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Vocapedia > War > Female soldiers




Marine Sgt. Nicole Gee in Kabul

just days before the attack.


No credit.


Among the Troops Who Died,

Two Women on the Front Line

The Defense Department on Saturday

officially identified the service members who were killed,

and family and friends paid tribute

to their lives and their sacrifice.


August 28, 2021




















Women in the Military


Adam Zyglis

is the staff cartoonist for The Buffalo News.

His cartoons are internationally syndicated

by Cagle Cartoons.

26 January 2013


















First Lt. Shaye Haver running an obstacle course

at the Army’s Ranger School in Fort Benning, Ga.


She graduated from the program in August.


Photograph: Robin Trimarchi


via Associated Press


Opening All Military Jobs to Women


DEC. 12, 2015






































































Pentagon lifts combat ban for women        USA


the U.S. military moved

to open all combat jobs to women in 2015











































USA > First female west coast Marines graduate at Camp Pendleton

– in pictures - April 2021        UK


After Congress ordered

the US Marine Corps

to fully integrate women

into its west coast training battalions,

the first 53 female recruits

have become Marines










army infantry’s 1st women        USA










combat roles for women        USA










front-line ground combat positions        USA










combat jobs > Navy > SEALs        USA










women > draft        USA










Ranger School        USA












First Female Army Rangers

graduate from Ranger School in Fort Benning, Ga.        USA














female soldiers        USA












female service members








USA > Marine women / women Marines / female Marines        UK / USA




















































The Marine Corps        USA

integrating women into war-fighting units > infantry officer school at Quantico, Va.










women pilots        USA










1942 > Women’s Army Corps        USA










cartoons > cagle > Women in combat        USA        January 2013










the military








women in military service        USA










women in the military        UK














The Marine Corps        USA

integrating women into war-fighting units >

infantry officer school at Quantico, Va.










female Marines        USA










on the frontline / on the front lines        USA










Afghanistan > A Year at War        2010        USA


Some 30,000 American soldiers

are taking part in the Afghanistan surge.


Here are the stories

of the men and women

of First Battalion, 87th Infantry

of the 10th Mountain Division.


Over the next year,

The New York Times

will follow their journey.
















battlefield        USA


















women > veterans        USA



















women in war        USA












Corpus of news articles


War > Female soldiers, Women in combat




Woman Becomes

First Openly Gay General


August 12, 2012

The New York Times



WASHINGTON — An Army officer being promoted to brigadier general openly acknowledged her homosexuality on Friday by having her wife pin her star to her uniform, thus becoming the first openly gay officer of flag rank in the United States military.

The officer, Brig. Gen. Tammy S. Smith, 49, a 26-year veteran of the Army, was promoted in a ceremony at the women’s memorial at Arlington National Cemetery. The star was affixed by Tracey Hepner, who was a co-founder last year of the Military Partners and Families Coalition, which “provides support, resources, education and advocacy for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender military partners and their families,” according to its Web site.

The couple married in March 2011 in the District of Columbia.

The military dropped its “don’t ask, don’t tell” policy for gay service members on Sept. 20, 2011, after a change in federal law.

The Army said that General Smith was not available for an interview on Sunday. However, she said in a statement that the Defense Department had made sexual orientation a private matter, but that “participating with family in traditional ceremonies such as the promotion is both common and expected of a leader.”

Sue Fulton, a spokeswoman for OutServe, a two-year-old organization of lesbians and gay men in the military, said Sunday that it was “highly unlikely” that General Smith was the only gay officer of her rank. She called General Smith’s public acknowledgment significant.

“I would say that it’s important to recognize ‘the first,’ because then the next person doesn’t have to be first,” said Ms. Fulton, a 1980 West Point graduate. “Once we get over each ‘first,’ each hurdle of ‘Well, that’s never been done before,’ it makes it a nonissue going forward.”

Ms. Fulton, who was honorably discharged as a captain in 1986, said she left the Army because of the strains of maintaining a secret lesbian relationship. She called the promotion ceremony in which General Smith acknowledged being gay part of the best in Army tradition. Ms. Fulton quoted a speech last September in which the Army chief of staff, Gen. Ray Odierno, said that “the strength of our Army is our soldiers; the strength of our soldiers is our families.”

Ms. Fulton said she had no doubt that General Smith’s superiors knew of her sexual orientation when they selected her for promotion.

As a colonel, General Smith was deployed in Afghanistan from December 2010 to October 2011 as the chief of Army Reserve Affairs. She currently serves in Washington as the deputy chief of the Army Reserve.

Woman Becomes First Openly Gay General,






On War and Redemption


November 8, 2011
7:45 pm
The New York Times

Home Fires
features the writing of men and women
who have returned from wartime service
in the United States military.


When I returned from Afghanistan this past spring, a civilian friend asked, “Is it good to be back?” It was the first time someone had asked, and I answered honestly. But I won’t do that again. We weren’t ready for that conversation. Instead, when people ask, I make it easy for everyone by responding, “It’s fine.” That’s a lie, though. It’s not fine.

It’s not the sights, sounds, adrenaline and carnage of war that linger. It’s the morality. We did evil things, maybe necessary evil, but evil nonetheless. It’s not the Taliban we killed that bother me. They knew as well as I did what can happen when you pick up a gun and try to kill your enemies. But the enemy isn’t the only one who dies in war.

I joined the military when we were already long into this conflict. Aside from driving to San Francisco to protest the Iraq invasion, I quickly embraced the inevitability of these wars and relinquished their execution to the government. That was a terrible mistake. In 2006, as both wars raged and the Iraq conflict seemed doomed, I felt obligated to do something. I had no idea what I was committing to when I raised my right hand and took the oath. I realize that my decision was extreme, but it’s one I felt bound to. Only now do I understand the responsibility that military members bear, not only for the lives of others, but also for the consequences of their actions.

It was on a patrol early in our deployment in September of 2010 when the Afghan farmer dropped his shovel and ran for his life. Our squad of 10 dove for the ground. We looked toward the staccato crack of machine gun fire but saw nothing. A few anxious Marines fired anyway. We moved. Someone observed Taliban in a small building just ahead. We fired. It was the first time in an hour anyone had a clue where the enemy was. I saw two Afghans calmly building a wall despite the war erupting around them. Nothing made sense.

We cleared the building. As one team assaulted it, a Marine holding security spotted two armed men driving toward us on a motorcycle. Gunfire rang out from multiple directions. “Are you sure they have guns?” I asked. Nobody knew. We shot a smoke grenade as warning in case they were civilians. They paused, then resumed course. We yelled and waved for them to stop. They persisted. I thought: they might kill my Marines but if we kill them, we might be wrong. Cracks and flashes erupted from the motorcycle. The only hard fact about the rules of engagement is that you have the right to defend yourself. You decide for yourself to pull the trigger. The Marines returned fire for 10 long seconds. The motorcycle sparked where the rounds slapped the metal and drove into the bodies. The bike stopped. The men fell.

The building was empty. No bodies, no blood, no bullet casings. The fog of war lifted. I had been certain what was happening and I was wrong. The combination of confusion, chaos and adrenaline can’t be explained unless you’ve also experienced it. We ran to the motorcycle. One Marine made a quiet plea, “Please let them have weapons. Something. Anything.” They were dead. Their weapons were sticks and bindles. The muzzle flash was light glaring off the motorcycle’s chrome. One man was no older than 16. It was late afternoon then and, in the Muslim tradition, their family quickly arrived to bury them in the last hour of sunlight.

Even now, I don’t know what led them to drive toward a group of Marines firing machine guns, despite warnings, yells and waving. I know that our decision was right and, given the outcome, that it was also wrong. We trained to kill for years and given the opportunity, part of us jumped at the chance to finally be Marines. Despite the school construction and shuras, that’s what it meant to make a difference in uniform; it meant killing our enemies. But these men weren’t enemies. They were just trying to get to a home so close that their family was able to watch them die. After the shooting, the families encircled us in hysterics as they collected the bodies. It was the first and only time I saw an Afghan adult woman’s face. The wailing continued in the distance as we continued on our mission.

The insanity of war means that incidents like this are accepted. By the standards of those who fight wars we actually did the right thing. The catastrophe is that these incidents occur on an industrial scale. Throughout Afghanistan, there are accidental civilian killings; it is war’s nature. When we choose war, we are unleashing a force, much like a natural disaster, that can literally destroy everything and from which there’s no going back. As 10 years of conflict have shown us, nobody knows how wars end.

With six months left on our deployment I had no choice but to move on. I told myself we did what we were trained to do and that it just ended badly. I stuck with that reasoning despite feeling terrible and soon, my emotions caught up to my logic. People say they can remember a traumatic incident like it was yesterday. I can’t. Since my return, Afghanistan has melted into a feeling more than a memory. But I do remember the widows and orphans and wailing families and the faces of two men on a motorcycle. They understood they were being killed as it happened, yet they couldn’t accept their fate. They died painfully. Their teeth clenched and grimacing.Their eyes open. Those eyes gave them a final pleading expression. Why did you kill us?

Back in the United States, I look at people and think: “You have no idea what right and wrong are.” Much that I once held as matters of conscience is now just custom or culture. The challenging thing about ethics is you have to figure them out for yourself. What the war taught me is first: you should always strive to do the right thing even though you can’t control the outcome. Second, wrong decisions have tragic, irreversible consequences. There is no return. Nothing changes it and no lesson justifies it.

I never pulled the trigger on my rifle but I ordered other men to kill. For an officer, there is little difference. In all militaries, individuals don’t kill, groups do. We are each assigned small tasks in the orchestrated murder of our enemies and oftentimes, this decentralization creates its own momentum. We became excellent at engineering the enemy’s death. After one incident, my commanding officer told me that he was ultimately responsible. Yes, by the letter of the law, that is true. But everything we did over there we did together. We’re all responsible. I feel it, and I know that the other officers and N.C.O.’s share the same moments of pride and shame. I also know that that this sense of responsibility is shared all the way to the presidents I’ve served under who saw the consequences of our actions at the hospitals at Bethesda, Walter Reed and Dover Air Force Base.

Only the dead have seen the end of war. This is a maxim that has been used to illuminate humanity’s propensity for war, but it is also an accurate reflection of many veterans’ experiences. The war not only came back with us, it was here the entire time, experienced by orphans and widows. It was experienced by the widows from my unit who were unable to cook a single meal for their kids since their husband’s death. During a memorial a few weeks after our return, families of the dead collapsed grief-stricken in front of their loved ones’ pictures as a thousand Marines solemnly bore witness. When an officer went to the house to check on one family, the littlest one told him matter-of-factly, “My daddy is dead.”

Civilians can’t shoulder the responsibility for killing, but the social contract demands they care for those who do. And this is the great disconnect in our society right now, because that feeling of responsibility is still locked behind the fences of our military bases. My friends killed and died over there for America. And while many of my peers view that as sentimental, jingoistic, naive, or (behind closed doors) stupid, those men believed so deeply in something they were willing to give everything for it. When we wage war to defend the American way of life, there’s an obligation to uphold that ideal. Can we honestly say we’ve done that?

The Marine Hymn states that we are “first to fight for right and freedom and to keep our honor clean.” Since the shooting, I’ve thought about what that means and decided that it was beyond good and evil. It was an accident. War doesn’t distinguish between innocence or guilt, skill or incompetence, intelligence or idiocy. But we do. We see injustice in the deaths and can’t accept their inevitability. But it was fated when we decided to go to war. In that sense, we’re all responsible.

After coming home, our commanders told us we earned glory for our unit, but I know it’s more complicated than that. War has little to do with glory and everything to do with hard work and survival. It’s about keeping your goodness amid the evil. But no matter what happens, you never work hard enough, people die and evil touches everyone. Our lives will go on but the war will never go away. That’s why it’s not simply good to be back. I thought my war was over, but it followed me. It followed all of us. We returned only to find that it was waiting here the entire time and will always be with us.


Captain Timothy Kudo

deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan

between 2009 and 2011

with Alpha Company, 1st Battalion, 8th Marines.


He’s currently a Senior Membership Associate with Iraq

and Afghanistan Veterans of America.

Before joining the military

he taught middle school math in the Bronx

with Teach For America. He is a native of Santa Monica, Calif.

On War and Redemption,











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genocide, war,

weapons, arms sales,

espionage, torture



conflicts, wars, climate, poverty >

asylum seekers, displaced people,

migrants, refugees




terrorism, global terrorism,

militant groups,

intelligence, spies, surveillance



conflicts, wars > civilians > migrants, refugees



countries > Myanmar



Myanmar -> Bangladesh, Australia >

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USA > Native Americans > mass killings



terrorism, global terrorism,

militant groups,

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military justice > USA



journalism > journalist, reporter



journalism > source



photojournalism, photojournalist



gender identity > women



gender identity > transgender



gender gap, pay gap, equality, glass ceiling






Related > Anglonautes > History > Wars


21st century > 2001-2020

USA > Afghanistan war



21st century > 2003-2011

Iraq, UK, USA > Iraq War



20th century > 1990-1991

USA, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia

Persian Gulf war



20th century > late 1940s - late 1980s

Asia, Europe, Americas

Cold war



20th century > 1962-1975

USA, Vietnam

Cold War > Vietnam War



20th century > WW2 (1939-1945)

UK, British empire



20th century > WW2 > UK

Women at war



20th century > WW2 (1939-1945)




20th century > 1939-1945 > World War 2

Germany, Europe >

Adolf Hitler, Nazi era,

Antisemitism, Holocaust / Shoah



20th century > WW1 (1914-1918)




20th century > WW1 (1914-1918)

UK, British empire



19th-17th century

England, United Kingdom, British Empire



17th, 18th, 19th, 20th century

English America, America, USA

Racism, Slavery, Abolition,

Civil war (1861-1865),

Abraham Lincoln






Related > Anglonautes > Arts > Photography, Photojournalism


war photographers




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