USA

Juneteenth / 19 June 1865

enslaved African-Americans in Galveston, Texas,

were told they were free

 

 

day > USA > Thanksgiving >

Black Friday, Cyber Monday

 

 

day > USA > Thanksgiving day

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History

 

USA > late 19th - early 20th century

Immigration > Ellis Island

 

 

 

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