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Vocapedia > Health > Microbes

 

Bacteria, Bacterial diseases

 

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

 

Tuberculosis disease    TB

 

 

 

 

Tuberculosis patients recovering in open air

along the River Thames in London in 1936.

 

Photograph: Fox Photos/Getty Images

 

The New War on Bad Air

A century ago,

a well-ventilated building was considered good medicine.

But by the time Covid-19 arrived,

our buildings could barely breathe.

How did that happen?

And how do we let the fresh air back in?

NYT

July 17, 2023

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/06/17/
health/covid-ventilation-air-quality.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Children suffering from TB (tuberculosis)

sleep outside at Springfield House Open Air School,

Clapham Common, London, 1932.

 

Photograph: Fox Photos/Getty Images

 

The fight against tuberculosis archive, 1913

6 August 1913: Experts at London conference

unanimous in pleading

for the utilisation of every available weapon

in attacking the disease

The Guardian

Tue 6 Aug 2019    05.30 BST

Last modified on Thu 26 Mar 2020    14.19 GMT

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/aug/06/
the-fight-against-tuberculosis-archive-1913

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A 19th-century lithograph of Florence Nightingale

in a tuberculosis ward

at the Scutari Barracks in Turkey

during the Crimean War.

 

Credit: Album/British Library, via Alamy

 

The New War on Bad Air

A century ago,

a well-ventilated building was considered good medicine.

But by the time Covid-19 arrived,

our buildings could barely breathe.

How did that happen?

And how do we let the fresh air back in?

NYT

July 17, 2023

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/06/17/
health/covid-ventilation-air-quality.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

tuberculosis (TB)  / the White Death        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/society/
tuberculosis

https://www.npr.org/series/203313164/
tuberculosis

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Tuberculosis

 

 

2023

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2023/11/16/
1211062206/who-says-we-can-write-the-final-chapter-in-the-story-of-tb-how-close-are-we

 

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2023/jul/18/
cheaper-tb-drugs-for-millions-after-global-deal-on-patent-rights-agreed

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/06/17/
health/covid-ventilation-air-quality.html

 

 

 

 

2022

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2022/03/19/
1087538209/russias-war-with-ukraine-is-devastating-for-ukraines-war-on-tb

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2022/02/13/
1079505737/before-covid-tb-was-the-worlds-worst-pathogen-its-still-a-monster-killer

 

 

 

 

2021

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/10/15/
1045348764/global-tb-deaths-are-rising-and-covid-gets-the-blame

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2021/04/28/
988742791/an-unexpected-pandemic-side-effect-in-peru-a-comeback-for-tb

 

 

 

 

2020

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2020/04/01/
825221305/opinion-the-way-the-u-s-beat-tb-could-be-a-boon-in-battling-coronavirus

 

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanres/
article/PIIS2213-2600(20)30151-X/fulltext - March 24, 2020

 

 

 

 

2019

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/29/
health/tuberculosis-vaccine.html

 

 

 

 

2018

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/09/20/
health/latent-tuburculosis-deaths.html

 

 

 

 

2017

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2017/08/04/
539800393/south-texas-fights-tuberculosis-one-blood-test-at-a-time

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/05/09/
527631455/drug-resistant-tb-is-predicted-to-steadily-spread-in-4-countries

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/01/19/
510433479/a-teens-family-fought-to-get-her-a-restricted-tb-drug-and-won

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/01/07/
506751969/they-never-told-her-that-girls-could-become-scientists

 

 

 

 

2016

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/10/16/
497973176/why-is-the-news-about-tb-so-bad

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/19/
opinion/eliminate-the-tb-scourge.html

 

 

 

 

2015

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/goatsandsoda/2015/03/22/
393860586/how-unromantic-it-is-to-die-of-tuberculosis-in-the-21st-century

 

http://www.npr.org/blogs/goatsandsoda/2015/03/08/
389036667/a-12-year-old-girl-shows-us-what-its-really-like-to-face-tb

 

 

 

 

2013

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/07/09/
198354530/sputnik-orbits-a-russian-city-finding-and-healing-tuberculosis

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/07/09/
197739736/TB-IN-RUSSIAN-PRISONS

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/07/18/
200871130/tuberculosis-outbreak-shakes-wisconsin-city

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/07/08/
200125585/TB-In-The-Former-Soviet-Union

 

https://www.npr.org/2013/06/04/
188566805/moldova-grapples-with-whether-to-isolate-tb-patients

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/06/03/
186072305/love-in-the-time-of-tb-a-young-family-fights-an-ancient-foe

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/07/02/
196318497/myths-and-stigma-stoke-tb-epidemic-in-tajikistan

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/07/02/
196297858/curing-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-kids-takes-creativity

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/06/12/
182903139/faces-of-drug-resistant-tb

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2013/06/03/
187268374/a-boston-familys-struggle-with-tb-reveals-a-stubborn-foe

 

 

 

 

2012

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/25/
drug-resistant-strains-of-tb

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/13/
health/13tuberculosis.html

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2009/nov/18/
john-crofton-obituary

 

http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2007-05-29-
tb_N.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-04-11-
tuberculosis-threat_N.htm

http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2007-03-21-
tuberculosis-prevention_N.htm

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2005/may/11/
politics.medicineandhealth

 

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/aug/06/
the-fight-against-tuberculosis-archive-1913

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1950/01/22/
archives/george-orwell-author-46-dead-british-writer-acclaimed-for-his-1984.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.loc.gov/rr/hispanic/1898/crane.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

19th century - early 20th century > USA

 

pasteurized milk

originating in 19th-century science

but not implemented at scale

until the early 20th century

 

(...)

 

Drinking animal milk

a practice as old

as animal domestication itself

has always presented health risks,

from spoilage or by way of infections

passed down from the animal.

 

But the density of industrial cities

like New York

had made cows milk far deadlier

than it was in earlier times.

 

In an age without refrigeration,

milk would spoil in summer months

if it was brought in from far-flung pastures

in New Jersey or upstate New York.

 

Increased participation

from women in the industrial labor force

meant that more infants and young children

were drinking cows milk

 even though a significant

portion of dairy cows

suffered from bovine tuberculosis,

and unprocessed milk

from these cows

could transmit the bacterium

that causes the disease

to human beings.

 

Other potentially fatal illnesses

were also linked to milk,

including diphtheria, typhoid

and scarlet fever.

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/27/
magazine/global-life-span.html

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/04/27/
magazine/global-life-span.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drug resistant TB        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/05/09/
527631455/drug-resistant-tb-is-predicted-to-steadily-spread-in-4-countries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

drug-resistant strains of TB        UK

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/mar/25/
drug-resistant-strains-of-tb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TB scare        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2005/may/11/
politics.medicineandhealth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TB scourge        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/19/
opinion/eliminate-the-tb-scourge.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pathogen        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2022/02/13/
1079505737/before-covid-tb-was-the-worlds-worst-pathogen-its-still-a-monster-killer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

spread        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2017/05/09/
527631455/drug-resistant-tb-is-predicted-to-steadily-spread-in-4-countries

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Bacille Calmette Guerin    BCG

BCG vaccine        UK

 

The BCG vaccine

protects against tuberculosis,

which is also known as TB.

TB is a serious infection

that affects the lungs

and sometimes other parts of the body,

such as the bones, joints and kidneys.

It can also cause meningitis.

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vaccinations/bcg-tuberculosis-tb-vaccine/

 

 

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vaccinations/bcg-tuberculosis-tb-vaccine/

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/science/audio/2020/apr/30/
covid-19-what-has-the-bcg-vaccine-got-to-do-with-it-podcast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Christmas seals        USA

 

CHRISTMAS SEALS,

first sold 104 years ago

in a Delaware post office,

transformed the treatment

and control of tuberculosis,

one of the most feared killers

of the age.

 

Just as important,

they produced

a revolution in philanthropy.

 

At that time,

the 1 percent of the late Gilded Age,

men with names like

Carnegie and Rockefeller,

were creating major new

philanthropic institutions.

 

Christmas Seals, in a way,

was the response

from the other 99 percent:

by marketing something

as inexpensive as a stamp

and using the proceeds

to attack a major disease,

the founders

of the Christmas Seals program

demonstrated the collective power

of the American public.

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/23/
opinion/christmas-seals-and-mass-philanthropy.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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