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Vocapedia > Ethnic violence, Massacre, Genocide

 

 

warning: graphic / distressing

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Inside the Rohingya Crisis:

Capturing Their Genocide on Cellphones

NYT    27 August 2018

 

 

 

 

Inside the Rohingya Crisis:

Capturing Their Genocide on Cellphones

Video        NYT        Opinion        27 August 2018

 

The Rohingya refugees of Myanmar

have enough raw footage

to make a case

at the International Criminal Court.

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OqNqICFcmto

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forgive or forget: survivors of genocide

in the Holocaust, Rwanda & Cambodia

G    27 January 2014

 

warning: graphic

 

 

 

 

Forgive or forget:

survivors of genocide in the Holocaust, Rwanda & Cambodia

Video        G        27 January 2014

 

*Graphic Images*

 

YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KSgMLH4qKyQ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A corpse from a mass grave in Tomasica,

where there was remarkably little decomposition

because of the clay content in the soil.

 

Photograph: Paolo Pellegrin

Magnum, for The New York Times

 

Life in the Valley of Death

NYT

29 May 2014

https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/05/29/
magazine/srebrenica-life-in-the-valley-of-death.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

evil

 

http://www.closetoevil.com/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bigotry

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/04/01/
us/margot-stern-strom-dead.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ethnicity

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ethnic violence        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/20/
opinion/david-brooks-are-there-lessons-for-iraq-in-rwanda.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ethnic conflict        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2015/12/15/
459816270/u-n-bases-turn-into-cities-for-the-desperate-and-displaced-in-s-sudan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ethnic fighting        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/12/world/africa/south-sudan-
civil-war.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ethnic cleansing        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/
srebrenica-massacre

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/26/
world/middleeast/ethiopia-tigray-ethnic-cleansing.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/11/22/
565907850/u-s-denounces-violence-against-rohingya-as-ethnic-cleansing

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/18/
world/asia/myanmar-rohingya-ethnic-cleansing.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/sep/11/
un-myanmars-treatment-of-rohingya-textbook-example-of-ethnic-cleansing

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/jul/04/
how-britain-and-us-abandoned-srebrenica-massacre-1995

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/01/world/
us-seeks-to-deport-bosnians-over-war-crimes.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/01/
radovan-karadzic-war-crimes-trial-no-ethnic-cleansing-bosnia

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2014/09/03/
345280297/amid-warnings-of-ethnic-cleansing-a-yazidi-mans-suicide-resonates

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/law/2013/may/29/
bosnian-croats-convicted-ethnic-yugoslavia

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jul/09/
ratko-mladic-war-crimes

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/apr/08/
bosnia-camps-ed-vulliamy

 

 

 

 

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2000/apr/03/
warcrimes.comment

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/1993/feb/08/
warcrimes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-semitic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ghetto

 

21st-Century Concentration Camps

Video    Nicholas Kristof | The New York Times    16 JUne 2014

 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hqMSfT9eI6o

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sudan > The Darfur genocide        FR, USA

 

(....) in 2003, rebels in Darfur,

a poor, remote region in western Sudan

rose up against the authoritarian rule

of President Omar al-Bashir.

 

Bashir dispatched his security forces,

which ruthlessly crushed the rebellion

over the next several years.

 

Darfur remains a fragile,

deeply scarred region to this day.

 

An estimated 300,000 people were killed,

many of them civilians,

and some 2 million people

were driven from their homes.

 

Former U.S. president George W. Bush

and other international leaders

declared Sudanese military actions in Darfur

a genocide.

 

The International Criminal Court subsequently

charged Bashir and four of his allies

with genocide and crimes against humanity.

 

Burhan and Hemedti,

have not been charged,

though their deep involvement in Darfur

is beyond dispute, said DeWaal,

who has worked in Sudan

and followed it closely for nearly 40 years.

 

"Both Burhan and Hamedti

were part of the counterinsurgency,

and I'm sure in one way or another

they could have been charged

by the prosecutor

of the International Criminal Court.

 

He didn't make it a priority to go after

either of them for reasons I don't know,"

said DeWaal, who's written extensively on Sudan.

https://www.npr.org/2023/04/27/
1172152816/sudans-rival-generals-share-a-troubled-past-genocide-in-darfur

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2023/04/27/
1172152816/sudans-rival-generals-share-a-troubled-past-genocide-in-darfur

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2023/apr/23/
sudan-conflict-power-struggle-darfur-genocide

 

https://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/index/sujet/
conflitdudarfour

 

https://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/cartes/
darfour

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1995

 

massacre / slaughter / mass killing > Bosnia

Srebrenica Massacre        UK / USA

 

(...) over a number of days in July 1995,

Bosnian Serb forces systematically murdered

around 8,000 Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men and boys.

 

It was the worst crime of the Bosnian war,

and remains the only massacre on European soil

since the second world war to be ruled a genocide.

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/10/
genocide-denial-gains-ground-25-years-after-srebrenica-massacre

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/
srebrenica-massacre

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/17/
movies/quo-vadis-aida-jasmila-zbanic.html

 

https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2020/jul/14/
you-simply-die-all-over-again-the-agony-of-srebrenica-25-years-on

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/jul/10/
genocide-denial-gains-ground-25-years-after-srebrenica-massacre

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/commentisfree/2020/jul/09/
i-prosecuted-srebrenica-war-criminals-but-i-know-others-are-still-walking-free

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2017/nov/22/
ratko-mladic-the-butcher-of-bosnia-video-profile

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/nov/22/
ratko-mladic-convicted-of-genocide-and-war-crimes-at-un-tribunal

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/10/world/europe/
ljubisa-beara-dead-srebrenica-genocide.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/dec/06/
bringing-up-the-bodies-bosnia

 

http://www.nytimes.com/slideshow/2016/07/12/world/europe/the-srebrenica-
massacre-ceremony-marks-21st-anniversary-of-murder-of-more-than-8000/
s/071216-bosnia-ss-slide-MTS8.html

 

http://www.npr.org/2016/03/26/
471958003/bosnian-war-criminal-radovan-karodzic-convicted-after-13-years

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/25/
opinion/accountability-at-last-for-bosnias-agony.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/law/video/2016/mar/24/
sarajevo-residents-respond-to-karadzic-sentence-video

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/03/24/
471762393/two-decades-after-the-war-a-genocide-conviction-for-radovan-karadzic

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/25/world/europe/
radovan-karadzic-verdict.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/03/24/
471713454/former-bosnian-serb-leader-radovan-karadzic-
guilty-of-crimes-against-humanity

 

http://www.theguardian.com/news/gallery/2016/mar/24/
photo-highlights-of-the-day-penitents-and-gauchos

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/10/world/europe/
zdravko-tolimir-general-tied-to-srebrenica-massacre-dies-at-67.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/11/12/
455804006/serbia-to-give-5-million-to-a-town-where-a-massacre-took-place

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/aug/08/
bosnias-agony-continues-as-the-earth-endlessly-gives-up-its-dead-srebrenica

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/07/13/
422490056/bosnians-remember-when-their-city-became-one-big-concentration-camp

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2015/07/11/
422010098/20-years-after-srebrenica-anger-over-genocide-still-runs-hot

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/11/
opinion/are-the-lessons-of-srebrenica-being-forgotten.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2015/07/09/sunday-review/
12SREBRENICA.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/09/world/europe/
srebrenica-genocide-massacre.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2008/07/22/
92775717/timeline-the-political-life-of-radovan-karadzic

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/27/world/europe/
27hague.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2005/07/16/
4757120/remembering-srebrenica-with-sorrow

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1995/10/29/
world/massacre-in-bosnia-srebrenica-the-days-of-slaughter.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > massacre of Indian women and children

in Idaho by 19th century white settlers        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/02/04/
opinion/who-are-we.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mass killings        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/27/
genocide-survivors-cambodia-rwanda-holocaust-memorial-day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mass murder and eliminationism        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/
sunday-review/how-auschwitz-is-misunderstood.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

assembly line killing        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/
sunday-review/how-auschwitz-is-misunderstood.html

 

 

 

 

killing field        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/28/
opinion/sunday/the-killing-field.html

 

 

 

 

movies > The Killing Fields (1984)

NYT review by VINCENT CANBY - November 2, 1984

https://www.nytimes.com/1984/11/02/
movies/screen-tale-of-death-and-life-of-a-cambodian.html 

 

 

 

 

death factory        USA

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/
sunday-review/how-auschwitz-is-misunderstood.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

genocide        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2023/jul/02/
china-myanmar-and-now-darfur-
the-horror-of-genocide-is-here-again

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/27/
un-claim-of-myanmar-genocide-is-a-litmus-test-for-global-justice

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/27/
myanmars-military-accused-of-genocide-by-damning-un-report

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2005/feb/18/
2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

genocide        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/topic/destination/
rwandan-genocide

 

 

https://www.gocomics.com/ted-rall/2024/05/24

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2023/04/27/
1172152816/sudans-rival-generals-share-a-troubled-past-genocide-in-darfur

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2022/09/22/
world/asia/cambodia-khmer-rouge-tribunal.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/26/
world/europe/france-rwanda-genocide.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2018/12/20/
675582639/is-genocide-predictable-researchers-say-absolutely

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/15/
world/asia/khmer-rouge-cambodia-genocide.html

 

https://www.youtube.com/
watch?v=OqNqICFcmto - NYT - 27 August 2018

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/02/
opinion/i-saw-a-genocide-in-slow-motion.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/11/22/
566024325/remembering-the-monstrous-legacy-of-ratko-mladic

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2017/11/22/
565672709/tribunal-finds-ratko-mladic-
guilty-of-genocide-crimes-against-humanity-in-bosnia

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2017/sep/12/
americas-secret-role-in-the-rwandan-genocide

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/12/29/
506734121/global-powers-commitment-to-intervene-in-genocides-may-be-waning 

 

http://www.gocomics.com/robert-ariail/2016/12/21

 

http://www.gocomics.com/jimmorin/2016/12/16

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/11/30/
documenting-the-genocide-of-iraqs-yazidi/

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/17/world/middleeast/
isis-genocide-yazidi-un.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/29/
books/review/an-american-genocide-by-benja.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/16/
opinion/isis-crimes-of-genocide.html

 

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/04/21/
survivors-of-the-armenian-genocide/

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/03/24/
471762393/two-decades-after-the-war-
a-genocide-conviction-for-radovan-karadzic

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/18/
opinion/genocide-and-the-islamic-state.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/03/17/
470801112/john-kerry-isis-is-carrying-out-genocide

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/02/27/
468250146/confronting-his-brothers-killers-and-vying-for-an-oscar

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/13/
opinion/sunday/the-next-genocide.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/25/
world/europe/armenian-genocide-100th-anniversary.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/13/
world/europe/pope-calls-killings-of-armenians-genocide-provoking-turkish-anger.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/
sunday-review/how-auschwitz-is-misunderstood.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/08/
world/asia/decades-after-khmer-rouges-rule-2-senior-leaders-
are-convicted-in-cambodia.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/12/
opinion/all-justice-is-local.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/05/29/
magazine/srebrenica-life-in-the-valley-of-death.html

 

http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2014/04/
the_rwandan_genocie_20_years_later.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/04/06/
magazine/06-pieter-hugo-rwanda-portraits.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/05/
opinion/following-orders-in-rwanda.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2012/05/16/
152817980/at-trial-serb-gen-mladic-taunts-survivors-
with-throat-cutting-gesture

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/27/world/europe/
27hague.html

 

 

 

 

https://archive.nytimes.com/www.nytimes.com/library/world/041798
polpot-obit.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1994/07/24/
world/rwanda-disaster-capital-kigali-
more-people-have-gone-than-have-stayed-behind.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1994/05/23/
opinion/l-rwandans-die-while-the-un-procrastinates-167290.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1994/04/23/
opinion/cold-choices-in-rwanda.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1994/04/21/
world/the-massacres-in-rwanda-hope-is-also-a-victim.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1994/04/16/
world/tribes-battle-for-rwandan-capital-new-massacres-reported.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1994/04/15/
world/for-west-rwanda-is-not-worth-the-political-candle.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1994/04/11/
world/strife-in-rwanda-the-fighting-deaths-in-rwanda-fighting-
said-to-be-20000-or-more.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1984/10/28/
movies/in-the-killing-fields-
a-cambodian-actor-relives-his-nation-s-ordeal.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1984/05/21/
world/around-the-world-cambodian-day-of-hate-
marks-pol-pot-s-victims.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1981/12/20/
magazine/in-the-land-of-the-khmer-rouge.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1980/10/14/
archives/un-rejects-bid-to-oust-pol-pot-regime-pol-pot-group-widely.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/12/23/
archives/us-says-pol-pot-has-handed-
over-his-role-as-premier-of-rebel-force.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/12/07/
archives/britain-breaks-relations-with-regime-of-pol-pot.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1980/12/03/
archives/amnesty-is-granted-in-cambodia-to-followers-of-pol-pot-regime.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/11/18/
archives/cambodia-promotes-antipol-pot-cult-
propaganda-campaign-is-seen-as.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/10/06/
archives/pol-pots-grip-on-cambodians-seems-to-slip-
necessities-in-short.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/09/22/
archives/un-assembly-rebuffing-soviet-seats-
cambodia-regime-of-pol-pot-the.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/04/22/
archives/war-story-cambodia.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/03/18/
archives/pol-pot-confirmed-assertion-by-nixon-former-premier-said-big.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/01/31/
archives/cambodian-president-charges-
pol-pots-government-murdered-millions.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/01/14/
archives/hate-ancient-and-modern-
led-to-pol-pots-downfall-disappointment-in.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/01/14/
archives/cambodia-crumbles-
an-extraordinary-envoy-sent-on-an-extraordinary.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1979/01/13/
archives/a-lack-of-details-shrouds-cambodia-war-news-analysis.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1978/11/19/
archives/the-agony-of-cambodia-cambodia.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1978/07/03/
archives/the-unreachable-terror-in-cambodia.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1977/09/30/
archives/situation-in-cambodia-excellent-its-leader-says-
at-peking-banquet.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1964/02/09/
archives/savagery-marks-tribal-warfare-in-rwanda-
watasi-once-feudal-lords.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA > Indian genocide > California        USA

 

The state of sunshine and pleasure

is drenched in the blood of Indians,

the victims of mass killings.

 

These peaked between 1846,

when Americans conquered

California from Mexico,

and 1873, when they snuffed out

the last group resistance

by natives in the state.

 

The slaughter of California’s Indians

was rapid and thorough

even by the grim standards

prevailing elsewhere in North America.

 

Before 1846,

California’s native peoples

suffered great losses

from diseases and dispossession.

 

But Spanish colonizers

and their Mexican successors

wanted to preserve Indians

as mission inmates

or as cheap and dependent

farm labor.

 

The American newcomers,

however, came by the thousands

and treated natives

as menaces best destroyed,

the sooner the better.

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/29/
books/review/an-american-genocide-by-benja.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/29/
books/review/an-american-genocide-by-benja.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

'slow-motion genocide'        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/06/us/
as-iraqi-christians-in-us-watch-isis-advance-they-see-a-slow-motion-genocide.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indonesian massacre of 1965-1966,

during which at least 1 million people,

targeted as communists, died at the hands

of the government and the military.        USA

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/goatsandsoda/2016/02/27/
468250146/confronting-his-brothers-killers-and-vying-for-an-oscar

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

commit genocide        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/06/17/world/middleeast/
isis-genocide-yazidi-un.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2015/07/08/
420909686/the-spotlight-on-darfur-is-gone-but-not-the-abuses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

genocidal violence        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/06/07/
world/africa/war-sudan-darfur-region.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

genocidal assaults        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/
sunday-review/how-auschwitz-is-misunderstood.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

eliminationist assaults        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/
sunday-review/how-auschwitz-is-misunderstood.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

slaughter        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/08/30/
opinion/world-war-ii-anniversary.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

domicide        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2023/dec/07/
widespread-destruction-in-gaza-puts-concept-of-domicide-in-focus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

domicide        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2024/02/09/
1229625376/domicide-israel-gaza-palestinians

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

horror        UK

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/27/
genocide-survivors-cambodia-rwanda-holocaust-memorial-day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

crimes againt humanity        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/28/
opinion/sunday/the-killing-field.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

atrocities committed throughout Bosnia

between 1992 and 1995 > Srebrenica        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/17/
movies/quo-vadis-aida-jasmila-zbanic.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/11/
movies/quo-vadis-aida-review.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/10/world/europe/
zdravko-tolimir-general-tied-to-srebrenica-massacre-dies-at-67.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2014/05/29/
magazine/srebrenica-life-in-the-valley-of-death.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tigranuhi Asatryan, born in 1910,

Kagizman town, Kars Province. 2010.

 

Photograph: Nazik Armenakyan

 

Survivors of the Armenian Genocide

NYT

Apr. 21, 2016

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/04/21/
survivors-of-the-armenian-genocide/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

genocide survivors        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jul/06/
eva-kor-survivor-of-mengele-dies-during-annual-trip-to-auschwitz

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/14/
surviving-holocaust-didnt-allow-hatred-grow-memorial-day

 

http://www.npr.org/2015/05/24/
409286734/its-for-you-to-know-that-you-forgive-says-holocaust-survivor

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/27/
genocide-survivors-cambodia-rwanda-holocaust-memorial-day

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

genocide survivors        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2024/01/27/
nyregion/holocaust-survivor-portraits-gillian-laub.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/04/
nyregion/holocaust-survivors-coronavirus.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/04/
obituaries/aharon-appelfeld-dies.html

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/monkeysee/2017/05/12/
528137066/actor-curt-lowens-
a-holocaust-survivor-known-for-nazi-roles-dies-at-91

 

https://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/2016/04/21/
survivors-of-the-armenian-genocide/

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

survive        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/series/
how-we-survive

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

survive the Holocaust        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/08/
books/review/memory-monster-yishai-sarid.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/04/
nyregion/holocaust-survivors-coronavirus.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/video/obituaries/
100000004508169/elie-wiesel-dies-at-87.html - Jul. 3, 2016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auschwitz survivor        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/03/
world/europe/elie-wiesel-auschwitz-survivor-
and-nobel-peace-prize-winner-dies-at-87.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holocaust survivor        USA

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2024/01/29/
world/europe/italy-holocaust-liliana-segre.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2024/01/27/
nyregion/holocaust-survivor-portraits-gillian-laub.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eliezer "Elie" Wiesel    Romania    1928-2016        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/jul/03/
elie-wiesel-obituary

 

http://www.nytimes.com/video/obituaries/
100000004508169/elie-wiesel-dies-at-87.html - Jul. 3, 2016

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/07/02/
166184644/elie-wiesel-holocaust-survivor-and-nobel-laureate-dies-at-87

 

 

 

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1997/10/02/
opinion/a-prayer-for-the-days-of-awe.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/1981/04/07/
books/wiesel-no-answers-only-questions.htm

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primo Michele Levi    Italy    1919-1987

 

Italian chemist, partisan, writer,

and Jewish Holocaust survivor

 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Primo_Levi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cambodia

 

1975 > Cambodia > rise of the Khmer Rouge.

 

The 1975-79 genocide (...)

ultimately left

1.7 million Cambodians dead

from execution,

overwork or starvation.

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/02/
908773333/comrade-duch-infamous-commander-of-khmer-rouge-prison-dies-in-cambodia

 

 

 

The hard-line communist regime

aimed to deport an entire nation

into the countryside

and form an agrarian utopia

— but their experiment failed.

 

People were forced to work,

and they were also tortured,

starved and executed.

 

In the end, around a quarter

of the country's population

— roughly 2 million people —

died.

http://www.npr.org/2017/09/13/
550651635/-this-is-their-film-angelina-jolie-tells-a-story-of-khmer-rouge-survival

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2020/09/02/
908773333/comrade-duch-
infamous-commander-of-khmer-rouge-prison-dies-in-cambodia

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/08/05/
748158149/nuon-chea-top-
khmer-rouge-leader-dies-at-93-while-serving-life-sentence

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/15/
world/asia/khmer-rouge-cambodia-genocide.html

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/2017/09/13/
550651635/-this-is-their-film-angelina-jolie-tells-a-story-of-khmer-rouge-survival

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/1984/11/02/
movies/screen-tale-of-death-and-life-of-a-cambodian.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Path to Nazi Genocide

USHMM    13 January 2014

 

 

 

 

The Path to Nazi Genocide

Video    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum    13 January 2014

 

Using rare footage,

the film examines the Nazis' rise

and consolidation of power in Germany

as well as their racist ideology, propaganda,

and persecution of Jews and other innocent civilians.

 

It also outlines the path by which the Nazis

led a state to war, and with their collaborators,

killed millions -- including systematically

murdering 6 million Jewish people.

 

This 38-minute resource

is intended to provoke reflection and discussion

about the role of ordinary people, institutions, and nations

between 1918 and 1945.

 

 YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sRcNq4OYTyE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Holocaust        UK / USA

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/
holocaust

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2024/03/21/
arts/music/amnon-weinstein-dead.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/12/19/
magazine/movies-holocaust-zone-of-interest.html

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2023/04/01/
us/margot-stern-strom-dead.html

 

https://www.npr.org/2023/01/28/
1152230045/opinion-
a-holocaust-remembrance-and-lessons-we-have-yet-to-learn

 

 

 

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2020/09/08/
books/review/memory-monster-yishai-sarid.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jan/27/
one-in-20-britons-does-not-believe-holocaust-happened

 

 

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2018/04/23/
604398292/as-american-awareness-fades-
holocaust-museum-refreshes-the-story

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/03/13/
obituaries/sala-kirschner-94-
whose-trove-of-letters-told-of-the-holocaust-
dies.html

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2017/may/24/
how-facebook-flouts-holocaust-denial-laws-except-where-it-fears-being-sued

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/jan/31/
lessons-holocaust-being-forgotten-prince-charles-world-jewish-relief

 

 

 

 

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/07/02/
166184644/elie-wiesel-holocaust-survivor-and-nobel-laureate-dies-at-87

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/sep/16/
hitlers-world-may-not-be-so-far-away

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/09/06/
books/review/timothy-snyders-black-earth.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/27/world/middleeast/
palestinian-leader-shifts-on-holocaust.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jan/27/
genocide-survivors-cambodia-rwanda-holocaust-memorial-day

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/02/world/
israel-gutman-who-survived-and-documented-holocaust-dies-at-90.html

 

 

 

 

 

“Holocaust by bullets”        USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/05/22/
725728990/more-than-1-000-holocaust-victims-are-buried-in-belarus-
after-mass-grave-discove

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/europe/
a-light-on-a-vast-toll-of-jews-killed-away-from-the-death-camps.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holocaust Remembrance Day        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/gallery/2021/jan/27/
holocaust-remembrance-day-in-pictures

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holocaust survivor        UK / USA

 

https://www.npr.org/2023/02/04/
1154495888/shlomo-perel-holocaust-survivor-dies-europa

 

 

 

 

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2020/dec/27/
holocaust-survivor-anita-lasker-wallfisch-uk-holocaust-memorial-learning-centre

 

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/06/13/
obituaries/gena-turgel-holocaust-survivor-with-a-love-story-dies-at-95.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/29/us/
hedy-epstein-rights-activist-and-holocaust-survivor-dies-at-91.html

 

http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/apr/16/
holocaust-survivors-like-me-are-dying-but-you-can-protect-our-memories

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/28/world/europe/
wladyslaw-bartoszewski-polish-auschwitz-survivor-who-fought-for-jews-dies-at-93.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/15/world/
breaking-silence-survivor-sets-out-to-meet-holocaust-past.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/14/world/europe/
a-holocaust-survivor-tells-of-auschwitz-at-18-and-again-at-90.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

anti-Semitism and Holocaust denial        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/europe/
a-light-on-a-vast-toll-of-jews-killed-away-from-the-death-camps.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holocaust denier        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/books/2021/feb/12/
a-gift-for-holocaust-deniers-how-polish-libel-ruling-will-hit-historians

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holocaust denier        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/11/02/us/
willis-carto-far-right-figure-and-holocaust-denier-dies-at-89.html

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/27/world/middleeast/
palestinian-leader-shifts-on-holocaust.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holocaust denial        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2017/may/24/
how-facebook-flouts-holocaust-denial-laws-except-
where-it-fears-being-sued

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

nazi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

the Nazis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nazism

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/nazism

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

deport        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/15/world/
breaking-silence-survivor-sets-out-to-meet-holocaust-past.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be selected for hard labor        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/14/world/europe/
a-holocaust-survivor-tells-of-auschwitz-at-18-and-again-at-90.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

be sent to the gas chambers        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/03/14/world/europe/
a-holocaust-survivor-tells-of-auschwitz-at-18-and-again-at-90.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nazi hunter        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/apr/11/
theyre-old-but-theyre-still-guilty-last-nazi-hunter-in-a-race-against-time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

prison camp

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

concentration camp / mass internment camps        UK

 

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/02/
why-concentration-camps-are-still-with-us

 

https://www.theguardian.com/news/audio/2020/aug/07/
why-concentration-camps-are-still-with-us-podcast

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

death camp        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/europe/
a-light-on-a-vast-toll-of-jews-killed-away-from-the-death-camps.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

barbed wire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

watchtower        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/world/europe/
a-light-on-a-vast-toll-of-jews-killed-away-from-the-death-camps.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WW2 (1939-1945) > nazi concentration camps        USA

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/05/
movies/german-concentration-camps-factual-survey-review.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

concentration camps        USA

 

The term "concentration camp"

is most associated with Nazi Germany

and the systematic killing of Jews

during World War II.

 

But colonial powers

used concentration camps

at the turn of the 19th century

to crush rebellions.

 

In this episode,

how a war between Britain

and South African Boers

gave rise to some of the first camps.

https://www.npr.org/2019/08/07/
749043160/scorched-earth

 

 

https://www.npr.org/2019/08/07/
749043160/scorched-earth

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Auschwitz: the Nazis and the Final Solution        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/jan/28/
secondworldwar.iantraynor 

 

http://www.theguardian.com/world/1945/may/14/
secondworldwar.fromthearchive

 

 

 

 

Auschwitz        UK

https://www.theguardian.com/film/2023/dec/10/
jonathan-glazer-the-zone-of-interest-auschwitz-under-the-skin-interview

 

 

 

 

Buchenwald        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/world/1945/may/14/
secondworldwar.fromthearchive 

 

 

 

 

Belsen        UK

http://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/apr/14/
secondworldwar.germany 

 

 

 

 

gas chamber

 

 

 

 

be gassed

 

 

 

 

scream

 

 

 

 

crematorium, crematories        USA

https://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/
world/europe/a-light-on-a-vast-toll-of-jews-killed-
away-from-the-death-camps.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corpus of news articles

 

Ethnic violence / cleansing, Massacre,

 

Genocide

 

 

 

How Auschwitz

Is Misunderstood

 

JAN. 24, 2015

the New York Times

SundayReview

Opinion

By DANIEL JONAH GOLDHAGEN

 

AUSCHWITZ was liberated 70 years ago, on Jan. 27, 1945, and news of its existence shocked the world. With its principal killing center at one of its main camps, Auschwitz-Birkenau, becoming fully operational in 1942, it was Germany’s largest and the most notorious extermination site. There the Germans slaughtered approximately 1.1 million people, a million of whom were Jews. Its mention evokes notions of evil and instant horror. Auschwitz was a death factory, an oxymoron that would have made no sense before the Holocaust, but that now is effortlessly comprehensible.

But Auschwitz is also misunderstood — and that misunderstanding distorts what we think about the Holocaust, and about the Nazis themselves.

Historical and popular accounts of the Holocaust tend to emphasize its brutal, bureaucratic efficiency, with Auschwitz as its technological pinnacle, whose industrial scale was not only emblematic of, but also necessary for, its success. But as existentially troubling as Auschwitz was and is, and as lethally portentous as it would have been had Nazi Germany won World War II, it was technically unnecessary for the commission of the Holocaust.

Had the Nazis never created gassing installations at Auschwitz, Treblinka, Sobibor and elsewhere, they would still have killed around the same number of Jews and non-Jews. About half of the roughly six million Jews whom the Germans and their European collaborators slaughtered, and virtually all the millions of non-Jews the Germans murdered, they killed by nonindustrial means, mainly by shooting or starving them to death.

The cliché “assembly line killing” belies the fact that rounding up Jews and shipping them, sometimes for many hundreds of miles, to a death factory was far less efficient than merely killing them where the Germans found them. The Nazi leadership created death factories not for expeditious reasons, but to distance the killers from their victims.

Previous and subsequent genocidal assaults also belie the once reflexively intoned notion that modern technology made the Holocaust possible. Regimes and their executioners around the globe have conducted broad eliminationist assaults against targeted peoples, with the perpetrators’ using a variety of means, including mass murder, expulsion, forced conversion and the prevention of reproduction to rid themselves of hated or unwanted groups. In Rwanda in 1994, the Hutu perpetrators killed 800,000 Tutsi at a more intensive daily rate than the Germans did the Jews, using only the most primitive technological means, mainly machetes, knives and clubs.

Focusing on Auschwitz’s mechanistic qualities as a precondition for the Holocaust’s vast destructiveness allows people to see the Nazis’ eliminationism as something uniquely modern — to believe that it takes a technically proficient, bureaucratically expert state to carry out such violence. And even though we all recognize that genocides can be unleashed without such advanced systems, people still too often assume that true eliminationism, with the intention of completely destroying another group, takes a relatively rare constellation of a state apparatus and technological means.
Continue reading the main story Continue reading the main story
Continue reading the main story

But that’s not true. To understand the politics of mass murder and eliminationism, the technical means of carrying out the deed are almost never the central issue. Rather, the crucial elements are the political leaders’ decision to commit genocide, the willing participation of a large population of perpetrators, the sympathy of an even broader civilian population — in the case of the Holocaust, principally ordinary Germans, but also many other Europeans — and, above all, the ideology that motivates them all to believe that annihilating the targeted people is necessary and right.

This, rather than its technical specifications, is why Auschwitz is so important. Auschwitz is a symbol of the broader, and little understood, racist revolution that the Germans were bringing about in Europe that sought to overturn the fundamentals of Western civilization, including its core notion of a common humanity.

The gassing installations that became Auschwitz’s emblem were but one part of Auschwitz’s system of more than 40 camps and sub-camps. These were run by thousands of German overlords who drove and brutalized hundreds of thousands of Jews, Russians and other “subhumans,” whom they used as slaves to work under horrifying conditions in the camps’ extensive and varied production facilities, making everything from agricultural products to chemicals to armaments.

Auschwitz was thus much more than just the gas chambers and crematories — taken as a whole, it was a microcosm, not so much of the specific mechanisms of the Holocaust, but of the Nazis’ ideological vision of a world to be ruled by a master race, resting on the collective graves of the Jewish people and of tens of millions of additional victims the Germans deemed demographically expendable, and served by an enormous population of slaves. It reveals that during the Holocaust, mass annihilation, as genocide always is, was part of a larger eliminationist agenda and, at its core, a mechanism for social and political transformation.

This commonality notwithstanding, Auschwitz still had its singular quality: It expressed the Nazis’ unparalleled vision that denied a common humanity everywhere, and global intent to eliminate or subjugate all nonmembers of the “master race.” Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS and the man most responsible for putting the Germans’ plans in action, proudly announced in an address in 1943: “Whether nations live in prosperity or starve to death interests me only insofar as we need them as slaves for our culture.”

Such was the Nazis’ moral and mental mutation, the most profound in the history of Europe, that Auschwitz was built upon, and that, better than any other place, it symbolizes. When Europe’s leaders assemble at Auschwitz on Tuesday for the 70th anniversary commemoration, they should of course remember and mourn the Jewish and non-Jewish victims. They should also realize that they are gazing into the abyss that would have consumed their Continent and the world.

Daniel Jonah Goldhagen is the author of “Hitler’s Willing Executioners: Ordinary Germans and the Holocaust” and, most recently, “The Devil That Never Dies: The Rise and Threat of Global Anti-Semitism.”

A version of this news analysis appears in print on January 25, 2015, on page SR3 of the New York edition with the headline: How Auschwitz Is Misunderstood.

How Auschwitz Is Misunderstood,
NYT,
JAN 24, 2015,
https://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/25/
sunday-review/how-auschwitz-is-misunderstood.html 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Vocapedia

Conflicts, Genocides, Mass killings,

Refugees, Reporters, Terrorism, Wars

 

Bosnia-Herzegovina

 

 

genocide > 1994 > Rwanda

 

 

genocide > 1970s > Cambodia >

Khmer rouge

 

 

countries > Myanmar

 

 

Myanmar -> Bangladesh, Australia >

Rohingya refugees

 

 

countries > Sudan

 

 

countries > USA >

Native Americans / American Indians >

mass killings

 

 

conflicts, wars, climate, poverty >

asylum seekers, displaced people,

migrants, refugees

worldwide

 

 

racism > eugenics

 

 

racism > eugenics > USA

 

 

genocide, war,

weapons, arms sales,

espionage, torture

 

 

terrorism, global terrorism,

militant groups,

intelligence, spies, surveillance

 

 

good, evil

 

 

diplomacy

 

 

military justice > USA

 

 

journalism > journalist, reporter

 

 

journalism > source

 

 

photojournalism, photojournalist

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > History > Wars

 

21st century > 2001-2020

USA > Afghanistan war

 

 

21st century > 2003-2011

Iraq, UK, USA > Iraq War

 

 

20th century > 1990-1991

USA, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia

Persian Gulf war

 

 

20th century > late 1940s - late 1980s

Asia, Europe, Americas

Cold war

 

 

20th century > 1962-1975

USA, Vietnam

Cold War > Vietnam War

 

 

20th century > WW2 (1939-1945)

UK, British empire

 

 

20th century > WW2 (1939-1945)

USA

 

 

20th century > 1939-1945

World War 2 > Germany, Europe >

Antisemitism, Adolf Hitler, Nazi era,

Holocaust / Shoah,

Samudaripen

 

 

20th century > WW1 (1914-1918)

USA

 

 

20th century > WW1 (1914-1918)

UK, British empire

 

 

19th-17th century

England, United Kingdom, British Empire

 

 

America, USA > 18th, 19th century

Native Americans / Indians

 

 

17th, 18th, 19th, 20th century

English America, America, USA

Racism, Slavery, Abolition,

Civil war (1861-1865),

Abraham Lincoln

 

 

 

 

 

Related > Anglonautes > Arts > Photography, Photojournalism

 

war photographers

 

 

 

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